Alexander of Aphrodisias in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, 2021
By: Pietro B. Rossi (Ed.), Matteo Di Giovanni (Ed.), Andrea A. Robiglio (Ed.)
Title Alexander of Aphrodisias in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2021
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Studia artistarum
Volume 45
Categories Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Albert, Avicenna, Renaissance, Metaphysics, Logic
Author(s) Pietro B. Rossi , Matteo Di Giovanni , Andrea A. Robiglio
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The greatest ancient interpreter of Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias (fl. 200 AD) exerted a profound and enduring influence upon philosophy from Boethius until the modern era. Alexander’s interpretations laid the foundation for multiple philosophical views which were promoted as quintessentially Aristotelian by both Islamic and Latin thinkers throughout the Middle Ages. In the Renaissance, the University of Padua, a leading center of philosophical education and thought, established a scholarly tradition named “Alexandrinism” after him.

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The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought, 2020
By: Nadja Germann (Ed.), Steven Harvey (Ed.)
Title The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2020
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 20
Categories Logic, Theology, Metaphysics, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Avicenna, Maimonides
Author(s) Nadja Germann , Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The annual colloquium of the SIEPM in Freiburg, Germany, was groundbreaking in that it featured a more or less equal number of talks on all three medieval cultures that contributed to the formation of Western philosophical thought: the Islamic, Jewish, and Christian traditions. Indeed, the subject of the colloquium, ‘The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought’, lent itself to such a cross-cultural approach. In all these traditions, partially inspired by ancient Greek philosophy, partially by other sources, language and thought, semantics and logic occupied a central place. As a result, the chapters of the present volume effortlessly traverse philosophical, religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and thus in many respects open up new perspectives. It should not be surprising if readers delight in chapters of a philosophical tradition outside of their own as much as they do in those in their area of expertise. Among the topics discussed are the significance of language for logic; the origin of language: inspiration or convention; imposition or coinage; the existence of an original language; the correctness of language; divine discourse; animal language; the meaningfulness of animal sounds; music as communication; the scope of dialectical disputation; the relation between rhetoric and demonstration; the place of logic and rhetoric in theology; the limits of human knowledge; the meaning of categories; the problem of metaphysical entailment; the need to disentangle the metaphysical implications of language; the quantification of predicates; and the significance of linguistic custom for judging logical propositions.

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Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy, 2018
By: Henrik Lagerlund (Ed.)
Title Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2018
Publication Place London
Publisher Bloomsbury Academy
Series The Philosophy of Knowledge: A History
Volume 2
Categories Avicenna, Buridan, Ockham, Thomas
Author(s) Henrik Lagerlund
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy covers the development of philosophical treatments of knowledge during the Middle Ages. It covers both Arabic and Latin philosophy, as well as a range of thinkers from the period including Avicenna, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, William Ockham, and John Buridan. In addition, the volume explores the growth of epistemological scepticism and the subsequent claims made by a variety of philosophers that knowledge was no longer fallible.

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Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale, 2018
By: Carmelo Pandolfi (Ed.), Rafael Pascual (Ed.)
Title Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Rome
Publisher Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum
Series Ricerche di Storia della Filosofia e Teologia Medioevali
Volume 10
Categories Maimonides, Thomas, Avicenna
Author(s) Carmelo Pandolfi , Rafael Pascual
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Il volume raccoglie gli Atti del convegno tenutosi a Gerusalemme, presso il Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center, nei giorni 6 e 7 dicembre 2010, a cura della Facoltà di Filosofia dell’Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum di Roma. Il convegno riguardava i rapporti tra fede e ragione nella Scolastica medievale ebraica, cristiana ed islamica. Sia quel convegno sia la presente raccolta degli Atti relativi si incastona all’interno della Cattedra Marco Arosio di Alti Studi Medievali, la cui collaborazione al convegno poteva essere considerata il suo evento di partenza e di lancio. Ringraziamo vivamente tutti coloro che hanno contribuito alla realizzazione del convegno e del volume, particolarmente i Signori Franco ed Olimpia Arosio, genitori del compianto Marco, giovane e valente medievista, richiamato dal Padre a Sé nel 2009. In onore del Professore Marco Arosio questo volume ospita anche una sua relazione, da lui tenuta in un convegno medievista riunitosi in Assisi nel novembre del 1997. Il libro, curato da Carmelo Pandolfi e Rafael Pascual, presenta i contributi dei professori Carmelo Pandolfi, Guido Traversa, Renata Salvarani, Joan-Andreu Rocha Scarpetta, Graziano Perillo, Giovanni Boer, Rafael Pascual, Costantino Sigismondi e Marco Arosio (postumo).

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5022","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5022,"authors_free":[{"id":5758,"entry_id":5022,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Carmelo Pandolfi","free_first_name":"Carmelo ","free_last_name":" Pandolfi","norm_person":null},{"id":5759,"entry_id":5022,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Rafael Pascual ","free_first_name":"Rafael ","free_last_name":"Pascual ","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale"},"abstract":"Il volume raccoglie gli Atti del convegno tenutosi a Gerusalemme, presso il Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center, nei giorni 6 e 7 dicembre 2010, a cura della Facolt\u00e0 di Filosofia dell\u2019Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum di Roma. Il convegno riguardava i rapporti tra fede e ragione nella Scolastica medievale ebraica, cristiana ed islamica. Sia quel convegno sia la presente raccolta degli Atti relativi si incastona all\u2019interno della Cattedra Marco Arosio di Alti Studi Medievali, la cui collaborazione al convegno poteva essere considerata il suo evento di partenza e di lancio. Ringraziamo vivamente tutti coloro che hanno contribuito alla realizzazione del convegno e del volume, particolarmente i Signori Franco ed Olimpia Arosio, genitori del compianto Marco, giovane e valente medievista, richiamato dal Padre a S\u00e9 nel 2009. In onore del Professore Marco Arosio questo volume ospita anche una sua relazione, da lui tenuta in un convegno medievista riunitosi in Assisi nel novembre del 1997. Il libro, curato da Carmelo Pandolfi e Rafael Pascual, presenta i contributi dei professori Carmelo Pandolfi, Guido Traversa, Renata Salvarani, Joan-Andreu Rocha Scarpetta, Graziano Perillo, Giovanni Boer, Rafael Pascual, Costantino Sigismondi e Marco Arosio (postumo).","btype":4,"date":"2018","language":null,"online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":9,"category_name":"Maimonides","link":"bib?categories[]=Maimonides"},{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5022,"pubplace":"Rome","publisher":"Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum","series":"Ricerche di Storia della Filosofia e Teologia Medioevali ","volume":"10","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2018]}

Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), Laurent Cesalli (Ed.)
Title Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Vrin
Categories Avicenna, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Laurent Cesalli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Nous avons souhaité ce livre pour rendre hommage à Alain de Libera et fêter son travail. Celles et ceux qui écrivent ici sont des maîtres, des pairs, des collègues, d’anciens étudiants; en divers sens, ce sont tous des amis. Plutôt que d’imposer une présentation, nous avons choisi comme ordre le hasard alphabétique des noms, sans chapitres. Deux consignes seulement avaient été fournies. La brièveté, d’abord – quelques pages, tenues par un nombre de signes. L’absence de notes, ensuite, pour livrer des textes de plain-pied. Restait, pour évoquer l’œuvre et la personne d’Alain de Libera, l’objet, l’angle. Nous n’avions cette fois indiqué qu’une chose, qui donne à ce volume son titre : sujet libre.

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The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology, 2018
By: Dag Nikolaus Hasse (Ed.), Amos Bertolacci (Ed.)
Title The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2018
Publication Place Boston; Berlin
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Scientia Graeco-Arabica
Volume 23
Categories Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Cosmology, Physics
Author(s) Dag Nikolaus Hasse , Amos Bertolacci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) greatly influenced later medieval thinking about the earth and the cosmos, not only in his own civilization, but also in Hebrew and Latin cultures. The studies presented in this volume discuss the reception of prominent theories by Avicenna from the early 11th century onwards by thinkers like Averroes, Fahraddin ar-Razi, Samuel ibn Tibbon or Albertus Magnus. Among the topics which receive particular attention are the definition and existence of motion and time. Other important topics are covered too, such as Avicenna’s theories of vacuum, causality, elements, substantial change, minerals, floods and mountains. It emerges, among other things, that Avicenna inherited to the discussion an acute sense for the epistemological status of natural science and for the mental and concrete existence of its objects. The volume also addresses the philological and historical circumstances of the textual tradition and sheds light on the translators Dominicus Gundisalvi, Avendauth and Alfred of Sareshel in particular. The articles of this volume are presented by scholars who convened in 2013 to discuss their research on the influence of Avicenna’s physics and cosmology in the Villa Vigoni, Italy.

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Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam, 2017
By: Peter Adamson (Ed.), Peter E. Pormann (Ed.)
Title Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place London
Publisher The Warburg Institute
Series Warburg Institute Colloquia
Volume 31
Categories Medicine, Galen, Tradition and Reception, al-Fārābī, Avicenna
Author(s) Peter Adamson , Peter E. Pormann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Many of the leading philosophers in the Islamic world were doctors, yielding extensive links between philosophy and medicine. The twelve papers in this volume explore these links, focusing on the classical or formative period (up to the eleventh century AD). One central theme is the Arabic reception of the two outstanding figures of Greek medicine, Hippocrates and Galen ? we learn how Hippocrates was made into a mouthpiece for ethical wisdom, and how Galen influenced ideas in ethics and the nature of plant life. Aristotle is also considered, with a study of the reception of his ideas on longevity. Several of the luminaries of philosophy in the early Islamic world are also studied, including Abu Bakr al-Razi, al-Farabi, and Avicenna: all of them deploy medical ideas in their philosophical writings, whether to treat emotional distress as a kind of illness, to explain the function of eyesight, to compare the well-functioning state to the healthy human body, or to draw on anatomical ideas in works on psychology. Conversely, the volume also includes research on the use of philosophical ideas in medical texts, including medical compendia and the works of 'Ali ibn Ridwan. Attention is also given to the connections between medicine and Islamic theology (kalam). As a whole, the book provides both a survey of the kinds of work being done in this relatively unexplored area, and a springboard for further research.

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Meister Eckhart - interreligiös, 2016
By: Christine Büchner (Ed.), Markus Enders (Ed.), Dietmar Mieth (Ed.)
Title Meister Eckhart - interreligiös
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2016
Publication Place Stuttgart
Publisher Verlag W. Kohlhammer
Series Meister-Eckhart-Jahrbuch
Volume 10
Categories Theology, Avicenna, Maimonides, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Christine Büchner , Markus Enders , Dietmar Mieth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Universal Representation, and the Ontology of Individuation, 2011
By: Gyula Klima (Ed.), Alexander W. Hall (Ed.)
Title Universal Representation, and the Ontology of Individuation
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2011
Publication Place Newcastle upon Tyne
Publisher Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Series Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics
Volume 5
Categories Psychology, Metaphysics, Avicenna, Aquinas, Ockham, Henry of Ghent
Author(s) Gyula Klima , Alexander W. Hall
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
There is broad agreement in the medieval tradition that we conceive things in the world owing to the transmission of intelligible content through various media that culminates in the concept by which something in the world is cognitively present for us. Yet how the intelligible content is transmitted along with the nature of the ultimate object of cognition provoked ceaseless debate. The first three essays in Universal Representation, and the Ontology of Individuation consider these issues as they play out in the metaphysics and natural philosophy of Avicenna, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, Ockham and others. The last three essays turn to the metaphysical problem of the nature of the principle of individuation. Moderate realists believe in the existence of immanent general natures such as humanity and equinity, whereby individuals are members of diverse natural kinds. Accordingly, moderate realists such as Aquinas, Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus need to investigate the nature of the individuating principle by which members of one and the same natural kind differ from one another. Nominalists, for their part, need not concern themselves with any principle of individuation as, for them, all reality is individual, there being no immanent universals; but this release comes at the cost of a new set of epistemological problems.

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Alexander of Aphrodisias in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, 2021
By: Pietro B. Rossi (Ed.), Matteo Di Giovanni (Ed.), Andrea A. Robiglio (Ed.)
Title Alexander of Aphrodisias in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2021
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Studia artistarum
Volume 45
Categories Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Albert, Avicenna, Renaissance, Metaphysics, Logic
Author(s) Pietro B. Rossi , Matteo Di Giovanni , Andrea A. Robiglio
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The greatest ancient interpreter of Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias (fl. 200 AD) exerted a profound and enduring influence upon philosophy from Boethius until the modern era. Alexander’s interpretations laid the foundation for multiple philosophical views which were promoted as quintessentially Aristotelian by both Islamic and Latin thinkers throughout the Middle Ages. In the Renaissance, the University of Padua, a leading center of philosophical education and thought, established a scholarly tradition named “Alexandrinism” after him.

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Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale, 2018
By: Carmelo Pandolfi (Ed.), Rafael Pascual (Ed.)
Title Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Rome
Publisher Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum
Series Ricerche di Storia della Filosofia e Teologia Medioevali
Volume 10
Categories Maimonides, Thomas, Avicenna
Author(s) Carmelo Pandolfi , Rafael Pascual
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Il volume raccoglie gli Atti del convegno tenutosi a Gerusalemme, presso il Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center, nei giorni 6 e 7 dicembre 2010, a cura della Facoltà di Filosofia dell’Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum di Roma. Il convegno riguardava i rapporti tra fede e ragione nella Scolastica medievale ebraica, cristiana ed islamica. Sia quel convegno sia la presente raccolta degli Atti relativi si incastona all’interno della Cattedra Marco Arosio di Alti Studi Medievali, la cui collaborazione al convegno poteva essere considerata il suo evento di partenza e di lancio. Ringraziamo vivamente tutti coloro che hanno contribuito alla realizzazione del convegno e del volume, particolarmente i Signori Franco ed Olimpia Arosio, genitori del compianto Marco, giovane e valente medievista, richiamato dal Padre a Sé nel 2009. In onore del Professore Marco Arosio questo volume ospita anche una sua relazione, da lui tenuta in un convegno medievista riunitosi in Assisi nel novembre del 1997. Il libro, curato da Carmelo Pandolfi e Rafael Pascual, presenta i contributi dei professori Carmelo Pandolfi, Guido Traversa, Renata Salvarani, Joan-Andreu Rocha Scarpetta, Graziano Perillo, Giovanni Boer, Rafael Pascual, Costantino Sigismondi e Marco Arosio (postumo).

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Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy, 2018
By: Henrik Lagerlund (Ed.)
Title Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2018
Publication Place London
Publisher Bloomsbury Academy
Series The Philosophy of Knowledge: A History
Volume 2
Categories Avicenna, Buridan, Ockham, Thomas
Author(s) Henrik Lagerlund
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy covers the development of philosophical treatments of knowledge during the Middle Ages. It covers both Arabic and Latin philosophy, as well as a range of thinkers from the period including Avicenna, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, William Ockham, and John Buridan. In addition, the volume explores the growth of epistemological scepticism and the subsequent claims made by a variety of philosophers that knowledge was no longer fallible.

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Meister Eckhart - interreligiös, 2016
By: Christine Büchner (Ed.), Markus Enders (Ed.), Dietmar Mieth (Ed.)
Title Meister Eckhart - interreligiös
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2016
Publication Place Stuttgart
Publisher Verlag W. Kohlhammer
Series Meister-Eckhart-Jahrbuch
Volume 10
Categories Theology, Avicenna, Maimonides, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Christine Büchner , Markus Enders , Dietmar Mieth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam, 2017
By: Peter Adamson (Ed.), Peter E. Pormann (Ed.)
Title Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place London
Publisher The Warburg Institute
Series Warburg Institute Colloquia
Volume 31
Categories Medicine, Galen, Tradition and Reception, al-Fārābī, Avicenna
Author(s) Peter Adamson , Peter E. Pormann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Many of the leading philosophers in the Islamic world were doctors, yielding extensive links between philosophy and medicine. The twelve papers in this volume explore these links, focusing on the classical or formative period (up to the eleventh century AD). One central theme is the Arabic reception of the two outstanding figures of Greek medicine, Hippocrates and Galen ? we learn how Hippocrates was made into a mouthpiece for ethical wisdom, and how Galen influenced ideas in ethics and the nature of plant life. Aristotle is also considered, with a study of the reception of his ideas on longevity. Several of the luminaries of philosophy in the early Islamic world are also studied, including Abu Bakr al-Razi, al-Farabi, and Avicenna: all of them deploy medical ideas in their philosophical writings, whether to treat emotional distress as a kind of illness, to explain the function of eyesight, to compare the well-functioning state to the healthy human body, or to draw on anatomical ideas in works on psychology. Conversely, the volume also includes research on the use of philosophical ideas in medical texts, including medical compendia and the works of 'Ali ibn Ridwan. Attention is also given to the connections between medicine and Islamic theology (kalam). As a whole, the book provides both a survey of the kinds of work being done in this relatively unexplored area, and a springboard for further research.

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Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), Laurent Cesalli (Ed.)
Title Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Vrin
Categories Avicenna, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Laurent Cesalli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Nous avons souhaité ce livre pour rendre hommage à Alain de Libera et fêter son travail. Celles et ceux qui écrivent ici sont des maîtres, des pairs, des collègues, d’anciens étudiants; en divers sens, ce sont tous des amis. Plutôt que d’imposer une présentation, nous avons choisi comme ordre le hasard alphabétique des noms, sans chapitres. Deux consignes seulement avaient été fournies. La brièveté, d’abord – quelques pages, tenues par un nombre de signes. L’absence de notes, ensuite, pour livrer des textes de plain-pied. Restait, pour évoquer l’œuvre et la personne d’Alain de Libera, l’objet, l’angle. Nous n’avions cette fois indiqué qu’une chose, qui donne à ce volume son titre : sujet libre.

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The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology, 2018
By: Dag Nikolaus Hasse (Ed.), Amos Bertolacci (Ed.)
Title The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2018
Publication Place Boston; Berlin
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Scientia Graeco-Arabica
Volume 23
Categories Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Cosmology, Physics
Author(s) Dag Nikolaus Hasse , Amos Bertolacci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) greatly influenced later medieval thinking about the earth and the cosmos, not only in his own civilization, but also in Hebrew and Latin cultures. The studies presented in this volume discuss the reception of prominent theories by Avicenna from the early 11th century onwards by thinkers like Averroes, Fahraddin ar-Razi, Samuel ibn Tibbon or Albertus Magnus. Among the topics which receive particular attention are the definition and existence of motion and time. Other important topics are covered too, such as Avicenna’s theories of vacuum, causality, elements, substantial change, minerals, floods and mountains. It emerges, among other things, that Avicenna inherited to the discussion an acute sense for the epistemological status of natural science and for the mental and concrete existence of its objects. The volume also addresses the philological and historical circumstances of the textual tradition and sheds light on the translators Dominicus Gundisalvi, Avendauth and Alfred of Sareshel in particular. The articles of this volume are presented by scholars who convened in 2013 to discuss their research on the influence of Avicenna’s physics and cosmology in the Villa Vigoni, Italy.

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The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought, 2020
By: Nadja Germann (Ed.), Steven Harvey (Ed.)
Title The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2020
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 20
Categories Logic, Theology, Metaphysics, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Avicenna, Maimonides
Author(s) Nadja Germann , Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The annual colloquium of the SIEPM in Freiburg, Germany, was groundbreaking in that it featured a more or less equal number of talks on all three medieval cultures that contributed to the formation of Western philosophical thought: the Islamic, Jewish, and Christian traditions. Indeed, the subject of the colloquium, ‘The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought’, lent itself to such a cross-cultural approach. In all these traditions, partially inspired by ancient Greek philosophy, partially by other sources, language and thought, semantics and logic occupied a central place. As a result, the chapters of the present volume effortlessly traverse philosophical, religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and thus in many respects open up new perspectives. It should not be surprising if readers delight in chapters of a philosophical tradition outside of their own as much as they do in those in their area of expertise. Among the topics discussed are the significance of language for logic; the origin of language: inspiration or convention; imposition or coinage; the existence of an original language; the correctness of language; divine discourse; animal language; the meaningfulness of animal sounds; music as communication; the scope of dialectical disputation; the relation between rhetoric and demonstration; the place of logic and rhetoric in theology; the limits of human knowledge; the meaning of categories; the problem of metaphysical entailment; the need to disentangle the metaphysical implications of language; the quantification of predicates; and the significance of linguistic custom for judging logical propositions.

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Universal Representation, and the Ontology of Individuation, 2011
By: Gyula Klima (Ed.), Alexander W. Hall (Ed.)
Title Universal Representation, and the Ontology of Individuation
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2011
Publication Place Newcastle upon Tyne
Publisher Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Series Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics
Volume 5
Categories Psychology, Metaphysics, Avicenna, Aquinas, Ockham, Henry of Ghent
Author(s) Gyula Klima , Alexander W. Hall
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
There is broad agreement in the medieval tradition that we conceive things in the world owing to the transmission of intelligible content through various media that culminates in the concept by which something in the world is cognitively present for us. Yet how the intelligible content is transmitted along with the nature of the ultimate object of cognition provoked ceaseless debate. The first three essays in Universal Representation, and the Ontology of Individuation consider these issues as they play out in the metaphysics and natural philosophy of Avicenna, Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, Ockham and others. The last three essays turn to the metaphysical problem of the nature of the principle of individuation. Moderate realists believe in the existence of immanent general natures such as humanity and equinity, whereby individuals are members of diverse natural kinds. Accordingly, moderate realists such as Aquinas, Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus need to investigate the nature of the individuating principle by which members of one and the same natural kind differ from one another. Nominalists, for their part, need not concern themselves with any principle of individuation as, for them, all reality is individual, there being no immanent universals; but this release comes at the cost of a new set of epistemological problems.

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