Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?, 2019
By: David Twetten
Title Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in La philosophie arabe à l’étude. Sens, limites et défis d’une discipline moderne. Studying Arabic Philosophy: Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline
Pages 345–390
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Cosmology, Theology, Modern Readings
Author(s) David Twetten
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Transmutations of a Young Averroist: Agostino Nifo’s Commentary on the Destructio Destructionum of Averroes and the Nature of Celestial Influences, 2013
By: Nicholas Holland
Title The Transmutations of a Young Averroist: Agostino Nifo’s Commentary on the Destructio Destructionum of Averroes and the Nature of Celestial Influences
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 99–124
Categories Agostino Nifo, Cosmology
Author(s) Nicholas Holland
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This chapter examines Agostino Nifo’s analysis of the nature of celestial influence on the sublunary world in his commentary on Averroes’s Destructio destructionum (Tahāfut al-Tahāfut). First it explores how Nifo derives from sources contained in Averroes’s work and through the mediation of Albertus Magnus and other Latin philosophers, the idea that the heavenly bodies may cause ‘spiritual’ or ‘intentional’ as well as physical or corporeal change in the sublunary world. In his commentary (1497) on the fourteenth dispute of the Destructio, Nifo brings this dualist model of celestial influence together with material drawn from Neoplatonic, Hermetic and astrological sources in order to explain the principles of prophecy, alchemy, demonology and magnetism. Where Averroes had associated celestial influence with a form of unintentional causality, Nifo’s account suggests that celestial bodies follow patterns of intentional activity. In this way, celestial bodies are seen as a cause of change in the sublunary world, in general, and on man, in particular. The closing section contrasts Nifo’s method of synthesising conflicting philosophical positions and his defense of astrology with the work of his contemporary and sometime associate Giovanni Pico della Mirandola.

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Mélange, minima naturalia et croissance animale dans le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès au De generatione et corruptione, I, 5, 2012
By: Christina Cerami
Title Mélange, minima naturalia et croissance animale dans le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès au De generatione et corruptione, I, 5
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2012
Published in La nature et le vide dans la physique médiévale
Pages 137–164
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Christina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroès accepte l'existence du vide en s'appuyant sur l'idée de l'accroissement, ce qui permet d'accepter que les éléments du réel sensible (minima naturalia) qui peuvent subir un accroissement s'engendrent dans les corps qui s'accroissent. L'article tend à montrer «contre l'interprétation qui fait des minima naturalia des parties actuelles dans les corps, que l'un des plus grands efforts d'Averroès est de sauvegarder la continuité du corps vivant tout en admettant que la réalité sensible implique un principe de division finie»

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Ibn Rushd, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hafīd (Averroes), 2011
By: Taneli Kukkonen
Title Ibn Rushd, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hafīd (Averroes)
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Philosophy between 500 and 1500
Pages 494–501
Categories Biography, Surveys, Logic, Psychology, Cosmology, Metaphysics
Author(s) Taneli Kukkonen
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes (1126–1198 CE) was the most famous and prolific commentator on Aristotle in all of medieval philosophy: 38 works are extant, at all levels of instruction. This concentration on Aristotle was not happenstance, instead, it reflects Averroes’ maturing philosophical outlook. For Averroes, Aristotle’s teaching came to represent the pinnacle of philosophical wisdom, and answers to all the most pressing problems in philosophy were to be found in a thorough and careful exploration of what that teaching truly implied. In the course of Averroes’ deepening investigations into Aristotelian lore, alternative interpretations were advanced and different traditions of thinking carefully laid side by side, producing a field guide to the Peripatetic tradition, as it was known to an Arabic scholar of the classical period. The resulting body of texts represents a high watermark in Aristotelian synthesis and systematization, even if Averroes failed in the end to resolve satisfactorily all the problems that had accumulated over the centuries. In addition to his Aristotelian Commentaries, Explications, and Compendia (which, besides Aristotle, encompassed works by Plato, Galen, Ptolemy, and al-Ġazālī), Averroes wrote smaller, independent essays and questions that explored contested issues in Aristotelian teaching; polemical works that argued the religious innocence and intellectual respectability of Peripatetic philosophy, correctly understood; and medical and legal treatises of solid but unspectacular standing. Averroes’ reputation was made in Latin Scholasticism and in Jewish circles of learning, while in the Arabic world his works fell mostly by the wayside. Today, his name is evoked in the Arabic world as a rallying-point for a rationalist Islam – a fitting legacy, if not always especially well grounded (modern-day Averroists displaying at best a cursory knowledge of the Commentator’s philosophy).

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Le De substantia orbis d'Averroès. Zénith et nadir de la falsafa, 2011
By: Richard Lemay

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La voie lactée: Ibn al-Haytham et Ibn Rushd, 2011
By: Hossein Masoumi-Hamedani

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1495","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.title.keyword"],"_source":{"id":1495,"authors_free":[{"id":1717,"entry_id":1495,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1366,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Hossein Masoumi-Hamedani","free_first_name":"Hossein","free_last_name":"Masoumi-Hamedani","norm_person":{"id":1366,"first_name":"Hossein","last_name":"Masoumi-Hamedani","full_name":"Hossein Masoumi-Hamedani","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1033868000","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/47185545","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Hossein Masoumi-Hamedani"}}],"entry_title":"La voie lact\u00e9e: Ibn al-Haytham et Ibn Rushd","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"La voie lact\u00e9e: Ibn al-Haytham et Ibn Rushd"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2011","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":19,"category_name":"Cosmology","link":"bib?categories[]=Cosmology"},{"id":53,"category_name":"Ibn al-Haytham","link":"bib?categories[]=Ibn al-Haytham"},{"id":67,"category_name":"Meteorology","link":"bib?categories[]=Meteorology"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":1366,"full_name":"Hossein Masoumi-Hamedani","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1495,"section_of":211,"pages":"39\u201362","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":211,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"La lumi\u00e8re de l'intellect. La pens\u00e9e scientifique et philosophique d'Averro\u00e8s dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Soci\u00e9t\u00e9 internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9\u201312 d\u00e9cembre 1998","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2011","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2011","abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":211,"pubplace":"Leuven","publisher":"Peeters","series":"Ancient and Classical Sciences and Philosophy","volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":327,"entry_id":211,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":788,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","free_first_name":"Ahmad","free_last_name":"Hasnawi","norm_person":{"id":788,"first_name":"Ahmad","last_name":"Hasnawi","full_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1011618869","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/29672431","db_url":"","from_claudius":1}}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2011]}

L'Abrégé de l'Almageste. Abrégé d'astronomie ou épitomé de l'Almageste?, 2011
By: Juliane Lay
Title L'Abrégé de l'Almageste. Abrégé d'astronomie ou épitomé de l'Almageste?
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 63–79
Categories Commentary, Cosmology
Author(s) Juliane Lay
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Incoherence of the Incoherence, On the Eternity of the World, 2010
By: Averroes,
Title The Incoherence of the Incoherence, On the Eternity of the World
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2010
Published in Philosophy in the Middle Ages. The Christian, Islamic and Jewish Traditions
Pages 324–333
Categories al-Ġazālī, Theology, Cosmology
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) David C. Reisman

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The Medieval Astrologization of the Aristotelian Cosmos. Celestial Influences on the Sublunary World in Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, and Averroes, 2009
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of the Aristotelian Cosmos. Celestial Influences on the Sublunary World in Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, and Averroes
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2009
Published in New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo
Pages 239–281
Categories Cosmology, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Aristotle
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Il "De Caelo" di Aristotele nella seconda metà del XIII secolo. Le questioni di Pietro d'Alvernia e alcuni commenti anonimi, 2008
By: Cesare A. Musatti
Title Il "De Caelo" di Aristotele nella seconda metà del XIII secolo. Le questioni di Pietro d'Alvernia e alcuni commenti anonimi
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2008
Published in Cosmogonie e Cosmologie nel Medioevo
Pages 269–308
Categories Cosmology, Physics
Author(s) Cesare A. Musatti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes on the Species of Celestial Bodies, 2006
By: Matteo Di Giovanni
Title Averroes on the Species of Celestial Bodies
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2006
Published in Wissen über Grenzen. Arabisches Wissen und lateinisches Mittelalter
Pages 438–464
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Matteo Di Giovanni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' prime mover argument, 2007
By: David B. Twetten
Title Averroes' prime mover argument
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2007
Published in Averroes et les Averroïsmes juif et latin. Actes du Colloque International. Paris, 16–18 juin 2005
Pages 9–75
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) David B. Twetten
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hafīd (Averroes), 2011
By: Taneli Kukkonen
Title Ibn Rushd, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hafīd (Averroes)
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Philosophy between 500 and 1500
Pages 494–501
Categories Biography, Surveys, Logic, Psychology, Cosmology, Metaphysics
Author(s) Taneli Kukkonen
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes (1126–1198 CE) was the most famous and prolific commentator on Aristotle in all of medieval philosophy: 38 works are extant, at all levels of instruction. This concentration on Aristotle was not happenstance, instead, it reflects Averroes’ maturing philosophical outlook. For Averroes, Aristotle’s teaching came to represent the pinnacle of philosophical wisdom, and answers to all the most pressing problems in philosophy were to be found in a thorough and careful exploration of what that teaching truly implied. In the course of Averroes’ deepening investigations into Aristotelian lore, alternative interpretations were advanced and different traditions of thinking carefully laid side by side, producing a field guide to the Peripatetic tradition, as it was known to an Arabic scholar of the classical period. The resulting body of texts represents a high watermark in Aristotelian synthesis and systematization, even if Averroes failed in the end to resolve satisfactorily all the problems that had accumulated over the centuries. In addition to his Aristotelian Commentaries, Explications, and Compendia (which, besides Aristotle, encompassed works by Plato, Galen, Ptolemy, and al-Ġazālī), Averroes wrote smaller, independent essays and questions that explored contested issues in Aristotelian teaching; polemical works that argued the religious innocence and intellectual respectability of Peripatetic philosophy, correctly understood; and medical and legal treatises of solid but unspectacular standing. Averroes’ reputation was made in Latin Scholasticism and in Jewish circles of learning, while in the Arabic world his works fell mostly by the wayside. Today, his name is evoked in the Arabic world as a rallying-point for a rationalist Islam – a fitting legacy, if not always especially well grounded (modern-day Averroists displaying at best a cursory knowledge of the Commentator’s philosophy).

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Il "De Caelo" di Aristotele nella seconda metà del XIII secolo. Le questioni di Pietro d'Alvernia e alcuni commenti anonimi, 2008
By: Cesare A. Musatti
Title Il "De Caelo" di Aristotele nella seconda metà del XIII secolo. Le questioni di Pietro d'Alvernia e alcuni commenti anonimi
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2008
Published in Cosmogonie e Cosmologie nel Medioevo
Pages 269–308
Categories Cosmology, Physics
Author(s) Cesare A. Musatti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Il movimento del cielo in Alessandro di Afrodisià, 2000
By: Enrico Berti
Title Il movimento del cielo in Alessandro di Afrodisià
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2000
Published in La filosofia in eta imperiale
Pages ?-?
Categories Cosmology, Alexander of Aphrodisias
Author(s) Enrico Berti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Kommentare zu der Schrift des Averroes 'De substantia orbis' in der Bibliotheca Amploniana, 1995
By: Ivana B. Zimmermann
Title Kommentare zu der Schrift des Averroes 'De substantia orbis' in der Bibliotheca Amploniana
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 1995
Published in Die Bibliotheca Amploniana. Ihre Bedeutung im Spannungsfeld von Aristotelismus, Nominalismus und Humanismus
Pages 122–126
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Ivana B. Zimmermann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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L'Abrégé de l'Almageste. Abrégé d'astronomie ou épitomé de l'Almageste?, 2011
By: Juliane Lay
Title L'Abrégé de l'Almageste. Abrégé d'astronomie ou épitomé de l'Almageste?
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 63–79
Categories Commentary, Cosmology
Author(s) Juliane Lay
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La formulation logique de l'argumentation dans les commentaires d'Averroès au De caelo, 2000
By: Henri Hugonnard-Roche
Title La formulation logique de l'argumentation dans les commentaires d'Averroès au De caelo
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2000
Published in Le commentaire entre tradition et innovation. Actes du Colloque international de l'Institut des traditions textuelles (Paris et Villejuit, 22–25 septembre 1999)
Pages 387–395
Categories Cosmology
Author(s) Henri Hugonnard-Roche
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La voie lactée: Ibn al-Haytham et Ibn Rushd, 2011
By: Hossein Masoumi-Hamedani

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Le De substantia orbis d'Averroès. Zénith et nadir de la falsafa, 2011
By: Richard Lemay

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