Category
La dimension éthique et politique de la révélation prophétique chez les falāsifa, 2022
By: Meryem Sebti
Title La dimension éthique et politique de la révélation prophétique chez les falāsifa
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2022
Published in The Presence of the Prophet in Early Modern and Contemporary Islam, Volume 1: The Prophet Between Doctrine, Literature and Arts: Historical Legacies and Their Unfolding
Pages 327–347
Categories Theology, Epistemology, Cosmology, al-Fārābī, Avicenna
Author(s) Meryem Sebti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Greek heritage nourished and deeply influenced a philosophical tradition in Arabic. This Greek heritage was reinterpreted by Muslim philosophers during the period from the ninth to the twelfth century. The approach by the latter, called falāsifa, towards the question of prophecy will have a decisive influence on certain Ashʿarite theologians, and the Avicennian synthesis constitutes a major step in the constitution of an Islamic prophetology, so that one may consider that there is a before and an after Avicenna, with regard to the doctrine of prophecy in the Muslim world. It is not possible to outline the contours of a prophetology that would be common to all falāsifa: Al-Kindī (after 870), Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (864–925), al-Fārābī (d. 950), Avicenna (980–1037), Ibn Bājja (around 1138), Ibn Ṭufayl (1110–1185) and Averroes (1126–1198). Nevertheless, despite their differences and their disagreements, they have tried to rationally report the phenomenon of prophecy, integrating it – for some of them – into a complex emanative cosmology. Finally, and despite their differences, we find in Avicenna and in Averroes the affirmation of the ethical and political function of the prophet.

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The approach by the latter, called fal\u0101sifa, towards the question of prophecy will have a decisive influence on certain Ash\u02bfarite theologians, and the Avicennian synthesis constitutes a major step in the constitution of an Islamic prophetology, so that one may consider that there is a before and an after Avicenna, with regard to the doctrine of prophecy in the Muslim world. It is not possible to outline the contours of a prophetology that would be common to all fal\u0101sifa: Al-Kind\u012b (after 870), Ab\u016b Bakr al-R\u0101z\u012b (864\u2013925), al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b (d. 950), Avicenna (980\u20131037), Ibn B\u0101jja (around 1138), Ibn \u1e6cufayl (1110\u20131185) and Averroes (1126\u20131198). Nevertheless, despite their differences and their disagreements, they have tried to rationally report the phenomenon of prophecy, integrating it \u2013 for some of them \u2013 into a complex emanative cosmology. Finally, and despite their differences, we find in Avicenna and in Averroes the affirmation of the ethical and political function of the prophet.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004466739_014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"},{"id":73,"category_name":"Epistemology","link":"bib?categories[]=Epistemology"},{"id":19,"category_name":"Cosmology","link":"bib?categories[]=Cosmology"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5403,"section_of":5402,"pages":"327\u2013347 ","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5402,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"The Presence of the Prophet in Early Modern and Contemporary Islam, Volume 1: The Prophet Between Doctrine, Literature and Arts: Historical Legacies and Their Unfolding ","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"The three-volume series titled The Presence of the Prophet in Early Modern and Contemporary Islam, is the first attempt to explore the dynamics of the representation of the Prophet Muhammad in the course of Muslim history until the present.\r\nThis first collective volume outlines his figure in the early Islamic tradition, and its later transformations until recent times that were shaped by Prophet-centered piety and politics. A variety of case studies offers a unique overview of the interplay of Sunn\u012b amd Sh\u012b\u02bf\u012b doctrines with literature and arts in the formation of his image. They trace the integrative and conflictual qualities of a \u201cProphetic culture\u201d, in which the Prophet of Islam continues his presence among the Muslim believers. ","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004466739","book":{"id":5402,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Handbook of Oriental studies; Section 1: The Near and Middle East","volume":"159","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6261,"entry_id":5402,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Denis Gril","free_first_name":"Denis","free_last_name":"Gril","norm_person":null},{"id":6262,"entry_id":5402,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Stefan Reichmuth","free_first_name":"Stefan","free_last_name":"Reichmuth","norm_person":null},{"id":6263,"entry_id":5402,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Dilek Sarmis","free_first_name":"Dilek","free_last_name":"Sarmis","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

حل ابن رشد لإشكالية القوة اللامتناهية في الجسم السماوي, 2021
By: Ashraf Mansour
Title حل ابن رشد لإشكالية القوة اللامتناهية في الجسم السماوي
Transcription ḥal Ibn Rušd l-iškāliya al-quwq al-la-mutanāhiya fi-l-ǧism as-samāwy
Translation Averroes’ Solution of the Problem of Infinite Force in The Celestial Body
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 2021
Categories Science, Cosmology
Author(s) Ashraf Mansour
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Truth Does Not Contradict the Truth – Or Does It? The Aporias of Cosmology, or Averroes in Doubt, 2020
By: Gerhard Endress
Title The Truth Does Not Contradict the Truth – Or Does It? The Aporias of Cosmology, or Averroes in Doubt
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften
Volume 22
Pages 23–66
Categories Cosmology, Kalām, Science
Author(s) Gerhard Endress
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Eine fiktive Beobachtung eines Merkurdurchgangs durch Averroes – Vorgeschichte und Folgen, 2020
By: Carl Ehrig-Eggert
Title Eine fiktive Beobachtung eines Merkurdurchgangs durch Averroes – Vorgeschichte und Folgen
Type Article
Language German
Date 2020
Journal Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften
Volume 22
Pages 67–90
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Carl Ehrig-Eggert
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?, 2019
By: David Twetten
Title Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in La philosophie arabe à l’étude. Sens, limites et défis d’une discipline moderne. Studying Arabic Philosophy: Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline
Pages 345–390
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Cosmology, Theology, Modern Readings
Author(s) David Twetten
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Albert the Great as a Reader of Averroes: A Study of His Notion of the Celestial Soul in De caelo et mundo and Metaphysica, 2019
By: Adam Takahashi
Title Albert the Great as a Reader of Averroes: A Study of His Notion of the Celestial Soul in De caelo et mundo and Metaphysica
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 30
Pages 625–654
Categories Albert, Tradition and Reception, Cosmology, Metaphysics
Author(s) Adam Takahashi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology, 2018
By: Dag Nikolaus Hasse (Ed.), Amos Bertolacci (Ed.)
Title The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2018
Publication Place Boston; Berlin
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Scientia Graeco-Arabica
Volume 23
Categories Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Cosmology, Physics
Author(s) Dag Nikolaus Hasse , Amos Bertolacci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) greatly influenced later medieval thinking about the earth and the cosmos, not only in his own civilization, but also in Hebrew and Latin cultures. The studies presented in this volume discuss the reception of prominent theories by Avicenna from the early 11th century onwards by thinkers like Averroes, Fahraddin ar-Razi, Samuel ibn Tibbon or Albertus Magnus. Among the topics which receive particular attention are the definition and existence of motion and time. Other important topics are covered too, such as Avicenna’s theories of vacuum, causality, elements, substantial change, minerals, floods and mountains. It emerges, among other things, that Avicenna inherited to the discussion an acute sense for the epistemological status of natural science and for the mental and concrete existence of its objects. The volume also addresses the philological and historical circumstances of the textual tradition and sheds light on the translators Dominicus Gundisalvi, Avendauth and Alfred of Sareshel in particular. The articles of this volume are presented by scholars who convened in 2013 to discuss their research on the influence of Avicenna’s physics and cosmology in the Villa Vigoni, Italy.

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The Transmutations of a Young Averroist: Agostino Nifo’s Commentary on the Destructio Destructionum of Averroes and the Nature of Celestial Influences, 2013
By: Nicholas Holland
Title The Transmutations of a Young Averroist: Agostino Nifo’s Commentary on the Destructio Destructionum of Averroes and the Nature of Celestial Influences
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 99–124
Categories Agostino Nifo, Cosmology
Author(s) Nicholas Holland
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This chapter examines Agostino Nifo’s analysis of the nature of celestial influence on the sublunary world in his commentary on Averroes’s Destructio destructionum (Tahāfut al-Tahāfut). First it explores how Nifo derives from sources contained in Averroes’s work and through the mediation of Albertus Magnus and other Latin philosophers, the idea that the heavenly bodies may cause ‘spiritual’ or ‘intentional’ as well as physical or corporeal change in the sublunary world. In his commentary (1497) on the fourteenth dispute of the Destructio, Nifo brings this dualist model of celestial influence together with material drawn from Neoplatonic, Hermetic and astrological sources in order to explain the principles of prophecy, alchemy, demonology and magnetism. Where Averroes had associated celestial influence with a form of unintentional causality, Nifo’s account suggests that celestial bodies follow patterns of intentional activity. In this way, celestial bodies are seen as a cause of change in the sublunary world, in general, and on man, in particular. The closing section contrasts Nifo’s method of synthesising conflicting philosophical positions and his defense of astrology with the work of his contemporary and sometime associate Giovanni Pico della Mirandola.

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Mélange, minima naturalia et croissance animale dans le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès au De generatione et corruptione, I, 5, 2012
By: Christina Cerami
Title Mélange, minima naturalia et croissance animale dans le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès au De generatione et corruptione, I, 5
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2012
Published in La nature et le vide dans la physique médiévale
Pages 137–164
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Christina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroès accepte l'existence du vide en s'appuyant sur l'idée de l'accroissement, ce qui permet d'accepter que les éléments du réel sensible (minima naturalia) qui peuvent subir un accroissement s'engendrent dans les corps qui s'accroissent. L'article tend à montrer «contre l'interprétation qui fait des minima naturalia des parties actuelles dans les corps, que l'un des plus grands efforts d'Averroès est de sauvegarder la continuité du corps vivant tout en admettant que la réalité sensible implique un principe de division finie»

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La théorie averroïste des dimensions indéterminées dans le Traité sur la substance de la sphére céleste (Livre I, chapitre 2) de Walter Burley. Pour Averroès ou contre Thomas d'Aquin?, 2012
By: Alice Lamy
Title La théorie averroïste des dimensions indéterminées dans le Traité sur la substance de la sphére céleste (Livre I, chapitre 2) de Walter Burley. Pour Averroès ou contre Thomas d'Aquin?
Type Article
Language French
Date 2012
Journal Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie
Volume 59
Issue 1
Pages 26–45
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Alice Lamy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
At the University of Paris in the XIV century, Walter Burley is an erudite commentator of the works of Averroes and felds a particular interest for his teaching on the quantification of matter (De Substantia orbis, I, 2). Although he tries to interpret literally the teachings of the Commentator on the indefinite dimensions in his own comment of this work, his successive definitions of corporeity betray the ontological instability of this metaphysical quantitative principle, which it is impossible to classify either in act or in power, and which it si difficult to identify as a form or as an accident.

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A critical edition of Averroes' De Caelo et Mundo, 1960
By: Averroes, Francis J. Carmody (Ed.)
Title A critical edition of Averroes' De Caelo et Mundo
Type Article
Language English
Date 1960
Journal The American Philosophy Society. Year Book
Pages 515-516
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Averroes , Francis J. Carmody
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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About Celestial Circulation. Averroes' Tahafūt al-tahafūt [sic!] and Aristotle's De Caelo, 2008
By: Lisa Farooque
Title About Celestial Circulation. Averroes' Tahafūt al-tahafūt [sic!] and Aristotle's De Caelo
Type Article
Language English
Date 2008
Journal Journal of Islamic Philosophy
Volume 4
Pages 21–38
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Lisa Farooque
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Abū-l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn Rušd. Averroes. Antología, 1998
By: Averroes, Miguel Cruz Hernández (Ed.)
Title Abū-l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn Rušd. Averroes. Antología
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1998
Publication Place Sevilla
Publisher Fundación El Monte
Categories Poetics, Physics, Cosmology, Politics, Metaphysics
Author(s) Averroes , Miguel Cruz Hernández
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Albert the Great as a Reader of Averroes: A Study of His Notion of the Celestial Soul in De caelo et mundo and Metaphysica, 2019
By: Adam Takahashi
Title Albert the Great as a Reader of Averroes: A Study of His Notion of the Celestial Soul in De caelo et mundo and Metaphysica
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 30
Pages 625–654
Categories Albert, Tradition and Reception, Cosmology, Metaphysics
Author(s) Adam Takahashi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aquinas, Ghazali, and Averroes on the Age of the Universe. Response to Massey, 2008
By: Chryssi Sidiropoulou
Title Aquinas, Ghazali, and Averroes on the Age of the Universe. Response to Massey
Type Article
Language English
Date 2008
Journal Divinatio
Volume 28
Pages 171–194
Categories al-Ġazālī, Thomas, Theology, Cosmology
Author(s) Chryssi Sidiropoulou
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristoteles' De caelo im 'Großen Kommentar' des Averroes, 1985
By: Gotthard Strohmaier
Title Aristoteles' De caelo im 'Großen Kommentar' des Averroes
Type Article
Language German
Date 1985
Journal Klio
Volume 67
Pages 655–657
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Gotthard Strohmaier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle's Theology and its Influence on the Philosophers of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, 1993
By: Constantine Georgiadis
Title Aristotle's Theology and its Influence on the Philosophers of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Type Article
Language English
Date 1993
Journal Dialogue and Humanism
Volume 3
Pages 11–23
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Constantine Georgiadis
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes on the Species of Celestial Bodies, 2006
By: Matteo Di Giovanni
Title Averroes on the Species of Celestial Bodies
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2006
Published in Wissen über Grenzen. Arabisches Wissen und lateinisches Mittelalter
Pages 438–464
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Matteo Di Giovanni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' De caelo. Ibn Rushd's Cosmology in his Commentaries on Aristotle's On the Heavens, 1995
By: Gerhard Endress
Title Averroes' De caelo. Ibn Rushd's Cosmology in his Commentaries on Aristotle's On the Heavens
Type Article
Language English
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 9–49
Categories Cosmology, Aristotle
Author(s) Gerhard Endress
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes defended philosophy by returning to the true Aristotle. For this purpose, Aristotle's book “On the Heaven,” in which he explained the eternity, uniqueness and movement of the universe, occupied a place of special importance. But the Aristotelian philosopher had a hard time holding his own in the face of contradictions within the book and with respect to Aristotle's later works. In his early Compendium, later Paraphrase, and final Long Commentary of De Caelo, Ibn Rushd continued the efforts of the Hellenistic commentators in order to integrate all the elements of his doctrine into a unified system, to harmonize his early cosmology with his later Metaphysics - the early doctrine of natural movement of the elements, and of the self-moving star-souls (a Platonic element), with the doctrine of potency and actuality and the theory of the First Mover - and to uphold his models of homocentric planetary spheres against the mathematical paradigm of Ptolemaic astronomy. By insisting throughout on demonstrative arguments based on rational principles, he asserted the philosophers' claim to irrefutable truth.

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Averroes' Lost Treatise on the Prime Mover, 1951
By: Harry A. Wolfson
Title Averroes' Lost Treatise on the Prime Mover
Type Article
Language English
Date 1951
Journal Hebrew Union College Annual
Volume 23
Issue 1
Pages 683–710
Categories Cosmology, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Harry A. Wolfson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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