L’intellect - Compendium du livre De l’âme, 2022
By: Averroes, Jean-Baptiste Brenet (Ed.), David Wirmer (Ed.)
Title L’intellect - Compendium du livre De l’âme
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2022
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin
Series Sic et Non
Categories De anima, Psychology, Ibn Bāǧǧa, Commentary, Intellect
Author(s) Averroes , Jean-Baptiste Brenet , David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Le Compendium du livre De l’âme d’Aristote (Muḫtaṣar Kitāb al-nafs) compte parmi les premières œuvres d’exégète d’Averroès. On en traduit ici le chapitre sur l’intellect qui contient l’essentiel des questions sur lesquelles le Commentateur reviendra dans toute son œuvre. Ce qui l’occupe est d’établir si l’acte de l’intellect humain est permanent ou bien intermittent, et plus largement de savoir si notre puissance rationnelle est elle-même éternelle ou bien engendrée et corruptible. L’auteur montre que nos concepts sont en vérité ambivalents et que s’ils sont en partie soustraits au temps par leur sens, leur rapport aux images leur confère une forme de potentialité. C’est sur cette puissance que l’accent est mis : quelle est la nature de la capacité de penser? quel peut-être son substrat? qu’est-ce qui la meut, et jusqu’où? L’édition du texte par David Wirmer montre qu’il fut plusieurs fois révisé et son intérêt est double. Il montre à la fois quelle fut la doctrine du jeune Averroès, disciple de son prédécesseur andalou Ibn Bāğğa (Avempace), et comment le Cordouan inlassablement critique devait juger bon de la réviser. Averroès est connu dans l’histoire comme l’auteur du Grand Commentaire du traité De l’âme. C’est dans ce texte du Compendium qu’on voit s’en profiler la doctrine.

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Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II), 2021
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 135–232
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Cette contribution constitue la deuxième partie de la publication, avec quelques mises à jour et aménagements, d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue sous le même intitulé à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, en décembre 2009 et dont la première partie a été publiée dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L’auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, déterminer les sources sur lesquelles s’est appuyé, entre les années cinquante et soixante du xiie siècle (première période de son travail philosophique), Averroès (Ibn Rušd, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa théorie de l’âme et de l’intellect, en référence aux sources péripatéticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir accès de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le « Commentateur » d’Aristote par excellence, il peut paraître étonnant qu’Averroès n’ait eu d’emblée accès qu’à des sources indirectes relatives à la théorie de l’âme du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l’auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Averroès est essentiellement structurée par l’enseignement d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise et par son De anima. L’aristotélisme d’Averroès apparaît de ce point de vue comme un aristotélisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de manière décisive sur l’exégèse d’Averroès une fois qu’il se serait emparé de l’écrit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l’intellect en puissance et l’intellect agent).

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Intellect d’amour, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet, Giorgio Agamben
Title Intellect d’amour
Type Monograph
Language French
Date 2018
Publication Place Lagrasse
Publisher Verdier
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Giorgio Agamben
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Les deux textes en dialogue qui constituent la trame de ce livre sont une méditation sur le fantasme comme lieu et sujet de l'amour. Mêlant références et implications, ils proposent de confronter dans une perspective inédite deux personnages exceptionnels: Guido Cavalcanti, le "premier ami" de Dante et maître inégalé de la phénoménologie amoureuse, et Ibn Rushd, l'Averroès des Latins, le philosophe arabe qui aura le plus profondément marqué la pensée occidentale du XIIIe au XVIe siècle. Si pour ces deux auteurs la jonction avec l'intellect unique désigne la perfection suprême, c'est la fonction du fantasme qui, chaque fois, se révèle décisive. De quelle façon les pensées nous appartiennent-elles ? Comment une idée peut-elle devenir "mienne" ? C'est le fantasme - telle est la réponse du poète et du philosophe - qui, par le désir, fait l'intelligence propre au sujet. Mais jusqu'où ? Pour le poète, si le fantasme doit périr pour que la jonction amoureuse ait lieu, l'individu immodérément affecté ne survit que comme un automate ou comme la statue de lui-même ; pour le philosophe, qui défend l'abolition de l'image et son désir permanent, l'espèce humaine dans son ensemble advient comme sujet politique de la félicité.

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Averroès sauvé par Ockham? Unicité de l’intellect et théologie trinitaire, 2017
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès sauvé par Ockham? Unicité de l’intellect et théologie trinitaire
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2017
Published in Miroir de l'amitié: mélanges offerts à Joel Biard à l'occasion des ses 65 ans
Pages 193–212
Categories Ockham, Theology, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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’Active Intellect’ in Avempace and Averroës: An Interpretative Issue, 2016
By: Daniel Bučan
Title ’Active Intellect’ in Avempace and Averroës: An Interpretative Issue
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Synthesis Philosophica
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 345–358
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Daniel Bučan
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This essay is about the understanding of the notion of active intellect in Ibn Bāǧǧa (Avempace) and Ibn Rushd (Averroës). The traditional interpretation of both Avempace’s and Averroës’ concept of active intellect is that they both understand it as the lowest celestial intelligence which is dator formarum, and that man thinks and cognizes intelligibles only by “connecting” with it in a quasi-mystic way; cognition being the active intellect’s granting ideas (formae or concepts) to man’s intellect. The author believes that both in Avempace’s and Averroës’ theory of cognition the notion of active intellect is only the highest function of human intellect, not a celestial entity. Based on such a presumption, as well as on the analysis of his theory, Avempace’s notion of iṭṭiṣāl bi-’aql fa’āl is interpreted not as a kind of mystic “conjunction” or “union” with a separate celestial entity, but as reaching the highest level of man’s intellect function in the continuity of the process of thinking. The same goes for Averroës’ theory, which is quite clearly presented in his Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunction with the Active Intellect, where one can find practically direct confirmation for such an interpretation, because Averroës says that “conjunction with it seems to resemble more the conjunction of form in matter than it does the conjunction of agent with effect. The well-known difference between agent and effect is that the agent is external, but here there is no external agent”, or that active intellect “conjoins with us from the outset by conjunction of in-existence”. The author concludes that the issue of the active intellect in Islamic philosophy is not disambiguous – for different thinkers it was a different concept – only the function of the active intellect is always one and the same: producing ideas.

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On a Possible Argument for Averroes’s Single Separate Intellect, 2016
By: Stephen R. Ogden
Title On a Possible Argument for Averroes’s Single Separate Intellect
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy
Volume 4
Pages 27–63
Categories De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Stephen R. Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi, 2015
By: Davoud Zandi
Title A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 39-41
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Davoud Zandi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The relationship between the material intellect and the active intellect is an important issue in the realm of epistemology in Islamic philosophy. The aim of the present study is to compare the views of Averroes and Al-Farabi in this regard. Reviewing their theories, this study shows that both the mentioned philosophers agree upon the fact that the Active Intellect exists apart from human soul and acts as a creator of forms, but as for the relationship between the Material Intellect and the Active Intellect, there is disagreement between Averroes and Al-Farabi. Averroes believes that in some aspects both of them are the same yet they are different in some other aspects, namely regarding their acts they are different because the active intellect acts as creator of forms while the material intellect is just receiver of the forms. Nevertheless, they are the same, since the material intellect achieves perfection through the active intellect, whereas in Al-Farabi’s opinion, ontologically speaking; the material intellect and the active intellect are different in their existence. The material intellect in al-Farabi’s perspective is one of the stages of human intellect that is inherent in human soul, whereas the active intellect is an immaterial substance that exists apart from human soul.

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Sources et origines de la théroie de l’intellect d’Averroès (I), 2014
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théroie de l’intellect d’Averroès (I)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2014
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 66
Issue 2014-2015
Pages 181–302
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Pierre Bayle et la critique d’Averroès à Coimbra. Deux épisodes de la réception d’Averroès, 2013
By: Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Title Pierre Bayle et la critique d’Averroès à Coimbra. Deux épisodes de la réception d’Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Revista Filosófica de Coimbra
Volume 22
Issue 44
Pages 417–432
Categories De anima, Commentary, Psychology
Author(s) Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd et sa critique d'Ibn Bājja (dans le Grand commentaire sur le De anima), 2011
By: Jules Janssens
Title Ibn Rushd et sa critique d'Ibn Bājja (dans le Grand commentaire sur le De anima)
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 405–418
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Psychology, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jules Janssens
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote, 2006
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title 'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2006
Published in Écriture et réécriture des textes philosophiques médiévaux. Volume d'hommage offert à Colette Sirat
Pages 137–184
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi, 2015
By: Davoud Zandi
Title A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 39-41
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Davoud Zandi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The relationship between the material intellect and the active intellect is an important issue in the realm of epistemology in Islamic philosophy. The aim of the present study is to compare the views of Averroes and Al-Farabi in this regard. Reviewing their theories, this study shows that both the mentioned philosophers agree upon the fact that the Active Intellect exists apart from human soul and acts as a creator of forms, but as for the relationship between the Material Intellect and the Active Intellect, there is disagreement between Averroes and Al-Farabi. Averroes believes that in some aspects both of them are the same yet they are different in some other aspects, namely regarding their acts they are different because the active intellect acts as creator of forms while the material intellect is just receiver of the forms. Nevertheless, they are the same, since the material intellect achieves perfection through the active intellect, whereas in Al-Farabi’s opinion, ontologically speaking; the material intellect and the active intellect are different in their existence. The material intellect in al-Farabi’s perspective is one of the stages of human intellect that is inherent in human soul, whereas the active intellect is an immaterial substance that exists apart from human soul.

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As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1, 1997
By: Mary Sirridge
Title As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1
Type Article
Language English
Date 1997
Journal Medieval Philosophy and Theology
Volume 6
Issue 1
Pages 1–24
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Mary Sirridge
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"795","_score":null,"_source":{"id":795,"authors_free":[{"id":958,"entry_id":795,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":963,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Mary Sirridge","free_first_name":"Mary","free_last_name":"Sirridge","norm_person":{"id":963,"first_name":"Mary","last_name":"Sirridge","full_name":"Mary Sirridge","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/160958490","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/89742125","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Mary Sirridge"}}],"entry_title":"As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"1997","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"}],"authors":[{"id":963,"full_name":"Mary Sirridge","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":795,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Medieval Philosophy and Theology","volume":"6","issue":"1","pages":"1\u201324"}},"sort":["As it is, it is an Ax. Some Medieval Reflections on De anima II.1"]}

Averroes y Santo Tomás leen a Aristóteles (De Anima), 1999
By: Mariano Brasa Díez
Title Averroes y Santo Tomás leen a Aristóteles (De Anima)
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1999
Published in Averroes y los averroísmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosofía medieval
Pages 183–191
Categories Psychology, Aquinas, De anima
Author(s) Mariano Brasa Díez
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Middle Commentary on the De Anima, 1990
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes' Middle Commentary on the De Anima
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1990
Published in Knowledge and the Sciences in Medieval Philosophy. Proceedings of the Eigth International Congress of Medieval Philosophy (S.I.E.P.M.). Helsinki 24–29 August 1987
Pages 79–86
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Middle and Long Commentaries on the De Anima, 1995
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes' Middle and Long Commentaries on the De Anima
Type Article
Language English
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 75–92
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article claims that Averroes wrote his Middle Commentary on the De anima after he composed both his Short and Long commentaries. A close comparison of the two texts proves that he had the Long commentary before him when composing the Middle. This has implications both for the development of Averroes' doctrine of the intellect, and for understanding Averroes' style of composing commentaries.

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Averroes' Short Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima, 1997
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes' Short Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima
Type Article
Language English
Date 1997
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 8
Pages 511–549
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Three Commentaries on De anima, 1999
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes' Three Commentaries on De anima
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1999
Published in Averroes and the Aristotelian Tradition. Sources, Constitution and Reception of the Philosophy of Ibn Rushd (1126–1198). Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Averroicum (Cologne, 1996)
Pages 199–216
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes, sobre las facultades locomotriz y desiderativa en al Taljîs del De Anima, 2008
By: Carmen Makki, Carmen Makki, Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title Averroes, sobre las facultades locomotriz y desiderativa en al Taljîs del De Anima
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2008
Journal La Ciudad de Dios
Volume 221
Issue 1
Pages 201–221
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Carmen Makki , Carmen Makki , Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averrois Tractatus de Animae Beatitudine, 1987
By: Herbert A. Davidson
Title Averrois Tractatus de Animae Beatitudine
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1987
Published in A Straight Path. Studies in Medieval Philosophy and Culture. Essays in Honor of Arthur Hyman
Pages 57–73
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Herbert A. Davidson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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