Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes, 2022
By: Desiderio Parrilla
Title Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes
Translation Approach to the topic of the vision of darkness in De Anima II 7 from the comments of Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2022
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 63
Issue 152
Pages 515 – 534
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Desiderio Parrilla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El problema de la “visión escotópica”, o visión bajo condiciones de oscuridad parcial o total, es uno de los tópicos más enigmáticos y menos estudiados de la psicología aristotélica. En el artículo exponemos la exégesis de Averroes acerca de este asunto. Señalamos una dificultad que surge en el Comentario mayor en torno a algunos términos utilizados para designar la oscuridad en el conjunto de la teoría. Proponemos como solución una interpretación moderada del asunto, acorde con el “principio de economía” y la exégesis tradicional de los comentaristas. The problem of “scotopic vision”, or vision under conditions of partial or total darkness, is one of the most enigmatic and least studied topics in Aristotelian psychology. In the article we present the exegesis of Averroes on this matter. We point out a dificulty that arises in the Great Commentary around some terms used to designate the obscurity in the whole of the theory. We propose as a solution a moderate interpretation of the matter, in accordance with the “principle of economy” and the traditional exegesis of the commentators.

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Averroes on intellect: from Aristotelian origins to Aquinas' critique, 2022
By: Stephen R. Ogden
Title Averroes on intellect: from Aristotelian origins to Aquinas' critique
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2022
Publication Place Oxford
Publisher Oxford University Press
Categories Aristotle, Thomas, Avicenna, De anima, Metaphysics
Author(s) Stephen R. Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This book on the Muslim philosopher Averroes (Ibn Rushd) provides a detailed analysis of his (in)famous unicity thesis—the view that there is only one separate and eternal intellect for all human beings. It focuses directly on Averroes’ arguments, both from the text of Aristotle’s De Anima and, more importantly, his own philosophical arguments in the Long Commentary on the De Anima. Ogden defends Averroes’ interpretation of Aristotle’s DA III.4–5 (using Greek, Arabic, Latin, and contemporary sources). Yet, the author insists that Averroes is not merely a “commentator” but also an incisive philosopher in his own right. Ogden thus reconstructs and analyzes Averroes’ two most significant independent philosophical arguments, the Determinate Particular Argument and the Unity Argument. Alternative ancient and medieval views are considered throughout, especially from two important foils before and after Averroes, namely Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) and Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas’s most famous and penetrating arguments against the unicity thesis are also addressed. Finally, Ogden considers Averroes’ own objections to broader metaphysical views of the soul such as Avicenna’s and Aquinas’s, which agree with him on several key points (e.g., the immateriality of the intellect and the individuation of human souls by matter), while still diverging on the number and substantial nature of the intellect. The central aim of the book is to provide readers a single study of Averroes’ most pivotal arguments on intellect, consolidating and building on recent scholarship and offering a comprehensive case for his unicity thesis in the wider context of Aristotelian epistemology and metaphysics.

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L’intellect - Compendium du livre De l’âme, 2022
By: Averroes, Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), David Wirmer (Ed.)
Title L’intellect - Compendium du livre De l’âme
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2022
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin
Series Sic et Non
Categories De anima, Psychology, Ibn Bāǧǧa, Commentary, Intellect
Author(s) Averroes , Jean-Baptiste Brenet , David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Le Compendium du livre De l’âme d’Aristote (Muḫtaṣar Kitāb al-nafs) compte parmi les premières œuvres d’exégète d’Averroès. On en traduit ici le chapitre sur l’intellect qui contient l’essentiel des questions sur lesquelles le Commentateur reviendra dans toute son œuvre. Ce qui l’occupe est d’établir si l’acte de l’intellect humain est permanent ou bien intermittent, et plus largement de savoir si notre puissance rationnelle est elle-même éternelle ou bien engendrée et corruptible. L’auteur montre que nos concepts sont en vérité ambivalents et que s’ils sont en partie soustraits au temps par leur sens, leur rapport aux images leur confère une forme de potentialité. C’est sur cette puissance que l’accent est mis : quelle est la nature de la capacité de penser? quel peut-être son substrat? qu’est-ce qui la meut, et jusqu’où? L’édition du texte par David Wirmer montre qu’il fut plusieurs fois révisé et son intérêt est double. Il montre à la fois quelle fut la doctrine du jeune Averroès, disciple de son prédécesseur andalou Ibn Bāğğa (Avempace), et comment le Cordouan inlassablement critique devait juger bon de la réviser. Averroès est connu dans l’histoire comme l’auteur du Grand Commentaire du traité De l’âme. C’est dans ce texte du Compendium qu’on voit s’en profiler la doctrine.

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Averroes’ Doctrine of Material Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De Anima of Aristotle, 2021
By: Musa Duman
Title Averroes’ Doctrine of Material Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De Anima of Aristotle
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal mevzu
Volume 5
Pages 39-66
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Intellect
Author(s) Musa Duman
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes was fully aware of the fact that Aristotle’s account of intellect as propounded in De Anima was incomplete. This meant that the key facet of Aristotle’s thought was fraught with gaps. Averroes made repeated attempts in his commentaries on De Anima to fill the gaps. The problem for Averroes was this: “if human beings are enmattered entities, how will anything more than sense perception be possible?” Averroes believes that finally in his Long Commentary on De Anima he has achieved a full and coherent account of thinking and understanding that centers on a new notion of the material intellect, according to which, together with the active intellect, there is also a distinct material intellect, numerically one for all human beings. The present article explores in detail this idea of material intellect. It is shown that material intellect, for Averroes, functions as the transpersonal, non-particular and non empirical subject required for the production and containment of universal meanings. The idea seems to aim at connecting consistently the embodied, sensible forms of human cognitive experience with the noetic, conceptual element of knowledge within a basically ontological account.

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De la faculté rationnelle: l’original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14), 2021
By: Colette Sirat, Marc Geoffroy, Averroes
Title De la faculté rationnelle: l’original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)
Type Monograph
Language French
Date 2021
Publication Place Rome
Publisher Aracne
Series Flumen Sapientiae
Volume 15
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Colette Sirat , Marc Geoffroy , Averroes
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Depuis le Moyen Âge, le Grand Commentaire d’Averroès au De anima d’Aristote n’était connu des philosophes occidentaux que dans sa version latine, datant du XIIIe siècle. Des gloses en arabe dictées à des élèves philosophes juifs et espagnols au XVe siècle, ont été transcrites en caractères hébraïques et conservées dans un manuscrit de la Bibliothèque Estense de Modène. Le texte de ces gloses n’est pas identique à l’original arabe traduit en latin, mais elles portent témoignage de versions multiples et différentes. L’édition de la partie du Commentaire traitant de l’intellect est proposée ici.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5028","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5028,"authors_free":[{"id":5768,"entry_id":5028,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":992,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Colette Sirat","free_first_name":"Colette","free_last_name":"Sirat","norm_person":{"id":992,"first_name":"Colette","last_name":"Sirat","full_name":"Colette Sirat","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/122662989","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97136920","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd122662989.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Colette Sirat"}},{"id":5769,"entry_id":5028,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":955,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Marc Geoffroy","free_first_name":"Marc","free_last_name":"Geoffroy ","norm_person":{"id":955,"first_name":"Marc","last_name":"Geoffroy","full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/174155514","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/7482512","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Marc Geoffroy"}},{"id":5770,"entry_id":5028,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":"Averroes","free_last_name":"","norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}}],"entry_title":"De la facult\u00e9 rationnelle: l\u2019original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"De la facult\u00e9 rationnelle: l\u2019original arabe du Grand Commentaire (Sharh) d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote (III, 4-5, 429a10-432a14)"},"abstract":"Depuis le Moyen \u00c2ge, le Grand Commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s au De anima d\u2019Aristote n\u2019\u00e9tait connu des philosophes occidentaux que dans sa version latine, datant du XIIIe si\u00e8cle. Des gloses en arabe dict\u00e9es \u00e0 des \u00e9l\u00e8ves philosophes juifs et espagnols au XVe si\u00e8cle, ont \u00e9t\u00e9 transcrites en caract\u00e8res h\u00e9bra\u00efques et conserv\u00e9es dans un manuscrit de la Biblioth\u00e8que Estense de Mod\u00e8ne. Le texte de ces gloses n\u2019est pas identique \u00e0 l\u2019original arabe traduit en latin, mais elles portent t\u00e9moignage de versions multiples et diff\u00e9rentes. L\u2019\u00e9dition de la partie du Commentaire traitant de l\u2019intellect est propos\u00e9e ici. ","btype":1,"date":"2021","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":992,"full_name":"Colette Sirat","role":1},{"id":955,"full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","role":1},{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5028,"pubplace":"Rome","publisher":"Aracne","series":"Flumen Sapientiae","volume":"15","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2021]}

Memory and Recollection in the Aristotelian Tradition. Essays on the Reception of Aristotle’s De memoria et reminiscentia, 2021
By: Véronique Decaix (Ed.), Christina Thomsen Thörnqvist (Ed.)
Title Memory and Recollection in the Aristotelian Tradition. Essays on the Reception of Aristotle’s De memoria et reminiscentia
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2021
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Studia artistarum
Volume 47
Categories De anima, Commentary, Aristotle, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Véronique Decaix , Christina Thomsen Thörnqvist
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Aristotle’s De memoria et reminiscentia (“On Memory and Recollection”) is the oldest surviving systematic study of the nature of human memory. Forming part of Aristotle’s other minor writings on psychology that were intended as a supplement to his De anima (“On the Soul”) and known under the collective title Parva naturalia, Aristotle’s De memoria et reminiscentia gave rise to a vast number of commentaries in the Middle Ages. The present volume offers new knowledge on the medieval understanding of Aristotle’s theories on memory and recollection across the linguistic traditions including the Byzantine Greek, Latin and Arabic reception.

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Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II), 2021
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 135–232
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Cette contribution constitue la deuxième partie de la publication, avec quelques mises à jour et aménagements, d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue sous le même intitulé à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, en décembre 2009 et dont la première partie a été publiée dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L’auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, déterminer les sources sur lesquelles s’est appuyé, entre les années cinquante et soixante du xiie siècle (première période de son travail philosophique), Averroès (Ibn Rušd, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa théorie de l’âme et de l’intellect, en référence aux sources péripatéticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir accès de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le « Commentateur » d’Aristote par excellence, il peut paraître étonnant qu’Averroès n’ait eu d’emblée accès qu’à des sources indirectes relatives à la théorie de l’âme du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l’auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Averroès est essentiellement structurée par l’enseignement d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise et par son De anima. L’aristotélisme d’Averroès apparaît de ce point de vue comme un aristotélisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de manière décisive sur l’exégèse d’Averroès une fois qu’il se serait emparé de l’écrit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l’intellect en puissance et l’intellect agent).

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5045","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5045,"authors_free":[{"id":5794,"entry_id":5045,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":955,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Marc Geoffroy","free_first_name":"Marc","free_last_name":"Geoffroy","norm_person":{"id":955,"first_name":"Marc","last_name":"Geoffroy","full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/174155514","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/7482512","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Marc Geoffroy"}}],"entry_title":"Sources et origines de la th\u00e9orie de l\u2019intellect d\u2019Averro\u00e8s (II)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Sources et origines de la th\u00e9orie de l\u2019intellect d\u2019Averro\u00e8s (II)"},"abstract":"Cette contribution constitue la deuxi\u00e8me partie de la publication, avec quelques mises \u00e0 jour et am\u00e9nagements, d\u2019une th\u00e8se de doctorat soutenue sous le m\u00eame intitul\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019\u00c9cole Pratique des Hautes \u00c9tudes, Paris, en d\u00e9cembre 2009 et dont la premi\u00e8re partie a \u00e9t\u00e9 publi\u00e9e dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L\u2019auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, d\u00e9terminer les sources sur lesquelles s\u2019est appuy\u00e9, entre les ann\u00e9es cinquante et soixante du xiie si\u00e8cle (premi\u00e8re p\u00e9riode de son travail philosophique), Averro\u00e8s (Ibn Ru\u0161d, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa th\u00e9orie de l\u2019\u00e2me et de l\u2019intellect, en r\u00e9f\u00e9rence aux sources p\u00e9ripat\u00e9ticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir acc\u00e8s de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le \u00ab Commentateur \u00bb d\u2019Aristote par excellence, il peut para\u00eetre \u00e9tonnant qu\u2019Averro\u00e8s n\u2019ait eu d\u2019embl\u00e9e acc\u00e8s qu\u2019\u00e0 des sources indirectes relatives \u00e0 la th\u00e9orie de l\u2019\u00e2me du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l\u2019auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l\u2019\u00e2me expos\u00e9e par Averro\u00e8s est essentiellement structur\u00e9e par l\u2019enseignement d\u2019Alexandre d\u2019Aphrodise et par son De anima. L\u2019aristot\u00e9lisme d\u2019Averro\u00e8s appara\u00eet de ce point de vue comme un aristot\u00e9lisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de mani\u00e8re d\u00e9cisive sur l\u2019ex\u00e9g\u00e8se d\u2019Averro\u00e8s une fois qu\u2019il se serait empar\u00e9 de l\u2019\u00e9crit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l\u2019intellect en puissance et l\u2019intellect agent).","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"French","online_url":"https:\/\/journals.usj.edu.lb\/melanges\/article\/view\/546","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"}],"authors":[{"id":955,"full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5045,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"M\u00e9langes de l\u2019Universit\u00e9 Saint-Joseph","volume":"68","issue":"","pages":"135\u2013232"}},"sort":[2021]}

La position de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès dans son Commentaire sur le De anima, 2021
By: Jules Janssens
Title La position de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès dans son Commentaire sur le De anima
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 105–135
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jules Janssens
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Dans son commentaire sur le De anima d’Aristote Zabarella fait un usage non négligeable du Grand Commentaire sur le même ouvrage d’Averroès, le grand penseur andalou. On a pris l’habitude de considérer que Zabarella n’a pas pu finaliser son commentaire, étant donné qu’il fut publié à titre posthume. Il s’agirait donc d’un ouvrage incomplet. Toutefois, si on tient compte du fait que Zabarella s’intéresse avant tout, voire presque exclusivement, à l’étude de l’âme humaine, tout indique qu’il a consciemment choisi de ne pas commenter certains chapitres de l’ouvrage du Stagirite. Quant à l’impact d’Averroès sur la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Zabarella, elle a été diversement évaluée dans la recherche contemporaine, mais dans l’ensemble on y perçoit une attitude fortement critique du dernier envers le premier. Il est nécessaire de nuancer ce jugement. En effet, sur la base de trois fragments, répartis sur les trois livres, la présente recherche met en lumière qu’Averroès est considéré par Zabarella comme une vraie autorité, « auctoritas » ; que Zabarella souscrit parfois pleinement à l’interprétation du maître arabe ; et, enfin, que Zabarella explique certaines explications « erronées » de ce dernier comme l’effet inévitable de la traduction fautive du texte aristotélicien dont Averroès disposait. En somme, l’attitude de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès s’avère complexe, évitant aussi bien l’excès d’un rejet total que celui d’une acceptation aveugle.

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Averroismi al plurale, II. La ricezione del Commento grande al De anima di Ibn Rushd nelle Quaestiones in tertium de anima di Sigieri di Brabante, 2019
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale, II. La ricezione del Commento grande al De anima di Ibn Rushd nelle Quaestiones in tertium de anima di Sigieri di Brabante
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2019
Journal Dianoia
Volume 28
Pages 81–94
Categories Siger of Brabant, De anima
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Siger of Brabant sketches in his Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1269) a noetic theory defending the unity of the intellect that is usually considered as a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the separateness of the material intellect as put forth in the Long Commentary on the De anima (ca. 1186). A closer look at key texts in both the Quaestiones and the Long Commentary will give us a quite different picture: while Siger works out his theory on the background of a dualistic anthropology that takes the union between the intellective soul (conceived as an hoc aliquid) and the human body to be only operational, Ibn Rušd (who develops his theory starting from strictly aristotelic epistemological premises) repeatedly stresses throughout the Long Commentary that, if man is an agent of thought, the union between the separate intellects and the thinking individual ought to be always hylomorphic. This paper aims at showing that, although Siger has often been identified as an averroist, his psychology is certainly not rushdian.

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Descartes l’arabe. Averroès jusque dans la querelle d’Utrecht, 2019
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Descartes l’arabe. Averroès jusque dans la querelle d’Utrecht
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2019
Published in La philosophie arabe à l’étude. Sens, limites et défis d’une discipline moderne. Studying Arabic Philosophy: Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline
Pages 491–518
Categories Tradition and Reception, Latin Averroism, De anima
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5072","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5072,"authors_free":[{"id":5833,"entry_id":5072,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":622,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","free_first_name":"Jean-Baptiste","free_last_name":"Brenet","norm_person":{"id":622,"first_name":"Jean-Baptiste","last_name":"Brenet","full_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051778867","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/27224973","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jean-Baptiste Brenet"}}],"entry_title":"Descartes l\u2019arabe. Averro\u00e8s jusque dans la querelle d\u2019Utrecht","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Descartes l\u2019arabe. Averro\u00e8s jusque dans la querelle d\u2019Utrecht"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2019","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":7,"category_name":"Latin Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Latin Averroism"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"}],"authors":[{"id":622,"full_name":"Jean-Baptiste Brenet","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5072,"section_of":5070,"pages":"491\u2013518","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5070,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"La philosophie arabe \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9tude. Sens, limites et d\u00e9fis d\u2019une discipline moderne. Studying Arabic Philosophy: Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2019","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"What is the current state of the study of Arabic philosophy? This book provides an overview of the situation. The aim is to draw up a first assessment of the research carried out in the field of Arabic philosophy, reconsidering the historiography and the nomenclature, and examining the subjects and objectives, as well as the methods of analysis that have commonly been used. We also present studies - on authors, traditions and concepts - that show how work is progressing, what tensions persist, and what the prospects are.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5070,"pubplace":"Paris","publisher":"Librairie philosophique J. Vrin","series":"Sic et non","volume":"37","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2019]}

'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote, 2006
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title 'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2006
Published in Écriture et réécriture des textes philosophiques médiévaux. Volume d'hommage offert à Colette Sirat
Pages 137–184
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi, 2015
By: Davoud Zandi
Title A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 39-41
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Davoud Zandi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The relationship between the material intellect and the active intellect is an important issue in the realm of epistemology in Islamic philosophy. The aim of the present study is to compare the views of Averroes and Al-Farabi in this regard. Reviewing their theories, this study shows that both the mentioned philosophers agree upon the fact that the Active Intellect exists apart from human soul and acts as a creator of forms, but as for the relationship between the Material Intellect and the Active Intellect, there is disagreement between Averroes and Al-Farabi. Averroes believes that in some aspects both of them are the same yet they are different in some other aspects, namely regarding their acts they are different because the active intellect acts as creator of forms while the material intellect is just receiver of the forms. Nevertheless, they are the same, since the material intellect achieves perfection through the active intellect, whereas in Al-Farabi’s opinion, ontologically speaking; the material intellect and the active intellect are different in their existence. The material intellect in al-Farabi’s perspective is one of the stages of human intellect that is inherent in human soul, whereas the active intellect is an immaterial substance that exists apart from human soul.

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Abstraction and Intellection in Averroes and the Arabic Tradition: Remarks on Averroes, Long Commentary on the De anima, Book 3, Comment 36, 2018
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Abstraction and Intellection in Averroes and the Arabic Tradition: Remarks on Averroes, Long Commentary on the De anima, Book 3, Comment 36
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Sujet Libre. Pour Alain de Libera
Pages 321–325
Categories Tradition and Reception, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Acquisition de la pensée et acquisition de l'acte chez Averroès. Une lecture croisée du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla, 2013
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Acquisition de la pensée et acquisition de l'acte chez Averroès. Une lecture croisée du Grand Commentaire au De anima et du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2013
Published in Philosophical Psychology in Arabic Thought and the Latin Aristotelianism of the 13th Century
Pages 111–139
Categories De anima, Commentary
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Agent Sense in Averroes and Latin Averroism, 2014
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Agent Sense in Averroes and Latin Averroism
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2014
Published in Active Perception in the History of Philosophy. From Plato to Modern Philosophy
Pages 147–166
Categories De anima, Aristotle, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The scholastic tradition calls “agent sense” (sensus agens) the equivalent, in the order of the sensible, of what the agent intellect is in the order of the intelligible. If we are to “produce” the intelligible form from images, then is it not necessary, at a lower level, to also produce the sensible form from singular things? We shall first study here the occurrence of this question with Averroes, for whom it seems we have to posit the existence of an extrinsic motor that will grant the sensible the spiritual mode of being required by sensation; then, on this topic, we consider Averroes’ legacy in what is commonly referred to as “latin averroism”, and specifically with John of Jandun, who interprets, rather than repeating, the Commentator.

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Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes, 2022
By: Desiderio Parrilla
Title Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes
Translation Approach to the topic of the vision of darkness in De Anima II 7 from the comments of Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2022
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 63
Issue 152
Pages 515 – 534
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Desiderio Parrilla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El problema de la “visión escotópica”, o visión bajo condiciones de oscuridad parcial o total, es uno de los tópicos más enigmáticos y menos estudiados de la psicología aristotélica. En el artículo exponemos la exégesis de Averroes acerca de este asunto. Señalamos una dificultad que surge en el Comentario mayor en torno a algunos términos utilizados para designar la oscuridad en el conjunto de la teoría. Proponemos como solución una interpretación moderada del asunto, acorde con el “principio de economía” y la exégesis tradicional de los comentaristas. The problem of “scotopic vision”, or vision under conditions of partial or total darkness, is one of the most enigmatic and least studied topics in Aristotelian psychology. In the article we present the exegesis of Averroes on this matter. We point out a dificulty that arises in the Great Commentary around some terms used to designate the obscurity in the whole of the theory. We propose as a solution a moderate interpretation of the matter, in accordance with the “principle of economy” and the traditional exegesis of the commentators.

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Aquinas and 'the Arabs'. Aquinas's First Critical Encounter with the Doctrines of Avicenna and Averroes on the Intellect, In 2 Sent. d. 17,q. 2,a. 1, 2013
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Aquinas and 'the Arabs'. Aquinas's First Critical Encounter with the Doctrines of Avicenna and Averroes on the Intellect, In 2 Sent. d. 17,q. 2,a. 1
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2013
Published in Philosophical Psychology in Arabic Thought and the Latin Aristotelianism of the 13th Century
Pages 141–183
Categories De anima
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1, 1997
By: Mary Sirridge
Title As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1
Type Article
Language English
Date 1997
Journal Medieval Philosophy and Theology
Volume 6
Issue 1
Pages 1–24
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Mary Sirridge
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes on Knowing Essences, 2019
By: David Wirmer
Title Averroes on Knowing Essences
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 116–137
Categories De anima, Commentary
Author(s) David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A study of Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle's De Anima, which explores the mechanism by which the human mind grasps the essences of things. It is shown that, in response to his fellow Andalusian philosopher Ibn Bajja, Averroes understands intellection to involve a reflexive activity whereby the mind grasps itself as a possessor of concepts. This allows him to avoid reifying intelligibles as mind-independent objects of thought.

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Averroes on intellect: from Aristotelian origins to Aquinas' critique, 2022
By: Stephen R. Ogden
Title Averroes on intellect: from Aristotelian origins to Aquinas' critique
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2022
Publication Place Oxford
Publisher Oxford University Press
Categories Aristotle, Thomas, Avicenna, De anima, Metaphysics
Author(s) Stephen R. Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This book on the Muslim philosopher Averroes (Ibn Rushd) provides a detailed analysis of his (in)famous unicity thesis—the view that there is only one separate and eternal intellect for all human beings. It focuses directly on Averroes’ arguments, both from the text of Aristotle’s De Anima and, more importantly, his own philosophical arguments in the Long Commentary on the De Anima. Ogden defends Averroes’ interpretation of Aristotle’s DA III.4–5 (using Greek, Arabic, Latin, and contemporary sources). Yet, the author insists that Averroes is not merely a “commentator” but also an incisive philosopher in his own right. Ogden thus reconstructs and analyzes Averroes’ two most significant independent philosophical arguments, the Determinate Particular Argument and the Unity Argument. Alternative ancient and medieval views are considered throughout, especially from two important foils before and after Averroes, namely Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) and Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas’s most famous and penetrating arguments against the unicity thesis are also addressed. Finally, Ogden considers Averroes’ own objections to broader metaphysical views of the soul such as Avicenna’s and Aquinas’s, which agree with him on several key points (e.g., the immateriality of the intellect and the individuation of human souls by matter), while still diverging on the number and substantial nature of the intellect. The central aim of the book is to provide readers a single study of Averroes’ most pivotal arguments on intellect, consolidating and building on recent scholarship and offering a comprehensive case for his unicity thesis in the wider context of Aristotelian epistemology and metaphysics.

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