Category
تلخيص أخلاق أرسطو, 2017
By: Averroes, Ahmed Chahlane
Title تلخيص أخلاق أرسطو
Transcription talkhīṣ akhlāq Arisṭū
Type Monograph
Language Arabic
Date 2017
Publication Place Rabat
Publisher Al-muwalaf
Categories Ethics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Averroes , Ahmed Chahlane
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3, 2016
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Rursus
Volume 9
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ashʿarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle’s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.

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Essence, accident et nécessité: la notion de par soi chez Averroès, 2016
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Essence, accident et nécessité: la notion de par soi chez Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Les Études Philosophiques
Volume 117
Issue 2
Pages 217–241
Categories Aristotle, Ontology, Commentary, Logic
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The notion of “per se” (καθ’ αὑτό) is one of the key elements of Aristotle’s ontology and epistemology. Nowhere, however, does Aristotle provide a systematic study of it, leaving the articulation of its different meanings and the significance of the general project in which this notion is inscribed unclear. This paper aims to study the interpretation that Averroes provides of this notion in his Long Commentary on the Posterior Analytics. In translating for the first time some long quotations of this commentary into a modern language, we will show the central role that this notion plays in Averroes’ scientific theory and in particular in his theory of demonstration of sign.

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Les Excerpta de libro Aristotelis Ethicorum secundum translationem de arabico in latinum, 2016
By: Frédérique Woerther
Title Les Excerpta de libro Aristotelis Ethicorum secundum translationem de arabico in latinum
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge
Volume 83
Pages 115–147
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Ethics, Nicomachean ethics
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 2016
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 161–184
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
While Averroes’ work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics Γ.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes’ philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics Γ.2 also contradicts Averroes’ explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.

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Is Celestial Motion a Natural Motion?, 2015
By: Silvia Donati
Title Is Celestial Motion a Natural Motion?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 89–126
Categories Aristotle, De caelo, Physics, Avicenna, Albert, Thomas, Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Silvia Donati
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration, 2015
By: Edith Dudley Sylla
Title Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 141–192
Categories Physics, Influence, Tradition and Reception, Commentary
Author(s) Edith Dudley Sylla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry, 2015
By: Francesca Forte
Title Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 287–296
Categories Aristotle, Poetics, Commentary, Logic, Politics
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes’ aesthetical reflection of Aristotle’s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon – and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric –, in the commentaries on Plato’s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.

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Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation, 2015
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazâlî. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1
Pages 275–287
Categories al-Ġazālī, Commentary, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5287","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5287,"authors_free":[{"id":6106,"entry_id":5287,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":653,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":" Alfred L. Ivry","free_first_name":" Alfred L. ","free_last_name":"Ivry","norm_person":{"id":653,"first_name":"Alfred L.","last_name":"Ivry","full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/172513073","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/117886983","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd172513073.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alfred L. Ivry"}}],"entry_title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952_014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":14,"category_name":"al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":653,"full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5287,"section_of":5286,"pages":"275\u2013287","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5286,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"This volume offers an account of Ab\u016b \u1e24\u0101mid al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b (d. 505\/1111) as a rational theologian who created a symbiosis of philosophy and theology and infused rationality into Sufism. The majority of the papers herein deal with important topics of al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s work, which demonstrate his rational treatment of the Qur\u02be\u0101n and major subjects of Islamic theology and everyday life of Muslims. Some other contributions address al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s sources and how his intellectual endeavors were later received by scholars who had the same concern of reconciling religion and rationality within Islam, Christianity and Judaism.\r\n\r\nWith contributions by Binyamin Abrahamov, Hans Daiber, Ken Garden, Avner Giladi, Scott Girdner, Frank Griffel, Steven Harvey, Alfred Ivry, Jules Janssens, Taneli Kukkonen, Luis Xavier L\u00f3pez-Farjeat, Wilferd Madelung, Yahya M. Michot, Yasien Mohamed, Eric Ormsby, M. Sait \u00d6zervarl\u0131, and Hidemi Takahashi.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952 ","book":{"id":5286,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies","volume":"94","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2015]}

Ibn Rushd and Thomas Aquinas on Education, 2015
By: Sebastian Günther
Title Ibn Rushd and Thomas Aquinas on Education
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in The heritage of Arabo-Islamic learning: studies presented to Wadad Kadi
Pages 250–283
Categories Thomas, Commentary, Logic
Author(s) Sebastian Günther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Des leçons doubles dues à Guillaume de Luna?. Le cas de sa traduction du commentaire moyen d'Averroès sur l'Isagoge, 2010
By: Roland Hissette
Title Des leçons doubles dues à Guillaume de Luna?. Le cas de sa traduction du commentaire moyen d'Averroès sur l'Isagoge
Type Article
Language French
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 433–455
Categories Commentary, Logic, Transmission
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
William of Luna, master at the studium of Naples during the reign of the Hohenstaufens, is considered to be the author, among other translations from Arabic, of the Latin version of Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Isagoge. The Arabic text of this commentary is lost, but the translation into Hebrew, made by Jacob Anatoli, seems to reflect faithfully the syntax and word order of the original text. Now, many single terms or expressions in Anatoli's translation correspond to two terms or expressions, rather than one in the various witnesses of William of Luna's version. Are these double equivalences due to William himself, who would have then provided, here and there, more than one translation? For at least five of the eighteen cases analyzed in the present article, the question seems particularly appropriate.

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Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 2016
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 161–184
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
While Averroes’ work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics Γ.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes’ philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics Γ.2 also contradicts Averroes’ explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.

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Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes’ Commentaries on Aristotle?, 2021
By: Steven Harvey
Title Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes’ Commentaries on Aristotle?
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Jewish Studies Quarterly
Volume 28
Issue 2
Pages 159–190
Categories Maimonides, Commentary
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An article published in 2016 by Doron Forte claimed that the universally cited version of the concluding bibliographical section of Maimonides' letter to the translator of the Guide of the Perplexed, Samuel Ibn Tibbon, is both late and corrupt (Jewish Studies Quarterly 23). This claim entails that Maimonides did not recommend Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle in the letter. The current paper argues against this claim. It comprises seven considerations: two philological (based on testimonia Forte chose to ignore), two terminological and three just common sense. I present these considerations as complementary, one supporting the other, that together make clear that the most-often cited version of the letter is very old, the most reliable and likely the most authentic version. In fact, current evidence now points to Ibn Tibbon as the translator of this version, which shows that Maimonides indeed recommended Averroes' commentaries in this letter.

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Drei Prologe im großen Physikkommentar des Averroes?, 1986
By: Horst Schmieja
Title Drei Prologe im großen Physikkommentar des Averroes?
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 1986
Published in Aristotelisches Erbe im arabisch-lateinischen Mittelalter. Übersetzungen, Kommentare, Interpretationen
Pages 175–189
Categories Physics, Commentary
Author(s) Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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El concepto de naturaleza en los comentarios de Averroes y Tomás de Aquino al Corpus Aristotelicum, 1996
By: Alfonso García Marqués, M. Ballester
Title El concepto de naturaleza en los comentarios de Averroes y Tomás de Aquino al Corpus Aristotelicum
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1996
Published in Actes del Simposi Internacional de Filosofia de l'Edat Mitjana. El pensament antropològic medieval en els àmbits islàmic, hebreu i cristià. Vic-Girona 11–16 d'abril de 1993
Pages 100–111
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aquinas, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Alfonso García Marqués , M. Ballester
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Essence, accident et nécessité: la notion de par soi chez Averroès, 2016
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Essence, accident et nécessité: la notion de par soi chez Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Les Études Philosophiques
Volume 117
Issue 2
Pages 217–241
Categories Aristotle, Ontology, Commentary, Logic
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The notion of “per se” (καθ’ αὑτό) is one of the key elements of Aristotle’s ontology and epistemology. Nowhere, however, does Aristotle provide a systematic study of it, leaving the articulation of its different meanings and the significance of the general project in which this notion is inscribed unclear. This paper aims to study the interpretation that Averroes provides of this notion in his Long Commentary on the Posterior Analytics. In translating for the first time some long quotations of this commentary into a modern language, we will show the central role that this notion plays in Averroes’ scientific theory and in particular in his theory of demonstration of sign.

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Exégèse grecque et problèmes éditoriaux dans le Commentaire moyen d'Averroès aux Seconds analytiques (livre II, chap. 1–10), 2011
By: Michel Cacouros
Title Exégèse grecque et problèmes éditoriaux dans le Commentaire moyen d'Averroès aux Seconds analytiques (livre II, chap. 1–10)
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 213–243
Categories Logic, Commentary
Author(s) Michel Cacouros
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Fragmentos del gran comentario de Averroes a la Física, 2009
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Fragmentos del gran comentario de Averroes a la Física
Translation Fragments from Averroes' long commentary on the Physics
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2009
Journal Al-Qanṭara
Volume 30
Issue 1
Pages 69–81
Categories Physics, Commentary, Transmission
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Arabic manuscript 5000 of the National Library in Madrid contains Averroes' epitomes or short commentaries on various works of Aristotle. Annotations written on the margins of the short commentary on the Physics appear to be fragments of the long commentary on this work of Aristotle. The article focuses on the fragments because they are the only evidence of the Arabic original. Further, the article considers notes written by the successive owners of the manuscript: some are written in Arabic and in Arabic letters, others in Arabic and Hebrew letters (some words are also in Hebrew) and others are written in Vulgar Latin, either in Hebrew or Latin letters.

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Generazione verticale, generazione orizzontale: il principio di sinonimia nel Commento grande di Averroè al Libro Z della Metafisica di Aristotle, 2009
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Generazione verticale, generazione orizzontale: il principio di sinonimia nel Commento grande di Averroè al Libro Z della Metafisica di Aristotle
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2009
Journal Chôra. Revue d’Études anciennes et médiévales
Volume 7-8
Issue 2009-2010
Pages 133-62
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, Metaphysics, Avicenna
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Le but de cet article est d’analyser l’interprétation qu’Averroès propose de l’étude de la génération spontanée développée par Aristote dans le chapitre 9 du livre Z de la Métaphysique et montrer que pour Averroès le véritable enjeu de cette étude est celui de démontrer que l’agent et le produit de la génération ont une même forme. C’est cette thèse, en effet, qui d’après le Cordouan permet en dernière instance d’instaurer entre le monde céleste et le monde terrestre une causalité, pour ainsi dire, «perpendiculaire» qui sauve à la fois l’efficacité des causes secondes et celle de la cause première qui agit par l’intermédiaire des causes célestes. Ce nouveau cadre cosmologico-ontologique apparaît manifestement comme le produit d’une stratégie menée directement contre Avicenne, car le but ultime d’Averroès est de substituer sa propre théorie de l’Artisan divin à la théorie platonicienne de la création démiurgique, à laquelle il assimile la théorie avicennienne d’une donation des formes par une Intelligence cosmique.

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Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics, 2022
By: Esti Eisenmann
Title Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics
Type Article
Language French
Date 2022
Journal Revue des Études Juives
Volume 181
Issue 1-2
Pages 185–222
Categories Tradition and Reception, Gersonides, Commentary, Method
Author(s) Esti Eisenmann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article analyzes Gersonides (1288-1344) as a commentator, through the lens of his supercommentary on Averroes’s Epitome of Aristotle’s Physics. In the first section of the article, we question the assumption that this work is indeed a supercommentary and explain why it may nevertheless be included in the genre. In the second section, the article provides examples of Gersonides’ exegetical procedure. Given that the supercommentary on the Epitome of the Physics was the first supercommentary Gersonides wrote, the analysis of Gersonides’ methods sheds light on his image as an exegete and can help us determine his objective in commenting on this text and the readership he envisaged. He seems to be adressing readers who were taking their first steps in Aristotle’s works on nature and to have endeavored to guide them in this field.

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