Reason and No-reason from Ancient Philosophy to Neurosciences: : Old Parameters, New Perspectives, 2017
By: R. Loredana Cardullo (Ed.), Francesco Coniglione (Ed.)
Title Reason and No-reason from Ancient Philosophy to Neurosciences: : Old Parameters, New Perspectives
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place Sankt Augustin
Publisher Academia Verlag
Categories Alexander of Aphrodisias, Neoplatonism, Plato, Spinoza
Author(s) R. Loredana Cardullo , Francesco Coniglione
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The reason/no-reason conceptual pair (also declinable in the similar forms of rational/a-rational, logical/a-logical) pervades the history of Western thought from the archaic era up to contemporary times. Perceived in different historical periods and in different cultural forms either as a conflict or as a vital coexistence, the reason/no-reason pair was first theorized and legitimated as a sharp contrast in antiquity with the Pythagorean systoichiai, and at the dawn of the twentieth century it was successfully exemplified by Nietzsche through the opposition between Apollonian and Dionysian principles, which denotes respectively the harmonious, orderly, 'bright' side of the human soul, and the chaotic one, wild, instinctive, passionate, 'dark'. This volume is the outcome of the work of an international research group, which intended to cover some aspects of this dichotomy with the specific end to prove that the two sides of the human 'soul' don't contradict each other - in such a way that one excludes, ontologically and axiologically, the other - but they are rather closely interrelated and interdependent. Scholars with different expertise in the history of thought tackled diachronically some key moments of this story, from different angles and with different approaches, from ancient thought to modern neurosciences. The volume contains contributions of Krzysztof Brzechczyn (Institute of Philosophy, Adam Mickiewicz University), R. Loredana Cardullo (University of Catania), Francesco Coniglione (University of Catania), Santo Di Nuovo (University of Catania), Daniele Iozzia (University of Catania), Syliane Malinowski-Charles (Université du Québec à Trois Rivière), Concetto Martello (University of Catania), Alexandra Michalewski (Paris - Sorbonne, CNRS), Chiara Militello (University of Catania), Sebastian Moro Tornese (United Kingdom), Jean-Marc Narbonne (Laval Université, Canada), Anne Sheppard (Royal Holloway, University of London), Salvatore Vasta (University of Catania), Andrea Vella (University of Catania).

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Commentario sobre a “República”. A partir da versão Latina de Elia del Medigo, 2015
By: Anna Lia A. de Almeida Prado (Ed.), Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira (Ed.)
Title Commentario sobre a “República”. A partir da versão Latina de Elia del Medigo
Type Monograph
Language Portuguese
Date 2015
Publication Place Sao Paulo
Publisher Perspectiva
Categories Plato, Politics, Commentary, Transmission
Author(s) Anna Lia A. de Almeida Prado , Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic, 2015
By: Muhsin Mahdi
Title Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Political Philosophy and Philosophy of History: Proceedings of the Colloquium dedicated to Muhsin Mahdi
Pages 27–42
Categories Commentary, Plato, Politics
Author(s) Muhsin Mahdi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Wisdom and Power in Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic, 2015
By: Christopher Colmo
Title Wisdom and Power in Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal The Maghreb Review
Volume 40
Issue 3
Pages 308–318
Categories Commentary, Plato, Politics
Author(s) Christopher Colmo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Cambridge Platonists and Averroes, 2013
By: Sarah Hutton
Title The Cambridge Platonists and Averroes
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 197–212
Categories Plato, Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Sarah Hutton
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The ‘Averroism’ which figures in my chapter is a radically attenuated version of the philosophy of Ibn Rushd – Averroism as represented by a single doctrine imputed to the Commentator, namely the idea of a single soul, common to all human beings. The subject of my chapter has less, therefore to do with the thought of Averroes in its later reception or manifestation, and more to do with an idea of Averroism which was current in seventeenth-century England. This is particularly true of the Cambridge Platonists for whom the Averroist doctrine of the intellectus agens is the key doctrine which they associate with Averroes and which they understood as a doctrine of a ‘single soul’ or ‘common soul’. The only one of their number to offer anything like an extensive critique of Averroes was Henry More (1614–1687). Although he too was primarily concerned with the Averroistic conception of the intellectus agens, his response is distinctive for his concern with the Italian Averroists of recent times, Girolamo Cardano, Pietro Pomponazzi and Giulio Cesare Vanini. Even though the Cambridge Platonists’ views on the intellectus agens tell us more about themselves than about Averroes, their limited focus is nevertheless revealing of currents of diffusion of Averroistic ideas, and of the presence of Averroes even in the new waters of early modern philosophy. As I shall argue later, there is an important sense in which More’s partial and distorted conception of the philosophy of Ibn Rushd contributed to a new conception of the self centred on consciousness. My chapter will offer a brief survey of identifiable references to Averroes in the work the Cambridge Platonists, starting with three Emmanuel College men, John Smith (1618–1652), Nathaniel Culverwell (1619–1651) and Ralph Cudworth (1617–1688). I shall then discuss Henry More, to whom the major part of this chapter will be devoted. But before discussing the Cambridge school, a few words on the background.

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The ruler’s essential qualities in Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s „Republic“, 2013
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Title The ruler’s essential qualities in Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s „Republic“
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Dialogues on Plato's Politeia (Republic): selected papers from the Ninth Symposium Platonicum
Pages 371–376
Categories Politics, Plato, Commentary
Author(s) Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Dialogues on Plato's Politeia (Republic): selected papers from the Ninth Symposium Platonicum, 2013
By: Noburu Nōtomi (Ed.), Luc Brisson (Ed.)
Title Dialogues on Plato's Politeia (Republic): selected papers from the Ninth Symposium Platonicum
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2013
Publication Place Sankt Augustin
Publisher Academia-Verlag
Series International Plato Studies
Volume 31
Categories Plato, Politics
Author(s) Noburu Nōtomi , Luc Brisson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averróis: a arte de governar. Uma leitura aristotelizante da República, 2012
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Title Averróis: a arte de governar. Uma leitura aristotelizante da República
Type Monograph
Language Portuguese
Date 2012
Publication Place São Paulo
Publisher Perspectiva
Categories Politics, Aristotle, Plato
Author(s) Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Platão, Al-Fārābī e Averróis: as qualidades essenciais ao governante, 2011
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Title Platão, Al-Fārābī e Averróis: as qualidades essenciais ao governante
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2011
Journal Trans/Form/Ação. Revista de Filosofia da UNESP
Volume 34
Issue 1
Pages 1–20
Categories al-Fārābī, Plato, Politics
Author(s) Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The political philosophy that developed in the Islamic world between the 9th and 12th centuries assumed ideas from Greek philosophy, mainly from Plato and Aristotle. Plato's Republic and Laws, and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics were the texts that laid the foundation for the political conceptions of the Arab philosophers, from the virtues to be sought after individually, to the idea of the best political regime. Based on the Greek texts translated into Arabic, these philosophers outlined the aims of political life, and the manner in which the political regime should be structured to achieve these aims. The ideal Platonic city is the paradigm to be realized. The topic of the ruler's essential qualities is part of a long tradition which remounts to the "mirrors of the princes" of Persian origin; it also appears in the Religious tradition and in the Islamic law. Two great exponents of the Arab-islamic philosophy, Al-Fârâbî and Averroes, retrieved the topic of the ruler's essential qualities of the king-philosopher uttered in the Republic, and adapted it to their historical universe.

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تلخيص السياسة لأفلاطون [نص مطبوع] : محاورة الجمهورية طبعة جديدة مزيدة ومنقحة, 2011
By: Averroes
Title تلخيص السياسة لأفلاطون [نص مطبوع] : محاورة الجمهورية طبعة جديدة مزيدة ومنقحة
Transcription talkhīṣ al-sīasah li-Aflāṭūn [baṣṣ maṭbūʻ]: muḥāwarah ṭabiʻh jadīdah mazīdah wa munaqqaḥah
Type Monograph
Language Arabic
Date 2011
Publication Place Damaskus
Publisher dār al-farqad
Categories Plato, Politics
Author(s) Averroes
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Hassan Majīd Al-'UIbaidi

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Echoes of Averroes in Renaissance Platonism: Cardinal Bessarion, 2021
By: Jozef Matula
Title Echoes of Averroes in Renaissance Platonism: Cardinal Bessarion
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in Averroism between the 15th and 17th Century
Pages 116–150
Categories Plato, Renaissance, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Jozef Matula
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Eliyah del Medigo ve-ha-maṣoret ha-medinit ha-ʾaplaṭonit bi-tqufat ha-Renaissance. ʿIm pirṣum ha-mahadurah ha-maddaʿit šel tirgumo ha-laṭini šel del Medigo la-nuṣaḥ ha-ʿibri šel peruš Ibn Rušd la-'Medinah' le-ʾaplaṭon, 1994
By: Abraham Melamed
Title Eliyah del Medigo ve-ha-maṣoret ha-medinit ha-ʾaplaṭonit bi-tqufat ha-Renaissance. ʿIm pirṣum ha-mahadurah ha-maddaʿit šel tirgumo ha-laṭini šel del Medigo la-nuṣaḥ ha-ʿibri šel peruš Ibn Rušd la-'Medinah' le-ʾaplaṭon
Translation Eliah del Medigo and the Platonic political tradition in the Renaissance. Includes publication of the scientific edition of del Medigo's Latin translation of the Hebrew version of Averroes's commentary on Plato's 'Republic'
Type Article
Language Hebrew
Date 1994
Journal Italia
Volume 11
Pages 57–76
Categories Politics, Renaissance, Latin Averroism, Plato
Author(s) Abraham Melamed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ethics and Classical Islamic Philosophy. A Study of Averroes' Commentary on Plato's Republic, 1985
By: Charles E. Butterworth
Title Ethics and Classical Islamic Philosophy. A Study of Averroes' Commentary on Plato's Republic
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1985
Published in Ethics in Islam
Pages 17–45
Categories Ethics, Plato
Author(s) Charles E. Butterworth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ficino und Averroes. Ein vorläufiger Kommentar zu Ficinos Auseinandersetzung mit Averroes im Buch XV der Theologia Platonica, 2021
By: Thomas Leinkauf
Title Ficino und Averroes. Ein vorläufiger Kommentar zu Ficinos Auseinandersetzung mit Averroes im Buch XV der Theologia Platonica
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 2021
Published in Averroism between the 15th and 17th Century
Pages 9–79
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Plato
Author(s) Thomas Leinkauf
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Imposing Alfarabi on Plato: Averroes’s Novel Placement of the Platonic City, 2022
By: Alexander Orwin
Title Imposing Alfarabi on Plato: Averroes’s Novel Placement of the Platonic City
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 19–39
Categories al-Fārābī, Galen, Aristotle, Plato, Politics, Commentary
Author(s) Alexander Orwin
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic” goes far beyond merely commenting on the original. With the benefit of 1,500 years of hindsight, it reckons with important works of philosophy that would have been completely unknown to Plato. Averroes mentions three authors of such works by name: Galen, whom he mostly rebukes, Aristotle, and Alfarabi. It would be hasty to assert that by including such extraneous material, Averroes departs from Plato, but, at the very least, he updates him on account of historical developments. The importance of Averroes's post-Platonic additions is evident from the very structure of the work. The part of it that can plausibly claim to be a commentary on Plato does not begin until 27.24, almost seven pages into Rosenthal's Hebrew text. Averroes begins to address the subject of war, corresponding to Republic 374b, having skipped all of book 1 and the majority of book 2, with only two brief references to them in the opening section (CR 22.27–30, 23.31–33, cf. 47.29–30and 105.25–27). Averroes does not justify his omission until the very end of the work, when he states that the opening part of the Republic does not contain any of the demonstrative arguments of which his commentary is comprised (CR 105.25–27, cf. 21.4). He is more immediately forthright about the reasons for what he includes in its place. In keeping with the demonstrative focus of the work, Averroes replaces Platonic dialectic with a substantial discussion of science. Having divided practical science into two parts, one about general habits and actions and another about their implementation, Averroes explains: “Before we begin a point-by-point explanation of what is in these arguments [of Plato], we ought to mention the things pertinent to this [second] part [of practical science] and explained in the first part, that serve as foundation for what we wish to say here at the beginning” (CR 22.6–8). Averroes's introduction concerns above all the first part of political science, while the Republic proper contains only the second. Averroes attributes to Plato only a small part of the ensuing discussion, concerning justice, the division of labor, and the arrangement of the soul (CR 22.22–24.6, esp. 22.27, 23.31). The other passages are inspired by Aristotle and especially Alfarabi. Averroes appears to substitute scientific arguments from Aristotle and Alfarabi—mainly about science, philosophy, courage, and war—for Plato's dialectical introduction about justice and the founding of the just city.

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With the benefit of 1,500 years of hindsight, it reckons with important works of philosophy that would have been completely unknown to Plato. Averroes mentions three authors of such works by name: Galen, whom he mostly rebukes, Aristotle, and Alfarabi. It would be hasty to assert that by including such extraneous material, Averroes departs from Plato, but, at the very least, he updates him on account of historical developments.\r\n\r\nThe importance of Averroes's post-Platonic additions is evident from the very structure of the work. The part of it that can plausibly claim to be a commentary on Plato does not begin until 27.24, almost seven pages into Rosenthal's Hebrew text. Averroes begins to address the subject of war, corresponding to Republic 374b, having skipped all of book 1 and the majority of book 2, with only two brief references to them in the opening section (CR 22.27\u201330, 23.31\u201333, cf. 47.29\u201330and 105.25\u201327). Averroes does not justify his omission until the very end of the work, when he states that the opening part of the Republic does not contain any of the demonstrative arguments of which his commentary is comprised (CR 105.25\u201327, cf. 21.4). He is more immediately forthright about the reasons for what he includes in its place. In keeping with the demonstrative focus of the work, Averroes replaces Platonic dialectic with a substantial discussion of science. Having divided practical science into two parts, one about general habits and actions and another about their implementation, Averroes explains: \u201cBefore we begin a point-by-point explanation of what is in these arguments [of Plato], we ought to mention the things pertinent to this [second] part [of practical science] and explained in the first part, that serve as foundation for what we wish to say here at the beginning\u201d (CR 22.6\u20138). Averroes's introduction concerns above all the first part of political science, while the Republic proper contains only the second. Averroes attributes to Plato only a small part of the ensuing discussion, concerning justice, the division of labor, and the arrangement of the soul (CR 22.22\u201324.6, esp. 22.27, 23.31). The other passages are inspired by Aristotle and especially Alfarabi. Averroes appears to substitute scientific arguments from Aristotle and Alfarabi\u2014mainly about science, philosophy, courage, and war\u2014for Plato's dialectical introduction about justice and the founding of the just city.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.002","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":30,"category_name":"Galen","link":"bib?categories[]=Galen"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":20,"category_name":"Plato","link":"bib?categories[]=Plato"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":1790,"full_name":" Alexander Orwin","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5347,"section_of":5346,"pages":"19\u201339","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":["Imposing Alfarabi on Plato: Averroes\u2019s Novel Placement of the Platonic City"]}

Jewish Socratic Questions in an Age without Plato: Permitting and Forbitting OpenInquiry in 12-15th Century Europe and North Africa, 2021
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Jewish Socratic Questions in an Age without Plato: Permitting and Forbitting OpenInquiry in 12-15th Century Europe and North Africa
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2021
Publication Place Leiden
Publisher Brill
Series Maimonides Library of Philosophy and Religion
Volume 1
Categories Plato, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Yehuda Halper examines Jewish depictions of Socrates and Socratic questioning of the divine among European and North African Jews of the 12th-15th centuries. Without direct access to Plato, their understanding of Socrates is indirect, based on legendary material, on fragmentary quotations from Plato, or on Aristotle. Out of these sources, Jewish authors of this period formed two distinct views of Socrates: one as a wise, ascetic, monotheist, and the other as a vocal skeptic. The latter view has its roots in Plato's Apology where Socrates describes his divine mandate to question all knowledge, including knowledge of the divine. After exploring how this and similar questions arise in the works of Judah Halevi and the Hebrew Averroes, Halper traces how such open-questioning of the divine arises in the works of Maimonides, Jacob Anatoli, Gersonides, and Abraham Bibago.

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La recepción de la ética aristotélica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval, 2021
By: Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title La recepción de la ética aristotélica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval
Translation The reception of the Aristotelian Ethics in Averroes and its influence on trhe medieval latin world
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2021
Journal Endoxa
Volume 48
Pages 15-46
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Nicomachean ethics, Tradition and Reception, Plato, Albert, Aquinas
Author(s) Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El pensamiento ético de Averroes apenas ha sido estudiado y ello a pesar de que es el nico filósofo islámico medieval del que se conserva un Comentario a la principal obra ristotélica sobre el tema, la Ética nicomáquea. El eje del presente trabajo es precisamente un nuevo análisis de ese Comentario a través de los conceptos de eudaimonía o felicidad, philía o amistad y tò díkaion o justicia.Averroes subraya los aspectos sociales y políticos apuntados por Aristóteles llegando a considerar el gobierno de los estados uno de los objetivos de su discurso ético. Asimismo, señala la preocupación de los legisladores por buscar la concordia civil que es considerada el mayor bien en las comunidades. Hay, pues, una conexión entre ética y política. Tiene, sin embargo, la hegemonía la política.Finalmente se considera este aspecto desatendido hasta ahora en la historiografía medieval: fue gracias al pensador andalusí como se produjo en el Occidente latino la recepción de la Ética nicomáquea de Aristóteles, obra que penetró en los círculos filosóficos y también en la cultura bajomedieval. La favorable acogida de los dos rincipales teólogos cristianos de la Edad Media, Alberto Magno y Tomás de Aquino, al Comentario de Averroes, traducido al latín por un obispo, ayudó a su difusión en el mundo medieval y más tarde en el Renacimiento. The ethical thought of Averroes has hardly been studied, and this despite the fact that he is the only medieval islamic philosopher whose Commentary on the main Aristotelian work on the subject, the Nicomachean Ethics, is preserved. The axis of this paper is precisely a new analysis of this Commentary through the concepts of eudaimonía or happiness, philía or friendship and tò díkaion or justice.Averroes underlines the social and political aspects pointed out by Aristotle, considering the government of the states one of the purposes of his ethical discourse. Likewise, he asserts the concern of legislators to seek civil harmony, which is considered the highest good in the communities. There is, consequently, a connection between ethics and politics. However, politics has the hegemony.Finally, is considered this neglected aspect so far in medieval historiography: it was thanks to the Andalusian thinker that was produced in the Latin West the reception of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, a work that entered philosophical circles and also late medieval culture. The favorable reception of the two main Christian theologians of the Middle Ages, Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas, to the Commentary of Averroes, translated into Latin by a bishop, contributed to its spreading in the medieval world and later the Renaissance.

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El eje del presente trabajo es precisamente un nuevo an\u00e1lisis de ese Comentario a trav\u00e9s de los conceptos de eudaimon\u00eda o felicidad, phil\u00eda o amistad y t\u00f2 d\u00edkaion o justicia.Averroes subraya los aspectos sociales y pol\u00edticos apuntados por Arist\u00f3teles llegando a considerar el gobierno de los estados uno de los objetivos de su discurso \u00e9tico. Asimismo, se\u00f1ala la preocupaci\u00f3n de los legisladores por buscar la concordia civil que es considerada el mayor bien en las comunidades. Hay, pues, una conexi\u00f3n entre \u00e9tica y pol\u00edtica. Tiene, sin embargo, la hegemon\u00eda la pol\u00edtica.Finalmente se considera este aspecto desatendido hasta ahora en la historiograf\u00eda medieval: fue gracias al pensador andalus\u00ed como se produjo en el Occidente latino la recepci\u00f3n de la \u00c9tica nicom\u00e1quea de Arist\u00f3teles, obra que penetr\u00f3 en los c\u00edrculos filos\u00f3ficos y tambi\u00e9n en la cultura bajomedieval. La favorable acogida de los dos rincipales te\u00f3logos cristianos de la Edad Media, Alberto Magno y Tom\u00e1s de Aquino, al Comentario de Averroes, traducido al lat\u00edn por un obispo, ayud\u00f3 a su difusi\u00f3n en el mundo medieval y m\u00e1s tarde en el Renacimiento.\r\n\r\nThe ethical thought of Averroes has hardly been studied, and this despite the fact that he is the only medieval islamic philosopher whose Commentary on the main Aristotelian work on the subject, the Nicomachean Ethics, is preserved. The axis of this paper is precisely a new analysis of this Commentary through the concepts of eudaimon\u00eda or happiness, phil\u00eda or friendship and t\u00f2 d\u00edkaion or justice.Averroes underlines the social and political aspects pointed out by Aristotle, considering the government of the states one of the purposes of his ethical discourse. Likewise, he asserts the concern of legislators to seek civil harmony, which is considered the highest good in the communities. There is, consequently, a connection between ethics and politics. However, politics has the hegemony.Finally, is considered this neglected aspect so far in medieval historiography: it was thanks to the Andalusian thinker that was produced in the Latin West the reception of Aristotle\u2019s Nicomachean Ethics, a work that entered philosophical circles and also late medieval culture. The favorable reception of the two main Christian theologians of the Middle Ages, Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas, to the Commentary of Averroes, translated into Latin by a bishop, contributed to its spreading in the medieval world and later the Renaissance.","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.5944\/endoxa.48.2021 (refers to the whole volume)","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":70,"category_name":"Nicomachean ethics","link":"bib?categories[]=Nicomachean ethics"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":20,"category_name":"Plato","link":"bib?categories[]=Plato"},{"id":6,"category_name":"Albert","link":"bib?categories[]=Albert"},{"id":2,"category_name":"Aquinas","link":"bib?categories[]=Aquinas"}],"authors":[{"id":756,"full_name":"Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez Lorca","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5565,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Endoxa","volume":"48","issue":"","pages":"15-46"}},"sort":["La recepci\u00f3n de la \u00e9tica aristot\u00e9lica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval"]}

Legitimate and Illegitimate Violence in Arabic Political Philosophy: al-Fârâbî, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn, 2018
By: Miklós Maróth
Title Legitimate and Illegitimate Violence in Arabic Political Philosophy: al-Fârâbî, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Violence in Islamic Thought from the Mongols to European Imperialism
Pages 149–164
Categories al-Fārābī, Plato, Politics
Author(s) Miklós Maróth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Douglas Kries
Title Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 87–110
Categories Poetics, Politics, Plato
Author(s) Douglas Kries
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
As our title announces, the current essay will explore three subjects that, in Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” lead from one into another, almost like a short series of stepping-stones. The first part of the essay will consider the treatment of music in the Commentary, arguing that Averroes effectively reduces music to poetry. The second of the stepping-stones will show that the Commentary credits poetry with educating the young especially and in that way transforms poetry into a political art for disciplining and educating citizens. The third will take up the question of the Andalusian's extended criticism of poetry's common practice of offering pleasurable prizes and rewards for virtue and show how the Commentator applies this criticism of poetry to the very author on whom he is commenting. In pursuing all three of these questions, we will focus squarely on Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” attempting to understand that text on its own terms but against its obvious background, the Republic of Plato. Nevertheless, in pursuing the teaching of The Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” we cannot neglect the important research that has been done in recent decades on classical Islamic philosophy's understanding of Aristotle's Organon generally and of the Poetics in particular. We will therefore turn to the reports of other scholars on these aspects of Averroes, at least to the extent that such reports will be helpful in enabling us to understand better the Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” In the Republic, Plato initiates his analysis of the education of the guardians with a discussion of music in the latter portions of book 2; that discussion extends through much of book 3. Averroes's corresponding treatment of the education of the guardians through music is in the “First Treatise” of the Commentary, mostly in a relatively lengthy and isolable section that extends from 29.9 through 36.5. During his treatment of music, Plato divides his subject into three parts: “melody is composed of three things—speech, harmonic mode, and rhythm.” Averroes seems to accept this division, although he inverts the order of the three elements: “A melody occurring in a narrative is composed of three things: rhythm, harmonic mode, and the speech to which the melody is set” (34.30–31).

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Médecins et philosophes: Une histoire, 2019
By: Claire Grignon (Ed.), David Lefebvre (Ed.)
Title Médecins et philosophes: Une histoire
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2019
Publication Place Paris
Publisher CNRS
Categories Medicine, Plato, Aristotle, Galen, Renaissance
Author(s) Claire Grignon , David Lefebvre
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Depuis la séparation entre médecine et philosophie traditionnellement attribuée à Hippocrate, les relations entre ces disciplines ont toujours été intenses et parfois conflictuelles. C’est une histoire de ces rapports que proposent les quinze études réunies dans cet ouvrage, en se centrant sur quelques figures ou moments déterminants: Platon, Aristote, Galien, les écoles empirique et méthodiste, al-Rāzī, Averroès, le XVIe siècle italien, Locke, Kant, Cabanis, les philosophes-médecins de la IIIe République, Canguilhem ou encore Jaspers. Si aujourd’hui la demande adressée à la philosophie par les médecins concerne principalement l’éthique, le dialogue entre les deux disciplines a porté historiquement d’abord sur le statut épistémologique de la médecine : le meilleur médecin est-il nécessairement philosophe ? Que peut apprendre la philosophie de la méthode du médecin ? La médecine est-elle un art du cas singulier, une science ou les deux ? En s’inscrivant dans le temps long, ces études rappellent que l’institutionnalisation actuelle de la philosophie de la médecine s’accompagne parfois d’un oubli des origines historiques de la réflexion sur la médecine. Le contact avec la médecine conduisant aussi la philosophie à se souvenir qu’elle se définit comme un genre de vie, c’est la question de l’amélioration du bien-être et de la santé des hommes qui se pose alors, dans un environnement que l’introduction de techniques thérapeutiques nouvelles modifie en permanence.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5085","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5085,"authors_free":[{"id":5850,"entry_id":5085,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Claire Grignon","free_first_name":"Claire ","free_last_name":"Grignon","norm_person":null},{"id":5851,"entry_id":5085,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"David Lefebvre","free_first_name":"David","free_last_name":"Lefebvre","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"M\u00e9decins et philosophes: Une histoire","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"M\u00e9decins et philosophes: Une histoire"},"abstract":"Depuis la s\u00e9paration entre m\u00e9decine et philosophie traditionnellement attribu\u00e9e \u00e0 Hippocrate, les relations entre ces disciplines ont toujours \u00e9t\u00e9 intenses et parfois conflictuelles. C\u2019est une histoire de ces rapports que proposent les quinze \u00e9tudes r\u00e9unies dans cet ouvrage, en se centrant sur quelques figures ou moments d\u00e9terminants: Platon, Aristote, Galien, les \u00e9coles empirique et m\u00e9thodiste, al-R\u0101z\u012b, Averro\u00e8s, le XVIe si\u00e8cle italien, Locke, Kant, Cabanis, les philosophes-m\u00e9decins de la IIIe R\u00e9publique, Canguilhem ou encore Jaspers.\r\nSi aujourd\u2019hui la demande adress\u00e9e \u00e0 la philosophie par les m\u00e9decins concerne principalement l\u2019\u00e9thique, le dialogue entre les deux disciplines a port\u00e9 historiquement d\u2019abord sur le statut \u00e9pist\u00e9mologique de la m\u00e9decine : le meilleur m\u00e9decin est-il n\u00e9cessairement philosophe ? Que peut apprendre la philosophie de la m\u00e9thode du m\u00e9decin ? La m\u00e9decine est-elle un art du cas singulier, une science ou les deux ?\r\nEn s\u2019inscrivant dans le temps long, ces \u00e9tudes rappellent que l\u2019institutionnalisation actuelle de la philosophie de la m\u00e9decine s\u2019accompagne parfois d\u2019un oubli des origines historiques de la r\u00e9flexion sur la m\u00e9decine. Le contact avec la m\u00e9decine conduisant aussi la philosophie \u00e0 se souvenir qu\u2019elle se d\u00e9finit comme un genre de vie, c\u2019est la question de l\u2019am\u00e9lioration du bien-\u00eatre et de la sant\u00e9 des hommes qui se pose alors, dans un environnement que l\u2019introduction de techniques th\u00e9rapeutiques nouvelles modifie en permanence.","btype":4,"date":"2019","language":null,"online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":29,"category_name":"Medicine","link":"bib?categories[]=Medicine"},{"id":20,"category_name":"Plato","link":"bib?categories[]=Plato"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":30,"category_name":"Galen","link":"bib?categories[]=Galen"},{"id":5,"category_name":"Renaissance","link":"bib?categories[]=Renaissance"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5085,"pubplace":"Paris","publisher":"CNRS","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["M\u00e9decins et philosophes: Une histoire"]}

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