Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Douglas Kries
Title Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 87–110
Categories Poetics, Politics, Plato
Author(s) Douglas Kries
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
As our title announces, the current essay will explore three subjects that, in Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” lead from one into another, almost like a short series of stepping-stones. The first part of the essay will consider the treatment of music in the Commentary, arguing that Averroes effectively reduces music to poetry. The second of the stepping-stones will show that the Commentary credits poetry with educating the young especially and in that way transforms poetry into a political art for disciplining and educating citizens. The third will take up the question of the Andalusian's extended criticism of poetry's common practice of offering pleasurable prizes and rewards for virtue and show how the Commentator applies this criticism of poetry to the very author on whom he is commenting. In pursuing all three of these questions, we will focus squarely on Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” attempting to understand that text on its own terms but against its obvious background, the Republic of Plato. Nevertheless, in pursuing the teaching of The Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” we cannot neglect the important research that has been done in recent decades on classical Islamic philosophy's understanding of Aristotle's Organon generally and of the Poetics in particular. We will therefore turn to the reports of other scholars on these aspects of Averroes, at least to the extent that such reports will be helpful in enabling us to understand better the Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” In the Republic, Plato initiates his analysis of the education of the guardians with a discussion of music in the latter portions of book 2; that discussion extends through much of book 3. Averroes's corresponding treatment of the education of the guardians through music is in the “First Treatise” of the Commentary, mostly in a relatively lengthy and isolable section that extends from 29.9 through 36.5. During his treatment of music, Plato divides his subject into three parts: “melody is composed of three things—speech, harmonic mode, and rhythm.” Averroes seems to accept this division, although he inverts the order of the three elements: “A melody occurring in a narrative is composed of three things: rhythm, harmonic mode, and the speech to which the melody is set” (34.30–31).

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5350","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5350,"authors_free":[{"id":6200,"entry_id":5350,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Douglas Kries","free_first_name":"Douglas","free_last_name":"Kries","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"},"abstract":"As our title announces, the current essay will explore three subjects that, in Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic,\u201d lead from one into another, almost like a short series of stepping-stones. The first part of the essay will consider the treatment of music in the Commentary, arguing that Averroes effectively reduces music to poetry. The second of the stepping-stones will show that the Commentary credits poetry with educating the young especially and in that way transforms poetry into a political art for disciplining and educating citizens. The third will take up the question of the Andalusian's extended criticism of poetry's common practice of offering pleasurable prizes and rewards for virtue and show how the Commentator applies this criticism of poetry to the very author on whom he is commenting. In pursuing all three of these questions, we will focus squarely on Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic,\u201d attempting to understand that text on its own terms but against its obvious background, the Republic of Plato. Nevertheless, in pursuing the teaching of The Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic,\u201d we cannot neglect the important research that has been done in recent decades on classical Islamic philosophy's understanding of Aristotle's Organon generally and of the Poetics in particular. We will therefore turn to the reports of other scholars on these aspects of Averroes, at least to the extent that such reports will be helpful in enabling us to understand better the Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic.\u201d\r\n\r\nIn the Republic, Plato initiates his analysis of the education of the guardians with a discussion of music in the latter portions of book 2; that discussion extends through much of book 3. Averroes's corresponding treatment of the education of the guardians through music is in the \u201cFirst Treatise\u201d of the Commentary, mostly in a relatively lengthy and isolable section that extends from 29.9 through 36.5. During his treatment of music, Plato divides his subject into three parts: \u201cmelody is composed of three things\u2014speech, harmonic mode, and rhythm.\u201d Averroes seems to accept this division, although he inverts the order of the three elements: \u201cA melody occurring in a narrative is composed of three things: rhythm, harmonic mode, and the speech to which the melody is set\u201d (34.30\u201331).","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.005","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"},{"id":20,"category_name":"Plato","link":"bib?categories[]=Plato"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5350,"section_of":5346,"pages":"87\u2013110","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

Wonder in Aristotelian Arabic Poetics, 2020
By: Lara Harb
Title Wonder in Aristotelian Arabic Poetics
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2020
Published in Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature
Pages 75–134
Categories al-Fārābī, Avicenna, Poetics
Author(s) Lara Harb
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Chapter 2 demonstrates that a similar shift took place in the reception of Aristotle’s Poetics in Arabic. Arabic philosophy was faced with the problem of making sense of the poetic as a type of syllogism, since it inherited a classification of Aristotle’s treatise as part of his books on logic (the Organon). While initial attempts in late antiquity distinguished the poetic from other types of syllogism based on its falsehood, Arabic philosophy, especially with Avicenna (d. 1037), decoupled the poetic from truth and falsehood and distinguished the kind of conclusion that one attains through the poetic syllogism as “make-believe” (takhyīl). This new solution shifted the assessment of the poetic from a statement’s truth and falsehood to its ability to conjure a make-believe image. This process was also expected to allow for an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener according to the philosophers. While Aristotle discussed wonder as resulting from manipulations of a tragic plot, Arabic philosophy developed a theory of wonder resulting from the verbal arts, especially simile and metaphor. The chapter follows the development of these ideas in the works of Averroes (d. 1198), al-Qarṭājannī (d. 1285), and al-Sijilmāsi (d. c. 1330).

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5364","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5364,"authors_free":[{"id":6215,"entry_id":5364,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1796,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Lara Harb","free_first_name":"Lara","free_last_name":"Harb","norm_person":{"id":1796,"first_name":"Lara","last_name":"Harb","full_name":"Lara Harb","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"https:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1210514850","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Lara Harb"}}],"entry_title":"Wonder in Aristotelian Arabic Poetics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Wonder in Aristotelian Arabic Poetics"},"abstract":"Chapter 2 demonstrates that a similar shift took place in the reception of Aristotle\u2019s Poetics in Arabic. Arabic philosophy was faced with the problem of making sense of the poetic as a type of syllogism, since it inherited a classification of Aristotle\u2019s treatise as part of his books on logic (the Organon). While initial attempts in late antiquity distinguished the poetic from other types of syllogism based on its falsehood, Arabic philosophy, especially with Avicenna (d. 1037), decoupled the poetic from truth and falsehood and distinguished the kind of conclusion that one attains through the poetic syllogism as \u201cmake-believe\u201d (takhy\u012bl). This new solution shifted the assessment of the poetic from a statement\u2019s truth and falsehood to its ability to conjure a make-believe image. This process was also expected to allow for an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener according to the philosophers. While Aristotle discussed wonder as resulting from manipulations of a tragic plot, Arabic philosophy developed a theory of wonder resulting from the verbal arts, especially simile and metaphor. The chapter follows the development of these ideas in the works of Averroes (d. 1198), al-Qar\u1e6d\u0101jann\u012b (d. 1285), and al-Sijilm\u0101si (d. c. 1330).","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781108780483.004","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[{"id":1796,"full_name":"Lara Harb","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5364,"section_of":5363,"pages":"75\u2013134","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5363,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":1,"language":"en","title":"Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"What makes language beautiful? Arabic Poetics offers an answer to what this pertinent question looked like at the height of the Islamic civilization. In this novel argument, Lara Harb suggests that literary quality depended on the ability of linguistic expression to produce an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener. Analyzing theories of how rhetorical figures, simile, metaphor, and sentence construction are able to achieve this effect of wonder, Harb shows how this aesthetic theory, first articulated at the turn of the eleventh century CE, represented a major paradigm shift from earlier Arabic criticism which based its judgement on criteria of truthfulness and naturalness. In doing so, this study poses a major challenge to the misconception in modern scholarship that Arabic criticism was 'traditionalist' or 'static', exposing an elegant widespread conceptual framework of literary beauty in the post-eleventh-century Islamicate world which is central to poetic criticism, the interpretation of Aristotle's Poetics in Arabic philosophy and the rationale underlying discussions about the inimitability of the Quran.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781108780483","book":{"id":5363,"pubplace":"Cambridge","publisher":"Cambridge University Press","series":"Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6214,"entry_id":5363,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Lara Harb","free_first_name":"Lara","free_last_name":"Harb","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature, 2020
By: Lara Harb
Title Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Cambridge
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Series Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization
Categories Poetics
Author(s) Lara Harb
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
What makes language beautiful? Arabic Poetics offers an answer to what this pertinent question looked like at the height of the Islamic civilization. In this novel argument, Lara Harb suggests that literary quality depended on the ability of linguistic expression to produce an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener. Analyzing theories of how rhetorical figures, simile, metaphor, and sentence construction are able to achieve this effect of wonder, Harb shows how this aesthetic theory, first articulated at the turn of the eleventh century CE, represented a major paradigm shift from earlier Arabic criticism which based its judgement on criteria of truthfulness and naturalness. In doing so, this study poses a major challenge to the misconception in modern scholarship that Arabic criticism was 'traditionalist' or 'static', exposing an elegant widespread conceptual framework of literary beauty in the post-eleventh-century Islamicate world which is central to poetic criticism, the interpretation of Aristotle's Poetics in Arabic philosophy and the rationale underlying discussions about the inimitability of the Quran.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5363","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5363,"authors_free":[{"id":6214,"entry_id":5363,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Lara Harb","free_first_name":"Lara","free_last_name":"Harb","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature"},"abstract":"What makes language beautiful? Arabic Poetics offers an answer to what this pertinent question looked like at the height of the Islamic civilization. In this novel argument, Lara Harb suggests that literary quality depended on the ability of linguistic expression to produce an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener. Analyzing theories of how rhetorical figures, simile, metaphor, and sentence construction are able to achieve this effect of wonder, Harb shows how this aesthetic theory, first articulated at the turn of the eleventh century CE, represented a major paradigm shift from earlier Arabic criticism which based its judgement on criteria of truthfulness and naturalness. In doing so, this study poses a major challenge to the misconception in modern scholarship that Arabic criticism was 'traditionalist' or 'static', exposing an elegant widespread conceptual framework of literary beauty in the post-eleventh-century Islamicate world which is central to poetic criticism, the interpretation of Aristotle's Poetics in Arabic philosophy and the rationale underlying discussions about the inimitability of the Quran.","btype":1,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781108780483","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5363,"pubplace":"Cambridge","publisher":"Cambridge University Press","series":"Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

Averroës's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing, 2020
By: Hernán Martínez Millán
Title Averroës's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Variaciones Borges
Volume 49
Pages 257-282
Categories Borges, Poetics, Commentary
Author(s) Hernán Martínez Millán
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5405","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5405,"authors_free":[{"id":6266,"entry_id":5405,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Hern\u00e1n Mart\u00ednez Mill\u00e1n ","free_first_name":"Hern\u00e1n","free_last_name":"Mart\u00ednez Mill\u00e1n ","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averro\u00ebs's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averro\u00ebs's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"https:\/\/www.jstor.org\/stable\/27034385","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":34,"category_name":"Borges","link":"bib?categories[]=Borges"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5405,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Variaciones Borges","volume":"49","issue":"","pages":"257-282"}},"sort":[2020]}

Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry, 2015
By: Francesca Forte
Title Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 287–296
Categories Aristotle, Poetics, Commentary, Logic, Politics
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes’ aesthetical reflection of Aristotle’s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon – and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric –, in the commentaries on Plato’s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5240","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5240,"authors_free":[{"id":6049,"entry_id":5240,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Francesca Forte","free_first_name":"Francesca","free_last_name":"Forte","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry"},"abstract":"The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes\u2019 aesthetical reflection of Aristotle\u2019s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon \u2013 and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric \u2013, in the commentaries on Plato\u2019s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.","btype":3,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/J.QUAESTIO.5.108604","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5240,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Quaestio","volume":"15","issue":"","pages":"287\u2013296"}},"sort":[2015]}

Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî con note, 2012
By: Averroes, Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî, Lasinio Fausto (Ed.)
Title Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî con note
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2012
Publication Place Whitefish MT
Publisher Kessinger Legacy Reprints
Categories Poetics
Author(s) Averroes , Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî , Lasinio Fausto
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1814","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1814,"authors_free":[{"id":2098,"entry_id":1814,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":null,"free_last_name":null,"norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}},{"id":2099,"entry_id":1814,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":591,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee","free_first_name":"T\u00f4dr\u00f4s","free_last_name":"T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee","norm_person":{"id":591,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Todros Todrosi","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/106825307X","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97223646","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Todros Todrosi"}},{"id":2100,"entry_id":1814,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1514,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Lasinio Fausto","free_first_name":"Lasinio","free_last_name":"Fausto","norm_person":{"id":1514,"first_name":"Lasinio","last_name":"Fausto","full_name":"Lasinio Fausto","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/116748222","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/74611532","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd116748222.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Lasinio Fausto"}}],"entry_title":"Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee con note","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee con note"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2012","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1},{"id":591,"full_name":"Todros Todrosi","role":1},{"id":1514,"full_name":"Lasinio Fausto","role":2}],"works":[{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"}],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1814,"pubplace":"Whitefish MT","publisher":"Kessinger Legacy Reprints","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2012]}

Translating Catharsis: Aristotle and Averroës, the Scholastics and the Basochiens, 2012
By: Noah D. Guynn
Title Translating Catharsis: Aristotle and Averroës, the Scholastics and the Basochiens
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2012
Published in Rethinking Medieval Translation: Ethics, Politics, Theory
Pages 84–106
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Transmission, Poetics
Author(s) Noah D. Guynn
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This essay investigates translation, aesthetics and performance in the long Middle Ages, with particular emphasis on the transmission of Aristotle and the politics of festive drama: plays staged in public spaces for heterogeneous audiences during religious holidays. My main interest is κάθαρσις (katharsis), an abstruse term from the Poetics and Politics that gets translated and deployed in diverse, often incompatible ways by premodern and modern scholars and that has been used, both implicitly and explicitly, to account for the dynamics of performance and ritual in medieval festive settings. Though the Politics was widely available in Latin translation from 1260 on, its references to catharsis pertain mostly to musical aesthetics, and medieval intellectuals do not seem to have drawn from it a theory of theatrical reception. As for the Poetics, it was known almost exclusively through Averroës's Middle Commentary (1175), which Hermannus Alemannus translated into Latin in 1256. Having no understanding of Greek tragedy as theatre, Averroës, in keeping with previous Arabic readings of Aristotle, reorients the Poetics away from aesthetics towards logic. That tradition renders mimesis as the use of imaginative representations to move audiences unable to grasp more conclusive forms of reasoning to embrace the good.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5369","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5369,"authors_free":[{"id":6221,"entry_id":5369,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Noah D. Guynn","free_first_name":"Noah D.","free_last_name":"Guynn","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Translating Catharsis: Aristotle and Averro\u00ebs, the Scholastics and the Basochiens","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Translating Catharsis: Aristotle and Averro\u00ebs, the Scholastics and the Basochiens"},"abstract":"This essay investigates translation, aesthetics and performance in the long Middle Ages, with particular emphasis on the transmission of Aristotle and the politics of festive drama: plays staged in public spaces for heterogeneous audiences during religious holidays. My main interest is \u03ba\u03ac\u03b8\u03b1\u03c1\u03c3\u03b9\u03c2 (katharsis), an abstruse term from the Poetics and Politics that gets translated and deployed in diverse, often incompatible ways by premodern and modern scholars and that has been used, both implicitly and explicitly, to account for the dynamics of performance and ritual in medieval festive settings. Though the Politics was widely available in Latin translation from 1260 on, its references to catharsis pertain mostly to musical aesthetics, and medieval intellectuals do not seem to have drawn from it a theory of theatrical reception. As for the Poetics, it was known almost exclusively through Averro\u00ebs's Middle Commentary (1175), which Hermannus Alemannus translated into Latin in 1256. Having no understanding of Greek tragedy as theatre, Averro\u00ebs, in keeping with previous Arabic readings of Aristotle, reorients the Poetics away from aesthetics towards logic. That tradition renders mimesis as the use of imaginative representations to move audiences unable to grasp more conclusive forms of reasoning to embrace the good.","btype":2,"date":"2012","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":40,"category_name":"Transmission","link":"bib?categories[]=Transmission"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5369,"section_of":5368,"pages":"84\u2013106","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5368,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Rethinking Medieval Translation: Ethics, Politics, Theory","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2012","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"\u2018Engaging and informative to read, challenging in its assertions, and provocative in the best way, inviting the reader to sift, correlate and reflect on the broader applicability of points made in reference to a specific text or exchange.\u2019 Professor Carolyne P. Collette, Mount Holyoke College. Medieval notions of \u2018translatio\u2019 raise issues that have since been debated in contemporary translation studies concerning the translator's role as interpreter or author; the ability of translation to reinforce or unsettle linguistic or political dominance; and translation's capacity for establishing cultural contact, or participating in cultural appropriation or effacement. This collection puts these ethical and political issues centre stage, asking whether questions currently being posed by theorists of translation need rethinking or revising when brought into dialogue with medieval examples. Contributors explore translation - as a practice, a necessity, an impossibility and a multi-media form - through multiple perspectives on language, theory, dissemination and cultural transmission. Exploring texts, authors, languages and genres not often brought together in a single volume, individual essays focus on topics such as the politics of multilingualism, the role of translation in conflict situations, the translator's invisibility, hospitality, untranslatability and the limits of translation as a category. Emma Campbell is Associate Professor in French at the University of Warwick; Robert Mills is Lecturer in History of Art at University College London. Contributors: William Burgwinkle, Ardis Butterfield, Emma Campbell, Marilynn Desmond, Simon Gaunt, Jane Gilbert, Miranda Griffin, Noah D. Guynn, Catherine L\u00e9glu, Robert Mills, Zrinka Stahuljak, Luke Sunderland","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5368,"pubplace":"","publisher":"Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6219,"entry_id":5368,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Emma Campbell","free_first_name":"Emma","free_last_name":"Campbell","norm_person":null},{"id":6220,"entry_id":5368,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Robert Mills","free_first_name":"Robert","free_last_name":"Mills","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2012]}

Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete, 2011
By: Aristotle, Averroes, Fridericus Heidenhain (Ed.),
Title Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2011
Publisher Nabu Press
Series Jahrbücher für classische Philologie
Volume 17
Categories Poetics, Logic
Author(s) Aristotle , Averroes , Fridericus Heidenhain ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Jacob Mantinus

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1885","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1885,"authors_free":[{"id":2267,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":72,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Aristotle","free_first_name":null,"free_last_name":null,"norm_person":{"id":72,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Aristotle","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118650130","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/7524651","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd118650130.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Aristotle"}},{"id":2268,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":null,"free_last_name":null,"norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}},{"id":2269,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1544,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Fridericus Heidenhain","free_first_name":"Fridericus","free_last_name":"Heidenhain","norm_person":{"id":1544,"first_name":"Fridericus","last_name":"Heidenhain","full_name":"Fridericus Heidenhain","short_ident":"FriHei","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fridericus Heidenhain"}},{"id":2270,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":282,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":3,"role_name":"translator"},"free_name":"Jacob Mantinus","free_first_name":"Jacob","free_last_name":"Mantinus","norm_person":{"id":282,"first_name":"Jacob","last_name":"Mantino","full_name":"Jacob Mantino","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/119752476","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/66824097","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jacob Mantino"}}],"entry_title":"Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2011","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"}],"authors":[{"id":72,"full_name":"Aristotle","role":1},{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1},{"id":1544,"full_name":"Fridericus Heidenhain","role":2}],"works":[{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"},{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"},{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"},{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"}],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1885,"pubplace":null,"publisher":"Nabu Press","series":"Jahrb\u00fccher f\u00fcr classische Philologie","volume":"17","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2011]}

Uno strano caso di “translatio studii”. La “Poetica” di Aristotele dal mondo arabo al mondo latino, 2011
By: Francesca Forte
Title Uno strano caso di “translatio studii”. La “Poetica” di Aristotele dal mondo arabo al mondo latino
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2011
Published in L’antichità classica nel pensiero medievale
Pages 131–147
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception, Poetics
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5312","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5312,"authors_free":[{"id":6143,"entry_id":5312,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Francesca Forte","free_first_name":"Francesca","free_last_name":"Forte","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Uno strano caso di \u201ctranslatio studii\u201d. La \u201cPoetica\u201d di Aristotele dal mondo arabo al mondo latino","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Uno strano caso di \u201ctranslatio studii\u201d. La \u201cPoetica\u201d di Aristotele dal mondo arabo al mondo latino"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2011","language":"Italian","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5312,"section_of":5311,"pages":"131\u2013147","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5311,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"L\u2019antichit\u00e0 classica nel pensiero medievale","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2011","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5311,"pubplace":"Porto, Turnhout","publisher":"F\u00e9d\u00e9ration Internationale des Instituts d'\u00c9tudes M\u00e9di\u00e9vales, Brepols","series":"Textes et \u00e9tudes du Moyen \u00e2ge ","volume":"61","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2011]}

شرح ابن رشد لأرجوزة ابن سينا في الطب ‬, 2011
By: Averroes
Title شرح ابن رشد لأرجوزة ابن سينا في الطب ‬
Transcription sharḥ Ibn Rushd li-urjūza Ibn Sīnā al-ṭib
Type Monograph
Language Arabic
Date 2011
Publication Place Algier
Publisher sharika dār al-umma
Categories Avicenna, Poetics, Commentary
Author(s) Averroes
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5392","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5392,"authors_free":[{"id":6249,"entry_id":5392,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":"","free_last_name":"","norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}}],"entry_title":"\u0634\u0631\u062d \u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0631\u0634\u062f \u0644\u0623\u0631\u062c\u0648\u0632\u0629 \u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0633\u064a\u0646\u0627 \u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u0637\u0628 \u202c","title_transcript":"shar\u1e25 Ibn Rushd li-urj\u016bza Ibn S\u012bn\u0101 al-\u1e6dib ","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"\u0634\u0631\u062d \u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0631\u0634\u062f \u0644\u0623\u0631\u062c\u0648\u0632\u0629 \u0627\u0628\u0646 \u0633\u064a\u0646\u0627 \u0641\u064a \u0627\u0644\u0637\u0628 \u202c"},"abstract":"","btype":1,"date":"2011","language":"Arabic","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5392,"pubplace":"Algier","publisher":"sharika d\u0101r al-umma","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":[2011]}

Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature, 2020
By: Lara Harb
Title Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Cambridge
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Series Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization
Categories Poetics
Author(s) Lara Harb
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
What makes language beautiful? Arabic Poetics offers an answer to what this pertinent question looked like at the height of the Islamic civilization. In this novel argument, Lara Harb suggests that literary quality depended on the ability of linguistic expression to produce an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener. Analyzing theories of how rhetorical figures, simile, metaphor, and sentence construction are able to achieve this effect of wonder, Harb shows how this aesthetic theory, first articulated at the turn of the eleventh century CE, represented a major paradigm shift from earlier Arabic criticism which based its judgement on criteria of truthfulness and naturalness. In doing so, this study poses a major challenge to the misconception in modern scholarship that Arabic criticism was 'traditionalist' or 'static', exposing an elegant widespread conceptual framework of literary beauty in the post-eleventh-century Islamicate world which is central to poetic criticism, the interpretation of Aristotle's Poetics in Arabic philosophy and the rationale underlying discussions about the inimitability of the Quran.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5363","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5363,"authors_free":[{"id":6214,"entry_id":5363,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Lara Harb","free_first_name":"Lara","free_last_name":"Harb","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature"},"abstract":"What makes language beautiful? Arabic Poetics offers an answer to what this pertinent question looked like at the height of the Islamic civilization. In this novel argument, Lara Harb suggests that literary quality depended on the ability of linguistic expression to produce an experience of discovery and wonder in the listener. Analyzing theories of how rhetorical figures, simile, metaphor, and sentence construction are able to achieve this effect of wonder, Harb shows how this aesthetic theory, first articulated at the turn of the eleventh century CE, represented a major paradigm shift from earlier Arabic criticism which based its judgement on criteria of truthfulness and naturalness. In doing so, this study poses a major challenge to the misconception in modern scholarship that Arabic criticism was 'traditionalist' or 'static', exposing an elegant widespread conceptual framework of literary beauty in the post-eleventh-century Islamicate world which is central to poetic criticism, the interpretation of Aristotle's Poetics in Arabic philosophy and the rationale underlying discussions about the inimitability of the Quran.","btype":1,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781108780483","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":5363,"pubplace":"Cambridge","publisher":"Cambridge University Press","series":"Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["Arabic Poetics: Aesthetic Experience in Classical Arabic Literature"]}

Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes's Commentary, 2001
By: Salim Kemal
Title Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes's Commentary
Type Article
Language English
Date 2001
Journal Journal of Value Inquiry
Volume 35
Pages 391–412
Categories Poetics
Author(s) Salim Kemal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"735","_score":null,"_source":{"id":735,"authors_free":[{"id":894,"entry_id":735,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":927,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Salim Kemal","free_first_name":"Salim","free_last_name":"Kemal","norm_person":{"id":927,"first_name":"Salim","last_name":"Kemal","full_name":"Salim Kemal","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/113359926","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/71419307","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Salim Kemal"}}],"entry_title":"Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes's Commentary"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"2001","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[{"id":927,"full_name":"Salim Kemal","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":735,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Journal of Value Inquiry","volume":"35","issue":null,"pages":"391\u2013412"}},"sort":["Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes's Commentary"]}

Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry, 2015
By: Francesca Forte
Title Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 287–296
Categories Aristotle, Poetics, Commentary, Logic, Politics
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes’ aesthetical reflection of Aristotle’s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon – and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric –, in the commentaries on Plato’s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5240","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5240,"authors_free":[{"id":6049,"entry_id":5240,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Francesca Forte","free_first_name":"Francesca","free_last_name":"Forte","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry"},"abstract":"The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes\u2019 aesthetical reflection of Aristotle\u2019s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon \u2013 and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric \u2013, in the commentaries on Plato\u2019s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.","btype":3,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/J.QUAESTIO.5.108604","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5240,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Quaestio","volume":"15","issue":"","pages":"287\u2013296"}},"sort":["Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry"]}

Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete, 2011
By: Aristotle, Averroes, Fridericus Heidenhain (Ed.),
Title Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2011
Publisher Nabu Press
Series Jahrbücher für classische Philologie
Volume 17
Categories Poetics, Logic
Author(s) Aristotle , Averroes , Fridericus Heidenhain ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Jacob Mantinus

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1885","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1885,"authors_free":[{"id":2267,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":72,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Aristotle","free_first_name":null,"free_last_name":null,"norm_person":{"id":72,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Aristotle","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118650130","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/7524651","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd118650130.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Aristotle"}},{"id":2268,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":null,"free_last_name":null,"norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}},{"id":2269,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1544,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Fridericus Heidenhain","free_first_name":"Fridericus","free_last_name":"Heidenhain","norm_person":{"id":1544,"first_name":"Fridericus","last_name":"Heidenhain","full_name":"Fridericus Heidenhain","short_ident":"FriHei","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fridericus Heidenhain"}},{"id":2270,"entry_id":1885,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":282,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":3,"role_name":"translator"},"free_name":"Jacob Mantinus","free_first_name":"Jacob","free_last_name":"Mantinus","norm_person":{"id":282,"first_name":"Jacob","last_name":"Mantino","full_name":"Jacob Mantino","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/119752476","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/66824097","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jacob Mantino"}}],"entry_title":"Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2011","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"}],"authors":[{"id":72,"full_name":"Aristotle","role":1},{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1},{"id":1544,"full_name":"Fridericus Heidenhain","role":2}],"works":[{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"},{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"},{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"},{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"}],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1885,"pubplace":null,"publisher":"Nabu Press","series":"Jahrb\u00fccher f\u00fcr classische Philologie","volume":"17","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["Averrois paraphrasis in librum Poeticae Aristotelis. Iacob Mantino Hispano Hebraeo medico interprete"]}

Averroës's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing, 2020
By: Hernán Martínez Millán
Title Averroës's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Variaciones Borges
Volume 49
Pages 257-282
Categories Borges, Poetics, Commentary
Author(s) Hernán Martínez Millán
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5405","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5405,"authors_free":[{"id":6266,"entry_id":5405,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Hern\u00e1n Mart\u00ednez Mill\u00e1n ","free_first_name":"Hern\u00e1n","free_last_name":"Mart\u00ednez Mill\u00e1n ","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averro\u00ebs's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averro\u00ebs's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"https:\/\/www.jstor.org\/stable\/27034385","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":34,"category_name":"Borges","link":"bib?categories[]=Borges"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5405,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Variaciones Borges","volume":"49","issue":"","pages":"257-282"}},"sort":["Averro\u00ebs's Search: The Aesthetics of Failure as a Starting Point for Writing"]}

Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî con note, 2012
By: Averroes, Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî, Lasinio Fausto (Ed.)
Title Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî con note
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2012
Publication Place Whitefish MT
Publisher Kessinger Legacy Reprints
Categories Poetics
Author(s) Averroes , Tôdrôs Tôdrôsî , Lasinio Fausto
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1814","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1814,"authors_free":[{"id":2098,"entry_id":1814,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":85,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Averroes","free_first_name":null,"free_last_name":null,"norm_person":{"id":85,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Averroes","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/118505238","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/19688718","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/gnd118505238.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Averroes"}},{"id":2099,"entry_id":1814,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":591,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee","free_first_name":"T\u00f4dr\u00f4s","free_last_name":"T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee","norm_person":{"id":591,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Todros Todrosi","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/106825307X","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97223646","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Todros Todrosi"}},{"id":2100,"entry_id":1814,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1514,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Lasinio Fausto","free_first_name":"Lasinio","free_last_name":"Fausto","norm_person":{"id":1514,"first_name":"Lasinio","last_name":"Fausto","full_name":"Lasinio Fausto","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/116748222","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/74611532","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd116748222.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Lasinio Fausto"}}],"entry_title":"Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee con note","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee con note"},"abstract":null,"btype":1,"date":"2012","language":null,"online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[{"id":85,"full_name":"Averroes","role":1},{"id":591,"full_name":"Todros Todrosi","role":1},{"id":1514,"full_name":"Lasinio Fausto","role":2}],"works":[{"id":10,"aw_title":"Middle Commentary on the Poetics"}],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":{"id":1814,"pubplace":"Whitefish MT","publisher":"Kessinger Legacy Reprints","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"booksection":null,"article":null},"sort":["Il Commento Medio di Averroe alla Poetica di Aristotele , Part 1-2. Per la Prima Volta Pubblicato in Arabo e in Ebraico e retracto in Italiano da Fausto Lasinio - La Versione Ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee. Parte prima: Il testo arabo con note e appendice. Parte seconda: La versione ebraica di T\u00f4dr\u00f4s T\u00f4dr\u00f4s\u00ee con note"]}

Il Commento medio di Averroè alla Poetica aristotelica. Elementi di poetica medievale comparata arabo-islamica e latino-cristiana, 2004
By: Giovanna Lelli
Title Il Commento medio di Averroè alla Poetica aristotelica. Elementi di poetica medievale comparata arabo-islamica e latino-cristiana
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2004
Published in Averroes and the Aristotelian Heritage
Pages 175–188
Categories Poetics, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Giovanna Lelli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"737","_score":null,"_source":{"id":737,"authors_free":[{"id":896,"entry_id":737,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":928,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Giovanna Lelli","free_first_name":"Giovanna","free_last_name":"Lelli","norm_person":{"id":928,"first_name":"Giovanna","last_name":"Lelli","full_name":"Giovanna Lelli","short_ident":"GioLel","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Giovanna Lelli"}}],"entry_title":"Il Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica aristotelica. Elementi di poetica medievale comparata arabo-islamica e latino-cristiana","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Il Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica aristotelica. Elementi di poetica medievale comparata arabo-islamica e latino-cristiana"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2004","language":"Italian","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":7,"category_name":"Latin Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Latin Averroism"}],"authors":[{"id":928,"full_name":"Giovanna Lelli","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":737,"section_of":40,"pages":"175\u2013188","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":40,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroes and the Aristotelian Heritage","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2004","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2004","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":40,"pubplace":"Naples","publisher":"Guida Editori","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Il Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica aristotelica. Elementi di poetica medievale comparata arabo-islamica e latino-cristiana"]}

Il ridicolo nel Commento medio di Averroè alla Poetica di Aristotele, 2004
By: Paolo Cosenza
Title Il ridicolo nel Commento medio di Averroè alla Poetica di Aristotele
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2004
Published in Averroes and the Aristotelian Heritage
Pages 149–158
Categories Poetics
Author(s) Paolo Cosenza
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"731","_score":null,"_source":{"id":731,"authors_free":[{"id":890,"entry_id":731,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":925,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Paolo Cosenza","free_first_name":"Paolo","free_last_name":"Cosenza","norm_person":{"id":925,"first_name":"Paolo","last_name":"Cosenza","full_name":"Paolo Cosenza","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1041289626","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/64029173","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Paolo Cosenza"}}],"entry_title":"Il ridicolo nel Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica di Aristotele","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Il ridicolo nel Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica di Aristotele"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2004","language":"Italian","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"}],"authors":[{"id":925,"full_name":"Paolo Cosenza","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":731,"section_of":40,"pages":"149\u2013158","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":40,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroes and the Aristotelian Heritage","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2004","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2004","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":40,"pubplace":"Naples","publisher":"Guida Editori","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Il ridicolo nel Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica di Aristotele"]}

Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Douglas Kries
Title Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 87–110
Categories Poetics, Politics, Plato
Author(s) Douglas Kries
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
As our title announces, the current essay will explore three subjects that, in Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” lead from one into another, almost like a short series of stepping-stones. The first part of the essay will consider the treatment of music in the Commentary, arguing that Averroes effectively reduces music to poetry. The second of the stepping-stones will show that the Commentary credits poetry with educating the young especially and in that way transforms poetry into a political art for disciplining and educating citizens. The third will take up the question of the Andalusian's extended criticism of poetry's common practice of offering pleasurable prizes and rewards for virtue and show how the Commentator applies this criticism of poetry to the very author on whom he is commenting. In pursuing all three of these questions, we will focus squarely on Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” attempting to understand that text on its own terms but against its obvious background, the Republic of Plato. Nevertheless, in pursuing the teaching of The Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” we cannot neglect the important research that has been done in recent decades on classical Islamic philosophy's understanding of Aristotle's Organon generally and of the Poetics in particular. We will therefore turn to the reports of other scholars on these aspects of Averroes, at least to the extent that such reports will be helpful in enabling us to understand better the Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” In the Republic, Plato initiates his analysis of the education of the guardians with a discussion of music in the latter portions of book 2; that discussion extends through much of book 3. Averroes's corresponding treatment of the education of the guardians through music is in the “First Treatise” of the Commentary, mostly in a relatively lengthy and isolable section that extends from 29.9 through 36.5. During his treatment of music, Plato divides his subject into three parts: “melody is composed of three things—speech, harmonic mode, and rhythm.” Averroes seems to accept this division, although he inverts the order of the three elements: “A melody occurring in a narrative is composed of three things: rhythm, harmonic mode, and the speech to which the melody is set” (34.30–31).

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5350","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5350,"authors_free":[{"id":6200,"entry_id":5350,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Douglas Kries","free_first_name":"Douglas","free_last_name":"Kries","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"},"abstract":"As our title announces, the current essay will explore three subjects that, in Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic,\u201d lead from one into another, almost like a short series of stepping-stones. The first part of the essay will consider the treatment of music in the Commentary, arguing that Averroes effectively reduces music to poetry. The second of the stepping-stones will show that the Commentary credits poetry with educating the young especially and in that way transforms poetry into a political art for disciplining and educating citizens. The third will take up the question of the Andalusian's extended criticism of poetry's common practice of offering pleasurable prizes and rewards for virtue and show how the Commentator applies this criticism of poetry to the very author on whom he is commenting. In pursuing all three of these questions, we will focus squarely on Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic,\u201d attempting to understand that text on its own terms but against its obvious background, the Republic of Plato. Nevertheless, in pursuing the teaching of The Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic,\u201d we cannot neglect the important research that has been done in recent decades on classical Islamic philosophy's understanding of Aristotle's Organon generally and of the Poetics in particular. We will therefore turn to the reports of other scholars on these aspects of Averroes, at least to the extent that such reports will be helpful in enabling us to understand better the Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic.\u201d\r\n\r\nIn the Republic, Plato initiates his analysis of the education of the guardians with a discussion of music in the latter portions of book 2; that discussion extends through much of book 3. Averroes's corresponding treatment of the education of the guardians through music is in the \u201cFirst Treatise\u201d of the Commentary, mostly in a relatively lengthy and isolable section that extends from 29.9 through 36.5. During his treatment of music, Plato divides his subject into three parts: \u201cmelody is composed of three things\u2014speech, harmonic mode, and rhythm.\u201d Averroes seems to accept this division, although he inverts the order of the three elements: \u201cA melody occurring in a narrative is composed of three things: rhythm, harmonic mode, and the speech to which the melody is set\u201d (34.30\u201331).","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.005","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"},{"id":20,"category_name":"Plato","link":"bib?categories[]=Plato"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5350,"section_of":5346,"pages":"87\u2013110","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":["Music, Poetry, and Politics in Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"]}

Ridicolo e commedia nel Commento medio di Averroè alla Poetica di Aristotele, 2003
By: Paolo Cosenza
Title Ridicolo e commedia nel Commento medio di Averroè alla Poetica di Aristotele
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2003
Journal Studi Filosofici
Volume 25–26
Pages 11–23
Categories Poetics, Aristotle
Author(s) Paolo Cosenza
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1707","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1707,"authors_free":[{"id":1971,"entry_id":1707,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":925,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Paolo Cosenza","free_first_name":"Paolo","free_last_name":"Cosenza","norm_person":{"id":925,"first_name":"Paolo","last_name":"Cosenza","full_name":"Paolo Cosenza","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1041289626","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/64029173","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Paolo Cosenza"}}],"entry_title":"Ridicolo e commedia nel Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica di Aristotele","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Ridicolo e commedia nel Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica di Aristotele"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"2003","language":"Italian","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":925,"full_name":"Paolo Cosenza","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1707,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Studi Filosofici","volume":"25\u201326","issue":null,"pages":"11\u201323"}},"sort":["Ridicolo e commedia nel Commento medio di Averro\u00e8 alla Poetica di Aristotele"]}

  • PAGE 1 OF 2