De la faculté rationnelle: l’original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14), 2021
By: Colette Sirat, Marc Geoffroy, Averroes
Title De la faculté rationnelle: l’original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)
Type Monograph
Language French
Date 2021
Publication Place Rome
Publisher Aracne
Series Flumen Sapientiae
Volume 15
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Colette Sirat , Marc Geoffroy , Averroes
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Depuis le Moyen Âge, le Grand Commentaire d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote n’était connu des philosophes occidentaux que dans sa version latine, datant du XIIIe siècle. Des gloses en arabe dictées à des élèves philosophes juifs et espagnols au XVe siècle, ont été transcrites en caractères hébraïques et conservées dans un manuscrit de la Bibliothèque Estense de Modène. Le texte de ces gloses n’est pas identique à l’original arabe traduit en latin, mais elles portent témoignage de versions multiples et différentes. L’édition de la partie du Commentaire traitant de l’intellect est proposée ici.

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Isaac Polqar – A Jewish Philosopher or a Philosopher and a Jew?, 2020
By: Racheli Haliva
Title Isaac Polqar – A Jewish Philosopher or a Philosopher and a Jew?
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Berlin; Boston
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Jewish Thought, Philosophy and Religion
Volume 3
Categories Aristotle, Jewish Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Racheli Haliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
To date, scholars have skilfully discussed aspects of Polqar’s thought, and yet none of the existing studies offers a comprehensive examination that covers Polqar’s thought in its entirety. This book aims to fill this lacuna by tracing and contextualizing both Polqar’s Islamic sources (al-Fārābī, Avicenna, and Averroes) and his Jewish sources (Maimonides and Isaac Albalag). The study brings to light three of Polqar’s main purposes; (1) seeking to defend Judaism as a true religion against Christianity; (2) similarly to his fellow Jewish Averroists, Polqar wishes to defend the discipline of philosophy. By philosophy, Polqar means Averroes' interpretation of Aristotle. As a consequence, he offers an Averroistic interpretation of Judaism and becomes one of the main representatives of Jewish Averroism; (3) defending his philosophical interpretation of Judaism. From a social and political point of view, Polqar's unreserved embrace of philosophy raised problems within the Jewish community; he had to refute the Jewish traditionalists’ charge that he was a heretic, led astray by philosophy. The main objective guiding this study is that Polqar advances a systematic naturalistic interpretation of Judaism, which in many cases does not agree with traditional Jewish views. "Haliva’s lucid, learned, and incisive monograph on the thought of Isaac Polqar is the first comprehensive study devoted to this important, but neglected fourteenth century Jewish Averroist. It makes a significant contribution to our knowledge of post-Maimonidean medieval Jewish philosophy. Haliva convincingly shows that while Polqar claims to follow Maimonides, he consistently pushes his thought in a more radical direction, offering a severely naturalistic interpretation of Jewish religious principles and refusing to make any concessions to more traditional theological modes of thought. Her study leads us to ask whether it is possible to uphold such an uncompromising philosophical and naturalistic reading of Judaism as that of Polqar, that is, whether it does justice to the Jewish religious principles it purports to interpret and enables us to maintain the authority of traditional Halakhah."

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The Aristotelian Tradition in Syriac, 2019
By: John W. Watt
Title The Aristotelian Tradition in Syriac
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2019
Publication Place Abingdon, New York
Publisher Routledge
Series Variorum collected studies
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) John W. Watt
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This volume presents a panorama of Syriac engagement with Aristotelian philosophy primarily situated in the 6th to the 9th centuries, but also ranging to the 13th. It offers a wide range of articles, opening with surveys on the most important philosophical writers of the period before providing detailed studies of two Syriac prolegomena to Aristotle's Categories and examining the works of Hunayn, the most famous Arabic translator of the 9th century. Watt also examines the relationships between philosophy, rhetoric and political thought in the period, and explores the connection between earlier Syriac tradition and later Arabic philosophy in the thought of the 13th century Syriac polymath Bar Hebraeus.

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Julius Caesar Scaliger, Renaissance reformer of Aristotelianism: a study of Exotericae Exercitationes, 2016
By: Kuni Sakamoto
Title Julius Caesar Scaliger, Renaissance reformer of Aristotelianism: a study of Exotericae Exercitationes
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2016
Publication Place Boston
Publisher Brill
Series History of science and medicine library; Medieval and early modern science
Volume 54; 26
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Aristotle
Author(s) Kuni Sakamoto
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This monograph is the first to analyze Julius Caesar Scaliger’s Exotericae Exercitationes (1557). Though hardly read today, the Exercitationes was one of the most successful philosophical treatises of the time, attracting considerable attention from many intellectuals with multifaceted religious and philosophical orientations. In order to make this massive late-Renaissance work accessible to modern readers, Kuni Sakamoto conducted a detailed textual analysis and revealed the basic tenets of Scaliger’s philosophy. His analysis also enabled him to clarify the historical provenance of Scaliger’s Aristotelianism and the way it subsequently influenced some of the protagonists of the “New Philosophy.” The author thus bridges the historiographical gap between studies of Renaissance philosophy and those of the seventeenth-century.

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Raison et démonstration. Les commentaires médiévaux sur les Seconds Analytiques, 2013
By: Joël Biard (Ed.)
Title Raison et démonstration. Les commentaires médiévaux sur les Seconds Analytiques
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2013
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepolis
Series Studia artistarum
Volume 40
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Joël Biard
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Durant au moins deux millénaires, les Seconds Analytiques d’Aristote ont joué un rôle de premier plan dans la réflexion sur la science, ses objets et ses procédures. On a souvent retenu la structure syllogistique comme élément essentiel de cette conception. Mais le traité examine aussi de nombreuses autres questions relevant de la philosophie des sciences : statut des principes, nature des prémisses, fonction du moyen terme, rapport entre causalité réelle et causalité épistémique, diversité des types de démonstration, rôle des définitions, confrontation du modèle ainsi élaboré avec les mathématiques. Chaque fois, c’est toute une série de nouveaux problèmes qui surgit à partir ou à l’occasion du texte aristotélicien, amplifiés par la suite des exégèses auxquelles celui-ci a donné lieu. L’objet de cet ouvrage collectif est d’étudier quelques moments majeurs des interprétations et usages des Seconds Analytiques. Il n’entre pas dans les débats contemporains concernant le texte même d’Aristote et n’examine que de façon marginale les premiers commentaires grecs ; il a pour objet premier leur transmission ultérieure jusque dans l’occident médiéval. Dans ce parcours, il prend en compte le monde byzantin et le monde arabe. Une grande partie de l’ouvrage est ensuite consacrée aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles en Occident médiéval, mais on trouvera aussi quelques études examinant la place des Seconds Analytiques chez quelques humanistes italiens ou dans le nominalisme du début du XVIe siècle. Ce volume propose ainsi une histoire de la transmission et de l’interprétation de ce texte, tout en visant à éclairer quelques questions importantes pour la nature de la démonstration et de la connaissance scientifique.

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Aristotle’s Ontology and the Middle Ages: The Tradition of Met., Book Zeta , 2013
By: Gabriele Galluzzo
Title Aristotle’s Ontology and the Middle Ages: The Tradition of Met., Book Zeta
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2013
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters
Volume 110/1
Categories Tradition and Reception, Aristotle, Metaphysics, Ontology
Author(s) Gabriele Galluzzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Focusing on the medieval reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Volume One of this work offers an unprecedented and philosophically oriented study of medieval ontology against the background of the current metaphysical debate on the nature of material objects. Volume Two makes available to scholars one of the culminating points in the medieval reception of Aristotle’s metaphysical thought by presenting the first critical edition of Book VII of Paul of Venice’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics (1420-1424)

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Pauli Veneti, Expositio in duodecim libros Metaphisice Aristotelis, 2013
By: Gabriele Galluzzo
Title Pauli Veneti, Expositio in duodecim libros Metaphisice Aristotelis
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2013
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters
Volume 110/2
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Gabriele Galluzzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Focusing on the medieval reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Volume One of this work offers an unprecedented and philosophically oriented study of medieval ontology against the background of the current metaphysical debate on the nature of material objects. Volume Two makes available to scholars one of the culminating points in the medieval reception of Aristotle’s metaphysical thought by presenting the first critical edition of Book VII of Paul of Venice’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics (1420-1424)

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The problem of the rational soul in the thirteenth century, 1995
By: Richard C. Dales
Title The problem of the rational soul in the thirteenth century
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 1995
Publication Place Leiden; New York; Köln
Publisher E.J. Brill
Series Brill's studies in intellectual history
Volume 65
Categories Tradition and Reception, Aristotle, Aquinas
Author(s) Richard C. Dales
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century traces the Latin scholastics' attempt to deal with two essentially incompatible notions of the human soul: the scientific view of Aristotle which considers it to be a form, and the Augustinian view of the soul as a substance in its own right, from Gundissalinus to the Parisian condemnation of 1277. It traces the growing disarray of Latin notions of the soul, the growth of the monopsychism controversy, the solutions of Bonaventure and Aquinas, through the variety of responses to Aquinas's De unitate intellectus. Among its conclusions are that the traditional dualism diminished with time, that there was little agreement among the “heterodox Aristotelians,” and that, with two exceptions, no one in the thirteenth century taught the present position of the Catholic Church, that the rational soul is infused at conception.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5514","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5514,"authors_free":[{"id":6393,"entry_id":5514,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":517,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Richard C. Dales","free_first_name":"Richard C. ","free_last_name":" Dales","norm_person":{"id":517,"first_name":"Richard Clark","last_name":"Dales","full_name":"Richard Clark Dales","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/119288427","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/62355098","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd119288427.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Richard Clark Dales"}}],"entry_title":"The problem of the rational soul in the thirteenth century","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"The problem of the rational soul in the thirteenth century"},"abstract":"The Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century traces the Latin scholastics' attempt to deal with two essentially incompatible notions of the human soul: the scientific view of Aristotle which considers it to be a form, and the Augustinian view of the soul as a substance in its own right, from Gundissalinus to the Parisian condemnation of 1277. It traces the growing disarray of Latin notions of the soul, the growth of the monopsychism controversy, the solutions of Bonaventure and Aquinas, through the variety of responses to Aquinas's De unitate intellectus. Among its conclusions are that the traditional dualism diminished with time, that there was little agreement among the \u201cheterodox Aristotelians,\u201d and that, with two exceptions, no one in the thirteenth century taught the present position of the Catholic Church, that the rational soul is infused at conception.","btype":1,"date":"1995","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004247192","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":2,"category_name":"Aquinas","link":"bib?categories[]=Aquinas"}],"authors":[{"id":517,"full_name":"Richard Clark Dales","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5514,"pubplace":"Leiden; New York; K\u00f6ln","publisher":"E.J. Brill","series":"Brill's studies in intellectual history ","volume":"65","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[1995]}

Aristotle’s Ontology and the Middle Ages: The Tradition of Met., Book Zeta , 2013
By: Gabriele Galluzzo
Title Aristotle’s Ontology and the Middle Ages: The Tradition of Met., Book Zeta
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2013
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters
Volume 110/1
Categories Tradition and Reception, Aristotle, Metaphysics, Ontology
Author(s) Gabriele Galluzzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Focusing on the medieval reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Volume One of this work offers an unprecedented and philosophically oriented study of medieval ontology against the background of the current metaphysical debate on the nature of material objects. Volume Two makes available to scholars one of the culminating points in the medieval reception of Aristotle’s metaphysical thought by presenting the first critical edition of Book VII of Paul of Venice’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics (1420-1424)

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De la faculté rationnelle: l’original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14), 2021
By: Colette Sirat, Marc Geoffroy, Averroes
Title De la faculté rationnelle: l’original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)
Type Monograph
Language French
Date 2021
Publication Place Rome
Publisher Aracne
Series Flumen Sapientiae
Volume 15
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Colette Sirat , Marc Geoffroy , Averroes
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Depuis le Moyen Âge, le Grand Commentaire d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote n’était connu des philosophes occidentaux que dans sa version latine, datant du XIIIe siècle. Des gloses en arabe dictées à des élèves philosophes juifs et espagnols au XVe siècle, ont été transcrites en caractères hébraïques et conservées dans un manuscrit de la Bibliothèque Estense de Modène. Le texte de ces gloses n’est pas identique à l’original arabe traduit en latin, mais elles portent témoignage de versions multiples et différentes. L’édition de la partie du Commentaire traitant de l’intellect est proposée ici.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5028","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5028,"authors_free":[{"id":5768,"entry_id":5028,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":992,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Colette Sirat","free_first_name":"Colette","free_last_name":"Sirat","norm_person":{"id":992,"first_name":"Colette","last_name":"Sirat","full_name":"Colette Sirat","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/122662989","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97136920","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd122662989.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Colette Sirat"}},{"id":5769,"entry_id":5028,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":955,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Marc Geoffroy","free_first_name":"Marc","free_last_name":"Geoffroy ","norm_person":{"id":955,"first_name":"Marc","last_name":"Geoffroy","full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/174155514","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/7482512","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Marc Geoffroy"}},{"id":5770,"entry_id":5028,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":"Averroes","free_last_name":"","norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}}],"entry_title":"De la facult\u00e9 rationnelle: l\u2019original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"De la facult\u00e9 rationnelle: l\u2019original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)"},"abstract":"Depuis le Moyen \u00c2ge, le Grand Commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote n\u2019\u00e9tait connu des philosophes occidentaux que dans sa version latine, datant du XIIIe si\u00e8cle. Des gloses en arabe dict\u00e9es \u00e0 des \u00e9l\u00e8ves philosophes juifs et espagnols au XVe si\u00e8cle, ont \u00e9t\u00e9 transcrites en caract\u00e8res h\u00e9bra\u00efques et conserv\u00e9es dans un manuscrit de la Biblioth\u00e8que Estense de Mod\u00e8ne. Le texte de ces gloses n\u2019est pas identique \u00e0 l\u2019original arabe traduit en latin, mais elles portent t\u00e9moignage de versions multiples et diff\u00e9rentes. L\u2019\u00e9dition de la partie du Commentaire traitant de l\u2019intellect est propos\u00e9e ici. ","btype":1,"date":"2021","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":992,"full_name":"Colette Sirat","role":1},{"id":955,"full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","role":1},{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5028,"pubplace":"Rome","publisher":"Aracne","series":"Flumen Sapientiae","volume":"15","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["De la facult\u00e9 rationnelle: l\u2019original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)"]}

Isaac Polqar – A Jewish Philosopher or a Philosopher and a Jew?, 2020
By: Racheli Haliva
Title Isaac Polqar – A Jewish Philosopher or a Philosopher and a Jew?
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Berlin; Boston
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Jewish Thought, Philosophy and Religion
Volume 3
Categories Aristotle, Jewish Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Racheli Haliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
To date, scholars have skilfully discussed aspects of Polqar’s thought, and yet none of the existing studies offers a comprehensive examination that covers Polqar’s thought in its entirety. This book aims to fill this lacuna by tracing and contextualizing both Polqar’s Islamic sources (al-Fārābī, Avicenna, and Averroes) and his Jewish sources (Maimonides and Isaac Albalag). The study brings to light three of Polqar’s main purposes; (1) seeking to defend Judaism as a true religion against Christianity; (2) similarly to his fellow Jewish Averroists, Polqar wishes to defend the discipline of philosophy. By philosophy, Polqar means Averroes' interpretation of Aristotle. As a consequence, he offers an Averroistic interpretation of Judaism and becomes one of the main representatives of Jewish Averroism; (3) defending his philosophical interpretation of Judaism. From a social and political point of view, Polqar's unreserved embrace of philosophy raised problems within the Jewish community; he had to refute the Jewish traditionalists’ charge that he was a heretic, led astray by philosophy. The main objective guiding this study is that Polqar advances a systematic naturalistic interpretation of Judaism, which in many cases does not agree with traditional Jewish views. "Haliva’s lucid, learned, and incisive monograph on the thought of Isaac Polqar is the first comprehensive study devoted to this important, but neglected fourteenth century Jewish Averroist. It makes a significant contribution to our knowledge of post-Maimonidean medieval Jewish philosophy. Haliva convincingly shows that while Polqar claims to follow Maimonides, he consistently pushes his thought in a more radical direction, offering a severely naturalistic interpretation of Jewish religious principles and refusing to make any concessions to more traditional theological modes of thought. Her study leads us to ask whether it is possible to uphold such an uncompromising philosophical and naturalistic reading of Judaism as that of Polqar, that is, whether it does justice to the Jewish religious principles it purports to interpret and enables us to maintain the authority of traditional Halakhah."

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Julius Caesar Scaliger, Renaissance reformer of Aristotelianism: a study of Exotericae Exercitationes, 2016
By: Kuni Sakamoto
Title Julius Caesar Scaliger, Renaissance reformer of Aristotelianism: a study of Exotericae Exercitationes
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2016
Publication Place Boston
Publisher Brill
Series History of science and medicine library; Medieval and early modern science
Volume 54; 26
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Aristotle
Author(s) Kuni Sakamoto
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This monograph is the first to analyze Julius Caesar Scaliger’s Exotericae Exercitationes (1557). Though hardly read today, the Exercitationes was one of the most successful philosophical treatises of the time, attracting considerable attention from many intellectuals with multifaceted religious and philosophical orientations. In order to make this massive late-Renaissance work accessible to modern readers, Kuni Sakamoto conducted a detailed textual analysis and revealed the basic tenets of Scaliger’s philosophy. His analysis also enabled him to clarify the historical provenance of Scaliger’s Aristotelianism and the way it subsequently influenced some of the protagonists of the “New Philosophy.” The author thus bridges the historiographical gap between studies of Renaissance philosophy and those of the seventeenth-century.

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Pauli Veneti, Expositio in duodecim libros Metaphisice Aristotelis, 2013
By: Gabriele Galluzzo
Title Pauli Veneti, Expositio in duodecim libros Metaphisice Aristotelis
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2013
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters
Volume 110/2
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Gabriele Galluzzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Focusing on the medieval reception of Book Zeta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Volume One of this work offers an unprecedented and philosophically oriented study of medieval ontology against the background of the current metaphysical debate on the nature of material objects. Volume Two makes available to scholars one of the culminating points in the medieval reception of Aristotle’s metaphysical thought by presenting the first critical edition of Book VII of Paul of Venice’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics (1420-1424)

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Raison et démonstration. Les commentaires médiévaux sur les Seconds Analytiques, 2013
By: Joël Biard (Ed.)
Title Raison et démonstration. Les commentaires médiévaux sur les Seconds Analytiques
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2013
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepolis
Series Studia artistarum
Volume 40
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Joël Biard
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Durant au moins deux millénaires, les Seconds Analytiques d’Aristote ont joué un rôle de premier plan dans la réflexion sur la science, ses objets et ses procédures. On a souvent retenu la structure syllogistique comme élément essentiel de cette conception. Mais le traité examine aussi de nombreuses autres questions relevant de la philosophie des sciences : statut des principes, nature des prémisses, fonction du moyen terme, rapport entre causalité réelle et causalité épistémique, diversité des types de démonstration, rôle des définitions, confrontation du modèle ainsi élaboré avec les mathématiques. Chaque fois, c’est toute une série de nouveaux problèmes qui surgit à partir ou à l’occasion du texte aristotélicien, amplifiés par la suite des exégèses auxquelles celui-ci a donné lieu. L’objet de cet ouvrage collectif est d’étudier quelques moments majeurs des interprétations et usages des Seconds Analytiques. Il n’entre pas dans les débats contemporains concernant le texte même d’Aristote et n’examine que de façon marginale les premiers commentaires grecs ; il a pour objet premier leur transmission ultérieure jusque dans l’occident médiéval. Dans ce parcours, il prend en compte le monde byzantin et le monde arabe. Une grande partie de l’ouvrage est ensuite consacrée aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles en Occident médiéval, mais on trouvera aussi quelques études examinant la place des Seconds Analytiques chez quelques humanistes italiens ou dans le nominalisme du début du XVIe siècle. Ce volume propose ainsi une histoire de la transmission et de l’interprétation de ce texte, tout en visant à éclairer quelques questions importantes pour la nature de la démonstration et de la connaissance scientifique.

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The Aristotelian Tradition in Syriac, 2019
By: John W. Watt
Title The Aristotelian Tradition in Syriac
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2019
Publication Place Abingdon, New York
Publisher Routledge
Series Variorum collected studies
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) John W. Watt
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This volume presents a panorama of Syriac engagement with Aristotelian philosophy primarily situated in the 6th to the 9th centuries, but also ranging to the 13th. It offers a wide range of articles, opening with surveys on the most important philosophical writers of the period before providing detailed studies of two Syriac prolegomena to Aristotle's Categories and examining the works of Hunayn, the most famous Arabic translator of the 9th century. Watt also examines the relationships between philosophy, rhetoric and political thought in the period, and explores the connection between earlier Syriac tradition and later Arabic philosophy in the thought of the 13th century Syriac polymath Bar Hebraeus.

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The problem of the rational soul in the thirteenth century, 1995
By: Richard C. Dales
Title The problem of the rational soul in the thirteenth century
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 1995
Publication Place Leiden; New York; Köln
Publisher E.J. Brill
Series Brill's studies in intellectual history
Volume 65
Categories Tradition and Reception, Aristotle, Aquinas
Author(s) Richard C. Dales
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century traces the Latin scholastics' attempt to deal with two essentially incompatible notions of the human soul: the scientific view of Aristotle which considers it to be a form, and the Augustinian view of the soul as a substance in its own right, from Gundissalinus to the Parisian condemnation of 1277. It traces the growing disarray of Latin notions of the soul, the growth of the monopsychism controversy, the solutions of Bonaventure and Aquinas, through the variety of responses to Aquinas's De unitate intellectus. Among its conclusions are that the traditional dualism diminished with time, that there was little agreement among the “heterodox Aristotelians,” and that, with two exceptions, no one in the thirteenth century taught the present position of the Catholic Church, that the rational soul is infused at conception.

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