Medieval Descriptions and Doctrines of Stroke. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Part II: Between Galenism and Aristotelism. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Islamic Theories of Apoplexy (800–1200), 1998
By: Axel Karenberg, Irmgard Hort
Title Medieval Descriptions and Doctrines of Stroke. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Part II: Between Galenism and Aristotelism. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Islamic Theories of Apoplexy (800–1200)
Type Article
Language English
Date 1998
Journal Journal of the History of Neurosciences
Volume 7
Pages 174–185
Categories Medicine, Galen, Aristotle
Author(s) Axel Karenberg , Irmgard Hort
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away, 1996
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Oriens
Volume 35
Pages 1–34
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' De caelo. Ibn Rushd's Cosmology in his Commentaries on Aristotle's On the Heavens, 1995
By: Gerhard Endress
Title Averroes' De caelo. Ibn Rushd's Cosmology in his Commentaries on Aristotle's On the Heavens
Type Article
Language English
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 9–49
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Gerhard Endress
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes defended philosophy by returning to the true Aristotle. For this purpose, Aristotle's book “On the Heaven,” in which he explained the eternity, uniqueness and movement of the universe, occupied a place of special importance. But the Aristotelian philosopher had a hard time holding his own in the face of contradictions within the book and with respect to Aristotle's later works. In his early Compendium, later Paraphrase, and final Long Commentary of De Caelo, Ibn Rushd continued the efforts of the Hellenistic commentators in order to integrate all the elements of his doctrine into a unified system, to harmonize his early cosmology with his later Metaphysics - the early doctrine of natural movement of the elements, and of the self-moving star-souls (a Platonic element), with the doctrine of potency and actuality and the theory of the First Mover - and to uphold his models of homocentric planetary spheres against the mathematical paradigm of Ptolemaic astronomy. By insisting throughout on demonstrative arguments based on rational principles, he asserted the philosophers' claim to irrefutable truth.

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A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averroès sur la Métaphysique d'Aristote, 1995
By: Laurence Bauloye
Title A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averroès sur la Métaphysique d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Revue de philosophie ancienne
Volume 13
Pages 225–238
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle
Author(s) Laurence Bauloye
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale, 1995
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 51–74
Categories Logic, Alexander of Aphrodisias, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Ibn Rušd devoted a certain number of works to Aristotle's Prior Analytics. In a series of opuscules written over a period of twenty years and following upon his Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, he faced a problem particular to the modal syllogism - that of the mood of the conclusion in mixed syllogisms. The problem can be stated as follows: At the beginning of the Prior Analytics, Aristotle established a formal deductive principle - that of universal attribution (Pr. An. I.1.24b26–30). Applied to the modal syllogism, this principle is inadequate as stated. It is too general to be applied in a univocal manner in all modal syllogisms. To preserve a sense of coherence in Aristotle's declarations, the commentators had to interpret it. Presenting the interpretations of the commentators, primarily al-Fārābī and Alexander, on the basis of al-Fārābī's Large Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, Averroes criticizes them. Applied according to Alexander's interpretation, the principle of universal attribution is valid only for modal syllogisms one of whose premises is necessary and the other assertoric; according to al-Fārābī's interpretation, it is verified only when the minor premise is possible. Averroes proposes two preliminary solutions. Either this formal deductive principle must be applied differently according to the modal differences of the minor premises in mixed syllogisms (first solution) or would be used in two ways, generally or in keeping with each mood (second solution). These solutions are not satisfactory, for they call into question the unity and universality of the principle of universal attribution as established by Aristotle. What is the utility, Averroes asks, of a principle which does not hold for all modalities or does not apply to all the premises when the Prior Analytics ought to furnish formal and universal principles of deduction? And why did Aristotle define the principle of universal attribution without distinguishing its application according to each of the three modal premises? Returning at the end of his career to a literal exegesis of Aristotle's propositions and without harkening back to the earlier solutions, he proposes a theory of making the terms modal (fourth solution) in order to save Aristotle's declarations with respect to the principle of universal attribution and the mood of the conclusion of mixed syllogisms (Prior Analytics I. 9.30al5–20). Though formally inadequate, this solution, which had a continued history, proposes a new way of looking at the classification of modal propositions.

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Aristotle's Theology and its Influence on the Philosophers of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, 1993
By: Constantine Georgiadis
Title Aristotle's Theology and its Influence on the Philosophers of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Type Article
Language English
Date 1993
Journal Dialogue and Humanism
Volume 3
Pages 11–23
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Constantine Georgiadis
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Mittlerer Kommentar von Averroes zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles, 1992
By: Jerzy B. Korolec
Title Mittlerer Kommentar von Averroes zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles
Type Article
Language German
Date 1992
Journal Mediaevalia philosophica Polonorum
Volume 31
Pages 61–118
Categories Ethics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Jerzy B. Korolec
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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منطق ارسطو بين الفارابي و ابن رشد, 1992
By: Māǧid Faḫrī
Title منطق ارسطو بين الفارابي و ابن رشد
Transcription Manṭiq Arisṭū bain al-Fārābī wa-Ibn Rušd
Translation Aristotle's logic between Alfarabi and Averroes
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 1992
Journal Al-Abḥāṯ
Volume 40
Pages 107–128
Categories Logic, al-Fārābī, Aristotle
Author(s) Māǧid Faḫrī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averroès sur la Métaphysique d'Aristote, 1995
By: Laurence Bauloye
Title A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averroès sur la Métaphysique d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Revue de philosophie ancienne
Volume 13
Pages 225–238
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle
Author(s) Laurence Bauloye
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away, 1996
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Oriens
Volume 35
Pages 1–34
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle's Theology and its Influence on the Philosophers of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, 1993
By: Constantine Georgiadis
Title Aristotle's Theology and its Influence on the Philosophers of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Type Article
Language English
Date 1993
Journal Dialogue and Humanism
Volume 3
Pages 11–23
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Constantine Georgiadis
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' De caelo. Ibn Rushd's Cosmology in his Commentaries on Aristotle's On the Heavens, 1995
By: Gerhard Endress
Title Averroes' De caelo. Ibn Rushd's Cosmology in his Commentaries on Aristotle's On the Heavens
Type Article
Language English
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 9–49
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Gerhard Endress
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes defended philosophy by returning to the true Aristotle. For this purpose, Aristotle's book “On the Heaven,” in which he explained the eternity, uniqueness and movement of the universe, occupied a place of special importance. But the Aristotelian philosopher had a hard time holding his own in the face of contradictions within the book and with respect to Aristotle's later works. In his early Compendium, later Paraphrase, and final Long Commentary of De Caelo, Ibn Rushd continued the efforts of the Hellenistic commentators in order to integrate all the elements of his doctrine into a unified system, to harmonize his early cosmology with his later Metaphysics - the early doctrine of natural movement of the elements, and of the self-moving star-souls (a Platonic element), with the doctrine of potency and actuality and the theory of the First Mover - and to uphold his models of homocentric planetary spheres against the mathematical paradigm of Ptolemaic astronomy. By insisting throughout on demonstrative arguments based on rational principles, he asserted the philosophers' claim to irrefutable truth.

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Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale, 1995
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 51–74
Categories Logic, Alexander of Aphrodisias, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Ibn Rušd devoted a certain number of works to Aristotle's Prior Analytics. In a series of opuscules written over a period of twenty years and following upon his Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, he faced a problem particular to the modal syllogism - that of the mood of the conclusion in mixed syllogisms. The problem can be stated as follows: At the beginning of the Prior Analytics, Aristotle established a formal deductive principle - that of universal attribution (Pr. An. I.1.24b26–30). Applied to the modal syllogism, this principle is inadequate as stated. It is too general to be applied in a univocal manner in all modal syllogisms. To preserve a sense of coherence in Aristotle's declarations, the commentators had to interpret it. Presenting the interpretations of the commentators, primarily al-Fārābī and Alexander, on the basis of al-Fārābī's Large Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, Averroes criticizes them. Applied according to Alexander's interpretation, the principle of universal attribution is valid only for modal syllogisms one of whose premises is necessary and the other assertoric; according to al-Fārābī's interpretation, it is verified only when the minor premise is possible. Averroes proposes two preliminary solutions. Either this formal deductive principle must be applied differently according to the modal differences of the minor premises in mixed syllogisms (first solution) or would be used in two ways, generally or in keeping with each mood (second solution). These solutions are not satisfactory, for they call into question the unity and universality of the principle of universal attribution as established by Aristotle. What is the utility, Averroes asks, of a principle which does not hold for all modalities or does not apply to all the premises when the Prior Analytics ought to furnish formal and universal principles of deduction? And why did Aristotle define the principle of universal attribution without distinguishing its application according to each of the three modal premises? Returning at the end of his career to a literal exegesis of Aristotle's propositions and without harkening back to the earlier solutions, he proposes a theory of making the terms modal (fourth solution) in order to save Aristotle's declarations with respect to the principle of universal attribution and the mood of the conclusion of mixed syllogisms (Prior Analytics I. 9.30al5–20). Though formally inadequate, this solution, which had a continued history, proposes a new way of looking at the classification of modal propositions.

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Medieval Descriptions and Doctrines of Stroke. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Part II: Between Galenism and Aristotelism. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Islamic Theories of Apoplexy (800–1200), 1998
By: Axel Karenberg, Irmgard Hort
Title Medieval Descriptions and Doctrines of Stroke. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Part II: Between Galenism and Aristotelism. Preliminary Analysis of Select Sources. Islamic Theories of Apoplexy (800–1200)
Type Article
Language English
Date 1998
Journal Journal of the History of Neurosciences
Volume 7
Pages 174–185
Categories Medicine, Galen, Aristotle
Author(s) Axel Karenberg , Irmgard Hort
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Mittlerer Kommentar von Averroes zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles, 1992
By: Jerzy B. Korolec
Title Mittlerer Kommentar von Averroes zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles
Type Article
Language German
Date 1992
Journal Mediaevalia philosophica Polonorum
Volume 31
Pages 61–118
Categories Ethics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Jerzy B. Korolec
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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منطق ارسطو بين الفارابي و ابن رشد, 1992
By: Māǧid Faḫrī
Title منطق ارسطو بين الفارابي و ابن رشد
Transcription Manṭiq Arisṭū bain al-Fārābī wa-Ibn Rušd
Translation Aristotle's logic between Alfarabi and Averroes
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 1992
Journal Al-Abḥāṯ
Volume 40
Pages 107–128
Categories Logic, al-Fārābī, Aristotle
Author(s) Māǧid Faḫrī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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