L’oeuvre médicale d’Averroès contre Galien, 2020
By: Joël Chandelier
Title L’oeuvre médicale d’Averroès contre Galien
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2020
Published in Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne
Pages 115–140
Categories Medicine, Influence
Author(s) Joël Chandelier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne, 2020
By: Antoine Pietrobelli (Ed.)
Title Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2020
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Honoré Champion
Series Sciences techniques
Volume 21
Categories Medicine, Logic, Theology
Author(s) Antoine Pietrobelli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Galien de Pergame (129-ca 216) a systématisé l'ensemble du savoir médical ancien et sa doctrine s'est maintenue jusqu'à l'époque moderne. Son oeuvre tentaculaire a aussi innervé la pensée philosophique, logique et théologique. Toutefois, Galien a fait l'objet de critiques de la part de ses contemporains, puis de ses successeurs. Après le triomphe du galénisme à la fin de l'Antiquité, les penseurs islamiques ont introduit les premières brèches dans ce système. Ces attaques, relayées en Occident latin et à Byzance, ont connu une ampleur nouvelle à la Renaissance avec la remise en cause et la déconstruction de l'autorité galénique. Dans ce livre est proposée une histoire dynamique de la réception de Galien à travers différents cas d'anti-galénismes. Les études qui y sont réunies portent sur des textes peu connus, voire inédits. Elles recensent les critiques contre Galien, tout en explorant différentes facettes de sa pensée médicale et philosophique. Ce parcours permet ainsi de suivre les changements de paradigmes épistémologiques qui s'opèrent au fil des siècles, mais aussi de mieux cerner, par la négative, ce que fut le galénisme durant sa longue tradition.

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Ibn Rushd’s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (khāssa) in Medicine, 2020
By: Yu Hoki
Title Ibn Rushd’s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (khāssa) in Medicine
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Bulletin of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan
Volume 57
Issue 1
Pages 33–48
Categories Medicine, Galen, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Yu Hoki
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In Medieval Arabic medical texts, a specific property (khāṣṣa) is thought to be one of the effects of a medicine, and effective in a specific humor or organ. This property is mainly mentioned to explain two phenomena, purgative medicines' attraction of a certain humor and theriacas strengthening of human innate heat. Galen had advocated the theory that the faculty of attracting a specific material inheres in a medical substance as its nature (referred to as the theory of inherence). The same view can be seen in the texts of Islamic philosopher-physicians such as Ibn Sīnā (d. 1037). On the other hand, Ibn Rushd (d. 1198) perceived the defects of this theory and criticised it. This article examines his criticism of the theory of inherence in his discussions about purgative medicines and theriacas. Ibn Rushd says that using the theory of inheritance, we cannot explain the phenomenon that when someone takes more than one dose of purgative medicine, it attracts not only the specific humor, but all of the humors. He then proposes the alternative theory that the specific property originates in the proportions of the qualities in the attracting and the attracted materials. From this perspective, he insists that the object of attraction varies according to the amount of the heat in the medicine. As for theriaca, Ibn Rushd criticises the theory of inherence as seen in the writings of Ibn Sīnā Ibn Sīnā claims that theriaca's specific property is generated from its substance, i.e. the combination of form with matter, not the mixture of the four qualities. But according to Ibn Rushd, with this explanation, it is impossible to explain the body's various responses to theriaca. Therefore he maintains that one must explain its specific property in terms of the four qualities. To conclude, Ibn Rushd considers his theory to be more capable of explaining various phenomena than the theory of inherence is.

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A Literary History of Medicine - The ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ of Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah, 2020
By: Aḥmad Ibn-al-Qāsim Ibn-Abī-Uṣaibiʿa, Emilie Savage-Smith (Ed.), Simon Swain (Ed.), Geert Jan van Gelder (Ed.)
Title A Literary History of Medicine - The ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ of Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1 The Near and Middle East
Volume 134
Categories Medicine
Author(s) Aḥmad Ibn-al-Qāsim Ibn-Abī-Uṣaibiʿa , Emilie Savage-Smith , Simon Swain , Geert Jan van Gelder
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A Literary History of Medicine by the Syrian physician Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah (d. 1270) is the earliest comprehensive history of medicine. It contains biographies of over 432 physicians, ranging from the ancient Greeks to the author’s contemporaries, describing their training and practice, often as court physicians, and listing their medical works; all this interlaced with poems and anecdotes. These volumes present the first complete and annotated translation along with a new edition of the Arabic text showing the stages in which the author composed the work. Introductory essays provide important background. The reader will find on these pages an Islamic society that worked closely with Christians and Jews, deeply committed to advancing knowledge and applying it to health and wellbeing.

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Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays, 2019
By: Peter Adamson (Ed.), Matteo Di Giovanni (Ed.)
Title Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2019
Publication Place Cambridge
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Categories Logic, Natural Philosophy, Psychology, Metaphysics, Law, Medicine, Ethics
Author(s) Peter Adamson , Matteo Di Giovanni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Médecine et philosophie selon Averroès, 2019
By: Joël Chandelier
Title Médecine et philosophie selon Averroès
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2019
Published in Médecins et philosophes: Une histoire
Pages 171–194
Categories Medicine
Author(s) Joël Chandelier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Médecins et philosophes: Une histoire, 2019
By: Claire Grignon (Ed.), David Lefebvre (Ed.)
Title Médecins et philosophes: Une histoire
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2019
Publication Place Paris
Publisher CNRS
Categories Medicine, Plato, Aristotle, Galen, Renaissance
Author(s) Claire Grignon , David Lefebvre
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Depuis la séparation entre médecine et philosophie traditionnellement attribuée à Hippocrate, les relations entre ces disciplines ont toujours été intenses et parfois conflictuelles. C’est une histoire de ces rapports que proposent les quinze études réunies dans cet ouvrage, en se centrant sur quelques figures ou moments déterminants: Platon, Aristote, Galien, les écoles empirique et méthodiste, al-Rāzī, Averroès, le XVIe siècle italien, Locke, Kant, Cabanis, les philosophes-médecins de la IIIe République, Canguilhem ou encore Jaspers. Si aujourd’hui la demande adressée à la philosophie par les médecins concerne principalement l’éthique, le dialogue entre les deux disciplines a porté historiquement d’abord sur le statut épistémologique de la médecine : le meilleur médecin est-il nécessairement philosophe ? Que peut apprendre la philosophie de la méthode du médecin ? La médecine est-elle un art du cas singulier, une science ou les deux ? En s’inscrivant dans le temps long, ces études rappellent que l’institutionnalisation actuelle de la philosophie de la médecine s’accompagne parfois d’un oubli des origines historiques de la réflexion sur la médecine. Le contact avec la médecine conduisant aussi la philosophie à se souvenir qu’elle se définit comme un genre de vie, c’est la question de l’amélioration du bien-être et de la santé des hommes qui se pose alors, dans un environnement que l’introduction de techniques thérapeutiques nouvelles modifie en permanence.

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Averroes on Medicine, 2019
By: Joël Chandelier
Title Averroes on Medicine
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 158-176
Categories Medicine, Galen
Author(s) Joël Chandelier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A general study of themes in Averroes' medical works, which include the famous Colliget and several commentaries on Galen. Topics discussed include his medical epistemology, the role of medicine within the philosophical sciences, and his attitude toward Galen and other medical authorities.

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Tratado de Medicina: Anatomía y Fisiología , 2019
By: Averroes, Esteban Torre (Ed.)
Title Tratado de Medicina: Anatomía y Fisiología
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2019
Publication Place Sevilla
Publisher Editorial Renacimiento
Categories Medicine
Author(s) Averroes , Esteban Torre
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
La más importante obra médica del sabio cordobés Abul-l-Walid Ibn Rusd, Averroes (1126-1198), lleva por título Kitab al-Kulliyyat fil-tibb, esto es, Libro de las generalidades de la Medicina, o Tratado general de Medicina o, simplemente, Tratado de Medicina. Fue prontamente traducido al hebreo, y también al latín con el nombre de Colliget. Representa la más lograda síntesis medieval de los saberes prácticos de la Medicina de Galeno y los principios teóricos de la Filosofía Natural de Aristóteles. Averroes viene a ser la gran figura del aristotelismo islámico del siglo XII, del mismo modo que Santo Tomás de Aquino sería el campeón del aristotelismo cristiano en el siglo XIII. Las páginas del Tratado de Medicina brindan al lector un insólito viaje al corazón de la Edad Media. En el presente volumen, se hace una amplia descripción de cada uno de los siete libros del Colliget y un estudio completo de los libros I (Anatomía) y II (Fisiología). De estos libros, así como de la Introducción y Plan General de la Obra, se ofrece la correspondiente traducción española, basada en las ediciones latinas (Venecia, apud Iuntas), que constituyen la versión más completa y acabada del Tratado de Medicina de Averroes. Esteban Torre (Sevilla, 1934). El traductor y analista de esta obra es doctor en Medicina y Cirugía y en Filosofía y Letras (Filología), es catedrático emérito de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada en la Universidad de Sevilla. En el dominio de la Teoría de la Ciencia, es autor de los libros Averroes y la ciencia médica (1974), Ideas lingüísticas y literarias del doctor Huarte de San Juan (1977), Sobre lengua y literatura en el pensamiento científico español de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI (1984) y Visión de la realidad y relativismo posmoderno (2010), así como de diversos trabajos sobre Gómez Pereira, Francisco Sánchez el Escéptico y Bartolomé Hidalgo de Agüero.

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ابن رشد المقلق‬ , 2019
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet, Georges Zainaty
Title ابن رشد المقلق‬
Transcription Ibn Rushd al-muqliq
Type Monograph
Language Arabic
Date 2019
Publication Place Beirut
Publisher dār al-kitāb al- jadīd al-muttaḥid
Categories Biography, Law, Medicine
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet , Georges Zainaty
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Irrtum - Error - Erreur, 2018
By: Andreas Speer (Ed.), Maxime Mauriège (Ed.)
Title Irrtum - Error - Erreur
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2018
Publication Place Berlin; Boston
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Miscellanea Mediaevalia
Volume 40
Categories Science, Medicine, Psychology, Politics, Law
Author(s) Andreas Speer , Maxime Mauriège
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The volume is a comprehensive evaluation of epistemic, practical, veridical issues from the perspective of every kind of failure, disruption, or confusion that comes under the general rubric of “error.” The analysis is not limited to the element of negativity, but rather, an inquiry about the extent that error can be transformed into a starting point or precondition for successful epistemic practices.

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A Literary History of Medicine - The ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ of Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah, 2020
By: Aḥmad Ibn-al-Qāsim Ibn-Abī-Uṣaibiʿa, Emilie Savage-Smith (Ed.), Simon Swain (Ed.), Geert Jan van Gelder (Ed.)
Title A Literary History of Medicine - The ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ of Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2020
Publication Place Leiden, Boston
Publisher Brill
Series Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1 The Near and Middle East
Volume 134
Categories Medicine
Author(s) Aḥmad Ibn-al-Qāsim Ibn-Abī-Uṣaibiʿa , Emilie Savage-Smith , Simon Swain , Geert Jan van Gelder
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A Literary History of Medicine by the Syrian physician Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah (d. 1270) is the earliest comprehensive history of medicine. It contains biographies of over 432 physicians, ranging from the ancient Greeks to the author’s contemporaries, describing their training and practice, often as court physicians, and listing their medical works; all this interlaced with poems and anecdotes. These volumes present the first complete and annotated translation along with a new edition of the Arabic text showing the stages in which the author composed the work. Introductory essays provide important background. The reader will find on these pages an Islamic society that worked closely with Christians and Jews, deeply committed to advancing knowledge and applying it to health and wellbeing.

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Antecedentes andalusíes del Kitāb al-ǧāmiʿ li-mufradāt al-adwiya wa-l-agḏiya de Ibn al-Bayṭār. Las ausencias de Averroes y Maimónides, 2008
By: Camilo Alvarez de Morales

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Avenzoar, Averroes, Ibn al-Jatib. Médicos de al-ándalus. Perfumos, ungüentos y jarabes. Prólogo de Paloma Díaz-Mas, 2003
By: Cristina de la Puente
Title Avenzoar, Averroes, Ibn al-Jatib. Médicos de al-ándalus. Perfumos, ungüentos y jarabes. Prólogo de Paloma Díaz-Mas
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2003
Publication Place Madrid
Publisher Nivola
Series Novatores
Volume 14
Categories Medicine
Author(s) Cristina de la Puente
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes on Medicine, 2019
By: Joël Chandelier
Title Averroes on Medicine
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 158-176
Categories Medicine, Galen
Author(s) Joël Chandelier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A general study of themes in Averroes' medical works, which include the famous Colliget and several commentaries on Galen. Topics discussed include his medical epistemology, the role of medicine within the philosophical sciences, and his attitude toward Galen and other medical authorities.

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Averroes' contribution to embryology, 2011
By: Carmela Baffioni

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Averroes, el sabio cordobés que iluminó Europa, 2010
By: Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title Averroes, el sabio cordobés que iluminó Europa
Type Monograph
Language Spanish
Date 2010
Publication Place Córdoba
Publisher El Páramo
Categories Biography, Medicine, Law, Ethics, Politics
Author(s) Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes, observador de la naturaleza, 2018
By: Manuel Alonso Alonso
Title Averroes, observador de la naturaleza
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 2018
Published in La filosofía en Al Ándalus
Pages 465–480
Categories Natural Philosophy, Medicine
Author(s) Manuel Alonso Alonso
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès et son Colliget "Kitāb al-kulliyyāt", 2001
By: Sleïm Ammar
Title Averroès et son Colliget "Kitāb al-kulliyyāt"
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2001
Published in Actualité d'Averroès. Colloque du huitième centenaire. Carthage, 16–21 février 1998
Pages 185–189
Categories Medicine
Author(s) Sleïm Ammar
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avicenne & Averroès. Médecine et biologie dans la civilization de l'Islam, 2004
By: Paul Mazliak
Title Avicenne & Averroès. Médecine et biologie dans la civilization de l'Islam
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2004
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Vuibert/Adapt
Categories Medicine, Avicenna
Author(s) Paul Mazliak
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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