Three Readings of Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic” in Medieval Jewish Thought, 2022
By: Alexander Green
Title Three Readings of Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic” in Medieval Jewish Thought
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 277–296
Categories Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Alexander Green
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The ethical and political writings by late medieval Jewish philosophers are generally seen to be rooted in two fundamental classical texts, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Plato's Republic. Yet, regarding the Republic, medieval Jewish thinkers likely had no direct access to it. It was Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic” into Hebrew in the 1320s that gave Hebrew readers some access to the Republic and made it the central classical text on political philosophy for Jewish thought. Indeed, it was used by Jewish thinkers for several hundred years thereafter. This chapter will focus on the question of how Plato's Republic came to influence medieval Jewish thought; in doing so, it will attempt to map out three distinct trends in how Jewish thinkers of the medieval period interpreted the Republic's core ideas. Samuel Ben Judah of Marseilles and the Translation into Hebrew The introduction of Plato's Republic into Jewish discussions on the nature of the political community took place after Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic” from Arabic into Hebrew was completed in 1320 and revised in 1321 and 1322. Samuel came from an established family in Provence that had acquired wealth over multiple generations. He studied philosophy with Senor (Don) Astruc de Noves and translated works on logic and astronomy. The movement of translating the great works of science and secular philosophy from Arabic into Hebrew, which had been started in Provence by Samuel ibn Tibbon (ca. 1165−1232) in the first decades of the thirteenth century and been furthered, in large part, by his son, Moses ibn Tibbon (ca. 1195−1274), his son-in-law, Jacob Anatoli (1194−1256), and his grandson, Jacob b. Makhir (ca. 1236−1304), was gradually coming to an end after the prodigious activity of Qalonimos ben Qalonimos (ca. 1286−1328) in the first decades of the fourteenth century. It had already begun to transform Judaism into what some have termed a philosophic religion. The deficiency in this model of philosophic religion is that it was overly focused on natural science and mostly ignored practical philosophy.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5359","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5359,"authors_free":[{"id":6210,"entry_id":5359,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Alexander Green","free_first_name":"Alexander","free_last_name":"Green","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Three Readings of Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d in Medieval Jewish Thought","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Three Readings of Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d in Medieval Jewish Thought"},"abstract":"The ethical and political writings by late medieval Jewish philosophers are generally seen to be rooted in two fundamental classical texts, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Plato's Republic. Yet, regarding the Republic, medieval Jewish thinkers likely had no direct access to it. It was Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d into Hebrew in the 1320s that gave Hebrew readers some access to the Republic and made it the central classical text on political philosophy for Jewish thought. Indeed, it was used by Jewish thinkers for several hundred years thereafter. This chapter will focus on the question of how Plato's Republic came to influence medieval Jewish thought; in doing so, it will attempt to map out three distinct trends in how Jewish thinkers of the medieval period interpreted the Republic's core ideas.\r\n\r\nSamuel Ben Judah of Marseilles and the Translation into Hebrew\r\n\r\nThe introduction of Plato's Republic into Jewish discussions on the nature of the political community took place after Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d from Arabic into Hebrew was completed in 1320 and revised in 1321 and 1322. Samuel came from an established family in Provence that had acquired wealth over multiple generations. He studied philosophy with Senor (Don) Astruc de Noves and translated works on logic and astronomy. The movement of translating the great works of science and secular philosophy from Arabic into Hebrew, which had been started in Provence by Samuel ibn Tibbon (ca. 1165\u22121232) in the first decades of the thirteenth century and been furthered, in large part, by his son, Moses ibn Tibbon (ca. 1195\u22121274), his son-in-law, Jacob Anatoli (1194\u22121256), and his grandson, Jacob b. Makhir (ca. 1236\u22121304), was gradually coming to an end after the prodigious activity of Qalonimos ben Qalonimos (ca. 1286\u22121328) in the first decades of the fourteenth century. It had already begun to transform Judaism into what some have termed a philosophic religion. The deficiency in this model of philosophic religion is that it was overly focused on natural science and mostly ignored practical philosophy.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5359,"section_of":5346,"pages":"277\u2013296","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic, 2022
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 40–66
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Influence
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes (1126–98) wrote a commentary, or be’ur in the only extant Hebrew translation, on Plato's Republic that is the subject matter of the present anthology. He insists there that his aim is to present Plato's doctrines without provoking polemics and that the dialectical arguments are not necessary to the understanding of those doctrines. Just as he did in his epitome of, or short commentary on, Aristotle's Metaphysics, Averroes neither follows the strict order of the Greek original nor preserves the original division of books. While he gives his reasons for the rearrangement in the case of the Metaphysics, he does not give any for the Republic. Although Averroes's work follows Plato's text in many passages, the independent structure of the work fits better into an epitome than into a middle commentary. As for the Arabic translation he was reading, we know that it preserved the division into ten books but probably not the dialogue form, since Averroes never mentions the names of the figures participating in the dialogue. In the Republic, Socrates narrates in the first person, but in his commentary, Averroes give no hint of Socrates's peculiar role in that work; on the contrary, he presents Socrates only once, referring to him in the third person and mentioning that he held the belief that death is preferable to life without human dignity. Averroes lived two generations after Muḥammad ibn al-Ṣā̔igh Ibn Bājja (d. 1139; henceforth Ibn Bajja), who did not write a specific commentary on the Republic. But he did compose a treatise, titled the Governance of the Solitary, in which he deals with some of the political issues raised by Plato. There, as in some other works that we will discuss below, Ibn Bajja refers to the Republic and to the Phaedo. In this chapter the attempt will be made to reconstruct the influence of Plato's Republic on Ibn Bajja through his own texts, and incidentally, to learn about the text that Ibn Bajja was using.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5348","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5348,"authors_free":[{"id":6198,"entry_id":5348,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":343,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Josep Puig Montada","free_first_name":"Josep ","free_last_name":"Puig Montada","norm_person":{"id":343,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/188325034","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/61625512","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Josep Puig Montada"}}],"entry_title":"Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic"},"abstract":"Averroes (1126\u201398) wrote a commentary, or be\u2019ur in the only extant Hebrew translation, on Plato's Republic that is the subject matter of the present anthology. He insists there that his aim is to present Plato's doctrines without provoking polemics and that the dialectical arguments are not necessary to the understanding of those doctrines.\r\n\r\nJust as he did in his epitome of, or short commentary on, Aristotle's Metaphysics, Averroes neither follows the strict order of the Greek original nor preserves the original division of books. While he gives his reasons for the rearrangement in the case of the Metaphysics, he does not give any for the Republic. Although Averroes's work follows Plato's text in many passages, the independent structure of the work fits better into an epitome than into a middle commentary. As for the Arabic translation he was reading, we know that it preserved the division into ten books but probably not the dialogue form, since Averroes never mentions the names of the figures participating in the dialogue. In the Republic, Socrates narrates in the first person, but in his commentary, Averroes give no hint of Socrates's peculiar role in that work; on the contrary, he presents Socrates only once, referring to him in the third person and mentioning that he held the belief that death is preferable to life without human dignity.\r\n\r\nAverroes lived two generations after Mu\u1e25ammad ibn al-\u1e62\u0101\u0314igh Ibn B\u0101jja (d. 1139; henceforth Ibn Bajja), who did not write a specific commentary on the Republic. But he did compose a treatise, titled the Governance of the Solitary, in which he deals with some of the political issues raised by Plato. There, as in some other works that we will discuss below, Ibn Bajja refers to the Republic and to the Phaedo. In this chapter the attempt will be made to reconstruct the influence of Plato's Republic on Ibn Bajja through his own texts, and incidentally, to learn about the text that Ibn Bajja was using.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.003","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":17,"category_name":"Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a","link":"bib?categories[]=Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":343,"full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5348,"section_of":5346,"pages":"40\u201366","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 113–132
Categories Law, al-Fārābī, Influence
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property. Averroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes’ positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bidāyat al-Mujtahid wa-Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣid, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law. It seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle’s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's “Republic” there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5351","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5351,"authors_free":[{"id":6201,"entry_id":5351,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"},"abstract":"In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic.\u201d I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property.\r\n\r\nAverroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes\u2019 positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bid\u0101yat al-Mujtahid wa-Nih\u0101yat al-Muqta\u1e63id, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law.\r\n\r\nIt seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle\u2019s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.006","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5351,"section_of":5346,"pages":"113\u2013132","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II), 2021
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 135–232
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Cette contribution constitue la deuxième partie de la publication, avec quelques mises à jour et aménagements, d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue sous le même intitulé à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, en décembre 2009 et dont la première partie a été publiée dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L’auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, déterminer les sources sur lesquelles s’est appuyé, entre les années cinquante et soixante du xiie siècle (première période de son travail philosophique), Averroès (Ibn Rušd, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa théorie de l’âme et de l’intellect, en référence aux sources péripatéticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir accès de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le « Commentateur » d’Aristote par excellence, il peut paraître étonnant qu’Averroès n’ait eu d’emblée accès qu’à des sources indirectes relatives à la théorie de l’âme du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l’auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Averroès est essentiellement structurée par l’enseignement d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise et par son De anima. L’aristotélisme d’Averroès apparaît de ce point de vue comme un aristotélisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de manière décisive sur l’exégèse d’Averroès une fois qu’il se serait emparé de l’écrit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l’intellect en puissance et l’intellect agent).

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5045","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5045,"authors_free":[{"id":5794,"entry_id":5045,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":955,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Marc Geoffroy","free_first_name":"Marc","free_last_name":"Geoffroy","norm_person":{"id":955,"first_name":"Marc","last_name":"Geoffroy","full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/174155514","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/7482512","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Marc Geoffroy"}}],"entry_title":"Sources et origines de la th\u00e9orie de l\u2019intellect d\u2019Averro\u00e8s (II)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Sources et origines de la th\u00e9orie de l\u2019intellect d\u2019Averro\u00e8s (II)"},"abstract":"Cette contribution constitue la deuxi\u00e8me partie de la publication, avec quelques mises \u00e0 jour et am\u00e9nagements, d\u2019une th\u00e8se de doctorat soutenue sous le m\u00eame intitul\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019\u00c9cole Pratique des Hautes \u00c9tudes, Paris, en d\u00e9cembre 2009 et dont la premi\u00e8re partie a \u00e9t\u00e9 publi\u00e9e dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L\u2019auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, d\u00e9terminer les sources sur lesquelles s\u2019est appuy\u00e9, entre les ann\u00e9es cinquante et soixante du xiie si\u00e8cle (premi\u00e8re p\u00e9riode de son travail philosophique), Averro\u00e8s (Ibn Ru\u0161d, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa th\u00e9orie de l\u2019\u00e2me et de l\u2019intellect, en r\u00e9f\u00e9rence aux sources p\u00e9ripat\u00e9ticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir acc\u00e8s de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le \u00ab Commentateur \u00bb d\u2019Aristote par excellence, il peut para\u00eetre \u00e9tonnant qu\u2019Averro\u00e8s n\u2019ait eu d\u2019embl\u00e9e acc\u00e8s qu\u2019\u00e0 des sources indirectes relatives \u00e0 la th\u00e9orie de l\u2019\u00e2me du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l\u2019auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l\u2019\u00e2me expos\u00e9e par Averro\u00e8s est essentiellement structur\u00e9e par l\u2019enseignement d\u2019Alexandre d\u2019Aphrodise et par son De anima. L\u2019aristot\u00e9lisme d\u2019Averro\u00e8s appara\u00eet de ce point de vue comme un aristot\u00e9lisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de mani\u00e8re d\u00e9cisive sur l\u2019ex\u00e9g\u00e8se d\u2019Averro\u00e8s une fois qu\u2019il se serait empar\u00e9 de l\u2019\u00e9crit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l\u2019intellect en puissance et l\u2019intellect agent).","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"French","online_url":"https:\/\/journals.usj.edu.lb\/melanges\/article\/view\/546","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"}],"authors":[{"id":955,"full_name":"Marc Geoffroy","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5045,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"M\u00e9langes de l\u2019Universit\u00e9 Saint-Joseph","volume":"68","issue":"","pages":"135\u2013232"}},"sort":[2021]}

The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism, 2020
By: Giovanni Licata
Title The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2020
Published in Studies in the Formation of Medieval Hebrew Philosophical Terminology
Pages 151–165
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Influence
Author(s) Giovanni Licata
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5032","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5032,"authors_free":[{"id":5777,"entry_id":5032,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1599,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Giovanni Licata","free_first_name":"Giovanni ","free_last_name":"Licata","norm_person":{"id":1599,"first_name":"Giovanni","last_name":"Licata","full_name":"Giovanni Licata","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1128655918","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/306437659","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Giovanni Licata"}}],"entry_title":"The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004412996_009","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":8,"category_name":"Jewish Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Jewish Averroism"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1599,"full_name":"Giovanni Licata","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5032,"section_of":5031,"pages":"151\u2013165 ","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5031,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Studies in the Formation of Medieval Hebrew Philosophical Terminology","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"This volume contains studies based on papers delivered at the international conference of the PESHAT in Context project entitled \u201cThemes, Terminology, and Translation Procedures in Twelfth-Century Jewish Philosophy.\u201d The central figure in this book is Judah Ibn Tibbon. He sired the Ibn Tibbon family of translators, which influenced philosophical and scientific Hebrew writing for centuries. More broadly, the study of this early phase of the Hebrew translation movement also reveals that the formation of a standardized Hebrew terminology was a long process that was never fully completed. Terminological shifts are frequent even within the Tibbonide family, to say nothing of the fascinating terminological diversity displayed by other authors and translators discussed in this book. ","republication_of":0,"online_url":"https:\/\/brill.com\/view\/title\/55932","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5031,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Studies in Jewish History and Culture","volume":"57","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

Ibn Tumlūs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-Fārābī and Averroes, 2020
By: Fouad Ben Ahmed
Title Ibn Tumlūs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-Fārābī and Averroes
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2020
Published in The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought
Pages 245–276
Categories Logic, al-Fārābī, Influence
Author(s) Fouad Ben Ahmed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5036","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5036,"authors_free":[{"id":5783,"entry_id":5036,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1440,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","free_first_name":"Fouad","free_last_name":"Ben Ahmed","norm_person":{"id":1440,"first_name":"Fouad","last_name":"Ben Ahmed","full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","short_ident":"FouBen","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fouad Ben Ahmed"}}],"entry_title":"Ibn Tuml\u016bs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b and Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Tuml\u016bs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b and Averroes"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/M.RPM-EB.5.119764","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1440,"full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5036,"section_of":5035,"pages":"245\u2013276","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5035,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"The annual colloquium of the SIEPM in Freiburg, Germany, was groundbreaking in that it featured a more or less equal number of talks on all three medieval cultures that contributed to the formation of Western philosophical thought: the Islamic, Jewish, and Christian traditions. Indeed, the subject of the colloquium, \u2018The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought\u2019, lent itself to such a cross-cultural approach. In all these traditions, partially inspired by ancient Greek philosophy, partially by other sources, language and thought, semantics and logic occupied a central place. As a result, the chapters of the present volume effortlessly traverse philosophical, religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and thus in many respects open up new perspectives. It should not be surprising if readers delight in chapters of a philosophical tradition outside of their own as much as they do in those in their area of expertise.\r\n\r\nAmong the topics discussed are the significance of language for logic; the origin of language: inspiration or convention; imposition or coinage; the existence of an original language; the correctness of language; divine discourse; animal language; the meaningfulness of animal sounds; music as communication; the scope of dialectical disputation; the relation between rhetoric and demonstration; the place of logic and rhetoric in theology; the limits of human knowledge; the meaning of categories; the problem of metaphysical entailment; the need to disentangle the metaphysical implications of language; the quantification of predicates; and the significance of linguistic custom for judging logical propositions.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/M.RPM-EB.5.119773","book":{"id":5035,"pubplace":"Turnhout","publisher":"Brepols","series":"Rencontres de Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vale","volume":"20","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

L’oeuvre médicale d’Averroès contre Galien, 2020
By: Joël Chandelier
Title L’oeuvre médicale d’Averroès contre Galien
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2020
Published in Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne
Pages 115–140
Categories Medicine, Influence
Author(s) Joël Chandelier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5040","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5040,"authors_free":[{"id":5787,"entry_id":5040,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":307,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jo\u00ebl Chandelier","free_first_name":"Jo\u00ebl","free_last_name":"Chandelier","norm_person":{"id":307,"first_name":"Jo\u00ebl","last_name":"Chandelier","full_name":"Jo\u00ebl Chandelier","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1096514664","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/144773914","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jo\u00ebl Chandelier"}}],"entry_title":"L\u2019oeuvre m\u00e9dicale d\u2019Averro\u00e8s contre Galien","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"L\u2019oeuvre m\u00e9dicale d\u2019Averro\u00e8s contre Galien"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":29,"category_name":"Medicine","link":"bib?categories[]=Medicine"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":307,"full_name":"Jo\u00ebl Chandelier","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5040,"section_of":5039,"pages":"115\u2013140","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5039,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Contre Galien. Critiques d\u2019une autorit\u00e9 m\u00e9dicale de l\u2019Antiquit\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e2ge moderne","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Galien de Pergame (129-ca 216) a syst\u00e9matis\u00e9 l'ensemble du savoir m\u00e9dical ancien et sa doctrine s'est maintenue jusqu'\u00e0 l'\u00e9poque moderne. Son oeuvre tentaculaire a aussi innerv\u00e9 la pens\u00e9e philosophique, logique et th\u00e9ologique. Toutefois, Galien a fait l'objet de critiques de la part de ses contemporains, puis de ses successeurs. Apr\u00e8s le triomphe du gal\u00e9nisme \u00e0 la fin de l'Antiquit\u00e9, les penseurs islamiques ont introduit les premi\u00e8res br\u00e8ches dans ce syst\u00e8me. Ces attaques, relay\u00e9es en Occident latin et \u00e0 Byzance, ont connu une ampleur nouvelle \u00e0 la Renaissance avec la remise en cause et la d\u00e9construction de l'autorit\u00e9 gal\u00e9nique. Dans ce livre est propos\u00e9e une histoire dynamique de la r\u00e9ception de Galien \u00e0 travers diff\u00e9rents cas d'anti-gal\u00e9nismes. Les \u00e9tudes qui y sont r\u00e9unies portent sur des textes peu connus, voire in\u00e9dits. Elles recensent les critiques contre Galien, tout en explorant diff\u00e9rentes facettes de sa pens\u00e9e m\u00e9dicale et philosophique. Ce parcours permet ainsi de suivre les changements de paradigmes \u00e9pist\u00e9mologiques qui s'op\u00e8rent au fil des si\u00e8cles, mais aussi de mieux cerner, par la n\u00e9gative, ce que fut le gal\u00e9nisme durant sa longue tradition.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5039,"pubplace":" Paris","publisher":"Honor\u00e9 Champion","series":"Sciences techniques ","volume":"21","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

Ibn Rushd in the Hanbalî Tradition. Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya and the Continuity of Philosophy in Muslim Contexts, 2019
By: Fouad Ben Ahmed
Title Ibn Rushd in the Hanbalî Tradition. Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya and the Continuity of Philosophy in Muslim Contexts
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal The Muslim World
Volume 109
Issue 4
Pages 561–581
Categories Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Fouad Ben Ahmed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5069","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5069,"authors_free":[{"id":5829,"entry_id":5069,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1440,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","free_first_name":"Fouad ","free_last_name":"Ben Ahmed","norm_person":{"id":1440,"first_name":"Fouad","last_name":"Ben Ahmed","full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","short_ident":"FouBen","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fouad Ben Ahmed"}}],"entry_title":"Ibn Rushd in the Hanbal\u00ee Tradition. Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya and the Continuity of Philosophy in Muslim Contexts","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Rushd in the Hanbal\u00ee Tradition. Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya and the Continuity of Philosophy in Muslim Contexts"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1111\/muwo.12310","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1440,"full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5069,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"The Muslim World","volume":"109","issue":"4","pages":"561\u2013581"}},"sort":[2019]}

Arabic Logic from al-Fârâbî to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics, 2019
By: Saloua Chatti
Title Arabic Logic from al-Fârâbî to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2019
Publication Place Basel
Publisher Birkhäuser
Categories Logic, Aristotle, Influence
Author(s) Saloua Chatti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This monograph explores the logical systems of early logicians in the Arabic tradition from a theoretical perspective, providing a complete panorama of early Arabic logic and centering it within an expansive historical context. By thoroughly examining the writings of the first Arabic logicians, al-Fārābī, Avicenna and Averroes, the author analyzes their respective theories, discusses their relationship to the syllogistics of Aristotle and his followers, and measures their influence on later logical systems. Beginning with an introduction to the writings of the most prominent Arabic logicians, the author scrutinizes these works to determine their categorical logic, as well as their modal and hypothetical logics. Where most other studies written on this subject focus on the Arabic logicians’ epistemology, metaphysics, and theology, this volume takes a unique approach by focusing on the actual technical aspects and features of their logics. The author then moves on to examine the original texts as closely as possible and employs the symbolism of modern propositional, predicate, and modal logics, rendering the arguments of each logician clearly and precisely while clarifying the theories themselves in order to determine the differences between the Arabic logicians’ systems and those of Aristotle. By providing a detailed examination of theories that are still not very well-known in Western countries, the author is able to assess the improvements that can be found in the Arabic writings, and to situate Arabic logic within the breadth of the history of logic. This unique study will appeal mainly to historians of logic, logicians, and philosophers who seek a better understanding of the Arabic tradition. It also will be of interest to modern logicians who wish to delve into the historical aspects and progression of their discipline. Furthermore, this book will serve as a valuable resource for graduate students who wish to complement their general knowledge of Arabic culture, logic, and sciences.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5087","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5087,"authors_free":[{"id":5854,"entry_id":5087,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Saloua Chatti","free_first_name":"Saloua","free_last_name":"Chatti","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Arabic Logic from al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Arabic Logic from al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics"},"abstract":"This monograph explores the logical systems of early logicians in the Arabic tradition from a theoretical perspective, providing a complete panorama of early Arabic logic and centering it within an expansive historical context. By thoroughly examining the writings of the first Arabic logicians, al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Avicenna and Averroes, the author analyzes their respective theories, discusses their relationship to the syllogistics of Aristotle and his followers, and measures their influence on later logical systems.\r\nBeginning with an introduction to the writings of the most prominent Arabic logicians, the author scrutinizes these works to determine their categorical logic, as well as their modal and hypothetical logics. Where most other studies written on this subject focus on the Arabic logicians\u2019 epistemology, metaphysics, and theology, this volume takes a unique approach by focusing on the actual technical aspects and features of their logics. The author then moves on to examine the original texts as closely as possible and employs the symbolism of modern propositional, predicate, and modal logics, rendering the arguments of each logician clearly and precisely while clarifying the theories themselves in order to determine the differences between the Arabic logicians\u2019 systems and those of Aristotle. By providing a detailed examination of theories that are still not very well-known in Western countries, the author is able to assess the improvements that can be found in the Arabic writings, and to situate Arabic logic within the breadth of the history of logic.\r\n\r\nThis unique study will appeal mainly to historians of logic, logicians, and philosophers who seek a better understanding of the Arabic tradition. It also will be of interest to modern logicians who wish to delve into the historical aspects and progression of their discipline. Furthermore, this book will serve as a valuable resource for graduate students who wish to complement their general knowledge of Arabic culture, logic, and sciences.","btype":1,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5087,"pubplace":"Basel","publisher":"Birkh\u00e4user","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2019]}

Biblical Inspiration & Islamic Instrumental Causality: Thomas Aquinas on Prophecy and the Two Authors of Sacred Scriptures, 2019
By: Brett Yardley
Title Biblical Inspiration & Islamic Instrumental Causality: Thomas Aquinas on Prophecy and the Two Authors of Sacred Scriptures
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal The Muslim World
Volume 109
Issue 3
Pages 431–449
Categories Thomas, Metaphysics, Influence
Author(s) Brett Yardley
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5112","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5112,"authors_free":[{"id":5887,"entry_id":5112,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Brett Yardley","free_first_name":"Brett","free_last_name":"Yardley","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Biblical Inspiration & Islamic Instrumental Causality: Thomas Aquinas on Prophecy and the Two Authors of Sacred Scriptures","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Biblical Inspiration & Islamic Instrumental Causality: Thomas Aquinas on Prophecy and the Two Authors of Sacred Scriptures"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1111\/muwo.12303","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5112,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"The Muslim World","volume":"109","issue":"3","pages":"431\u2013449"}},"sort":[2019]}

Al Fārābī, Averroès. Conversation et demonstration, 2007
By: Ali Benmakhlouf
Title Al Fārābī, Averroès. Conversation et demonstration
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2007
Published in Averroes et les Averroïsmes juif et latin. Actes du Colloque International. Paris, 16–18 juin 2005
Pages 151–160
Categories Influence
Author(s) Ali Benmakhlouf
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1313","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1313,"authors_free":[{"id":1500,"entry_id":1313,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":774,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ali Benmakhlouf","free_first_name":"Ali","free_last_name":"Benmakhlouf","norm_person":{"id":774,"first_name":"Ali","last_name":"Benmakhlouf","full_name":"Ali Benmakhlouf","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/120589850","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/24737587","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Ali Benmakhlouf"}}],"entry_title":"Al F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Averro\u00e8s. Conversation et demonstration","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Al F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Averro\u00e8s. Conversation et demonstration"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2007","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":774,"full_name":"Ali Benmakhlouf","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1313,"section_of":159,"pages":"151\u2013160","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":159,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroes et les Averro\u00efsmes juif et latin. Actes du Colloque International. Paris, 16\u201318 juin 2005","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2007","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2007","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":159,"pubplace":"Louvain-la-Neuve","publisher":"Brepols","series":"Textes et \u00e9tudes du moyen \u00e2ge","volume":"40","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Al F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Averro\u00e8s. Conversation et demonstration"]}

Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation, 2015
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazâlî. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1
Pages 275–287
Categories al-Ġazālī, Commentary, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5287","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5287,"authors_free":[{"id":6106,"entry_id":5287,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":653,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":" Alfred L. Ivry","free_first_name":" Alfred L. ","free_last_name":"Ivry","norm_person":{"id":653,"first_name":"Alfred L.","last_name":"Ivry","full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/172513073","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/117886983","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd172513073.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alfred L. Ivry"}}],"entry_title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952_014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":14,"category_name":"al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":653,"full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5287,"section_of":5286,"pages":"275\u2013287","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5286,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"This volume offers an account of Ab\u016b \u1e24\u0101mid al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b (d. 505\/1111) as a rational theologian who created a symbiosis of philosophy and theology and infused rationality into Sufism. The majority of the papers herein deal with important topics of al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s work, which demonstrate his rational treatment of the Qur\u02be\u0101n and major subjects of Islamic theology and everyday life of Muslims. Some other contributions address al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s sources and how his intellectual endeavors were later received by scholars who had the same concern of reconciling religion and rationality within Islam, Christianity and Judaism.\r\n\r\nWith contributions by Binyamin Abrahamov, Hans Daiber, Ken Garden, Avner Giladi, Scott Girdner, Frank Griffel, Steven Harvey, Alfred Ivry, Jules Janssens, Taneli Kukkonen, Luis Xavier L\u00f3pez-Farjeat, Wilferd Madelung, Yahya M. Michot, Yasien Mohamed, Eric Ormsby, M. Sait \u00d6zervarl\u0131, and Hidemi Takahashi.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952 ","book":{"id":5286,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies","volume":"94","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation"]}

Appropriation, Interpretation and Criticism: Philosophical and Theological Exchanges between the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Intellectual Traditions, 2017
By: Alexander Fidora (Ed.), Nicola Polloni (Ed.)
Title Appropriation, Interpretation and Criticism: Philosophical and Theological Exchanges between the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Intellectual Traditions
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2017
Publication Place Barcelona, Roma
Publisher Fédération Internationale des Instituts d'études Médiévales
Series Textes et Études du Moyen Âge
Volume 88
Categories Theology, Influence, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Alexander Fidora , Nicola Polloni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Studying different hermeneutical approaches by Christian philosophers and theologians - such as appropriation, interpretation and criticism - to the Arabic and Hebrew intellectual traditions during the Middle Ages, the fourteen articles contained in this volume show how these processes both challenged and shaped the Western philosophical discourse. The contributions in this volume are dedicated to cross-cultural exchanges during the Middle Ages among exponents of the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin philosophical and theological traditions. They draw particular attention to the intellectual approaches which shaped the interplays among these traditions - interplays that were characterized by the contact of various languages being used by people of different religious beliefs in their quest for knowledge: Spanish Jews writing in Arabic, Jews collaborating in the translation of Arabic texts into Latin through the vernacular, Western Muslims whose writings were read mainly by Jews and Christians in Hebrew and Latin, etc. Altogether, the eleven studies contained in this book wish to offer new insights into the rich exchanges of knowledge among communities of learning and their scholarly traditions during the Middle Ages and beyond.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5202","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5202,"authors_free":[{"id":5995,"entry_id":5202,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1105,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Alexander Fidora ","free_first_name":"Alexander","free_last_name":"Fidora","norm_person":{"id":1105,"first_name":"Alexander","last_name":"Fidora","full_name":"Alexander Fidora","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132487675","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/27927919","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd132487675.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alexander Fidora"}},{"id":5996,"entry_id":5202,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Nicola Polloni","free_first_name":"Nicola","free_last_name":"Polloni","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Appropriation, Interpretation and Criticism: Philosophical and Theological Exchanges between the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Intellectual Traditions","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Appropriation, Interpretation and Criticism: Philosophical and Theological Exchanges between the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Intellectual Traditions"},"abstract":"Studying different hermeneutical approaches by Christian philosophers and theologians - such as appropriation, interpretation and criticism - to the Arabic and Hebrew intellectual traditions during the Middle Ages, the fourteen articles contained in this volume show how these processes both challenged and shaped the Western philosophical discourse.\r\nThe contributions in this volume are dedicated to cross-cultural exchanges during the Middle Ages among exponents of the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin philosophical and theological traditions. They draw particular attention to the intellectual approaches which shaped the interplays among these traditions - interplays that were characterized by the contact of various languages being used by people of different religious beliefs in their quest for knowledge: Spanish Jews writing in Arabic, Jews collaborating in the translation of Arabic texts into Latin through the vernacular, Western Muslims whose writings were read mainly by Jews and Christians in Hebrew and Latin, etc. Altogether, the eleven studies contained in this book wish to offer new insights into the rich exchanges of knowledge among communities of learning and their scholarly traditions during the Middle Ages and beyond.","btype":4,"date":"2017","language":null,"online_url":"","doi_url":"10.1484\/M.TEMA-EB.5.114029","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":1105,"full_name":"Alexander Fidora","role":2}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5202,"pubplace":"Barcelona, Roma","publisher":"F\u00e9d\u00e9ration Internationale des Instituts d'\u00e9tudes M\u00e9di\u00e9vales","series":"Textes et \u00c9tudes du Moyen \u00c2ge","volume":"88","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["Appropriation, Interpretation and Criticism: Philosophical and Theological Exchanges between the Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Intellectual Traditions"]}

Arabic Logic from al-Fârâbî to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics, 2019
By: Saloua Chatti
Title Arabic Logic from al-Fârâbî to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2019
Publication Place Basel
Publisher Birkhäuser
Categories Logic, Aristotle, Influence
Author(s) Saloua Chatti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This monograph explores the logical systems of early logicians in the Arabic tradition from a theoretical perspective, providing a complete panorama of early Arabic logic and centering it within an expansive historical context. By thoroughly examining the writings of the first Arabic logicians, al-Fārābī, Avicenna and Averroes, the author analyzes their respective theories, discusses their relationship to the syllogistics of Aristotle and his followers, and measures their influence on later logical systems. Beginning with an introduction to the writings of the most prominent Arabic logicians, the author scrutinizes these works to determine their categorical logic, as well as their modal and hypothetical logics. Where most other studies written on this subject focus on the Arabic logicians’ epistemology, metaphysics, and theology, this volume takes a unique approach by focusing on the actual technical aspects and features of their logics. The author then moves on to examine the original texts as closely as possible and employs the symbolism of modern propositional, predicate, and modal logics, rendering the arguments of each logician clearly and precisely while clarifying the theories themselves in order to determine the differences between the Arabic logicians’ systems and those of Aristotle. By providing a detailed examination of theories that are still not very well-known in Western countries, the author is able to assess the improvements that can be found in the Arabic writings, and to situate Arabic logic within the breadth of the history of logic. This unique study will appeal mainly to historians of logic, logicians, and philosophers who seek a better understanding of the Arabic tradition. It also will be of interest to modern logicians who wish to delve into the historical aspects and progression of their discipline. Furthermore, this book will serve as a valuable resource for graduate students who wish to complement their general knowledge of Arabic culture, logic, and sciences.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5087","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5087,"authors_free":[{"id":5854,"entry_id":5087,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Saloua Chatti","free_first_name":"Saloua","free_last_name":"Chatti","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Arabic Logic from al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Arabic Logic from al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics"},"abstract":"This monograph explores the logical systems of early logicians in the Arabic tradition from a theoretical perspective, providing a complete panorama of early Arabic logic and centering it within an expansive historical context. By thoroughly examining the writings of the first Arabic logicians, al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Avicenna and Averroes, the author analyzes their respective theories, discusses their relationship to the syllogistics of Aristotle and his followers, and measures their influence on later logical systems.\r\nBeginning with an introduction to the writings of the most prominent Arabic logicians, the author scrutinizes these works to determine their categorical logic, as well as their modal and hypothetical logics. Where most other studies written on this subject focus on the Arabic logicians\u2019 epistemology, metaphysics, and theology, this volume takes a unique approach by focusing on the actual technical aspects and features of their logics. The author then moves on to examine the original texts as closely as possible and employs the symbolism of modern propositional, predicate, and modal logics, rendering the arguments of each logician clearly and precisely while clarifying the theories themselves in order to determine the differences between the Arabic logicians\u2019 systems and those of Aristotle. By providing a detailed examination of theories that are still not very well-known in Western countries, the author is able to assess the improvements that can be found in the Arabic writings, and to situate Arabic logic within the breadth of the history of logic.\r\n\r\nThis unique study will appeal mainly to historians of logic, logicians, and philosophers who seek a better understanding of the Arabic tradition. It also will be of interest to modern logicians who wish to delve into the historical aspects and progression of their discipline. Furthermore, this book will serve as a valuable resource for graduate students who wish to complement their general knowledge of Arabic culture, logic, and sciences.","btype":1,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5087,"pubplace":"Basel","publisher":"Birkh\u00e4user","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["Arabic Logic from al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee to Averroes: A Study of the Early Arabic Categorical, Modal, and Hypothetical Syllogistics"]}

Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors, 2014
By: José Meirinhos
Title Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2014
Published in Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Pages 231–251
Categories Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) José Meirinhos
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5153","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5153,"authors_free":[{"id":5934,"entry_id":5153,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jos\u00e9 Meirinhos","free_first_name":"Jos\u00e9","free_last_name":"Meirinhos","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2014","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5153,"section_of":5152,"pages":"231\u2013251","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5152,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2014","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5152,"pubplace":" Cordoba and London","publisher":"CNERU and The Warburg Institute","series":"Arabica veritas","volume":"1","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors"]}

Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration, 2015
By: Edith Dudley Sylla
Title Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 141–192
Categories Physics, Influence, Tradition and Reception, Commentary
Author(s) Edith Dudley Sylla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5236","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5236,"authors_free":[{"id":6045,"entry_id":5236,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":695,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","free_first_name":"Edith Dudley","free_last_name":"Sylla","norm_person":{"id":695,"first_name":"Edith Dudley","last_name":"Sylla","full_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/115586679","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/45036137","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd115586679.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Edith Dudley Sylla"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":695,"full_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5236,"section_of":5224,"pages":"141\u2013192","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5224,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Averroes\u2019 Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5224,"pubplace":"Leuven","publisher":"Leuven University Press","series":"Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, De Wulf-Mansion Centre, Series 1","volume":"50","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration"]}

Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics, 2004
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2004
Published in Western Interpretations of Greek Philosophy
Pages 125–136
Categories Influence, Aristotle
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"454","_score":null,"_source":{"id":454,"authors_free":[{"id":597,"entry_id":454,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":653,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","free_first_name":"Alfred L.","free_last_name":"Ivry","norm_person":{"id":653,"first_name":"Alfred L.","last_name":"Ivry","full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/172513073","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/117886983","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd172513073.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alfred L. Ivry"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2004","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":653,"full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":454,"section_of":42,"pages":"125\u2013136","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":42,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Western Interpretations of Greek Philosophy","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2004","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2004","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":42,"pubplace":"Aldershot","publisher":"Ashgate Publishing","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics"]}

Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 113–132
Categories Law, al-Fārābī, Influence
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property. Averroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes’ positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bidāyat al-Mujtahid wa-Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣid, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law. It seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle’s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's “Republic” there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5351","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5351,"authors_free":[{"id":6201,"entry_id":5351,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"},"abstract":"In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic.\u201d I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property.\r\n\r\nAverroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes\u2019 positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bid\u0101yat al-Mujtahid wa-Nih\u0101yat al-Muqta\u1e63id, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law.\r\n\r\nIt seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle\u2019s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.006","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5351,"section_of":5346,"pages":"113\u2013132","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"]}

Averroes – Ein Aufklärer im Mittelalter?, 2012
By: Stefan Schick
Title Averroes – Ein Aufklärer im Mittelalter?
Type Article
Language German
Date 2012
Journal Philosophische Rundschau
Volume 59
Issue 1
Pages 78–91
Categories Influence, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Stefan Schick
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5197","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5197,"authors_free":[{"id":5988,"entry_id":5197,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Stefan Schick","free_first_name":"Stefan","free_last_name":"Schick","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes \u2013 Ein Aufkl\u00e4rer im Mittelalter?","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes \u2013 Ein Aufkl\u00e4rer im Mittelalter?"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2012","language":"German","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.1628\/003181512800251571","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5197,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Philosophische Rundschau","volume":"59","issue":"1","pages":"78\u201391"}},"sort":["Averroes \u2013 Ein Aufkl\u00e4rer im Mittelalter?"]}

Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret, 2002
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2002
Published in Il comento filosofico nell'Occidente latino (secoli XIII-XV)
Pages 327–358
Categories Influence
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1201","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1201,"authors_free":[{"id":1385,"entry_id":1201,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":343,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Josep Puig Montada","free_first_name":"Josep","free_last_name":"Puig Montada","norm_person":{"id":343,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/188325034","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/61625512","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Josep Puig Montada"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2002","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":343,"full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1201,"section_of":145,"pages":"327\u2013358","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":145,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Il comento filosofico nell'Occidente latino (secoli XIII-XV)","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2002","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2002","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":145,"pubplace":"Turnhout","publisher":"Brepols","series":"Rencontres de philosophie m\u00e9di\u00e9vale","volume":"10","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret"]}

  • PAGE 1 OF 3