Category
Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy, 2018
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2018
Journal Studia graeco-arabica
Volume 8
Pages 287–304
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Prophecy is conspicuous by its complete absence from all three of the commentaries on De Anima by Averroes. However, prophecy and philosophical metaphysics are discussed by him in his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia, a work written before his methodological work on philosophy and religion, the Faṣl al-maqāl, generally held to have been written ca. 1179-1180. The analyses and remarks of Averroes presented in that Commentary have been characterized by Herbert Davidson as “extremely radical” to the extent that “The term prophet would, on this reading, mean nothing more than the human author of Scripture; and the term revelation would mean a high level of philosophical knowledge”. In the present article I discuss Averroes on method in matters of religion and philosophy as well as prophecy in philosophically argumentative works and in dialectical works, with particular consideration of the reasoning of his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia. I conclude that Averroes found in philosophy and its sciences the most complete and precise truth content and highest levels of knowledge and understanding and from them constructed his worldview, while he found prophecy and religion to be like an Aristotelian practical science in that they concern good and right conduct in the achievement of an end attained in action, not truths to be known for their own sake.

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Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), Laurent Cesalli (Ed.)
Title Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Vrin
Categories Avicenna, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Laurent Cesalli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Nous avons souhaité ce livre pour rendre hommage à Alain de Libera et fêter son travail. Celles et ceux qui écrivent ici sont des maîtres, des pairs, des collègues, d’anciens étudiants; en divers sens, ce sont tous des amis. Plutôt que d’imposer une présentation, nous avons choisi comme ordre le hasard alphabétique des noms, sans chapitres. Deux consignes seulement avaient été fournies. La brièveté, d’abord – quelques pages, tenues par un nombre de signes. L’absence de notes, ensuite, pour livrer des textes de plain-pied. Restait, pour évoquer l’œuvre et la personne d’Alain de Libera, l’objet, l’angle. Nous n’avions cette fois indiqué qu’une chose, qui donne à ce volume son titre : sujet libre.

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’Averroes ubique Avicennam persequitur’: Albert the Great’s Approach to the Physics of the Shifâ’ in the light of Averroes’ Criticisms, 2018
By: Amos Bertolacci
Title ’Averroes ubique Avicennam persequitur’: Albert the Great’s Approach to the Physics of the Shifâ’ in the light of Averroes’ Criticisms
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology
Pages 391–431
Categories Albert, Avicenna, Commentary, Physics
Author(s) Amos Bertolacci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Map of Averroes’ Criticism against Avicenna: Physics, De caelo, De generatione et corruptione and Meteorology, 2018
By: Cristina Cerami
Title A Map of Averroes’ Criticism against Avicenna: Physics, De caelo, De generatione et corruptione and Meteorology
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology
Pages 163–240
Categories Avicenna, De caelo, Physics, Meteorology, Commentary, Surveys
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Rhetoric in the Court: Averroes on Testimonial Witnessing and Oaths, 2018
By: Feriel Bouhafa
Title Rhetoric in the Court: Averroes on Testimonial Witnessing and Oaths
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Commenting on Aristotle’s Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Present / Commenter la Rhétorique d’Aristote, de l’Antiquité à la période contemporaine
Pages 64–88
Categories Commentary, Law
Author(s) Feriel Bouhafa
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Looking at the reception of Aristotle’s Rhetoric in the Arabic tradition, particularly Averroes’ Middle commentary on Aristotle’s Rhetoric (Talḫīṣ al-ḫaṭāba), I discern the impact of the Islamic legal context on the commentator’s reading of Aristotle’s theory of rhetoric. Placing Averroes’ interpretive enterprise within the context of Islamic governance has already been highlighted, particularly the role of Islamic law in his conception of the political role of rhetoric. Such attention to Islamic law, however, has often been conceived in a theoretical fashion, without attesting to the concrete and epistemological basis of legal practices of the courts. Focusing on Averroes’ discussion of the role of rhetoric in the judicial discourse, I address the impact of Islamic legal procedures known as the rules of evidence: witnesses and oaths and their modus operandi in the court, in shaping Averroes’ conception of the political role of rhetoric. Accounting for Islamic rules of evidence, I argue that Averroes ascribes a practical role to rhetoric in the court in order to establish a consensus in the implementation of justice. In so doing, Averroes oversteps his role as commentator and rather draws from his own practical concerns over the implementation of justice in the court as a legal practitioner: the Qāḍī of Cordova.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5134","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5134,"authors_free":[{"id":5912,"entry_id":5134,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Feriel Bouhafa","free_first_name":"Feriel","free_last_name":"Bouhafa","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Rhetoric in the Court: Averroes on Testimonial Witnessing and Oaths","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Rhetoric in the Court: Averroes on Testimonial Witnessing and Oaths"},"abstract":"Looking at the reception of Aristotle\u2019s Rhetoric in the Arabic tradition, particularly Averroes\u2019 Middle commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Rhetoric (Tal\u1e2b\u012b\u1e63 al-\u1e2ba\u1e6d\u0101ba), I discern the impact of the Islamic legal context on the commentator\u2019s reading of Aristotle\u2019s theory of rhetoric. Placing Averroes\u2019 interpretive enterprise within the context of Islamic governance has already been highlighted, particularly the role of Islamic law in his conception of the political role of rhetoric. Such attention to Islamic law, however, has often been conceived in a theoretical fashion, without attesting to the concrete and epistemological basis of legal practices of the courts. Focusing on Averroes\u2019 discussion of the role of rhetoric in the judicial discourse, I address the impact of Islamic legal procedures known as the rules of evidence: witnesses and oaths and their modus operandi in the court, in shaping Averroes\u2019 conception of the political role of rhetoric. Accounting for Islamic rules of evidence, I argue that Averroes ascribes a practical role to rhetoric in the court in order to establish a consensus in the implementation of justice. In so doing, Averroes oversteps his role as commentator and rather draws from his own practical concerns over the implementation of justice in the court as a legal practitioner: the Q\u0101\u1e0d\u012b of Cordova.","btype":2,"date":"2018","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004376243_005","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5134,"section_of":5133,"pages":"64\u201388 ","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5133,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Commenting on Aristotle\u2019s Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Present \/ Commenter la Rh\u00e9torique d\u2019Aristote, de l\u2019Antiquit\u00e9 \u00e0 la p\u00e9riode contemporaine","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2018","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"The present volume brings together thirteen articles as so many chapters of a book, devoted to the history, methods, and practices of the commentaries that have been written on Aristotle\u2019s Rhetoric. Examining both the linguistic and factual background, these contributions attempt to insert each of the commentaries into its particular historical, political, social, philosophical, and pedagogical context.\r\nThe historical periods and geographical areas that arise \u2013 from Greco-Roman antiquity to Heidegger\u2019s philosophy, from the Syriac and Arabic traditions to the Western world \u2013 make it possible, in sum, not only to indicate how the Rhetoric has been read and interpreted, but also to offer general perspectives on the practice of explicating ancient texts. ","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004376243","book":{"id":5133,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"International Studies in the History of Rhetoric","volume":"11","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2018]}

Commenting on Aristotle’s Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Present / Commenter la Rhétorique d’Aristote, de l’Antiquité à la période contemporaine, 2018
By: Frédérique Woerther (Ed.)
Title Commenting on Aristotle’s Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Present / Commenter la Rhétorique d’Aristote, de l’Antiquité à la période contemporaine
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series International Studies in the History of Rhetoric
Volume 11
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Modern Readings, Tradition and Reception, Rhetoric
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present volume brings together thirteen articles as so many chapters of a book, devoted to the history, methods, and practices of the commentaries that have been written on Aristotle’s Rhetoric. Examining both the linguistic and factual background, these contributions attempt to insert each of the commentaries into its particular historical, political, social, philosophical, and pedagogical context. The historical periods and geographical areas that arise – from Greco-Roman antiquity to Heidegger’s philosophy, from the Syriac and Arabic traditions to the Western world – make it possible, in sum, not only to indicate how the Rhetoric has been read and interpreted, but also to offer general perspectives on the practice of explicating ancient texts.

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Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume 85
Issue 2
Pages 261–284
Categories Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper studies the analogy set forth by Averroes in his Great Commentary on the De anima between the material intellect and the transparent medium. The overall context of the present inquiry is the 'question of Theophrastus' concerning the nature of the material intellect. The paper argues that the analogy between material intellect and transparent medium arises because, just like the transparent medium, the material intellect’s functioning requires a prior actualization: just as colors shine through the transparent medium only insofar as it is itself actually illuminated, the material intellect can receive intelligible forms only insofar as it is fundamentally actualized by the agent intellect. The aim of this paper is thus to reconsider the nature of the material intellect’s potency and its formal relation to the agent intellect.

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A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes’ Recourse to Avicenna’s Madkhal of the Shifâ’ in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry’s Isagoge, 2018
By: Silvia Di Vincenzo
Title A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes’ Recourse to Avicenna’s Madkhal of the Shifâ’ in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry’s Isagoge
Type Article
Language English
Date 2018
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 29
Pages 125–136
Categories Avicenna, Commentary
Author(s) Silvia Di Vincenzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le Plaisir, le bonheur et l’acquisition des vertus, 2018
By: Averroes, Frédérique Woerther (Ed.),
Title Le Plaisir, le bonheur et l’acquisition des vertus
Type Monograph
Language French
Date 2018
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies
Volume 108
Categories Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, Commentary
Author(s) Averroes , Frédérique Woerther ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Frédérique Woerther
This volume contains the first edition of the Latin version of the Middle Commentary of Averroes on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book X, the original arabic version being lost. It is accompanied by an annotated French translation. The volume also contains a full study of the manuscript tradition of the Latin text and sets outs the principles used in the edition, which takes into account, where necessary, the Hebrew version of the Commentary. Two further studies complete the volume: the first is devoted to the genre of “Middle Commentary” (talḫīṣ); the second considers how Averroes uses an analogy with medicine to place ethics at the heart of practical philosophy, and how, in a manner that is foreign to Aristotle, he conceives of ethics as a “science.”

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Le statut «scientifique» de l’éthique d’après le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Aristote, 2018
By: Frédérique Woerther
Title Le statut «scientifique» de l’éthique d’après le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Oriens
Volume 46
Issue No. 3/4
Pages 332–367
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Nicomachean ethics
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Following an exegetical method similar to the one used two years earlier in his Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Rhetoric, Averroes usually stays very close to the Arabic version of the Nicomachean Ethics in his Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. For he mostly reproduces Aristotle’s text without reformulating it. When necessary he nonetheless deletes the most obscure passages and develops those requiring more explanation, adding examples and replacing some terms with other terms, usually technical ones. By doing so, Averroes gives the ten Books of Aristotle’s treatise a greater unity and coherence. One of the commonest modifications that Averroes introduced in the Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics on the microstructural level is the use of the term scientia/ ḥokhma to refer to the content of the Ethics, whereas Aristotle’s text had no specific word for this. Likewise, Averroes makes clear in the first lines of his Commentary on the Republic that the discursive mode he is going to follow is the mode of scientific or theoretical arguments, not dialectical arguments. Hence, bestowing the status of a «science» on ethics (and on politics) clearly seems problematic – from a strictly Aristotelian perspective at any rate. This contribution seeks to understand, from Books I and X of Averroes’ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, how the «scientific» status of ethics shall be understood, by observing in particular the inscription of the Ethics in the knowledge system as Averroes conceives it, and by raising the question of the addressee of his Middle Commentary, who obviously is no longer the Aristotelian figure of the legislator ἐπιειϰής.

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Averroès commentateur d'Aristote ou lecteur d'Alhazen?, 2011
By: Hélène Bellosta

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Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès et l'intellect matériel diaphane - Remarques sur une analogie variable
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume 85
Issue 2
Pages 261–284
Categories Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper studies the analogy set forth by Averroes in his Great Commentary on the De anima between the material intellect and the transparent medium. The overall context of the present inquiry is the 'question of Theophrastus' concerning the nature of the material intellect. The paper argues that the analogy between material intellect and transparent medium arises because, just like the transparent medium, the material intellect’s functioning requires a prior actualization: just as colors shine through the transparent medium only insofar as it is itself actually illuminated, the material intellect can receive intelligible forms only insofar as it is fundamentally actualized by the agent intellect. The aim of this paper is thus to reconsider the nature of the material intellect’s potency and its formal relation to the agent intellect.

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Averroës's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing, 2020
By: Hernán Martínez Millán
Title Averroës's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Variaciones Borges
Volume 49
Pages 257-282
Categories Borges, Poetics, Commentary
Author(s) Hernán Martínez Millán
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Boèce, Averroès et Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī. Témoins des écrits de Thémistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote, 2007
By: Ahmad Hasnawi
Title Boèce, Averroès et Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī. Témoins des écrits de Thémistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 2007
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 203–265
Categories Transmission, Commentary, Themistius, Logic, Aristotle
Author(s) Ahmad Hasnawi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Aristotle's Topics, and especially, as far as the subject of this study is concerned, their central books (II-VII), played a role of central importance both in the medieval Latin and in the Arabic logical tradition. This did not occur without transformations, which affected the nature and the function of the loci of which these books set forth the theory. One of the most visible signposts of this tradition of re-elaboration of the Topics is represented by Themistius (ob. c. 388), to whom both Boethius and Averroes refer. Yet no work by Themistius on the Topics has come down to us in Greek. With a view to reconstructing the work(s) of this author, we have here collected and translated the passages that are attributed to him explicitly (with the exception of one of them) in Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Topics, comparing them, where necessary, to the testimonies collected by Boethius in his De topicis differentiis. In addition - and this is a new element added to the file - we show that the Themistian classification of loci was taken up by Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī (ob. after 1164), author of a philosophical summa entitled al-Kitāb al-muʿtabar (The meditated book). These three testimonies are all the more precious in that they are independent of one another. The study of the chapter in the logical part of al-Kitāb al-muʿtabar, containing the Themistian classification of loci, of which a corrected text with translation is offered, shows that one finds in it some of the most singular aspects of this classification, as it appears in Boethius. Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī thus reveals himself to be closer than Averroes to the testimony of Boethius. This suggests the idea of a double redaction by Themistius of the classification of loci: one, more concentrated, comes from an introduction to the paraphrase of the central books of the Topics, which may have inspired Averroes; the other, more extensive, which will have been part of an original work, and inspired the classifications of Boethius and of Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī.

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Comentario mayor al libro 'Acerca del alma' de Aristóteles. Traducción parcial, 2005
By: Averroes,
Title Comentario mayor al libro 'Acerca del alma' de Aristóteles. Traducción parcial
Translation Averroes' Long Commentary on Aristotles' De Anima. A Partial Translation
Type Article
Language undefined
Date 2005
Journal Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía
Volume 22
Pages 65–109
Categories Psychology, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Josep Puig Montada

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Commentario sobre a “República”. A partir da versão Latina de Elia del Medigo, 2015
By: Anna Lia A. de Almeida Prado (Ed.), Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira (Ed.)
Title Commentario sobre a “República”. A partir da versão Latina de Elia del Medigo
Type Monograph
Language Portuguese
Date 2015
Publication Place Sao Paulo
Publisher Perspectiva
Categories Plato, Politics, Commentary, Transmission
Author(s) Anna Lia A. de Almeida Prado , Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Commentarium magnum in Aristotelis physicorum librum octavum in der lateinischen Übersetzung des Michael Scotus, 2020
By: Averroes, Horst Schmieja (Ed.)
Title Commentarium magnum in Aristotelis physicorum librum octavum in der lateinischen Übersetzung des Michael Scotus
Type Monograph
Language German
Date 2020
Publication Place Frankfurt am Main
Publisher Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University
Series Islamic Philosophy
Volume 121
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, Physic
Author(s) Averroes , Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Commentarium magnum in Aristotelis physicorum librum septimum (Vindobonensis, lat. 2334), 2007
By: Averroes, Horst Schmieja (Ed.)
Title Commentarium magnum in Aristotelis physicorum librum septimum (Vindobonensis, lat. 2334)
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2007
Publication Place Paderborn
Publisher Schöningh
Series Abhandlungen der Nordrheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Volume 115
Categories Physics, Transmission, Commentary
Author(s) Averroes , Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Commentary on Metaphysics, Delta 7, 2005
By: Averroes
Title Commentary on Metaphysics, Delta 7
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2005
Published in Classical Arabic Philosophy. An Anthology
Pages 360–366
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Averroes
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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