In One Sense Easy, in Another Difficult: Reverberations of the Opening of Aristotle’s Metaphysics ά έλλάτον in Medieval and Renaissance Hebrew Literature, 2020
By: Yehuda Halper
Title In One Sense Easy, in Another Difficult: Reverberations of the Opening of Aristotle’s Metaphysics ά έλλάτον in Medieval and Renaissance Hebrew Literature
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Revue des études juives
Volume 179
Issue 1–2
Pages 133–160
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Renaissance
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5021","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5021,"authors_free":[{"id":5757,"entry_id":5021,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"In One Sense Easy, in Another Difficult: Reverberations of the Opening of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u03ac \u03ad\u03bb\u03bb\u03ac\u03c4\u03bf\u03bd in Medieval and Renaissance Hebrew Literature","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"In One Sense Easy, in Another Difficult: Reverberations of the Opening of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u03ac \u03ad\u03bb\u03bb\u03ac\u03c4\u03bf\u03bd in Medieval and Renaissance Hebrew Literature"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":5,"category_name":"Renaissance","link":"bib?categories[]=Renaissance"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5021,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Revue des \u00e9tudes juives","volume":"179","issue":"1\u20132","pages":"133\u2013160"}},"sort":[2020]}

La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiación aristotélico-averroísta, 2019
By: Fernanda Ocampo
Title La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiación aristotélico-averroísta
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2019
Journal Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía
Volume 36
Issue 3
Pages 659–681
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Latin Averroism, Thomas
Author(s) Fernanda Ocampo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Aristotelian text Metaphysics IV, 2, and the interpretations carried out by the Muslim philosophers, i.e., Avicenna and Averroes, constitute the theoretical framework in which several Latin authors of the second half of the 13th century from the University of Paris, who have taken a stance around the question of the ‘real distinction’ between esse and essentia, elaborated their doctrines about transcendentals. According to this, our work seeks to trace the dependence of Dietrich’s general doctrine of the transcendentals, with respect to the theses established by Aristotle in the mentioned text, and in particular, with regard to the Averroist reading – critical of that of Avicenna’s –, which “has made school” in the Parisian environment, especially among the teachers and students of the Faculty of Arts, but also, first, in Thomas Aquinas. Thus, in light of this scenario of readings and interpretations, we will seek to delimit the central features of the Theodorian conception of the communia, pointing out the possible differences or coincidences with respect to the doctrines of these preceding authors.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5060","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5060,"authors_free":[{"id":5813,"entry_id":5060,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fernanda Ocampo","free_first_name":"Fernanda ","free_last_name":"Ocampo","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiaci\u00f3n aristot\u00e9lico-averro\u00edsta","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiaci\u00f3n aristot\u00e9lico-averro\u00edsta"},"abstract":"The Aristotelian text Metaphysics IV, 2, and the interpretations carried out by the Muslim philosophers, i.e., Avicenna and Averroes, constitute the theoretical framework in which several Latin authors of the second half of the 13th century from the University of Paris, who have taken a stance around the question of the \u2018real distinction\u2019 between esse and essentia, elaborated their doctrines about transcendentals. According to this, our work seeks to trace the dependence of Dietrich\u2019s general doctrine of the transcendentals, with respect to the theses established by Aristotle in the mentioned text, and in particular, with regard to the Averroist reading \u2013 critical of that of Avicenna\u2019s \u2013, which \u201chas made school\u201d in the Parisian environment, especially among the teachers and students of the Faculty of Arts, but also, first, in Thomas Aquinas. Thus, in light of this scenario of readings and interpretations, we will seek to delimit the central features of the Theodorian conception of the communia, pointing out the possible differences or coincidences with respect to the doctrines of these preceding authors.","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/dx.doi.org\/10.5209\/ashf.63089","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":7,"category_name":"Latin Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Latin Averroism"},{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5060,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosof\u00eda","volume":"36","issue":"3","pages":"659\u2013681"}},"sort":[2019]}

Averroes’ Rewrite of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary, 2019
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Averroes’ Rewrite of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume 86
Issue 2
Pages 259–281
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes’ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ provides a rewrite of Aristotle’s text that was apparently intended to convey the plain meaning of the text to a general, though at least somewhat educated, audience. Such a commentary was necessary because ᾿Usṭāṯ’s ninth-century Arabic translation was insufficient in many respects for conveying Aristotle’s ideas into Arabic. Accordingly, Averroes’ Middle Commentary sought to rephrase and rewrite the text in such a way as to clarify the text, correct apparent errors in it, simplify the text, and add short explanations to it. This article offers a philological characterization of the Middle Commentary that should be an aid for reading the text and comparing it with other commentaries, especially Averroes’ Long Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5092","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5092,"authors_free":[{"id":5862,"entry_id":5092,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes\u2019 Rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes\u2019 Rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary"},"abstract":"Averroes\u2019 Middle Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394 provides a rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s text that was apparently intended to convey the plain meaning of the text to a general, though at least somewhat educated, audience. Such a commentary was necessary because \u1fbfUs\u1e6d\u0101\u1e6f\u2019s ninth-century Arabic translation was insufficient in many respects for conveying Aristotle\u2019s ideas into Arabic. Accordingly, Averroes\u2019 Middle Commentary sought to rephrase and rewrite the text in such a way as to clarify the text, correct apparent errors in it, simplify the text, and add short explanations to it. This article offers a philological characterization of the Middle Commentary that should be an aid for reading the text and comparing it with other commentaries, especially Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394.","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.2143\/RTPM.86.2.3287113","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5092,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Recherches de Th\u00e9ologie et Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vales","volume":"86","issue":"2","pages":"259\u2013281"}},"sort":[2019]}

Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God’s Causal Omniscience, 2019
By: Stephen Ogden
Title Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God’s Causal Omniscience
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal The Muslim World
Volume 109
Issue 4
Pages 595–614
Categories Thomas, Metaphysics, Aristotle, Commentary, Theology
Author(s) Stephen Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5100","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5100,"authors_free":[{"id":5874,"entry_id":5100,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1681,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Stephen Ogden","free_first_name":"Stephen","free_last_name":"Ogden","norm_person":{"id":1681,"first_name":"Stephen R. ","last_name":"Ogden","full_name":"Stephen R. Ogden","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Stephen R. Ogden"}}],"entry_title":"Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God\u2019s Causal Omniscience","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God\u2019s Causal Omniscience"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1111\/muwo.12312","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"}],"authors":[{"id":1681,"full_name":"Stephen R. Ogden","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5100,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"The Muslim World","volume":"109","issue":"4","pages":"595\u2013614"}},"sort":[2019]}

Some Remarks on Averroes’ Long Commentary on the Metaphysics Book Alpha Meizon, 2017
By: Ilyas Altuner
Title Some Remarks on Averroes’ Long Commentary on the Metaphysics Book Alpha Meizon
Type Article
Language English
Date 2017
Journal Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review
Volume 1
Issue 1-2
Pages 5–17
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Ilyas Altuner
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes, considered to be the greatest Aristotelian commentator in the Middle Ages, has written three different types of commentary on almost all the works of this great philosopher: short, middle and long. These commentaries have been translated into Latin and Hebrew in the early period, and profoundly influenced both Medieval Europe and Jewish thought for centuries. The effect of Averroes in the West was to spread the whole of Europe under the name of Latin Averroism. The text what you have consists of some remarks about the translation of the commentary on the ‘Book Alpha Meizon’, the second book of Averroes’ Tafsīr Mā Ba’d at-Ṭabī’a.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5186","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5186,"authors_free":[{"id":5975,"entry_id":5186,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ilyas Altuner","free_first_name":"Ilyas","free_last_name":"Altuner","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Some Remarks on Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on the Metaphysics Book Alpha Meizon","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Some Remarks on Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on the Metaphysics Book Alpha Meizon"},"abstract":"Averroes, considered to be the greatest Aristotelian commentator in the Middle Ages, has written three different types of commentary on almost all the works of this great philosopher: short, middle and long. These commentaries have been translated into Latin and Hebrew in the early period, and profoundly influenced both Medieval Europe and Jewish thought for centuries. The effect of Averroes in the West was to spread the whole of Europe under the name of Latin Averroism. The text what you have consists of some remarks about the translation of the commentary on the \u2018Book Alpha Meizon\u2019, the second book of Averroes\u2019 Tafs\u012br M\u0101 Ba\u2019d at-\u1e6cab\u012b\u2019a.","btype":3,"date":"2017","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5186,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review","volume":"1","issue":"1-2 ","pages":"5\u201317"}},"sort":[2017]}

Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell’Epitome di Aevrroè (1126-1198), 2017
By: Carmela Baffioni
Title Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell’Epitome di Aevrroè (1126-1198)
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 59
Pages 33–56
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Theology, Commentary
Author(s) Carmela Baffioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article deals with Averroes’s interpretation of Metaph. Ε 1, where Aristotle discusses the nature and object of metaphysics, as well as its place in the hierarchy of sciences. Among Averroes’s predecessors, al-Kindī seems to see a coincidence between metaphysics and theology, since God can be described as the “first cause of everything”. However, al-Fārābī and Avicenna discovered that “first philosophy” could be conceived as an ontology distinct from theology; moreover, they considered theology to be only a part of metaphysics, not even the most important one. In the Great Commentary on Metaphysics - where the Arabic translation of the work by the Jacobite monk Usṭāth is quoted, Averroes often just paraphrases the original passages. One may infer that theology in the strict sense is merely mentioned by way of example. In the Epitome of Metaphysics, the objects of metaphysics are “general” ones; metaphysics studies the “absolute being” and cannot be identified with theology as “pertaining to God”.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5124","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5124,"authors_free":[{"id":5899,"entry_id":5124,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":754,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Carmela Baffioni","free_first_name":"Carmela","free_last_name":"Baffioni","norm_person":{"id":754,"first_name":"Carmela","last_name":"Baffioni","full_name":"Carmela Baffioni","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/139175172","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/25088","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd139175172.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Carmela Baffioni"}}],"entry_title":"Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell\u2019Epitome di Aevrro\u00e8 (1126-1198)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell\u2019Epitome di Aevrro\u00e8 (1126-1198)"},"abstract":"This article deals with Averroes\u2019s interpretation of Metaph. \u0395 1, where Aristotle discusses the nature and object of metaphysics, as well as its place in the hierarchy of sciences. Among Averroes\u2019s predecessors, al-Kind\u012b seems to see a coincidence between metaphysics and theology, since God can be described as the \u201cfirst cause of everything\u201d. However, al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b and Avicenna discovered that \u201cfirst philosophy\u201d could be conceived as an ontology distinct from theology; moreover, they considered theology to be only a part of metaphysics, not even the most important one. In the Great Commentary on Metaphysics - where the Arabic translation of the work by the Jacobite monk Us\u1e6d\u0101th is quoted, Averroes often just paraphrases the original passages. One may infer that theology in the strict sense is merely mentioned by way of example. In the Epitome of Metaphysics, the objects of metaphysics are \u201cgeneral\u201d ones; metaphysics studies the \u201cabsolute being\u201d and cannot be identified with theology as \u201cpertaining to God\u201d.","btype":3,"date":"2017","language":"Italian","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/J.BPM.5.115828","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":754,"full_name":"Carmela Baffioni","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5124,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Bulletin de Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vale","volume":"59","issue":"","pages":"33\u201356"}},"sort":[2017]}

Twenty-Nine Hebrew Glosses on Averroes‘ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 2017
By: Mauro Zonta
Title Twenty-Nine Hebrew Glosses on Averroes‘ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2017
Journal Aleph
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 335–353
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Mauro Zonta
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Jewish engagement with Aristotle's Metaphysics in Hebrew began in the thirteenth century when the text was presented in Hebrew encyclopedias; it continued with a number of translations in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries. The study of Hebrew philosophical texts often resulted in supercommentaries on them. In this study I present a hitherto unnoticed work, preserved in a unique Oxford manuscript, that bears witness to the study of the Metaphysics. Consisting of twenty-nine short comments or glosses on key passages of Averroes' Middle Commentary on books Alpha minor and Beta, as well as two passages from the Middle Commentary on book Theta, it can be described as a kind of supercommentary on Averroes. The glosses as preserved in the manuscript were apparently collected by an unknown redactor from works of two or more authors, whom I try to identify. One of them may be R. Gershon, the father of Levi ben Gershon (1288–1344). An edition of the 29 glosses and, for comparison, several glosses on logic by R. Gershon, are also presented.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5204","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5204,"authors_free":[{"id":5998,"entry_id":5204,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":401,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Mauro Zonta","free_first_name":"Mauro","free_last_name":"Zonta","norm_person":{"id":401,"first_name":"Mauro","last_name":"Zonta","full_name":"Mauro Zonta","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1068186860","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/51773741","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Mauro Zonta"}}],"entry_title":"Twenty-Nine Hebrew Glosses on Averroes\u2018 Middle Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Twenty-Nine Hebrew Glosses on Averroes\u2018 Middle Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics"},"abstract":"Jewish engagement with Aristotle's Metaphysics in Hebrew began in the thirteenth century when the text was presented in Hebrew encyclopedias; it continued with a number of translations in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries. The study of Hebrew philosophical texts often resulted in supercommentaries on them. In this study I present a hitherto unnoticed work, preserved in a unique Oxford manuscript, that bears witness to the study of the Metaphysics. Consisting of twenty-nine short comments or glosses on key passages of Averroes' Middle Commentary on books Alpha minor and Beta, as well as two passages from the Middle Commentary on book Theta, it can be described as a kind of supercommentary on Averroes. The glosses as preserved in the manuscript were apparently collected by an unknown redactor from works of two or more authors, whom I try to identify. One of them may be R. Gershon, the father of Levi ben Gershon (1288\u20131344). An edition of the 29 glosses and, for comparison, several glosses on logic by R. Gershon, are also presented.","btype":3,"date":"2017","language":"English","online_url":"https:\/\/www.jstor.org\/stable\/10.2979\/aleph.17.2.0335","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.2979\/aleph.17.2.0335","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":401,"full_name":"Mauro Zonta","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5204,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Aleph","volume":"17","issue":"2","pages":"335\u2013353"}},"sort":[2017]}

Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3, 2016
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Rursus
Volume 9
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ashʿarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle’s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5218","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5218,"authors_free":[{"id":6020,"entry_id":5218,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1608,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ziad Bou Akl","free_first_name":"Ziad","free_last_name":"Bou Akl","norm_person":{"id":1608,"first_name":"Ziad","last_name":"Bou Akl","full_name":"Ziad Bou Akl","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1105658635","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/306483990","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Ziad Bou Akl"}}],"entry_title":"Des M\u00e9gariques aux Ash\u02bfarites : le commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s \u00e0 M\u00e9taph. \u0398 3","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Des M\u00e9gariques aux Ash\u02bfarites : le commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s \u00e0 M\u00e9taph. \u0398 3"},"abstract":"In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ash\u02bfarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle\u2019s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.4000\/rursus.1235","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"}],"authors":[{"id":1608,"full_name":"Ziad Bou Akl","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5218,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Rursus","volume":"9","issue":"","pages":""}},"sort":[2016]}

Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 2016
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 161–184
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
While Averroes’ work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics Γ.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes’ philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics Γ.2 also contradicts Averroes’ explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5246","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5246,"authors_free":[{"id":6055,"entry_id":5246,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics"},"abstract":"While Averroes\u2019 work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics \u0393.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes\u2019 philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics \u0393.2 also contradicts Averroes\u2019 explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/S0957423915000156","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5246,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy","volume":"26","issue":"1","pages":"161\u2013184"}},"sort":[2016]}

Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics, 2016
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 161-184
Categories Dialectic, Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
While Averroes’ work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics Γ.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes’ philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics Γ.2 also contradicts Averroes’ explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5483","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5483,"authors_free":[{"id":6358,"entry_id":5483,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics"},"abstract":"While Averroes\u2019 work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics \u0393.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes\u2019 philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics \u0393.2 also contradicts Averroes\u2019 explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.1017\/S0957423915000156","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":79,"category_name":"Dialectic","link":"bib?categories[]=Dialectic"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5483,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy","volume":"26","issue":"1","pages":"161-184"}},"sort":[2016]}

A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averroès sur la Métaphysique d'Aristote, 1995
By: Laurence Bauloye
Title A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averroès sur la Métaphysique d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Revue de philosophie ancienne
Volume 13
Pages 225–238
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle
Author(s) Laurence Bauloye
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"545","_score":null,"_source":{"id":545,"authors_free":[{"id":692,"entry_id":545,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":814,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Laurence Bauloye","free_first_name":"Laurence","free_last_name":"Bauloye","norm_person":{"id":814,"first_name":"Laurence","last_name":"Bauloye","full_name":"Laurence Bauloye","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/152664165","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/59337898","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Laurence Bauloye"}}],"entry_title":"A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averro\u00e8s sur la M\u00e9taphysique d'Aristote","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averro\u00e8s sur la M\u00e9taphysique d'Aristote"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"1995","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":814,"full_name":"Laurence Bauloye","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":545,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Revue de philosophie ancienne","volume":"13","issue":null,"pages":"225\u2013238"}},"sort":["A propos de fondamental et de l'essentiel dans le commentaire d'Averro\u00e8s sur la M\u00e9taphysique d'Aristote"]}

Aristote et Averroës dans le Commentaire de Ferrandus de Hispania sur la 'Métaphysique' d'Aristote, 1980
By: Albert Zimmermann
Title Aristote et Averroës dans le Commentaire de Ferrandus de Hispania sur la 'Métaphysique' d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 1980
Journal Diotima
Volume 8
Pages 159–163
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle
Author(s) Albert Zimmermann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"605","_score":null,"_source":{"id":605,"authors_free":[{"id":756,"entry_id":605,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":685,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Albert Zimmermann","free_first_name":"Albert","free_last_name":"Zimmermann","norm_person":{"id":685,"first_name":"Albert","last_name":"Zimmermann","full_name":"Albert Zimmermann","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/119209926","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/109058992","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd119209926.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Albert Zimmermann"}}],"entry_title":"Aristote et Averro\u00ebs dans le Commentaire de Ferrandus de Hispania sur la 'M\u00e9taphysique' d'Aristote","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Aristote et Averro\u00ebs dans le Commentaire de Ferrandus de Hispania sur la 'M\u00e9taphysique' d'Aristote"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"1980","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":685,"full_name":"Albert Zimmermann","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":605,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Diotima","volume":"8","issue":null,"pages":"159\u2013163"}},"sort":["Aristote et Averro\u00ebs dans le Commentaire de Ferrandus de Hispania sur la 'M\u00e9taphysique' d'Aristote"]}

Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence, 2003
By: Fabrizio Amerini
Title Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence
Type Article
Language English
Date 2003
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 14
Pages 79–122
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle, Aquinas
Author(s) Fabrizio Amerini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"542","_score":null,"_source":{"id":542,"authors_free":[{"id":689,"entry_id":542,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":812,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fabrizio Amerini","free_first_name":"Fabrizio","free_last_name":"Amerini","norm_person":{"id":812,"first_name":"Fabrizio","last_name":"Amerini","full_name":"Fabrizio Amerini","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1037880641","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/61802005","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd1037880641.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fabrizio Amerini"}}],"entry_title":"Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"2003","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":2,"category_name":"Aquinas","link":"bib?categories[]=Aquinas"}],"authors":[{"id":812,"full_name":"Fabrizio Amerini","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":542,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale","volume":"14","issue":null,"pages":"79\u2013122"}},"sort":["Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence"]}

Averroes and Aristotle's Philosophical Dictionary. Prolegomena to an Annotated Translation of Averroes's Greater Commentary on Book V of the Metaphysics, 1989
By: Philipp W. Rosemann
Title Averroes and Aristotle's Philosophical Dictionary. Prolegomena to an Annotated Translation of Averroes's Greater Commentary on Book V of the Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 1989
Journal The Modern Schoolman
Volume 66
Pages 95–115
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle
Author(s) Philipp W. Rosemann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"597","_score":null,"_source":{"id":597,"authors_free":[{"id":748,"entry_id":597,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":715,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Philipp W. Rosemann","free_first_name":"Philipp W.","free_last_name":"Rosemann","norm_person":{"id":715,"first_name":"Philipp W.","last_name":"Rosemann","full_name":"Philipp W. Rosemann","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/139263446","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/39480135","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Philipp W. Rosemann"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Aristotle's Philosophical Dictionary. Prolegomena to an Annotated Translation of Averroes's Greater Commentary on Book V of the Metaphysics","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Aristotle's Philosophical Dictionary. Prolegomena to an Annotated Translation of Averroes's Greater Commentary on Book V of the Metaphysics"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"1989","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":715,"full_name":"Philipp W. Rosemann","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":597,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"The Modern Schoolman","volume":"66","issue":null,"pages":"95\u2013115"}},"sort":["Averroes and Aristotle's Philosophical Dictionary. Prolegomena to an Annotated Translation of Averroes's Greater Commentary on Book V of the Metaphysics"]}

Averroes on the Metaphysics of Aristotle, 1909
By: Isaac Husik
Title Averroes on the Metaphysics of Aristotle
Type Article
Language English
Date 1909
Journal The Philosophical Review
Volume 18
Issue 4
Pages 416-428
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Isaac Husik
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5487","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5487,"authors_free":[{"id":6362,"entry_id":5487,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Isaac Husik","free_first_name":"Isaac","free_last_name":"Husik","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes on the Metaphysics of Aristotle","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes on the Metaphysics of Aristotle"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"1909","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5487,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"The Philosophical Review","volume":"18","issue":"4","pages":"416-428"}},"sort":["Averroes on the Metaphysics of Aristotle"]}

Averroes’ Rewrite of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary, 2019
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Averroes’ Rewrite of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume 86
Issue 2
Pages 259–281
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes’ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ provides a rewrite of Aristotle’s text that was apparently intended to convey the plain meaning of the text to a general, though at least somewhat educated, audience. Such a commentary was necessary because ᾿Usṭāṯ’s ninth-century Arabic translation was insufficient in many respects for conveying Aristotle’s ideas into Arabic. Accordingly, Averroes’ Middle Commentary sought to rephrase and rewrite the text in such a way as to clarify the text, correct apparent errors in it, simplify the text, and add short explanations to it. This article offers a philological characterization of the Middle Commentary that should be an aid for reading the text and comparing it with other commentaries, especially Averroes’ Long Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics Δ.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5092","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5092,"authors_free":[{"id":5862,"entry_id":5092,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes\u2019 Rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes\u2019 Rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary"},"abstract":"Averroes\u2019 Middle Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394 provides a rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s text that was apparently intended to convey the plain meaning of the text to a general, though at least somewhat educated, audience. Such a commentary was necessary because \u1fbfUs\u1e6d\u0101\u1e6f\u2019s ninth-century Arabic translation was insufficient in many respects for conveying Aristotle\u2019s ideas into Arabic. Accordingly, Averroes\u2019 Middle Commentary sought to rephrase and rewrite the text in such a way as to clarify the text, correct apparent errors in it, simplify the text, and add short explanations to it. This article offers a philological characterization of the Middle Commentary that should be an aid for reading the text and comparing it with other commentaries, especially Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394.","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.2143\/RTPM.86.2.3287113","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5092,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Recherches de Th\u00e9ologie et Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vales","volume":"86","issue":"2","pages":"259\u2013281"}},"sort":["Averroes\u2019 Rewrite of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics \u0394: Establishing the Plain Meaning of the Text in the Middle Commentary"]}

Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3, 2016
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Rursus
Volume 9
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ashʿarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle’s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5218","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5218,"authors_free":[{"id":6020,"entry_id":5218,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1608,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ziad Bou Akl","free_first_name":"Ziad","free_last_name":"Bou Akl","norm_person":{"id":1608,"first_name":"Ziad","last_name":"Bou Akl","full_name":"Ziad Bou Akl","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1105658635","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/306483990","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Ziad Bou Akl"}}],"entry_title":"Des M\u00e9gariques aux Ash\u02bfarites : le commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s \u00e0 M\u00e9taph. \u0398 3","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Des M\u00e9gariques aux Ash\u02bfarites : le commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s \u00e0 M\u00e9taph. \u0398 3"},"abstract":"In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ash\u02bfarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle\u2019s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.4000\/rursus.1235","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"}],"authors":[{"id":1608,"full_name":"Ziad Bou Akl","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5218,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Rursus","volume":"9","issue":"","pages":""}},"sort":["Des M\u00e9gariques aux Ash\u02bfarites : le commentaire d\u2019Averro\u00e8s \u00e0 M\u00e9taph. \u0398 3"]}

Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 2016
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes’ Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle’s Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 161–184
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
While Averroes’ work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics Γ.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes’ philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics Γ.2 also contradicts Averroes’ explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5246","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5246,"authors_free":[{"id":6055,"entry_id":5246,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics"},"abstract":"While Averroes\u2019 work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics \u0393.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes\u2019 philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics \u0393.2 also contradicts Averroes\u2019 explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/S0957423915000156","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5246,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy","volume":"26","issue":"1","pages":"161\u2013184"}},"sort":["Dialecticians and Dialectics in Averroes\u2019 Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics"]}

Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics, 2016
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 161-184
Categories Dialectic, Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
While Averroes’ work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics Γ.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes’ philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics Γ.2 also contradicts Averroes’ explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5483","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5483,"authors_free":[{"id":6358,"entry_id":5483,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics"},"abstract":"While Averroes\u2019 work is often considered to represent the culmination of the method of Aristotelian demonstration in Arabic philosophy, a short passage of his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics \u0393.2 emphasizes the prominence of dialectic and calls for a re-examination of dialectic and demonstration in Averroes\u2019 philosophical works. In this passage Averroes describes dialectic as an acceptable form of philosophy and the dialectician as a kind of scientist. In putting dialectic and demonstration on an equal, or nearly equal footing, Averroes seems to go against his own account of the dialectical and demonstrative classes of people in the Decisive Treatise. Moreover, this interpretation of Metaphysics \u0393.2 also contradicts Averroes\u2019 explanation of the same passage in the Middle Commentary on the Metaphysics as well as Aristotle's own description of dialectic throughout the Metaphysics. That is, in the Long Commentary on the Metaphysics, Averroes departs from his earlier views, and describes dialectic as a necessary part of metaphysics, even though the centrality of dialectic argumentation could call into question the entire project of metaphysics and consequently of the sciences whose demonstrations rely on metaphysical ground, i.e., all sciences. Averroes does not emphasize this view, but its presence is nevertheless unambiguous.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.1017\/S0957423915000156","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":79,"category_name":"Dialectic","link":"bib?categories[]=Dialectic"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5483,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy","volume":"26","issue":"1","pages":"161-184"}},"sort":["Dialecticians and dialectics in Averroes' Long Commentary on Gamma 2 of Aristotle's Metaphysics"]}

Divergences entre les métaphysiques d'Ibn Rušd et d'Aristote, 1982
By: Jean Jolivet
Title Divergences entre les métaphysiques d'Ibn Rušd et d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 1982
Journal Arabica
Volume 29
Pages 225–245
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle
Author(s) Jean Jolivet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"566","_score":null,"_source":{"id":566,"authors_free":[{"id":716,"entry_id":566,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":827,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jean Jolivet","free_first_name":"Jean","free_last_name":"Jolivet","norm_person":{"id":827,"first_name":"Jean","last_name":"Jolivet","full_name":"Jean Jolivet","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/119509997","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/109206927","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd119509997.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jean Jolivet"}}],"entry_title":"Divergences entre les m\u00e9taphysiques d'Ibn Ru\u0161d et d'Aristote","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Divergences entre les m\u00e9taphysiques d'Ibn Ru\u0161d et d'Aristote"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"1982","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":827,"full_name":"Jean Jolivet","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":566,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabica","volume":"29","issue":null,"pages":"225\u2013245"}},"sort":["Divergences entre les m\u00e9taphysiques d'Ibn Ru\u0161d et d'Aristote"]}

  • PAGE 1 OF 3