Author 128
Category
Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale, 2018
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2018
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 3
Pages 19–34
Categories Averroism, Politics, Aristotle, Modern Readings
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
From the early twentieth century onwards, the concept of ‘political Averroism’ has become widespread, especially with reference to Dante Alighieri and to Marsilius of Padua. It is our intention here to establish and delineate the remotest origin of this concept, which can be fundamentally traced back to two elements: the central role accorded to political reflection as a consequence of the French Revolution, and the adoption of Averroes as a symbol and figure anticipating modern rationalism.

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Hacia un nuevo Averroes: Naturalismo y crítica en el pensador andalusí que revolucionó Europa, 2017
By: Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title Hacia un nuevo Averroes: Naturalismo y crítica en el pensador andalusí que revolucionó Europa
Type Monograph
Language Spanish
Date 2017
Publication Place Madrid
Publisher UNED
Categories al-Ġazālī, Commentary, Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El libro está integrado por una serie de trabajos sobre Averroes que abordan un tema de ética (la amistad y la felicidad), otro de psicología (sobre el deseo), la reconstrucción de su famosa polémica con el teólogo iraní al-Gazzali en defensa de la filosofía y una panorámica de su recepción en la Francia medieval.Aporta también una entrevista con el autor acerca del filósofo cordobés y su papel en la recuperación del racionalismo griego en Europa. Cierran el volumen dos Apéndices: una antología de textos y una selección de monografías recomendadas. Su principal novedad consiste en subrayar la innovación del pensamiento de Averroes dentro del mundo medieval, en ruptura con la tradicional visión a través de la Escolástica que redujo su horizonte intelectual. Los lectores y estudiosos podrán así recuperar el auténtico rostro del filósofo hispano que más ha influido en la historia del pensamiento.

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John of Jandun on Philosophy, Religion, Pleasure, and Truth. Two Interpretations of Averroes’ Introduction to the Commentary on Physics 3, 2017
By: Andrea Vella
Title John of Jandun on Philosophy, Religion, Pleasure, and Truth. Two Interpretations of Averroes’ Introduction to the Commentary on Physics 3
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Reason and No-reason from Ancient Philosophy to Neurosciences: : Old Parameters, New Perspectives
Pages 127–134
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Physics, Averroism
Author(s) Andrea Vella
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La cuestión De aeternitate mundi en Averroes y los averroístas, 2017
By: Pilar Herraiz Oliva
Title La cuestión De aeternitate mundi en Averroes y los averroístas
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2017
Journal Humanidades: Revista De La Universidad De Montevideo
Volume 1
Pages 51-71.
Categories Metaphysics, Cosmology, Averroism
Author(s) Pilar Herraiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
En el siglo XIII, en la Facultad de Artes de la Universidad de París, surge el averroísmo como movimiento filosófico que defiende la autonomía de la filosofía y de la razón. Una de las polémicas más relevantes en este período es la que tiene que ver con el origen del mundo, cuestión que ya tratara Averroes y que tiene de fondo la propia concepción de la realidad. En este artículo desarrollaremos las distintas posiciones de los autores más relevantes de este movimiento con respecto a la tesis sobre la eternidad del mundo y cuestionaremos la existencia de una posición unánime en torno a la misma que pueda ser considerada averroísta como tal.

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Ontology of intellect. The happiness of thinking in Averroës and Giordano Bruno, 2016
By: Massimo Campanini
Title Ontology of intellect. The happiness of thinking in Averroës and Giordano Bruno
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Synthesis Philosophica
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 335–344
Categories Renaissance, Averroism
Author(s) Massimo Campanini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this paper the author reflects comparatively on a specific issue dealt with by Giordano Bruno and Ibn Rushd: mental happiness. Mental happiness is intended here either as felicity through thinking or as felicity of thinking. The philosophical link between Averroës and Giordano Bruno is by now soundly established and the paper is rather a theoretical than an historical analysis regarding Bruno’s “Averroism”.

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Averroès l'inquiétant, 2015
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès l'inquiétant
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2015
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Les Belles Lettres
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus, 2015
By: Franz Schupp
Title Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus
Type Article
Language German
Date 2015
Journal Studia Leibnitiana
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 220–232
Categories Averroism, Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Franz Schupp
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton, 2015
By: Charles Ehret
Title Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 389–406
Categories Review, Averroism
Author(s) Charles Ehret
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Review article of "Les possibilités de jonction: Averroès - Thomas Wylton" (2013) by Jean-Baptiste Brenet

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Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist, 2015
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 309–318
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The 15th century Jewish Aragonian thinker, Abraham Bibago treats conjunction in his two main works, Derekh Emunah (“The Way of Faith”) and Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics. In the former, which explicitly interprets Biblical and Talmudic stories along philosophical lines, Bibago promotes a neo-Platonic intellectual emanation schema and boldly asserts that human happiness is attained through conjunction with higher intellects. In the Commentary, which primarily treats Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Averroes’ commentaries on it, Bibago gives an account of conjunction that does not necessarily fit with the intellectual conjunction of Derekh Emunah. Indeed, his remarks in the Commentary are much less decisive about human happiness, suggesting that Bibago qua philosopher is more open minded about the summum bonum than he is qua religious thinker.

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Algunas reflexiones sobre el averroísmo y Pomponazzi, 1999
By: Maria Socorro Fernández García
Title Algunas reflexiones sobre el averroísmo y Pomponazzi
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1999
Published in Averroes y los averroísmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosofía medieval
Pages 289–299
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Maria Socorro Fernández García
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aquinas Against the Averroists. On There Being Only One Intellect, 1993
By: Ralph M. McInerny
Title Aquinas Against the Averroists. On There Being Only One Intellect
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1993
Publication Place West Lafayette
Publisher Purdue University Press
Series Purdue University series in the history of philosophy
Categories Averroism, Aquinas
Author(s) Ralph M. McInerny
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Arabic philosophy and Averroism, 2007
By: Dag Nikolaus Hasse
Title Arabic philosophy and Averroism
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2007
Published in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy
Pages 113-136
Categories Averroism, Intellect, Metaphysics, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Dag Nikolaus Hasse
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The names of the famous Arabic philosophers Averroes and Avicenna, alongside those of Alkindi, Alfarabi, and Algazel, appear in countless philosophical writings of the Renaissance. These authors are well-known figures of the classical period of Arabic philosophy, which stretches from the ninth to the twelfth century AD. The history of Arabic philosophy began in the middle of the ninth century, when a substantial part of ancient Greek philosophy had become available in Arabic translations: almost the complete Aristotle, numerous Greek commentaries on Aristotle, and many Platonic and Neoplatonic sources. A major centre of intellectual activity was Baghdad, the new capital of the Abbasid caliphs. It was here that Alkindi (al-Kindī, d. after AD 870), the first important philosopher of Arabic culture, and the Aristotelian philosopher Alfarabi (al-Fārābī, d. 950/1) spent the greater part of their life. A major turning point in the history of Arabic philosophy was the activity of Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā, d. 1037), the court philosopher of various local rulers in Persia, who recast Aristotelian philosophy in a way that made it highly influential among Islamic theologians. The famous Baghdad theologian Algazel (al-Ghazālī, d. 1111) accepted much of Avicenna’s philosophy, but criticized it on central issues such as the eternity of the world. Averroes (Ibn Rushd, d. 1198), the Andalusian commentator on Aristotle, reacted to both Avicenna and Algazel: he censured Avicenna for deviating from Aristotle and criticized Algazel for misunderstanding the philosophical tradition.

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A major turning point in the history of Arabic philosophy was the activity of Avicenna (Ibn S\u012bn\u0101, d. 1037), the court philosopher of various local rulers in Persia, who recast Aristotelian philosophy in a way that made it highly influential among Islamic theologians. The famous Baghdad theologian Algazel (al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b, d. 1111) accepted much of Avicenna\u2019s philosophy, but criticized it on central issues such as the eternity of the world. Averroes (Ibn Rushd, d. 1198), the Andalusian commentator on Aristotle, reacted to both Avicenna and Algazel: he censured Avicenna for deviating from Aristotle and criticized Algazel for misunderstanding the philosophical tradition.","btype":2,"date":"2007","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/CCOL052184648X.007","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":75,"category_name":"Intellect","link":"bib?categories[]=Intellect"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":1722,"full_name":"Dag Nikolaus Hasse","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5344,"section_of":5343,"pages":"113-136","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5343,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2007","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy, published in 2007, provides an introduction to a complex period of change in the subject matter and practice of philosophy. 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Aspekte von Gemeinsamkeit in den Lehren Ockhams und des hlg. Thomas gegenüber dem Averroismus, 1988
By: Wolfgang Bessner
Title Aspekte von Gemeinsamkeit in den Lehren Ockhams und des hlg. Thomas gegenüber dem Averroismus
Type Article
Language German
Date 1988
Journal Prima philosophia
Volume 1
Pages 218–255
Categories Averroism, Aquinas, Ockham
Author(s) Wolfgang Bessner
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Au déclin de l'averroïsme latin. Giulio Cesare Vanini (1585–1619), 1999
By: Didier Foucault
Title Au déclin de l'averroïsme latin. Giulio Cesare Vanini (1585–1619)
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 1999
Published in L'actualité d'Averroès
Pages 69–79
Categories Averroism, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Didier Foucault
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aufstieg und Niedergang des Averroismus in der Renaissance. Niccolò Tignosi, Agostino Nifo, Francesco Vimercato, 2004
By: Dag N. Hasse
Title Aufstieg und Niedergang des Averroismus in der Renaissance. Niccolò Tignosi, Agostino Nifo, Francesco Vimercato
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 2004
Published in Herbst des Mittelalters?. Fragen zur Bewertung des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts
Pages 447–473
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Dag N. Hasse
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and Arabic Philosophy in the Modern Historia Philosophica: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, 2013
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Averroes and Arabic Philosophy in the Modern Historia Philosophica: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 237–254
Categories Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes’s role as Aristotle’s commentator par excellence guaranteed him widespread and certain fame up to the first decades of the seventeenth century; but the crisis of Peripateticism and the establishment of the new philosophy and new science also find an echo in the image of Averreoes and, more generally, in that of Arabic philosophy and science. Here we find Averroes taking on the role of a symbol of perverse intellectual activity (Malebranche), an unscrupulous thinker as regards religion, or even, at times, of an unbeliever (Bayle, Hume). The aim of this chapter is to illustrate the place given to Averroes and to Islamic thought in the historiography of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, when historia philosophica established itself as a literary genre in its own right. The inquiry starts with Georg Horn’s Historia philosophica (1655), in which ‘Arabic philosophy’ is said to begin with the Biblical figure of Job and where the presentation of Averroes is particularly brief compared with the lengthy biographical treatment meted out to Avicenna. In effect, it is only with Johann Heinrich Hottinger’s publication (1664) of the De scriptoribus Arabicis by Johannes Leo Africanus (Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-Wazzān) that European intellectuals became aware of some of the details of Averroes’s life. Our inquiry moves on to look at such writers as Johannes Gerhard Vossius, Daniel Georg Morhof, René Rapin, Pierre de Villemandy, Laurent Bordelon, Dupont-Bertris, and Georg Volckmar Hartmann, and ends with a critical examination of André-François Boureau-Deslandes Histoire critique de la philosophie (1737). Boureau-Deslandes does not limit himself to quoting information and anecdotes, but in line with his ‘critical’ approach, also expresses some judgements on the historical, religious, and cultural context of science in Islam. The attitude of these writers towards ‘Arabic’ thought is ambivalent: their recognition of the cultural and philosophical splendour of the caliphate of Baghdad is in practice frequently accompanied by a criticism of the Arabic philosophers’ excessive subtlety. In the case of Averroes their negative judgement also springs from the fact that he had no knowledge of Greek, which prevented him from reaching an adequate understanding of Aristotelian doctrine. We must note however – in the work of Dupont Bertris (1726), for example – attempts to bring Averroes to the fore as a rationalist philosopher, indifferent to all positive religion, all the while defending him from accusation of impiety. These are the first signs of a historiographical trend which– thanks above all to Renan’s famous thèse – was later to lead to a philosophical reappraisal of Averroes, no longer viewed merely as the ‘commentator’ of Aristotle.

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Here we find Averroes taking on the role of a symbol of perverse intellectual activity (Malebranche), an unscrupulous thinker as regards religion, or even, at times, of an unbeliever (Bayle, Hume). The aim of this chapter is to illustrate the place given to Averroes and to Islamic thought in the historiography of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, when historia philosophica established itself as a literary genre in its own right. The inquiry starts with Georg Horn\u2019s Historia philosophica (1655), in which \u2018Arabic philosophy\u2019 is said to begin with the Biblical figure of Job and where the presentation of Averroes is particularly brief compared with the lengthy biographical treatment meted out to Avicenna. In effect, it is only with Johann Heinrich Hottinger\u2019s publication (1664) of the De scriptoribus Arabicis by Johannes Leo Africanus (\u1e24asan ibn Mu\u1e25ammad al-Wazz\u0101n) that European intellectuals became aware of some of the details of Averroes\u2019s life. Our inquiry moves on to look at such writers as Johannes Gerhard Vossius, Daniel Georg Morhof, Ren\u00e9 Rapin, Pierre de Villemandy, Laurent Bordelon, Dupont-Bertris, and Georg Volckmar Hartmann, and ends with a critical examination of Andr\u00e9-Fran\u00e7ois Boureau-Deslandes Histoire critique de la philosophie (1737). Boureau-Deslandes does not limit himself to quoting information and anecdotes, but in line with his \u2018critical\u2019 approach, also expresses some judgements on the historical, religious, and cultural context of science in Islam. The attitude of these writers towards \u2018Arabic\u2019 thought is ambivalent: their recognition of the cultural and philosophical splendour of the caliphate of Baghdad is in practice frequently accompanied by a criticism of the Arabic philosophers\u2019 excessive subtlety. In the case of Averroes their negative judgement also springs from the fact that he had no knowledge of Greek, which prevented him from reaching an adequate understanding of Aristotelian doctrine. We must note however \u2013 in the work of Dupont Bertris (1726), for example \u2013 attempts to bring Averroes to the fore as a rationalist philosopher, indifferent to all positive religion, all the while defending him from accusation of impiety. These are the first signs of a historiographical trend which\u2013 thanks above all to Renan\u2019s famous th\u00e8se \u2013 was later to lead to a philosophical reappraisal of Averroes, no longer viewed merely as the \u2018commentator\u2019 of Aristotle.","btype":2,"date":"2013","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.1007\/978-94-007-5240-5_12","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":684,"full_name":"Gregorio Piaia","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1751,"section_of":241,"pages":"237\u2013254","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":241,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2013","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2013","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":241,"pubplace":"London","publisher":"Springer","series":"International Archives of the History of Ideas","volume":"211","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes and Arabic Philosophy in the Modern Historia Philosophica: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries"]}

Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors, 2014
By: José Meirinhos
Title Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2014
Published in Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Pages 231–251
Categories Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) José Meirinhos
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and the Errors of Averroism, 1987
By: Daniel Bučan, Daniel Bučan
Title Averroes and the Errors of Averroism
Type Article
Language English
Date 1987
Journal Filozofska istraživanja
Volume 21
Pages 609–628
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Daniel Bučan , Daniel Bučan
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and the West. The First Encounter/Nonencounter, 1987
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes and the West. The First Encounter/Nonencounter
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1987
Published in A Straight Path. Studies in Medieval Philosophy and Culture. Essays in Honor of Arthur Hyman
Pages 142–158
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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