Ps-Sijistāni, Muntakhab Ṣiwan al-Ḥikma (Sharing Ancient Wisdoms / SAWS, 2013)
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Italy, Ferrara, Biblioteca Comunale Ariostea, Cl. II. 362
Ferrara, Biblioteca Comunale Ariostea, Cl. II. 362
Material: Paper Dimensions: Height: (305-308) mm Width: (205-210) mm Pages: III + 205 + I leaves
A composite manuscript out of two codicological sections (ff. 1r-161v and 162r-202v). Section 1 has 15 quinions (ff. 1r-150v), 1 quaternion (ff. 151r-158v) and 1 ternion (ff. 159r-163v). This section has reclaimers in the lower outer margins in minor letters a-r, associated with an arabic number. Section 2 has 2 sexternions (ff. 164r-187v), 1 binion (ff. 188r-189v) and 2 quaternions (ff. 190r-205v). We have catchwords in both sections, cf. Manus OnLine for further details.
Manus OnLine restarts the foliation with the second section, cf. collation. In the upper outer margins, we have an old foliation with arabic numbers in brown ink. Manus OnLine dates the enumeration of the second section to the 15th century.
The last folio of section 1 is mutilated (ff. 163r-163v).
Text is set in two columns in section 2. 49 lines to the page in section 1, 38-40 lines to the page in section 2. The number of designated lines is overall one higher, but with one line per page not being used. No script on ff. 162r-163v, 189r-189v and 204v-205r.
Text is written by three Gothic hands. Section 1 is written by one hand in brown ink. Section 2 is written by two hands (ff. 164r-188v and 190r-204r) in brown ink.
Title: Section 1 has titles in vermillion and purple, section 2 has the titles just in vermillion. Initial: We have ornated initials on f. 1r, one having a picture in it, cf. below; indeed, Manus OnLine notes, that this whole page is ornated, and that we have gold and gold leaf decoration in section 1. The smaller initials of this section are either in red and blue, entwined with violet lines, or in blue, entwined with red lines. Rubrication: Section 1 has paragraph signs in vermillion, purple and blueish red, used alternately. Picture: In section 1 the miniatures are from the school of Ferrara, possibly performed by Guglielmo Giraldi (cf. the signature on f. 161v). One initial on f. 1r shows Peter Lombard, holding the codex with his right hand while pointing with the left hand. On the bottom of this page, there is a picture of a mountain (Mount Carmel) in brown ink, framed by a laurel wreath. We have miniatures from the school of Bologna in section 2. Picture: Section 2 has small hands drawn to highlight passages of the text. Watermark: We have two different types of watermarks. On the back side of the front cover flyleaf, we have a bird on three overlapping mountains, inscribed into a circle, on top of which we have a six-pointed star. On ff. 162r-163v (section 1) we have an ascending lion. According to Manus OnLine, both could not be identified any further. Line: We have leaden lining.
In section 2 we have numerous autographs of Battista Panetti, cf. his signature on f. 204r and the quote given in the informations on provenance.
Date of Origin: 14th century and 1469
Date: 18th century Dimensions: Height: 317, Width: 207 Cardboard binding with parchment cover, having a smooth back.
The date 1469 can be found on f. 161v, while for the second section, we only have an estimated time of origin (14th century). The first section can also be dated to 1469 - 1470 based on the decoration. Section 1 was produced by the Carthusian monastery of St. Christopher in Ferrara in 1469 and purchased in the following year by Battista Panetti, who was then prior of the convent of St. Paul, as attested in his own hand on f. 161v: "Emi ego frater Baptista Pannetus theologie professor indignus hunc Petrum de Aquila vulgo dictum Scotellus a priore Sancti Christophori de Cartusia et pro ipso a Gulielmo miniatore ferrariensi cive precio inter me et ipsum convento MCCCCLXX die vero duodecima februarij dum essem prior Sancti Paulj Ferrariae ordinis Carmelj". On flyleaf IIr, in black ink, we have: "DELLA P. UNIVERSITA' DI FERRARA", the use of this note being witnessed from 1824 to 1859. On the back side cover, a hand from the 18th century wrote: "Petri [ ] [ ] Ms. 1469 S. Thoma Tract. cum corret. Bapt. Panetj". On f. 204r, we have an autograph of Battista Panetti: "Visus et correctus a me frater Baptista Panetio carmelita die 23 sept. 1498 Regij ac Muttine".
1. Petrus de Aquila
Quaestiones in quattuor libros Sententiarum
Manuscript Title: Sententiarum Incipit:
[Prologue:] Cupientes aliquid et cetera. Circa prologum libri sententiarum ... (f. 1r) [First text:] Veteris ac nove et cetera. Circa istam primam ... (f. 4r) [Last text:] Samaritanus quidam et cetera. Circa primam distinctionem quarti libri ... (f. 119v)
[Prologue:] ... propter ista necessaria ad finem consequendum. (f. 4r) [First text:] Cui vel ipsi et honor et gloria in sempiterna seculorum secula. Amen. (f. 45v) [Last text:] ... liberare dignetur et inter electos suos computare. Amen. (f. 161v)
The prologue has a note "Prologus libri primi" to the incipit and explicit, the first text has the note "Liber I" in the same way. The manuscript title can be found on f. 1r and many other places, in nearly all the incipits and explicits of the four books (ff. 45v, 92v, 93v, 119r-119v and 161v). The name of the author can be found on ff. 92v, 119r-119v and 161v.
2. Thomas Aquinas
De ente et essentia
Quia parvus error in principio magnus est in fine ...
... in quo sit finis et consumatio huius sermonis.
We have two different manuscript titles: "Tractatus de encium quidditate et de essencia et esse" and "Tractatus de encium quidditate", on the first and last folio, respectively. The name of the author can be found on the same folios.
3. Thomas Aquinas
De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas
Sicut omnes homines natura scire desiderant ...
... quos eius errori resistetur vel ignorantie consuletur.
The name of the author can be found on f. 169v and on the last folio of the text. On f. 169v, we also have the title "Contra Averoyim", while on the last folio, the title is given as: "De intellectu contra quosdam errores ipsius averoys supra librum de anima et quorundam aliorum magistrorum Aristotelis sufficientur non intelligencium de potenciis anime".
De Substantia Orbis
Standard Title: De substantia orbis
Manuscript Title: de substantia orbis Incipit:
In hoc tractatu intendimus perscrutari de rebus ...
... agente motum et scias quia hec questio est valde bona.
The name of the author can be found on the first ("Averoys") and last ("Averroys") folio of the text, like the manuscript title.
5. Thomas Aquinas
Manuscript Title: de sensu comuni Incipit:
Queritur de sensu comuni et primo que sit necessitas ponendi ...
... sentit omnia sensata propria.
The title on the first folio of the text could not be verified on Corpus Thomisticum. According to the incipit/explicit it does not seem to be the Sentencia libri De sensu et sensato. The name of the author can also be found on the first folio.
6. PS.-Thomas Aquinas
De potentiis animae
Manuscript Title: de V. potentijs anime Incipit:
Sunt autem secundum quosdam philosophos ...
... est enim vis eadem non eodem subiecto est memoria.
The catalogue gives Thomas Aquinas as author, however, Corpus Thomisticum states that the author of the text is unknown. The name "frater Thomas" can be found on the first and last folio of the text, which also have the manuscript title.
Tractatus de principiis naturalibus
Quoniam quidam potest esse ...
... sunt principalis omninj ceterorum.
On the first folio of the text, we have the title "tractatus eiusedm de potencijs naturalibus", and on the last folio it appears as "tractatus de principiis naturalibus".
8. Thomas Aquinas
De operationibus occultis naturae
Quoniam inquibusdam corporibus naturalibus ...
... ad presens dicta sufficiant.
The name of the author can be found alongside that of Battista Panetti on the first folio of the text. The same Battista Panetti added a title ("de principijs ocultis operationum [sic] naturae") in the lateral margin of that folio.
9. Thomas Aquinas
De mixtione elementorum
Manuscript Title: de mixtione elementorum Incipit:
Dubium apud multos esse solet ...
... salvantur autem virtutes eorum.
Title and name of the author can be found on the first folio of the text.
10. Thomas Aquinas
De aeternitate mundi
Manuscript Title: utrum mundus potuit ab eterno causari Incipit:
Suppositio quod mundus duronis initium habuerit ...
... contrariae parti videantur probabilitatem afferre.
Title inferred with Corpus Thomisticum from the incipit and explicit. A more descriptive manuscript title and the name of the author can be found on the first folio of the text.
11. Thomas Aquinas
De motu cordis
Manuscript Title: de motu cordis Incipit:
Quia omne quod movetur ...
Et hec de motu cordis dicta sufficiant.
Title and name of the author can be found on the first folio of the text.
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