Relation as Key to God’s Knowledge of Particulars in the Tahāfut al- tahāfut and the Damīma: A Cross-talk between Averroes, al-Ghazālī and Avicenna, 2020
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Relation as Key to God’s Knowledge of Particulars in the Tahāfut al- tahāfut and the Damīma: A Cross-talk between Averroes, al-Ghazālī and Avicenna
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 20
Issue 1
Pages 1–26
Categories Avicenna, al-Ġazālī, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article deals with the divine knowledge of particulars in Averroes’ Tahāfut al-tahāfut and Ḍamīma. It examines how the concept of relation, generally neglected, is at the heart of the dispute between Avicenna, al-Ġazālī, and the Commentator. In al-Ġazālī’s eyes, Avicenna's misconception of divine knowledge “in a universal way” is based on a misuse of relation in the case of God's knowledge. If particulars change and God does not, his knowledge of particulars, insofar as it undergoes change, can be considered a pure relation without ontological consequences. Averroes contests both al-Ġazālī’s criticism and his proposal, despite the fact that, for different reasons involving the coming-to-be of human knowledge, he too employs the notion of pure relation in his Long Commentary on the Physics.

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Multitude et bene esse chez Averroès et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3, 2019
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Multitude et bene esse chez Averroès et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2019
Published in Dante et l’averroïsme
Pages 357–383
Categories Metaphysics, De anima, Politics, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), Laurent Cesalli (Ed.)
Title Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Vrin
Categories Avicenna, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Laurent Cesalli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Nous avons souhaité ce livre pour rendre hommage à Alain de Libera et fêter son travail. Celles et ceux qui écrivent ici sont des maîtres, des pairs, des collègues, d’anciens étudiants; en divers sens, ce sont tous des amis. Plutôt que d’imposer une présentation, nous avons choisi comme ordre le hasard alphabétique des noms, sans chapitres. Deux consignes seulement avaient été fournies. La brièveté, d’abord – quelques pages, tenues par un nombre de signes. L’absence de notes, ensuite, pour livrer des textes de plain-pied. Restait, pour évoquer l’œuvre et la personne d’Alain de Libera, l’objet, l’angle. Nous n’avions cette fois indiqué qu’une chose, qui donne à ce volume son titre : sujet libre.

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Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume 85
Issue 2
Pages 261–284
Categories Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper studies the analogy set forth by Averroes in his Great Commentary on the De anima between the material intellect and the transparent medium. The overall context of the present inquiry is the 'question of Theophrastus' concerning the nature of the material intellect. The paper argues that the analogy between material intellect and transparent medium arises because, just like the transparent medium, the material intellect’s functioning requires a prior actualization: just as colors shine through the transparent medium only insofar as it is itself actually illuminated, the material intellect can receive intelligible forms only insofar as it is fundamentally actualized by the agent intellect. The aim of this paper is thus to reconsider the nature of the material intellect’s potency and its formal relation to the agent intellect.

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Acquisition de la pensée et acquisition de l'acte chez Averroès. Une lecture croisée du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla, 2013
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Acquisition de la pensée et acquisition de l'acte chez Averroès. Une lecture croisée du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2013
Published in Philosophical Psychology in Arabic Thought and the Latin Aristotelianism of the 13th Century
Pages 111–139
Categories De anima, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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S'unir à l'Intellect, Voir Dieu. Averroès Et la Doctrine de la Jonction au Cœur du Thomisme, 2011
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title S'unir à l'Intellect, Voir Dieu. Averroès Et la Doctrine de la Jonction au Cœur du Thomisme
Type Article
Language French
Date 2011
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 21
Issue 2
Pages 215–247
Categories Psychology, Commentary, Thomas
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article examines the relation that Aquinas' theory of the beatific vision maintains with Averroes' noetics as presented in his Great Commentary on the De anima. Starting with his Commentary on the Sentences, in which the young Thomas Aquinas offers an explicit transposition of the philosophical intellection of separate substances into the Christian theological order, through to his later works where no mention of it is found, we will endeavour to present the exact nature of these borrowings and to evaluate their accuracy by questioning the conceptual coherence of Aquinas' gesture: could Aquinas base his conception of a vision of God by essence on a noetic construction which was originally part of a system judged both erroneous and contrary to faith? Can one concede theologically, concerning the relation between divine essence and intellect, what one refuses philosophically, concerning the relation between the separate intellect and the body? Although Aquinas and his followers, in the incipient quarrel, assert it to be so, we will indicate how the original paradoxical borrowing maintains something conceptually problematic at the heart of Aquinas' thinking.

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Acquisition de la pensée et acquisition de l'acte chez Averroès. Une lecture croisée du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla, 2013
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Acquisition de la pensée et acquisition de l'acte chez Averroès. Une lecture croisée du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2013
Published in Philosophical Psychology in Arabic Thought and the Latin Aristotelianism of the 13th Century
Pages 111–139
Categories De anima, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"2000","_score":null,"_source":{"id":2000,"authors_free":[{"id":2441,"entry_id":2000,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":622,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","free_first_name":"Jean-Baptiste","free_last_name":"Brenet","norm_person":{"id":622,"first_name":"Jean-Baptiste","last_name":"Brenet","full_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051778867","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/27224973","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jean-Baptiste Brenet"}}],"entry_title":"Acquisition de la pens\u00e9e et acquisition de l'acte chez Averro\u00e8s. Une lecture crois\u00e9e du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kit\u0101b al-Ka\u0161f \u02bfan man\u0101hi\u01e7 al-adilla","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Acquisition de la pens\u00e9e et acquisition de l'acte chez Averro\u00e8s. Une lecture crois\u00e9e du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kit\u0101b al-Ka\u0161f \u02bfan man\u0101hi\u01e7 al-adilla"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2013","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":622,"full_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":2000,"section_of":276,"pages":"111\u2013139","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":276,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Philosophical Psychology in Arabic Thought and the Latin Aristotelianism of the 13th Century","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2013","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2013","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":276,"pubplace":"Paris","publisher":"J. Vrin","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Acquisition de la pens\u00e9e et acquisition de l'acte chez Averro\u00e8s. Une lecture crois\u00e9e du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kit\u0101b al-Ka\u0161f \u02bfan man\u0101hi\u01e7 al-adilla"]}

Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume 85
Issue 2
Pages 261–284
Categories Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper studies the analogy set forth by Averroes in his Great Commentary on the De anima between the material intellect and the transparent medium. The overall context of the present inquiry is the 'question of Theophrastus' concerning the nature of the material intellect. The paper argues that the analogy between material intellect and transparent medium arises because, just like the transparent medium, the material intellect’s functioning requires a prior actualization: just as colors shine through the transparent medium only insofar as it is itself actually illuminated, the material intellect can receive intelligible forms only insofar as it is fundamentally actualized by the agent intellect. The aim of this paper is thus to reconsider the nature of the material intellect’s potency and its formal relation to the agent intellect.

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Multitude et bene esse chez Averroès et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3, 2019
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Multitude et bene esse chez Averroès et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2019
Published in Dante et l’averroïsme
Pages 357–383
Categories Metaphysics, De anima, Politics, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5081","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5081,"authors_free":[{"id":5844,"entry_id":5081,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":622,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","free_first_name":"Jean-Baptiste","free_last_name":"Brenet","norm_person":{"id":622,"first_name":"Jean-Baptiste","last_name":"Brenet","full_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051778867","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/27224973","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jean-Baptiste Brenet"}}],"entry_title":"Multitude et bene esse chez Averro\u00e8s et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Multitude et bene esse chez Averro\u00e8s et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2019","language":"French","online_url":"https:\/\/books.openedition.org\/lesbelleslettres\/472","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":622,"full_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5081,"section_of":5080,"pages":"357\u2013383 ","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5080,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Dante et l\u2019averro\u00efsme","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Dante averro\u00efste ? Le plus grand po\u00e8te du Moyen \u00c2ge fut-il le disciple du plus grand philosophe arabe ? La Divine Com\u00e9die place Averro\u00e8s, l\u2019auteur du \u00ab Grand commentaire \u00bb d\u2019Aristote, en Enfer, et en Paradis son disciple latin Siger de Brabant qui, dans l\u2019actuelle \u00ab rue du Fouarre \u00bb \u00e0 Paris, mettait en syllogismes \u00ab des v\u00e9rit\u00e9s importunes \u00bb. Jugement de Salomon ?\r\n\r\nCe volume collectif traite en d\u00e9tail l\u2019un des chapitres les plus controvers\u00e9s de l\u2019histoire comme de l\u2019historiographie de la philosophie et de la th\u00e9ologie m\u00e9di\u00e9vales. Revisitant les textes philosophiques et po\u00e9tiques de Dante, de la Vita nova au Convivio, au De vulgari eloquentia et \u00e0 la Monarchia, examinant les productions et les th\u00e8ses de ses contemporains, interlocuteurs, amis et adversaires, m\u00e9decins, philosophes et po\u00e8tes, rappelant et discutant les th\u00e8ses de ses lecteurs anciens et modernes, les meilleurs sp\u00e9cialistes des domaines concern\u00e9s, philosophes et italianistes, dressent le bilan de deux si\u00e8cles d\u2019\u00e9tudes sur Dante, mais aussi sur Cavalcanti et sur l\u2019averro\u00efsme latin.\r\n\r\nSuivant trois grands axes, le langage et la pens\u00e9e, les \u00e9motions, la politique, c\u2019est au coeur de l\u2019histoire et de la culture europ\u00e9ennes, \u00e0 Paris, \u00e0 Florence, sur les routes de l\u2019exil, que les contributions ici rassembl\u00e9es plongeront lectrices et lecteurs amoureux de Dante, de l\u2019Italie et de la litt\u00e9rature.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.4000\/books.lesbelleslettres.372","book":{"id":5080,"pubplace":"Paris","publisher":"Les Belles Lettres & Coll\u00e8ge de France","series":"Docet omina ","volume":"5","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Multitude et bene esse chez Averro\u00e8s et Dante. Retour sur la Monarchie I,3"]}

Relation as Key to God’s Knowledge of Particulars in the Tahāfut al- tahāfut and the Damīma: A Cross-talk between Averroes, al-Ghazālī and Avicenna, 2020
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Relation as Key to God’s Knowledge of Particulars in the Tahāfut al- tahāfut and the Damīma: A Cross-talk between Averroes, al-Ghazālī and Avicenna
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 20
Issue 1
Pages 1–26
Categories Avicenna, al-Ġazālī, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article deals with the divine knowledge of particulars in Averroes’ Tahāfut al-tahāfut and Ḍamīma. It examines how the concept of relation, generally neglected, is at the heart of the dispute between Avicenna, al-Ġazālī, and the Commentator. In al-Ġazālī’s eyes, Avicenna's misconception of divine knowledge “in a universal way” is based on a misuse of relation in the case of God's knowledge. If particulars change and God does not, his knowledge of particulars, insofar as it undergoes change, can be considered a pure relation without ontological consequences. Averroes contests both al-Ġazālī’s criticism and his proposal, despite the fact that, for different reasons involving the coming-to-be of human knowledge, he too employs the notion of pure relation in his Long Commentary on the Physics.

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S'unir à l'Intellect, Voir Dieu. Averroès Et la Doctrine de la Jonction au Cœur du Thomisme, 2011
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title S'unir à l'Intellect, Voir Dieu. Averroès Et la Doctrine de la Jonction au Cœur du Thomisme
Type Article
Language French
Date 2011
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 21
Issue 2
Pages 215–247
Categories Psychology, Commentary, Thomas
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article examines the relation that Aquinas' theory of the beatific vision maintains with Averroes' noetics as presented in his Great Commentary on the De anima. Starting with his Commentary on the Sentences, in which the young Thomas Aquinas offers an explicit transposition of the philosophical intellection of separate substances into the Christian theological order, through to his later works where no mention of it is found, we will endeavour to present the exact nature of these borrowings and to evaluate their accuracy by questioning the conceptual coherence of Aquinas' gesture: could Aquinas base his conception of a vision of God by essence on a noetic construction which was originally part of a system judged both erroneous and contrary to faith? Can one concede theologically, concerning the relation between divine essence and intellect, what one refuses philosophically, concerning the relation between the separate intellect and the body? Although Aquinas and his followers, in the incipient quarrel, assert it to be so, we will indicate how the original paradoxical borrowing maintains something conceptually problematic at the heart of Aquinas' thinking.

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Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), Laurent Cesalli (Ed.)
Title Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Vrin
Categories Avicenna, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Laurent Cesalli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Nous avons souhaité ce livre pour rendre hommage à Alain de Libera et fêter son travail. Celles et ceux qui écrivent ici sont des maîtres, des pairs, des collègues, d’anciens étudiants; en divers sens, ce sont tous des amis. Plutôt que d’imposer une présentation, nous avons choisi comme ordre le hasard alphabétique des noms, sans chapitres. Deux consignes seulement avaient été fournies. La brièveté, d’abord – quelques pages, tenues par un nombre de signes. L’absence de notes, ensuite, pour livrer des textes de plain-pied. Restait, pour évoquer l’œuvre et la personne d’Alain de Libera, l’objet, l’angle. Nous n’avions cette fois indiqué qu’une chose, qui donne à ce volume son titre : sujet libre.

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