Deus na filosofia e na teologia islâmicas. A resposta de Averróis a al-Ghazzali, 2008
By: Catarina Belo
Title Deus na filosofia e na teologia islâmicas. A resposta de Averróis a al-Ghazzali
Type Book Section
Language Portuguese
Date 2008
Published in A Questão de Deus na História da Filosofia
Pages 229–237
Categories Theology
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1414","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1414,"authors_free":[{"id":1609,"entry_id":1414,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Deus na filosofia e na teologia isl\u00e2micas. A resposta de Averr\u00f3is a al-Ghazzali","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Deus na filosofia e na teologia isl\u00e2micas. A resposta de Averr\u00f3is a al-Ghazzali"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2008","language":"Portuguese","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1414,"section_of":185,"pages":"229\u2013237","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":185,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"A Quest\u00e3o de Deus na Hist\u00f3ria da Filosofia","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2008","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2008","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":185,"pubplace":"Lisbon","publisher":"Sintra, Z\u00e9firo\/Funda\u00e7\u00e3o para a Ci\u00eancia e Tecnologia\/Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2008]}

O essencial sobre Averróis, 2007
By: Catarina Belo
Title O essencial sobre Averróis
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2007
Publication Place Lisbon
Publisher Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1443","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1443,"authors_free":[{"id":1645,"entry_id":1443,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"O essencial sobre Averr\u00f3is","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"O essencial sobre Averr\u00f3is"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2007","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1443,"pubplace":"Lisbon","publisher":"Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2007]}

Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes, 2007
By: Catarina Belo
Title Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2007
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science
Volume 69
Categories Avicenna
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1478","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1478,"authors_free":[{"id":1692,"entry_id":1478,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2007","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1478,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science","volume":"69","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2007]}

Averroes on God's Knowledge of Particulars, 2006
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes on God's Knowledge of Particulars
Type Article
Language English
Date 2006
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 177–199
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article discusses a central issue in the debate between philosophy and theology in the Islamic Middle Ages. In his attempt to show that Greek philosophy was contrary to Islam, theologian al-Ghazzālī charged Muslim philosophers with unbelief (kufr) on three counts: the eternity of the world, bodily resurrection and God's knowledge of particulars. The latter was particularly significant within an Islamic context. If God does not know particulars, how can He know for instance individual prophets or pass judgement on Doomsday? The main target of al-Ghazālī's criticism was Avicenna and his contention that God knows particulars in a universal way. In the Aristotelian epistemological model followed by Avicenna the subject and object of knowledge become one in the epistemological process. Since God is immutable He cannot know particulars in time, therefore He must know individuals insofar as they are universal.In his response to al-Ghazzālī, Averroes' main contribution is his rejection of Avicenna's formulation that God knows particulars in a universal way. Averroes criticizes this view because it does away with the distinction between divine and human knowledge. While in humans the process of knowing entails abstraction of universals from individual substances, God's knowledge cannot be characterized as universal or particular. It is neither particular—because it does not involve sense experience—nor universal—because it is not abstracted from individuals.Consequently, Averroes presents the essence of God's knowledge as at bottom unknowable to the human mind. This position may resemble al-Ghazzālī's overall negative stance concerning our understanding of this issue but in actuality it is radically different. By way of stating what it is not, and by clearly showing the differences between divine and human knowledge, Averroes provides a clearer grasp of what divine knowledge must be like.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1342","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1342,"authors_free":[{"id":1530,"entry_id":1342,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on God's Knowledge of Particulars","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes on God's Knowledge of Particulars"},"abstract":"This article discusses a central issue in the debate between philosophy and theology in the Islamic Middle Ages. In his attempt to show that Greek philosophy was contrary to Islam, theologian al-Ghazz\u0101l\u012b charged Muslim philosophers with unbelief (kufr) on three counts: the eternity of the world, bodily resurrection and God's knowledge of particulars. The latter was particularly significant within an Islamic context. If God does not know particulars, how can He know for instance individual prophets or pass judgement on Doomsday? The main target of al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b's criticism was Avicenna and his contention that God knows particulars in a universal way. In the Aristotelian epistemological model followed by Avicenna the subject and object of knowledge become one in the epistemological process. Since God is immutable He cannot know particulars in time, therefore He must know individuals insofar as they are universal.In his response to al-Ghazz\u0101l\u012b, Averroes' main contribution is his rejection of Avicenna's formulation that God knows particulars in a universal way. Averroes criticizes this view because it does away with the distinction between divine and human knowledge. While in humans the process of knowing entails abstraction of universals from individual substances, God's knowledge cannot be characterized as universal or particular. It is neither particular\u2014because it does not involve sense experience\u2014nor universal\u2014because it is not abstracted from individuals.Consequently, Averroes presents the essence of God's knowledge as at bottom unknowable to the human mind. This position may resemble al-Ghazz\u0101l\u012b's overall negative stance concerning our understanding of this issue but in actuality it is radically different. By way of stating what it is not, and by clearly showing the differences between divine and human knowledge, Averroes provides a clearer grasp of what divine knowledge must be like. ","btype":3,"date":"2006","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1342,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Journal of Islamic Studies","volume":"17","issue":"2","pages":"177\u2013199"}},"sort":[2006]}

The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
By: Catarina Belo
Title The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language undefined
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 56
Issue 131 (Jan.-June 2015)
Pages 45–56
Categories Aristotle, Physics, Avicenna, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This study is concerned with 'nature' specifically as the subject-matter of physics, or natural science, as described by Aristotle in his "Physics". It also discusses the definitions of nature, and more specifically physical nature, provided by Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198) in their commentaries on Aristotle's "Physics". Avicenna and Averroes share Aristotle's conception of nature as a principle of motion and rest. While according to Aristotle the subject matter of physics appears to be nature, or what exists by nature, Avicenna believes that it is the natural body, and Averroes holds that the subject matter of physics or natural science consists in the natural things, in what constitutes a slight shift in focus.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5188","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5188,"authors_free":[{"id":5977,"entry_id":5188,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"The concept of \u2018nature\u2019 in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"The concept of \u2018nature\u2019 in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes"},"abstract":"This study is concerned with 'nature' specifically as the subject-matter of physics, or natural science, as described by Aristotle in his \"Physics\". It also discusses the definitions of nature, and more specifically physical nature, provided by Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198) in their commentaries on Aristotle's \"Physics\". Avicenna and Averroes share Aristotle's conception of nature as a principle of motion and rest. While according to Aristotle the subject matter of physics appears to be nature, or what exists by nature, Avicenna believes that it is the natural body, and Averroes holds that the subject matter of physics or natural science consists in the natural things, in what constitutes a slight shift in focus.","btype":3,"date":"","language":null,"online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1590\/0100-512X2015n13103cb","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":38,"category_name":"Natural Philosophy","link":"bib?categories[]=Natural Philosophy"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5188,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia","volume":"56","issue":"131 (Jan.-June 2015)","pages":"45\u201356"}},"sort":[-9223372036854775808]}

O essencial sobre Averróis, 2007
By: Catarina Belo
Title O essencial sobre Averróis
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2007
Publication Place Lisbon
Publisher Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1443","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1443,"authors_free":[{"id":1645,"entry_id":1443,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"O essencial sobre Averr\u00f3is","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"O essencial sobre Averr\u00f3is"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2007","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1443,"pubplace":"Lisbon","publisher":"Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["O essencial sobre Averr\u00f3is"]}

Philosophical and Religious/Theological Knowledge in Averroes and Aquinas, 2012
By: Catarina Belo
Title Philosophical and Religious/Theological Knowledge in Averroes and Aquinas
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2012
Published in Existence, Cause, Essence. Essays in Islamic Philosophy and Theology
Pages 87–107
Categories Theology, Thomas
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"2022","_score":null,"_source":{"id":2022,"authors_free":[{"id":2462,"entry_id":2022,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Philosophical and Religious\/Theological Knowledge in Averroes and Aquinas","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Philosophical and Religious\/Theological Knowledge in Averroes and Aquinas"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2012","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"},{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":2022,"section_of":280,"pages":"87\u2013107","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":280,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Existence, Cause, Essence. Essays in Islamic Philosophy and Theology","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2012","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2012","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":280,"pubplace":"Lissabon","publisher":"Centro de Filosofia de Universidade de Lisboa","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Philosophical and Religious\/Theological Knowledge in Averroes and Aquinas"]}

Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society, 2009
By: Catarina Belo
Title Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies
Volume 20
Pages 1–20
Categories Theology
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Traditional view on women have been the subject of much debate with some studies offering a comprehensive overview of the problem. The present study contributes to the discussion by focusing on a Muslim philosopher, Averroes (Ibn Rushd, d. 1198) known in medieval Europe as an Aristotelian commentator. Modern research shows him as a philosopher in his own right. The originality of his veiws on women would place him in that category. This study examines Averroes' view on women against the background of his society and faith. It also contextualizes them within his philosophy background, not just Ancient, such a Plato and Aristotle, but also contemporary, in particular his forerunners Alfarabi and Avicenna.To that end, this study focuses on two main works, the Commentary on Plato's Republic, where Averroes expounds Plato's model of the ideal society, and women's role in it, and his book on Islamic law, the Bidāyat al-mujtahid (A Jurist's Primer) In both cases Averroes, while following the tradition, philosophical or religious, displays an undeniable preference for women's emancipation.Averroes' considerations on women offer a remarkably original insight. He considers women essentially identical with men, possessing the same intellectual abilities. He advocates their active participation in society and performance of all tasks, including those that had been the prerogative of men. He urges socitey, in particular his Muslim contemporaries, to allow women a greater role in public affairs for the benefit of the entire state. His references to women break new ground, and prefigure important debates that would flourish in modern Europe. Averrores does not see a contradiction between this and Islamic religion.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1378","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1378,"authors_free":[{"id":1570,"entry_id":1378,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society"},"abstract":"Traditional view on women have been the subject of much debate with some studies offering a comprehensive overview of the problem. The present study contributes to the discussion by focusing on a Muslim philosopher, Averroes (Ibn Rushd, d. 1198) known in medieval Europe as an Aristotelian commentator. Modern research shows him as a philosopher in his own right. The originality of his veiws on women would place him in that category. This study examines Averroes' view on women against the background of his society and faith. It also contextualizes them within his philosophy background, not just Ancient, such a Plato and Aristotle, but also contemporary, in particular his forerunners Alfarabi and Avicenna.To that end, this study focuses on two main works, the Commentary on Plato's Republic, where Averroes expounds Plato's model of the ideal society, and women's role in it, and his book on Islamic law, the Bid\u0101yat al-mujtahid (A Jurist's Primer) In both cases Averroes, while following the tradition, philosophical or religious, displays an undeniable preference for women's emancipation.Averroes' considerations on women offer a remarkably original insight. He considers women essentially identical with men, possessing the same intellectual abilities. He advocates their active participation in society and performance of all tasks, including those that had been the prerogative of men. He urges socitey, in particular his Muslim contemporaries, to allow women a greater role in public affairs for the benefit of the entire state. His references to women break new ground, and prefigure important debates that would flourish in modern Europe. Averrores does not see a contradiction between this and Islamic religion. ","btype":3,"date":"2009","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1378,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Journal of Islamic Studies","volume":"20","issue":null,"pages":"1\u201320"}},"sort":["Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society"]}

Some Notes on Averroes’ Appraisal of non-Islamic Religions, with a Focus on Christianity and Judaism, 2012
By: Catarina Belo

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1761","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1761,"authors_free":[{"id":2032,"entry_id":1761,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Some Notes on Averroes\u2019 Appraisal of non-Islamic Religions, with a Focus on Christianity and Judaism","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Some Notes on Averroes\u2019 Appraisal of non-Islamic Religions, with a Focus on Christianity and Judaism"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2012","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"},{"id":7,"category_name":"Latin Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Latin Averroism"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1761,"section_of":242,"pages":"1\u20139","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":242,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Soci\u00e9t\u00e9 Internationale pour l\u2019\u00c9tude de la Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vale (S.I.E.P.M). Universalit\u00e0 della Ragione. Pluralit\u00e0 delle Filosofie nel Medioevo = Universalit\u00e9 de la Raison. Pluralit\u00e9 des Philosophies au Moyen \u00c2ge = Universality of Reason. Plurality of Philosophies in the Middle Ages : 12. Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia Medievale : Palermo, 17-22 settembre 2007","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2012","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2012","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":242,"pubplace":"Palermo","publisher":"Officina di Studi Medievali","series":"Rencontres de Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vale","volume":"12","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Some Notes on Averroes\u2019 Appraisal of non-Islamic Religions, with a Focus on Christianity and Judaism"]}

The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
By: Catarina Belo
Title The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language undefined
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 56
Issue 131 (Jan.-June 2015)
Pages 45–56
Categories Aristotle, Physics, Avicenna, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This study is concerned with 'nature' specifically as the subject-matter of physics, or natural science, as described by Aristotle in his "Physics". It also discusses the definitions of nature, and more specifically physical nature, provided by Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198) in their commentaries on Aristotle's "Physics". Avicenna and Averroes share Aristotle's conception of nature as a principle of motion and rest. While according to Aristotle the subject matter of physics appears to be nature, or what exists by nature, Avicenna believes that it is the natural body, and Averroes holds that the subject matter of physics or natural science consists in the natural things, in what constitutes a slight shift in focus.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5188","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5188,"authors_free":[{"id":5977,"entry_id":5188,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"The concept of \u2018nature\u2019 in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"The concept of \u2018nature\u2019 in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes"},"abstract":"This study is concerned with 'nature' specifically as the subject-matter of physics, or natural science, as described by Aristotle in his \"Physics\". It also discusses the definitions of nature, and more specifically physical nature, provided by Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198) in their commentaries on Aristotle's \"Physics\". Avicenna and Averroes share Aristotle's conception of nature as a principle of motion and rest. While according to Aristotle the subject matter of physics appears to be nature, or what exists by nature, Avicenna believes that it is the natural body, and Averroes holds that the subject matter of physics or natural science consists in the natural things, in what constitutes a slight shift in focus.","btype":3,"date":"","language":null,"online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1590\/0100-512X2015n13103cb","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":38,"category_name":"Natural Philosophy","link":"bib?categories[]=Natural Philosophy"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5188,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia","volume":"56","issue":"131 (Jan.-June 2015)","pages":"45\u201356"}},"sort":["The concept of \u2018nature\u2019 in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes"]}

  • PAGE 2 OF 2