Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics, 2022
By: Esti Eisenmann
Title Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics
Type Article
Language French
Date 2022
Journal Revue des Études Juives
Volume 181
Issue 1-2
Pages 185–222
Categories Tradition and Reception, Gersonides, Commentary, Method
Author(s) Esti Eisenmann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article analyzes Gersonides (1288-1344) as a commentator, through the lens of his supercommentary on Averroes’s Epitome of Aristotle’s Physics. In the first section of the article, we question the assumption that this work is indeed a supercommentary and explain why it may nevertheless be included in the genre. In the second section, the article provides examples of Gersonides’ exegetical procedure. Given that the supercommentary on the Epitome of the Physics was the first supercommentary Gersonides wrote, the analysis of Gersonides’ methods sheds light on his image as an exegete and can help us determine his objective in commenting on this text and the readership he envisaged. He seems to be adressing readers who were taking their first steps in Aristotle’s works on nature and to have endeavored to guide them in this field.

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Gersonides’ Afterlife: Studies on the Reception of Levi ben Gerson’s Philosophical, Halakhic and Scientific Oeuvre in the 14th through 20th Centuries, 2020
By: Ofer Elior (Ed.), Gad Freudenthal (Ed.), David Wirmer (Ed.)
Title Gersonides’ Afterlife: Studies on the Reception of Levi ben Gerson’s Philosophical, Halakhic and Scientific Oeuvre in the 14th through 20th Centuries
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Studies in Jewish History and Culture
Volume 62
Categories Gersonides, Law, Science, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Ofer Elior , Gad Freudenthal , David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Gersonides’ Afterlife is the first full-scale treatment of the reception of one of the greatest scientific minds of medieval Judaism: Gersonides (1288–1344). An outstanding representative of the Hebrew Jewish culture that then flourished in southern France, Gersonides wrote on mathematics, logic, astronomy, astrology, physical science, metaphysics and theology, and commented on almost the entire bible. His strong-minded attempt to integrate these different areas of study into a unitary system of thought was deeply rooted in the Aristotelian tradition and yet innovative in many respects, and thus elicited diverse and often impassionate reactions. For the first time, the twenty-one papers collected here describe Gersonides’ impact in all fields of his activity and the reactions from his contemporaries up to present-day religious Zionism.

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The Jews and the Irrational: Gersonides’ Treatment of Dreams, Divination and Prophecy, 2012
By: Roberto Gatti

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Questions of Methodology in Aristotle’s Zoology: A Medieval Perspective, 2012
By: Ahuva Gaziel
Title Questions of Methodology in Aristotle’s Zoology: A Medieval Perspective
Type Article
Language English
Date 2012
Journal Journal of the History of Biology
Volume 45
Issue 2
Pages 329–352
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, Gersonides
Author(s) Ahuva Gaziel
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
During the Middle Ages Aristotle’s treatises were accessible to intellectuals via translations and commentaries. Among his works on natural philosophy, the zoological books received relatively little scholarly attention, though several medieval commentators carefully studied Aristotle’s investigations of the animal kingdom. Averroes completed in 1169 a commentary on an Arabic translation of Aristotle’s Parts of Animals and Generation of Animals. In 1323 Gersonides completed his supercommentary on a Hebrew translation of Averroes’ commentary. This article examines how these two medieval commentators interpret the first book of Aristotle’s Parts of Animals, at the center of which stand methodological questions regarding the study of animals. Aristotle’s discussion of classification is presented by Averroes and Gersonides in light of an epistemological debate concerning the requisite method for scientific inquiries and discoveries. Sense perception is contrasted with rational reasoning, and ultimately a combined method is proposed, sense perception maintaining supremacy. These commentators outline a clear link between the systematic arrangement of animal species as offered by Aristotle, and his subsequent logical demonstrations which, according to them, form the core of biological investigations.

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Lewi Ben Gershom (Gersonide) commentatore di Averroè: il tema dell’immaginazione nel supercommentario al De Anima, 2009
By: Roberto Gatti
Title Lewi Ben Gershom (Gersonide) commentatore di Averroè: il tema dell’immaginazione nel supercommentario al De Anima
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2009
Published in Immaginario e immaginazione nel medioevo
Pages 203-218
Categories Gersonides, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Roberto Gatti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics, 2022
By: Esti Eisenmann
Title Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics
Type Article
Language French
Date 2022
Journal Revue des Études Juives
Volume 181
Issue 1-2
Pages 185–222
Categories Tradition and Reception, Gersonides, Commentary, Method
Author(s) Esti Eisenmann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article analyzes Gersonides (1288-1344) as a commentator, through the lens of his supercommentary on Averroes’s Epitome of Aristotle’s Physics. In the first section of the article, we question the assumption that this work is indeed a supercommentary and explain why it may nevertheless be included in the genre. In the second section, the article provides examples of Gersonides’ exegetical procedure. Given that the supercommentary on the Epitome of the Physics was the first supercommentary Gersonides wrote, the analysis of Gersonides’ methods sheds light on his image as an exegete and can help us determine his objective in commenting on this text and the readership he envisaged. He seems to be adressing readers who were taking their first steps in Aristotle’s works on nature and to have endeavored to guide them in this field.

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Gersonides’ Afterlife: Studies on the Reception of Levi ben Gerson’s Philosophical, Halakhic and Scientific Oeuvre in the 14th through 20th Centuries, 2020
By: Ofer Elior (Ed.), Gad Freudenthal (Ed.), David Wirmer (Ed.)
Title Gersonides’ Afterlife: Studies on the Reception of Levi ben Gerson’s Philosophical, Halakhic and Scientific Oeuvre in the 14th through 20th Centuries
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Studies in Jewish History and Culture
Volume 62
Categories Gersonides, Law, Science, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Ofer Elior , Gad Freudenthal , David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Gersonides’ Afterlife is the first full-scale treatment of the reception of one of the greatest scientific minds of medieval Judaism: Gersonides (1288–1344). An outstanding representative of the Hebrew Jewish culture that then flourished in southern France, Gersonides wrote on mathematics, logic, astronomy, astrology, physical science, metaphysics and theology, and commented on almost the entire bible. His strong-minded attempt to integrate these different areas of study into a unitary system of thought was deeply rooted in the Aristotelian tradition and yet innovative in many respects, and thus elicited diverse and often impassionate reactions. For the first time, the twenty-one papers collected here describe Gersonides’ impact in all fields of his activity and the reactions from his contemporaries up to present-day religious Zionism.

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Lewi Ben Gershom (Gersonide) commentatore di Averroè: il tema dell’immaginazione nel supercommentario al De Anima, 2009
By: Roberto Gatti
Title Lewi Ben Gershom (Gersonide) commentatore di Averroè: il tema dell’immaginazione nel supercommentario al De Anima
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2009
Published in Immaginario e immaginazione nel medioevo
Pages 203-218
Categories Gersonides, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Roberto Gatti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Questions of Methodology in Aristotle’s Zoology: A Medieval Perspective, 2012
By: Ahuva Gaziel
Title Questions of Methodology in Aristotle’s Zoology: A Medieval Perspective
Type Article
Language English
Date 2012
Journal Journal of the History of Biology
Volume 45
Issue 2
Pages 329–352
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, Gersonides
Author(s) Ahuva Gaziel
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
During the Middle Ages Aristotle’s treatises were accessible to intellectuals via translations and commentaries. Among his works on natural philosophy, the zoological books received relatively little scholarly attention, though several medieval commentators carefully studied Aristotle’s investigations of the animal kingdom. Averroes completed in 1169 a commentary on an Arabic translation of Aristotle’s Parts of Animals and Generation of Animals. In 1323 Gersonides completed his supercommentary on a Hebrew translation of Averroes’ commentary. This article examines how these two medieval commentators interpret the first book of Aristotle’s Parts of Animals, at the center of which stand methodological questions regarding the study of animals. Aristotle’s discussion of classification is presented by Averroes and Gersonides in light of an epistemological debate concerning the requisite method for scientific inquiries and discoveries. Sense perception is contrasted with rational reasoning, and ultimately a combined method is proposed, sense perception maintaining supremacy. These commentators outline a clear link between the systematic arrangement of animal species as offered by Aristotle, and his subsequent logical demonstrations which, according to them, form the core of biological investigations.

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The Jews and the Irrational: Gersonides’ Treatment of Dreams, Divination and Prophecy, 2012
By: Roberto Gatti

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