Ibn Rushd's Middle Commentary and Alexander's Commentary in their Relationship to the Arab Commentary Tradition on the De Generatione et corruptione, 2002
By: Heidrun Eichner
Title Ibn Rushd's Middle Commentary and Alexander's Commentary in their Relationship to the Arab Commentary Tradition on the De Generatione et corruptione
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2002
Published in Aristotele e Alessandro di Afrodisia nella tradizione araba. Atti del Colloquio La ricezione arabe ed ebraica della filosofia e della scienza greche. Padova, 14–15 maggio 1999
Pages 281–297
Categories Natural Philosophy, Alexander of Aphrodisias
Author(s) Heidrun Eichner
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2002
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 12
Pages 111–37
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.

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The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby, 1999
By: Graham J. McAleer
Title The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby
Type Article
Language English
Date 1999
Journal Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie
Volume 81
Pages 33–54
Categories Natural Philosophy, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Graham J. McAleer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes en el De principiis naturae de Juan de Sécheville, 1999
By: Juan Acosta Rodríguez
Title Averroes en el De principiis naturae de Juan de Sécheville
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1999
Published in Averroes y los averroísmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosofía medieval
Pages 251–256
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Juan Acosta Rodríguez
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away, 1996
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Oriens
Volume 35
Pages 1–34
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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El concepto de naturaleza en los comentarios de Averroes y Tomás de Aquino al Corpus Aristotelicum, 1996
By: Alfonso García Marqués, M. Ballester
Title El concepto de naturaleza en los comentarios de Averroes y Tomás de Aquino al Corpus Aristotelicum
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1996
Published in Actes del Simposi Internacional de Filosofia de l'Edat Mitjana. El pensament antropològic medieval en els àmbits islàmic, hebreu i cristià. Vic-Girona 11–16 d'abril de 1993
Pages 100–111
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aquinas, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Alfonso García Marqués , M. Ballester
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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ابو الوليد محمد ابن رشد. بلخيص الكون و الفساد, 1995
By: Averroes, Ǧamāl al-Dīn ʿAlawī (Ed.)
Title ابو الوليد محمد ابن رشد. بلخيص الكون و الفساد
Transcription ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn Rušd. Talḫīṣ al-kaun wa-l-fasād
Translation Averroes. Middle Commentary on De generatione et corruptione
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1995
Publication Place Beirut
Categories Cosmology, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Averroes , Ǧamāl al-Dīn ʿAlawī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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العلوم الطبيعية في فلسفة ابن رشد, 1995
By: Ḥasan Maǧīd al- ʿUbaidī
Title العلوم الطبيعية في فلسفة ابن رشد
Transcription Al-ʿulūm al-ṭabīʿīya fī falsafat Ibn-Rušd
Translation The natural sciences in the philosophy of Averroes
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1995
Publication Place Beirut
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Ḥasan Maǧīd al- ʿUbaidī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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ابن رشد. كباب الاثاد العلوية, 1994
By: Averroes, ʾAbū Wāfiya Suhair Faḍlallāh (Ed.), Abd al-Rāziq Suʿād ʿAlī (Ed.)
Title ابن رشد. كباب الاثاد العلوية
Transcription Ibn Rušd. Kitāb al-ʾāṯār al-ʿulwīya
Translation Averroes' Epitome Meteorologica
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1994
Publication Place Cairo
Categories Cosmology, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Averroes , ʾAbū Wāfiya Suhair Faḍlallāh , Abd al-Rāziq Suʿād ʿAlī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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ابو الوليد محمد ابن رشد. بلخيص الاثار العلوية, 1994
By: Averroes, Ǧamāl al-Dīn ʿAlawī (Ed.)
Title ابو الوليد محمد ابن رشد. بلخيص الاثار العلوية
Transcription ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn Rušd. Talḫīṣ al-ʾāṯār al-ʿulwīya
Translation Averroes. Middle Commentary on the Meteorolgy
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1994
Publication Place Beirut
Categories Cosmology, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Averroes , Ǧamāl al-Dīn ʿAlawī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Miroir de l'amitié: mélanges offerts à Joel Biard à l'occasion des ses 65 ans, 2017
By: Christophe Grellard (Ed.)
Title Miroir de l'amitié: mélanges offerts à Joel Biard à l'occasion des ses 65 ans
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2017
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Librairie philosophique J. Vrin
Series Études de philosophie médiévale
Volume 106
Categories Logic, Natural Philosophy, Buridan, Renaissance
Author(s) Christophe Grellard
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A l'occasion de ses 65 ans, plusieurs de ses amis, collègues et étudiants ont voulu jeter un regard à la fois rétrospectif et prospectif sur l'oeuvre et la carrière de Joël Biard. Du CNRS (Centre d'histoire des sciences et des philosophies arabes et médiévales) à l'Université de Tours-François Rabelais (Centre d'études supérieures de la Renaissance), il n'a cessé de travailler à faire mieux connaître une période négligée de l'histoire de la philosophie, le Moyen Age. Auteur d'une oeuvre ample et exigeante, qui fait désormais autorité dans plusieurs domaines, il a permis de réévaluer l'importance du Moyen Age tardif dans les bouleversements intellectuels qui agitent l'Europe entre le XIVe et le XVIe siècles. Il a ainsi profondément renouvelé notre connaissance de l'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie de cette période. A partir de ces acquis, les études ici réunies entendent montrer le dynamisme des champs d'enquête (logique et philosophie naturelle, études buridaniennes, Renaissance) qu'il a marqués de son empreinte, et mettre au travail une oeuvre dont la fécondité n'est plus à démontrer.

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Mittlerer Kommentar zu Aristoteles' De Generatione et corruptione. Mit einer einleitenden Studie versehen, herausgegeben und kommentiert von Heidrun Eichner, 2005
By: Heidrun Eichner (Ed.)
Title Mittlerer Kommentar zu Aristoteles' De Generatione et corruptione. Mit einer einleitenden Studie versehen, herausgegeben und kommentiert von Heidrun Eichner
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2005
Publication Place Paderborn
Publisher Schöningh
Series Abhandlungen der Nordrhein-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Volume 111
Categories Natural Philosophy, Transmission, Commentary
Author(s) Heidrun Eichner
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Mélange, minima naturalia et croissance animale dans le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès au De generatione et corruptione, I, 5, 2012
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Mélange, minima naturalia et croissance animale dans le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès au De generatione et corruptione, I, 5
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2012
Published in La nature et le vide dans la physique médiévale: études dédiées à Edward Grant
Pages 137–164
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Méthodes d'argumentation et philosophie naturelle chez Averroès, 1985
By: Henri Hugonnard-Roche
Title Méthodes d'argumentation et philosophie naturelle chez Averroès
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 1985
Published in Orientalische Kultur und Europäisches Mittelalter
Pages 240–253
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Henri Hugonnard-Roche
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Nicolaus Damascenus. De plantis. Five Translations, 1989
By: Nicolaus Damascenus, H.J. Drossaart Lulofs (Ed.)
Title Nicolaus Damascenus. De plantis. Five Translations
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 1989
Publication Place Amsterdam, Oxford, New York
Publisher North-Holland Pbulishing Company
Series Union académique internationale
Volume 4
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Nicolaus Damascenus , H.J. Drossaart Lulofs
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Redefining the Miraculous: al-Ghazâlî, Ibn Rushd and Said Nursi on Qur’anic Miracle Stories, 2011
By: Isra Yazicioglu
Title Redefining the Miraculous: al-Ghazâlî, Ibn Rushd and Said Nursi on Qur’anic Miracle Stories
Translation إعادة تحديد اﻷمر المعجز: آراء الغزالي وابن رشد وسعيد النورسي في قصص المعجزات
Type Article
Language English
Date 2011
Journal Journal of Qur’anic Studies
Volume 13
Issue 2
Pages 86–108
Categories Natural Philosophy, Theology, al-Ġazālī
Author(s) Isra Yazicioglu
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Miracle stories in sacred texts have been a source of both fascination and heated debate across religious traditions. Qur'anic miracle stories are especially interesting because they are part of a discourse that also de-emphasises the miraculous. By looking at how three scholars have engaged with Qur'anic miracle stories, I here investigate how these narratives have been interpreted in diverse and fruitful ways. The first part of the article analyses how two medieval scholars, al-Ghazālī (d. 505/1 111) and Ibn Rushd (d. 595/1198), engaged with the implications of miracle stories. Taking his cue from miracle stories, al-Ghazālī offered a sophisticated critique of natural determinism and suggested that the natural order should be perceived as a constantly renewed divine gift. In contrast, Ibn Rushd dismissed al-Ghazālī's critique as sophistry and maintained that accepting the possibility that the natural order might be suspended was an affront to human knowledge and science. In the second part, I turn to Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (1870-1960), whose interpretation offers a crystallisation of al-Ghazālī's insights as well as, surprisingly, an indirect confirmation of Ibn Rushd's concerns about human knowledge and science. Nursi redefines the miraculous in light of miracle stories, and interprets them as reminders of 'everyday miracles' and as encouragements to improve science and technology in God's name. ظلت قصص المعجزات في الكتب الديننة أمراﹰ شائقاﹰ ومدار جدل ساخن في تعاليم اﻷديان المختلفة. وقصص المعجزات في القرآن ذات أهمية ﺧﺎﺻﺔ فهي جزء من خطاب يزيل ـ أيضاﹰ ـ التركيز على المعجز. وبالنظر في كيفية تعامل ﺛﻼﺛﺔ من العلماء مع قصص المعجزات أحاول في هذا المقال أن أتبين كيف تم تفسير هذه القصص بطرق مختلفة ومثمرة معاﹰ. وفي الجزء اﻷول من المقال نحلل كيف تعامل مفكران من الماضي هما الغزالي (ت 1111/505 ﻫ) وابن رشد (ت 1198/59 ﻫ) مع مضامين قصص المعجزات. فبناء على قصص المعجزات عرض الغزالي نقداﹰ حصيفاﹰ للحتمية الطبيعية واقترح أن تنظر ﺇلى الوضع الطبيعي على أنه منحة إلهية تتجدد باستمرار. وفي المقابل رفض ابن رشد نقد الغزالي واعتبره سفسطة وقال أن قبول احتمال تعطيل الوضع الطبيعي يجابه المعرفة اﻹنسانية والعلم. وفي الحزء الثاني من المقال تتناول بديع الزمان سعيد النورسي (1870 - 1960) الذي يمزج في تفسيره بين فراسة العزالي واهتمام ابن رشد بالمعرفة اﻹنسانية والعلم. ويعيد النورسي تحديد المعجز في ضوء قصص المعجزات ويقول إنها تذكرنا " بالمعجزات اليومية " وتشجعنا على التقدم في العلم والتكنولوجيا باسم اللّه .

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Qur'anic miracle stories are especially interesting because they are part of a discourse that also de-emphasises the miraculous. By looking at how three scholars have engaged with Qur'anic miracle stories, I here investigate how these narratives have been interpreted in diverse and fruitful ways. The first part of the article analyses how two medieval scholars, al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b (d. 505\/1 111) and Ibn Rushd (d. 595\/1198), engaged with the implications of miracle stories. Taking his cue from miracle stories, al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b offered a sophisticated critique of natural determinism and suggested that the natural order should be perceived as a constantly renewed divine gift. In contrast, Ibn Rushd dismissed al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b's critique as sophistry and maintained that accepting the possibility that the natural order might be suspended was an affront to human knowledge and science. In the second part, I turn to Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (1870-1960), whose interpretation offers a crystallisation of al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b's insights as well as, surprisingly, an indirect confirmation of Ibn Rushd's concerns about human knowledge and science. Nursi redefines the miraculous in light of miracle stories, and interprets them as reminders of 'everyday miracles' and as encouragements to improve science and technology in God's name.\r\n\r\n\u0638\u0644\u062a \u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a \u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u0643\u062a\u0628 \u0627\u0644\u062f\u064a\u0646\u0646\u0629 \u0623\u0645\u0631\u0627\ufe70 \u0634\u0627\u0626\u0642\u0627\ufe70 \u0648\u0645\u062f\u0627\u0631 \u062c\u062f\u0644 \u0633\u0627\u062e\u0646 \u0641\u064a \u062a\u0639\u0627\u0644\u064a\u0645 \u0627\ufef7\u062f\u064a\u0627\u0646 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u062e\u062a\u0644\u0641\u0629. \u0648\u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a \u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u0642\u0631\u0622\u0646 \u0630\u0627\u062a \u0623\u0647\u0645\u064a\u0629 \ufea7\ufe8e\ufebb\ufe94 \u0641\u0647\u064a \u062c\u0632\u0621 \u0645\u0646 \u062e\u0637\u0627\u0628 \u064a\u0632\u064a\u0644 \u0640 \u0623\u064a\u0636\u0627\ufe70 \u0640 \u0627\u0644\u062a\u0631\u0643\u064a\u0632 \u0639\u0644\u0649 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632. \u0648\u0628\u0627\u0644\u0646\u0638\u0631 \u0641\u064a \u0643\u064a\u0641\u064a\u0629 \u062a\u0639\u0627\u0645\u0644 \ufe9b\ufefc\ufe9b\ufe94 \u0645\u0646 \u0627\u0644\u0639\u0644\u0645\u0627\u0621 \u0645\u0639 \u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a \u0623\u062d\u0627\u0648\u0644 \u0641\u064a \u0647\u0630\u0627 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0642\u0627\u0644 \u0623\u0646 \u0623\u062a\u0628\u064a\u0646 \u0643\u064a\u0641 \u062a\u0645 \u062a\u0641\u0633\u064a\u0631 \u0647\u0630\u0647 \u0627\u0644\u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0628\u0637\u0631\u0642 \u0645\u062e\u062a\u0644\u0641\u0629 \u0648\u0645\u062b\u0645\u0631\u0629 \u0645\u0639\u0627\ufe70. \u0648\u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u062c\u0632\u0621 \u0627\ufef7\u0648\u0644 \u0645\u0646 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0642\u0627\u0644 \u0646\u062d\u0644\u0644 \u0643\u064a\u0641 \u062a\u0639\u0627\u0645\u0644 \u0645\u0641\u0643\u0631\u0627\u0646 \u0645\u0646 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0627\u0636\u064a \u0647\u0645\u0627 \u0627\u0644\u063a\u0632\u0627\u0644\u064a (\u062a 1111\/505 \ufeeb) \u0648\u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0631\u0634\u062f (\u062a 1198\/59 \ufeeb) \u0645\u0639 \u0645\u0636\u0627\u0645\u064a\u0646 \u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a. \u0641\u0628\u0646\u0627\u0621 \u0639\u0644\u0649 \u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a \u0639\u0631\u0636 \u0627\u0644\u063a\u0632\u0627\u0644\u064a \u0646\u0642\u062f\u0627\ufe70 \u062d\u0635\u064a\u0641\u0627\ufe70 \u0644\u0644\u062d\u062a\u0645\u064a\u0629 \u0627\u0644\u0637\u0628\u064a\u0639\u064a\u0629 \u0648\u0627\u0642\u062a\u0631\u062d \u0623\u0646 \u062a\u0646\u0638\u0631 \ufe87\u0644\u0649 \u0627\u0644\u0648\u0636\u0639 \u0627\u0644\u0637\u0628\u064a\u0639\u064a \u0639\u0644\u0649 \u0623\u0646\u0647 \u0645\u0646\u062d\u0629 \u0625\u0644\u0647\u064a\u0629 \u062a\u062a\u062c\u062f\u062f \u0628\u0627\u0633\u062a\u0645\u0631\u0627\u0631. \u0648\u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0642\u0627\u0628\u0644 \u0631\u0641\u0636 \u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0631\u0634\u062f \u0646\u0642\u062f \u0627\u0644\u063a\u0632\u0627\u0644\u064a \u0648\u0627\u0639\u062a\u0628\u0631\u0647 \u0633\u0641\u0633\u0637\u0629 \u0648\u0642\u0627\u0644 \u0623\u0646 \u0642\u0628\u0648\u0644 \u0627\u062d\u062a\u0645\u0627\u0644 \u062a\u0639\u0637\u064a\u0644 \u0627\u0644\u0648\u0636\u0639 \u0627\u0644\u0637\u0628\u064a\u0639\u064a \u064a\u062c\u0627\u0628\u0647 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u0631\u0641\u0629 \u0627\ufef9\u0646\u0633\u0627\u0646\u064a\u0629 \u0648\u0627\u0644\u0639\u0644\u0645. \u0648\u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u062d\u0632\u0621 \u0627\u0644\u062b\u0627\u0646\u064a \u0645\u0646 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0642\u0627\u0644 \u062a\u062a\u0646\u0627\u0648\u0644 \u0628\u062f\u064a\u0639 \u0627\u0644\u0632\u0645\u0627\u0646 \u0633\u0639\u064a\u062f \u0627\u0644\u0646\u0648\u0631\u0633\u064a (1870 - 1960) \u0627\u0644\u0630\u064a \u064a\u0645\u0632\u062c \u0641\u064a \u062a\u0641\u0633\u064a\u0631\u0647 \u0628\u064a\u0646 \u0641\u0631\u0627\u0633\u0629 \u0627\u0644\u0639\u0632\u0627\u0644\u064a \u0648\u0627\u0647\u062a\u0645\u0627\u0645 \u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0631\u0634\u062f \u0628\u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u0631\u0641\u0629 \u0627\ufef9\u0646\u0633\u0627\u0646\u064a\u0629 \u0648\u0627\u0644\u0639\u0644\u0645. \u0648\u064a\u0639\u064a\u062f \u0627\u0644\u0646\u0648\u0631\u0633\u064a \u062a\u062d\u062f\u064a\u062f \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632 \u0641\u064a \u0636\u0648\u0621 \u0642\u0635\u0635 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a \u0648\u064a\u0642\u0648\u0644 \u0625\u0646\u0647\u0627 \u062a\u0630\u0643\u0631\u0646\u0627 \" \u0628\u0627\u0644\u0645\u0639\u062c\u0632\u0627\u062a \u0627\u0644\u064a\u0648\u0645\u064a\u0629 \" \u0648\u062a\u0634\u062c\u0639\u0646\u0627 \u0639\u0644\u0649 \u0627\u0644\u062a\u0642\u062f\u0645 \u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u0639\u0644\u0645 \u0648\u0627\u0644\u062a\u0643\u0646\u0648\u0644\u0648\u062c\u064a\u0627 \u0628\u0627\u0633\u0645 \u0627\u0644\u0644\u0651\u0647 .","btype":3,"date":"2011","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":38,"category_name":"Natural Philosophy","link":"bib?categories[]=Natural Philosophy"},{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"},{"id":14,"category_name":"al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b"}],"authors":[{"id":1754,"full_name":"Isra Yazicioglu","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5381,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Journal of Qur\u2019anic Studies","volume":"13","issue":"2","pages":"86\u2013108"}},"sort":["Redefining the Miraculous: al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Ibn Rushd and Said Nursi on Qur\u2019anic Miracle Stories"]}

Remarks on the Importance of Albert the Great’s Analyses and Use of the Thought of Avicenna and Averroes in the De homine for the Development of the Early Natural Epistemology of Thomas Aquinas, 2018
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Remarks on the Importance of Albert the Great’s Analyses and Use of the Thought of Avicenna and Averroes in the De homine for the Development of the Early Natural Epistemology of Thomas Aquinas
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Die Seele im Mittelalter. Von der Substanz zum funktionalen System
Pages 131–148
Categories Albert, Avicenna, Thomas, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Saint Thomas d'Aquin et les penseurs arabes. Les loquentes in lege Maurorum et leur philosophie de la nature, 1982
By: Georges C. Anawati
Title Saint Thomas d'Aquin et les penseurs arabes. Les loquentes in lege Maurorum et leur philosophie de la nature
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 1982
Published in La philosophie de la nature de Saint Thomas d'Aquin. Actes du Symposium sur la pensée de saint Thomas tenu à Rolduc les 7 et 8 nov. 1981
Pages 155–171
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aquinas
Author(s) Georges C. Anawati
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2002
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 12
Pages 111–37
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
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Translator(s)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.

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The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby, 1999
By: Graham J. McAleer
Title The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby
Type Article
Language English
Date 1999
Journal Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie
Volume 81
Pages 33–54
Categories Natural Philosophy, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Graham J. McAleer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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