Des remaniements dans une édition incunable des commentaires moyens d'Averroès sur la Logica Vetus, 2000
By: Roland Hissette
Title Des remaniements dans une édition incunable des commentaires moyens d'Averroès sur la Logica Vetus
Type Article
Language French
Date 2000
Journal Studia mediewistyczne
Volume 34–35
Pages 93–99
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La démonstration du signe (burhān al-dalīl) selon Ibn Rushd (Averroès), 2000
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title La démonstration du signe (burhān al-dalīl) selon Ibn Rushd (Averroès)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2000
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 11
Pages 113–131
Categories Logic
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le mouvement et les catégories selon Avicenne et Averroès. L'arrière-fond grec et les prolongements latins médiévaux, 1998
By: Ahmad Hasnawi
Title Le mouvement et les catégories selon Avicenne et Averroès. L'arrière-fond grec et les prolongements latins médiévaux
Type Article
Language French
Date 1998
Journal Oriens-Occidens. Sciences, mathématiques et philosophie de l'Antiquité à l'Âge classique
Volume 2
Pages 119–122
Categories Physics, Logic
Author(s) Ahmad Hasnawi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Guillaume de Luna ou de Lunis ou Lunense. Un même traducteur d'Averroès et de traités d'al-Jabr, 1997
By: Roland Hissette
Title Guillaume de Luna ou de Lunis ou Lunense. Un même traducteur d'Averroès et de traités d'al-Jabr
Type Article
Language French
Date 1997
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 39
Pages 121–129
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Les éditions anciennes de la traduction attribuée à Guillaume de Luna du commentaire moyen d'Averroès sur les Catégories, 1997
By: Roland Hissette
Title Les éditions anciennes de la traduction attribuée à Guillaume de Luna du commentaire moyen d'Averroès sur les Catégories
Type Article
Language French
Date 1997
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 39
Pages 163–173
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Use of Examples in his Middle Commentary on the Prior Analytics and Some Remarks on his Role as Commentator, 1997
By: Steven Harvey
Title Averroes' Use of Examples in his Middle Commentary on the Prior Analytics and Some Remarks on his Role as Commentator
Type Article
Language English
Date 1997
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 7
Pages 91–113
Categories Logic
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes wrote three kinds of commentaries on the books of Aristotle - epitomes, middle commentaries, and long commentaries - and each kind had its own purposes. His aims may have also differed from text to text. That is, it seems reasonable to assume that he would stick closer to Aristotle in the logical works than, for example, in the metaphysical works. The present study investigates what may be called the “theological aspects” of Averroes' commentaries, and explores the commentary of Averroes that appears least likely to contain such elements, the Middle Commentary on the Prior Analytics. The Prior Analytics is perhaps the most straightforward, even pedantic, of all of Aristotle's writings, and of Averroes' three kinds of commentaries, it is the middle commentaries which are least likely to diverge or digress from the text of Aristotle. The only trace of a religious hand in the commentary is Averroes' use of examples, and, in particular, examples that conclude that “the world is created” and the like. It is argued that Averroes chose these examples to show the traditionalist reading public the falsity of the theologians claims against the logic of the philosophers. The Appendix to the article shows that medieval commentators on Averroes' commentaries were also struck by his “creation of the world” examples.

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Ghazālī and Averroes on Meaning, 1996
By: Oliver Leaman
Title Ghazālī and Averroes on Meaning
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Al-Masāq. Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean
Volume 9
Issue 1
Pages 179–189
Categories Logic, al-Ġazālī
Author(s) Oliver Leaman
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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حق النظر في المبادئ الأولى بين الفلسفة والعلم عند ابن رشد, 1996
By: Muḥammad al- Maṣbāḥī
Title حق النظر في المبادئ الأولى بين الفلسفة والعلم عند ابن رشد
Transcription Ḥaqq al-naẓar fī l-mabādiʾ al-ʾūlā bayna l-falsafa wa-l-ʿilm ʿinda Ibn Rušd
Translation The Right to First Principles Between Philosophy and Science According to Ibn Rushd
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 1996
Journal Alif. Journal of Comparative Poetics
Volume 16
Pages 52–76
Categories Logic, Metaphysics, Science
Author(s) Muḥammad al- Maṣbāḥī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale, 1995
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 51–74
Categories Logic, Alexander of Aphrodisias, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Ibn Rušd devoted a certain number of works to Aristotle's Prior Analytics. In a series of opuscules written over a period of twenty years and following upon his Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, he faced a problem particular to the modal syllogism - that of the mood of the conclusion in mixed syllogisms. The problem can be stated as follows: At the beginning of the Prior Analytics, Aristotle established a formal deductive principle - that of universal attribution (Pr. An. I.1.24b26–30). Applied to the modal syllogism, this principle is inadequate as stated. It is too general to be applied in a univocal manner in all modal syllogisms. To preserve a sense of coherence in Aristotle's declarations, the commentators had to interpret it. Presenting the interpretations of the commentators, primarily al-Fārābī and Alexander, on the basis of al-Fārābī's Large Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, Averroes criticizes them. Applied according to Alexander's interpretation, the principle of universal attribution is valid only for modal syllogisms one of whose premises is necessary and the other assertoric; according to al-Fārābī's interpretation, it is verified only when the minor premise is possible. Averroes proposes two preliminary solutions. Either this formal deductive principle must be applied differently according to the modal differences of the minor premises in mixed syllogisms (first solution) or would be used in two ways, generally or in keeping with each mood (second solution). These solutions are not satisfactory, for they call into question the unity and universality of the principle of universal attribution as established by Aristotle. What is the utility, Averroes asks, of a principle which does not hold for all modalities or does not apply to all the premises when the Prior Analytics ought to furnish formal and universal principles of deduction? And why did Aristotle define the principle of universal attribution without distinguishing its application according to each of the three modal premises? Returning at the end of his career to a literal exegesis of Aristotle's propositions and without harkening back to the earlier solutions, he proposes a theory of making the terms modal (fourth solution) in order to save Aristotle's declarations with respect to the principle of universal attribution and the mood of the conclusion of mixed syllogisms (Prior Analytics I. 9.30al5–20). Though formally inadequate, this solution, which had a continued history, proposes a new way of looking at the classification of modal propositions.

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Averroes über die Definition des Partikularen, 1994
By: Egbert Meyer
Title Averroes über die Definition des Partikularen
Type Article
Language German
Date 1994
Journal Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft
Volume 144
Pages 28–32
Categories Logic
Author(s) Egbert Meyer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes über die Definition des Partikularen, 1994
By: Egbert Meyer
Title Averroes über die Definition des Partikularen
Type Article
Language German
Date 1994
Journal Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft
Volume 144
Pages 28–32
Categories Logic
Author(s) Egbert Meyer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Use of Examples in his Middle Commentary on the Prior Analytics and Some Remarks on his Role as Commentator, 1997
By: Steven Harvey
Title Averroes' Use of Examples in his Middle Commentary on the Prior Analytics and Some Remarks on his Role as Commentator
Type Article
Language English
Date 1997
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 7
Pages 91–113
Categories Logic
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes wrote three kinds of commentaries on the books of Aristotle - epitomes, middle commentaries, and long commentaries - and each kind had its own purposes. His aims may have also differed from text to text. That is, it seems reasonable to assume that he would stick closer to Aristotle in the logical works than, for example, in the metaphysical works. The present study investigates what may be called the “theological aspects” of Averroes' commentaries, and explores the commentary of Averroes that appears least likely to contain such elements, the Middle Commentary on the Prior Analytics. The Prior Analytics is perhaps the most straightforward, even pedantic, of all of Aristotle's writings, and of Averroes' three kinds of commentaries, it is the middle commentaries which are least likely to diverge or digress from the text of Aristotle. The only trace of a religious hand in the commentary is Averroes' use of examples, and, in particular, examples that conclude that “the world is created” and the like. It is argued that Averroes chose these examples to show the traditionalist reading public the falsity of the theologians claims against the logic of the philosophers. The Appendix to the article shows that medieval commentators on Averroes' commentaries were also struck by his “creation of the world” examples.

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Des anomalies dans l'enchaînement des textes d'Averroès à ceux de Boèce dans le ms. Berkeley Univ. Calif. Bancroft (UCB) 60, 1992
By: Roland Hissette
Title Des anomalies dans l'enchaînement des textes d'Averroès à ceux de Boèce dans le ms. Berkeley Univ. Calif. Bancroft (UCB) 60
Type Article
Language French
Date 1992
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 34
Pages 155–162
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Des remaniements dans une édition incunable des commentaires moyens d'Averroès sur la Logica Vetus, 2000
By: Roland Hissette
Title Des remaniements dans une édition incunable des commentaires moyens d'Averroès sur la Logica Vetus
Type Article
Language French
Date 2000
Journal Studia mediewistyczne
Volume 34–35
Pages 93–99
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ghazālī and Averroes on Meaning, 1996
By: Oliver Leaman
Title Ghazālī and Averroes on Meaning
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Al-Masāq. Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean
Volume 9
Issue 1
Pages 179–189
Categories Logic, al-Ġazālī
Author(s) Oliver Leaman
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Guillaume de Luna ou de Lunis ou Lunense. Un même traducteur d'Averroès et de traités d'al-Jabr, 1997
By: Roland Hissette
Title Guillaume de Luna ou de Lunis ou Lunense. Un même traducteur d'Averroès et de traités d'al-Jabr
Type Article
Language French
Date 1997
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 39
Pages 121–129
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale, 1995
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 51–74
Categories Logic, Alexander of Aphrodisias, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Ibn Rušd devoted a certain number of works to Aristotle's Prior Analytics. In a series of opuscules written over a period of twenty years and following upon his Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, he faced a problem particular to the modal syllogism - that of the mood of the conclusion in mixed syllogisms. The problem can be stated as follows: At the beginning of the Prior Analytics, Aristotle established a formal deductive principle - that of universal attribution (Pr. An. I.1.24b26–30). Applied to the modal syllogism, this principle is inadequate as stated. It is too general to be applied in a univocal manner in all modal syllogisms. To preserve a sense of coherence in Aristotle's declarations, the commentators had to interpret it. Presenting the interpretations of the commentators, primarily al-Fārābī and Alexander, on the basis of al-Fārābī's Large Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, Averroes criticizes them. Applied according to Alexander's interpretation, the principle of universal attribution is valid only for modal syllogisms one of whose premises is necessary and the other assertoric; according to al-Fārābī's interpretation, it is verified only when the minor premise is possible. Averroes proposes two preliminary solutions. Either this formal deductive principle must be applied differently according to the modal differences of the minor premises in mixed syllogisms (first solution) or would be used in two ways, generally or in keeping with each mood (second solution). These solutions are not satisfactory, for they call into question the unity and universality of the principle of universal attribution as established by Aristotle. What is the utility, Averroes asks, of a principle which does not hold for all modalities or does not apply to all the premises when the Prior Analytics ought to furnish formal and universal principles of deduction? And why did Aristotle define the principle of universal attribution without distinguishing its application according to each of the three modal premises? Returning at the end of his career to a literal exegesis of Aristotle's propositions and without harkening back to the earlier solutions, he proposes a theory of making the terms modal (fourth solution) in order to save Aristotle's declarations with respect to the principle of universal attribution and the mood of the conclusion of mixed syllogisms (Prior Analytics I. 9.30al5–20). Though formally inadequate, this solution, which had a continued history, proposes a new way of looking at the classification of modal propositions.

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L'unité codicologique des commentaires d'Averroès sur la Logica Vetus dans le manuscrit Erfurt, Ampl. Fol. 318, 1991
By: Roland Hissette
Title L'unité codicologique des commentaires d'Averroès sur la Logica Vetus dans le manuscrit Erfurt, Ampl. Fol. 318
Type Article
Language French
Date 1991
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 33
Pages 148–154
Categories Logic
Author(s) Roland Hissette
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La démonstration du signe (burhān al-dalīl) selon Ibn Rushd (Averroès), 2000
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title La démonstration du signe (burhān al-dalīl) selon Ibn Rushd (Averroès)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2000
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 11
Pages 113–131
Categories Logic
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le mouvement et les catégories selon Avicenne et Averroès. L'arrière-fond grec et les prolongements latins médiévaux, 1998
By: Ahmad Hasnawi
Title Le mouvement et les catégories selon Avicenne et Averroès. L'arrière-fond grec et les prolongements latins médiévaux
Type Article
Language French
Date 1998
Journal Oriens-Occidens. Sciences, mathématiques et philosophie de l'Antiquité à l'Âge classique
Volume 2
Pages 119–122
Categories Physics, Logic
Author(s) Ahmad Hasnawi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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