Three Readings of Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic” in Medieval Jewish Thought, 2022
By: Alexander Green
Title Three Readings of Averroes’s Commentary on Plato’s “Republic” in Medieval Jewish Thought
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 277–296
Categories Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Alexander Green
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The ethical and political writings by late medieval Jewish philosophers are generally seen to be rooted in two fundamental classical texts, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Plato's Republic. Yet, regarding the Republic, medieval Jewish thinkers likely had no direct access to it. It was Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic” into Hebrew in the 1320s that gave Hebrew readers some access to the Republic and made it the central classical text on political philosophy for Jewish thought. Indeed, it was used by Jewish thinkers for several hundred years thereafter. This chapter will focus on the question of how Plato's Republic came to influence medieval Jewish thought; in doing so, it will attempt to map out three distinct trends in how Jewish thinkers of the medieval period interpreted the Republic's core ideas. Samuel Ben Judah of Marseilles and the Translation into Hebrew The introduction of Plato's Republic into Jewish discussions on the nature of the political community took place after Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's “Republic” from Arabic into Hebrew was completed in 1320 and revised in 1321 and 1322. Samuel came from an established family in Provence that had acquired wealth over multiple generations. He studied philosophy with Senor (Don) Astruc de Noves and translated works on logic and astronomy. The movement of translating the great works of science and secular philosophy from Arabic into Hebrew, which had been started in Provence by Samuel ibn Tibbon (ca. 1165−1232) in the first decades of the thirteenth century and been furthered, in large part, by his son, Moses ibn Tibbon (ca. 1195−1274), his son-in-law, Jacob Anatoli (1194−1256), and his grandson, Jacob b. Makhir (ca. 1236−1304), was gradually coming to an end after the prodigious activity of Qalonimos ben Qalonimos (ca. 1286−1328) in the first decades of the fourteenth century. It had already begun to transform Judaism into what some have termed a philosophic religion. The deficiency in this model of philosophic religion is that it was overly focused on natural science and mostly ignored practical philosophy.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5359","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5359,"authors_free":[{"id":6210,"entry_id":5359,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Alexander Green","free_first_name":"Alexander","free_last_name":"Green","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Three Readings of Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d in Medieval Jewish Thought","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Three Readings of Averroes\u2019s Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d in Medieval Jewish Thought"},"abstract":"The ethical and political writings by late medieval Jewish philosophers are generally seen to be rooted in two fundamental classical texts, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and Plato's Republic. Yet, regarding the Republic, medieval Jewish thinkers likely had no direct access to it. It was Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d into Hebrew in the 1320s that gave Hebrew readers some access to the Republic and made it the central classical text on political philosophy for Jewish thought. Indeed, it was used by Jewish thinkers for several hundred years thereafter. This chapter will focus on the question of how Plato's Republic came to influence medieval Jewish thought; in doing so, it will attempt to map out three distinct trends in how Jewish thinkers of the medieval period interpreted the Republic's core ideas.\r\n\r\nSamuel Ben Judah of Marseilles and the Translation into Hebrew\r\n\r\nThe introduction of Plato's Republic into Jewish discussions on the nature of the political community took place after Samuel ben Judah of Marseilles's translation of Averroes's Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d from Arabic into Hebrew was completed in 1320 and revised in 1321 and 1322. Samuel came from an established family in Provence that had acquired wealth over multiple generations. He studied philosophy with Senor (Don) Astruc de Noves and translated works on logic and astronomy. The movement of translating the great works of science and secular philosophy from Arabic into Hebrew, which had been started in Provence by Samuel ibn Tibbon (ca. 1165\u22121232) in the first decades of the thirteenth century and been furthered, in large part, by his son, Moses ibn Tibbon (ca. 1195\u22121274), his son-in-law, Jacob Anatoli (1194\u22121256), and his grandson, Jacob b. Makhir (ca. 1236\u22121304), was gradually coming to an end after the prodigious activity of Qalonimos ben Qalonimos (ca. 1286\u22121328) in the first decades of the fourteenth century. It had already begun to transform Judaism into what some have termed a philosophic religion. The deficiency in this model of philosophic religion is that it was overly focused on natural science and mostly ignored practical philosophy.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5359,"section_of":5346,"pages":"277\u2013296","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic, 2022
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 40–66
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Influence
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes (1126–98) wrote a commentary, or be’ur in the only extant Hebrew translation, on Plato's Republic that is the subject matter of the present anthology. He insists there that his aim is to present Plato's doctrines without provoking polemics and that the dialectical arguments are not necessary to the understanding of those doctrines. Just as he did in his epitome of, or short commentary on, Aristotle's Metaphysics, Averroes neither follows the strict order of the Greek original nor preserves the original division of books. While he gives his reasons for the rearrangement in the case of the Metaphysics, he does not give any for the Republic. Although Averroes's work follows Plato's text in many passages, the independent structure of the work fits better into an epitome than into a middle commentary. As for the Arabic translation he was reading, we know that it preserved the division into ten books but probably not the dialogue form, since Averroes never mentions the names of the figures participating in the dialogue. In the Republic, Socrates narrates in the first person, but in his commentary, Averroes give no hint of Socrates's peculiar role in that work; on the contrary, he presents Socrates only once, referring to him in the third person and mentioning that he held the belief that death is preferable to life without human dignity. Averroes lived two generations after Muḥammad ibn al-Ṣā̔igh Ibn Bājja (d. 1139; henceforth Ibn Bajja), who did not write a specific commentary on the Republic. But he did compose a treatise, titled the Governance of the Solitary, in which he deals with some of the political issues raised by Plato. There, as in some other works that we will discuss below, Ibn Bajja refers to the Republic and to the Phaedo. In this chapter the attempt will be made to reconstruct the influence of Plato's Republic on Ibn Bajja through his own texts, and incidentally, to learn about the text that Ibn Bajja was using.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5348","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5348,"authors_free":[{"id":6198,"entry_id":5348,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":343,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Josep Puig Montada","free_first_name":"Josep ","free_last_name":"Puig Montada","norm_person":{"id":343,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/188325034","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/61625512","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Josep Puig Montada"}}],"entry_title":"Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Bajja: An Independent Reader of the Republic"},"abstract":"Averroes (1126\u201398) wrote a commentary, or be\u2019ur in the only extant Hebrew translation, on Plato's Republic that is the subject matter of the present anthology. He insists there that his aim is to present Plato's doctrines without provoking polemics and that the dialectical arguments are not necessary to the understanding of those doctrines.\r\n\r\nJust as he did in his epitome of, or short commentary on, Aristotle's Metaphysics, Averroes neither follows the strict order of the Greek original nor preserves the original division of books. While he gives his reasons for the rearrangement in the case of the Metaphysics, he does not give any for the Republic. Although Averroes's work follows Plato's text in many passages, the independent structure of the work fits better into an epitome than into a middle commentary. As for the Arabic translation he was reading, we know that it preserved the division into ten books but probably not the dialogue form, since Averroes never mentions the names of the figures participating in the dialogue. In the Republic, Socrates narrates in the first person, but in his commentary, Averroes give no hint of Socrates's peculiar role in that work; on the contrary, he presents Socrates only once, referring to him in the third person and mentioning that he held the belief that death is preferable to life without human dignity.\r\n\r\nAverroes lived two generations after Mu\u1e25ammad ibn al-\u1e62\u0101\u0314igh Ibn B\u0101jja (d. 1139; henceforth Ibn Bajja), who did not write a specific commentary on the Republic. But he did compose a treatise, titled the Governance of the Solitary, in which he deals with some of the political issues raised by Plato. There, as in some other works that we will discuss below, Ibn Bajja refers to the Republic and to the Phaedo. In this chapter the attempt will be made to reconstruct the influence of Plato's Republic on Ibn Bajja through his own texts, and incidentally, to learn about the text that Ibn Bajja was using.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.003","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":17,"category_name":"Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a","link":"bib?categories[]=Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":343,"full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5348,"section_of":5346,"pages":"40\u201366","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 113–132
Categories Law, al-Fārābī, Influence
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property. Averroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes’ positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bidāyat al-Mujtahid wa-Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣid, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law. It seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle’s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's “Republic” there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5351","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5351,"authors_free":[{"id":6201,"entry_id":5351,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"},"abstract":"In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic.\u201d I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property.\r\n\r\nAverroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes\u2019 positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bid\u0101yat al-Mujtahid wa-Nih\u0101yat al-Muqta\u1e63id, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law.\r\n\r\nIt seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle\u2019s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.006","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5351,"section_of":5346,"pages":"113\u2013132","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":[2022]}

The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism, 2020
By: Giovanni Licata
Title The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2020
Published in Studies in the Formation of Medieval Hebrew Philosophical Terminology
Pages 151–165
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Influence
Author(s) Giovanni Licata
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5032","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5032,"authors_free":[{"id":5777,"entry_id":5032,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1599,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Giovanni Licata","free_first_name":"Giovanni ","free_last_name":"Licata","norm_person":{"id":1599,"first_name":"Giovanni","last_name":"Licata","full_name":"Giovanni Licata","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1128655918","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/306437659","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Giovanni Licata"}}],"entry_title":"The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"The Term mitpalsef in Jewish Philosophy and Its Particular Use in Jewish Averroism"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004412996_009","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":8,"category_name":"Jewish Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Jewish Averroism"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1599,"full_name":"Giovanni Licata","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5032,"section_of":5031,"pages":"151\u2013165 ","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5031,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Studies in the Formation of Medieval Hebrew Philosophical Terminology","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"This volume contains studies based on papers delivered at the international conference of the PESHAT in Context project entitled \u201cThemes, Terminology, and Translation Procedures in Twelfth-Century Jewish Philosophy.\u201d The central figure in this book is Judah Ibn Tibbon. He sired the Ibn Tibbon family of translators, which influenced philosophical and scientific Hebrew writing for centuries. More broadly, the study of this early phase of the Hebrew translation movement also reveals that the formation of a standardized Hebrew terminology was a long process that was never fully completed. Terminological shifts are frequent even within the Tibbonide family, to say nothing of the fascinating terminological diversity displayed by other authors and translators discussed in this book. ","republication_of":0,"online_url":"https:\/\/brill.com\/view\/title\/55932","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5031,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Studies in Jewish History and Culture","volume":"57","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

Ibn Tumlūs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-Fārābī and Averroes, 2020
By: Fouad Ben Ahmed
Title Ibn Tumlūs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-Fārābī and Averroes
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2020
Published in The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought
Pages 245–276
Categories Logic, al-Fārābī, Influence
Author(s) Fouad Ben Ahmed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5036","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5036,"authors_free":[{"id":5783,"entry_id":5036,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1440,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","free_first_name":"Fouad","free_last_name":"Ben Ahmed","norm_person":{"id":1440,"first_name":"Fouad","last_name":"Ben Ahmed","full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","short_ident":"FouBen","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fouad Ben Ahmed"}}],"entry_title":"Ibn Tuml\u016bs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b and Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Tuml\u016bs on Dialectical Reasoning: The Extent of His Reliance on al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b and Averroes"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/M.RPM-EB.5.119764","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1440,"full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5036,"section_of":5035,"pages":"245\u2013276","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5035,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"The annual colloquium of the SIEPM in Freiburg, Germany, was groundbreaking in that it featured a more or less equal number of talks on all three medieval cultures that contributed to the formation of Western philosophical thought: the Islamic, Jewish, and Christian traditions. Indeed, the subject of the colloquium, \u2018The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought\u2019, lent itself to such a cross-cultural approach. In all these traditions, partially inspired by ancient Greek philosophy, partially by other sources, language and thought, semantics and logic occupied a central place. As a result, the chapters of the present volume effortlessly traverse philosophical, religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and thus in many respects open up new perspectives. It should not be surprising if readers delight in chapters of a philosophical tradition outside of their own as much as they do in those in their area of expertise.\r\n\r\nAmong the topics discussed are the significance of language for logic; the origin of language: inspiration or convention; imposition or coinage; the existence of an original language; the correctness of language; divine discourse; animal language; the meaningfulness of animal sounds; music as communication; the scope of dialectical disputation; the relation between rhetoric and demonstration; the place of logic and rhetoric in theology; the limits of human knowledge; the meaning of categories; the problem of metaphysical entailment; the need to disentangle the metaphysical implications of language; the quantification of predicates; and the significance of linguistic custom for judging logical propositions.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/M.RPM-EB.5.119773","book":{"id":5035,"pubplace":"Turnhout","publisher":"Brepols","series":"Rencontres de Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vale","volume":"20","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

L’oeuvre médicale d’Averroès contre Galien, 2020
By: Joël Chandelier
Title L’oeuvre médicale d’Averroès contre Galien
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2020
Published in Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne
Pages 115–140
Categories Medicine, Influence
Author(s) Joël Chandelier
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5040","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5040,"authors_free":[{"id":5787,"entry_id":5040,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":307,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jo\u00ebl Chandelier","free_first_name":"Jo\u00ebl","free_last_name":"Chandelier","norm_person":{"id":307,"first_name":"Jo\u00ebl","last_name":"Chandelier","full_name":"Jo\u00ebl Chandelier","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1096514664","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/144773914","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jo\u00ebl Chandelier"}}],"entry_title":"L\u2019oeuvre m\u00e9dicale d\u2019Averro\u00e8s contre Galien","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"L\u2019oeuvre m\u00e9dicale d\u2019Averro\u00e8s contre Galien"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":29,"category_name":"Medicine","link":"bib?categories[]=Medicine"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":307,"full_name":"Jo\u00ebl Chandelier","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5040,"section_of":5039,"pages":"115\u2013140","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5039,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Contre Galien. Critiques d\u2019une autorit\u00e9 m\u00e9dicale de l\u2019Antiquit\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e2ge moderne","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Galien de Pergame (129-ca 216) a syst\u00e9matis\u00e9 l'ensemble du savoir m\u00e9dical ancien et sa doctrine s'est maintenue jusqu'\u00e0 l'\u00e9poque moderne. Son oeuvre tentaculaire a aussi innerv\u00e9 la pens\u00e9e philosophique, logique et th\u00e9ologique. Toutefois, Galien a fait l'objet de critiques de la part de ses contemporains, puis de ses successeurs. Apr\u00e8s le triomphe du gal\u00e9nisme \u00e0 la fin de l'Antiquit\u00e9, les penseurs islamiques ont introduit les premi\u00e8res br\u00e8ches dans ce syst\u00e8me. Ces attaques, relay\u00e9es en Occident latin et \u00e0 Byzance, ont connu une ampleur nouvelle \u00e0 la Renaissance avec la remise en cause et la d\u00e9construction de l'autorit\u00e9 gal\u00e9nique. Dans ce livre est propos\u00e9e une histoire dynamique de la r\u00e9ception de Galien \u00e0 travers diff\u00e9rents cas d'anti-gal\u00e9nismes. Les \u00e9tudes qui y sont r\u00e9unies portent sur des textes peu connus, voire in\u00e9dits. Elles recensent les critiques contre Galien, tout en explorant diff\u00e9rentes facettes de sa pens\u00e9e m\u00e9dicale et philosophique. Ce parcours permet ainsi de suivre les changements de paradigmes \u00e9pist\u00e9mologiques qui s'op\u00e8rent au fil des si\u00e8cles, mais aussi de mieux cerner, par la n\u00e9gative, ce que fut le gal\u00e9nisme durant sa longue tradition.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5039,"pubplace":" Paris","publisher":"Honor\u00e9 Champion","series":"Sciences techniques ","volume":"21","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

El sentido de las tres lecturas de Aristóteles por Averroes, 2017
By: Miguel Cruz Hernández
Title El sentido de las tres lecturas de Aristóteles por Averroes
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 2017
Published in La filosofía en Al Ándalus
Pages 429–451
Categories Aristotle, Influence, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Miguel Cruz Hernández
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5184","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5184,"authors_free":[{"id":5973,"entry_id":5184,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":414,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Miguel Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez","free_first_name":"Miguel","free_last_name":"Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez","norm_person":{"id":414,"first_name":"Miguel","last_name":"Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez","full_name":"Miguel Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/151074763","viaf_url":"","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Miguel Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez"}}],"entry_title":"El sentido de las tres lecturas de Arist\u00f3teles por Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"El sentido de las tres lecturas de Arist\u00f3teles por Averroes"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2017","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":414,"full_name":"Miguel Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5184,"section_of":5181,"pages":"429\u2013451","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5181,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"es","title":"La filosof\u00eda en Al \u00c1ndalus","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2017","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"La presente obra ofrece una perspectiva abierta de la filosof\u00eda de al-Andalus con enfoques diversos y complementarios a cargo de reconocidos especialistas del arabismo, el hebra\u00edsmo y el pensamiento medieval: Miguel As\u00edn Palacios, Manuel Alonso, Roger Arnaldez, Miguel Cruz Hern\u00e1ndez, Fernando D\u00edaz Esteban, Salvador G\u00f3mez Nogales, David Gonzalo Maeso, Joaqu\u00edn Lomba, Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez Lorca y Juan Vernet. Novedad importante que reflejan estas p\u00e1ginas es la integraci\u00f3n de los fil\u00f3sofos jud\u00edos y musulmanes en la casa com\u00fan de al-Andalus, como hist\u00f3ricamente aconteci\u00f3. En la primera parte se analizan las influencias cl\u00e1sicas y orientales que confluyeron en la vida intelectual de la Espa\u00f1a musulmana. En la segunda se traza un amplio y detallado panorama de los principales fil\u00f3sofos de al-Andalus. El editor ha reconstruido en la introducci\u00f3n el desarrollo del pensamiento andalus\u00ed dentro de su contexto hist\u00f3rico. Rigor hist\u00f3rico-filol\u00f3gico, contextualizaci\u00f3n social, profundizaci\u00f3n en las cuestiones especulativas y esp\u00edritu cr\u00edtico constituyen rasgos comunes de estos ensayos. Esta nueva edici\u00f3n se ampl\u00eda con un pr\u00f3logo que resume las ediciones y estudios producidos en Espa\u00f1a durante el \u00faltimo cuarto de siglo; una renovada bibliograf\u00eda b\u00e1sica acerca de las fuentes hist\u00f3ricas y literarias; y una actualizada nota biobibliogr\u00e1fica de los autores aqu\u00ed reunidos que ser\u00e1 \u00fatil a los j\u00f3venes lectores e investigadores. Cierra el libro un Ap\u00e9ndice con tres nuevos textos: un art\u00edculo del historiador de la ciencia \u00e1rabe Juan Vernet, una lograda entrevista al sabio egipcio Mahmud Ali Makki y un reciente trabajo del profesor Mart\u00ednez Lorca sobre la formaci\u00f3n de la cultura andalus\u00ed y su posterior recepci\u00f3n en la Europa latina.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5181,"pubplace":"C\u00f3rdoba","publisher":"Almuzara","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2017]}

Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration, 2015
By: Edith Dudley Sylla
Title Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 141–192
Categories Physics, Influence, Tradition and Reception, Commentary
Author(s) Edith Dudley Sylla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5236","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5236,"authors_free":[{"id":6045,"entry_id":5236,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":695,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","free_first_name":"Edith Dudley","free_last_name":"Sylla","norm_person":{"id":695,"first_name":"Edith Dudley","last_name":"Sylla","full_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/115586679","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/45036137","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd115586679.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Edith Dudley Sylla"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":695,"full_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5236,"section_of":5224,"pages":"141\u2013192","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5224,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Averroes\u2019 Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5224,"pubplace":"Leuven","publisher":"Leuven University Press","series":"Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, De Wulf-Mansion Centre, Series 1","volume":"50","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2015]}

Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation, 2015
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazâlî. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1
Pages 275–287
Categories al-Ġazālī, Commentary, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5287","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5287,"authors_free":[{"id":6106,"entry_id":5287,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":653,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":" Alfred L. Ivry","free_first_name":" Alfred L. ","free_last_name":"Ivry","norm_person":{"id":653,"first_name":"Alfred L.","last_name":"Ivry","full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/172513073","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/117886983","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd172513073.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alfred L. Ivry"}}],"entry_title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952_014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":14,"category_name":"al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":653,"full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5287,"section_of":5286,"pages":"275\u2013287","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5286,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"This volume offers an account of Ab\u016b \u1e24\u0101mid al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b (d. 505\/1111) as a rational theologian who created a symbiosis of philosophy and theology and infused rationality into Sufism. The majority of the papers herein deal with important topics of al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s work, which demonstrate his rational treatment of the Qur\u02be\u0101n and major subjects of Islamic theology and everyday life of Muslims. Some other contributions address al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s sources and how his intellectual endeavors were later received by scholars who had the same concern of reconciling religion and rationality within Islam, Christianity and Judaism.\r\n\r\nWith contributions by Binyamin Abrahamov, Hans Daiber, Ken Garden, Avner Giladi, Scott Girdner, Frank Griffel, Steven Harvey, Alfred Ivry, Jules Janssens, Taneli Kukkonen, Luis Xavier L\u00f3pez-Farjeat, Wilferd Madelung, Yahya M. Michot, Yasien Mohamed, Eric Ormsby, M. Sait \u00d6zervarl\u0131, and Hidemi Takahashi.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952 ","book":{"id":5286,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies","volume":"94","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2015]}

Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors, 2014
By: José Meirinhos
Title Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2014
Published in Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Pages 231–251
Categories Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) José Meirinhos
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5153","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5153,"authors_free":[{"id":5934,"entry_id":5153,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jos\u00e9 Meirinhos","free_first_name":"Jos\u00e9","free_last_name":"Meirinhos","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2014","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5153,"section_of":5152,"pages":"231\u2013251","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5152,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2014","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5152,"pubplace":" Cordoba and London","publisher":"CNERU and The Warburg Institute","series":"Arabica veritas","volume":"1","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2014]}

Al Fārābī, Averroès. Conversation et demonstration, 2007
By: Ali Benmakhlouf
Title Al Fārābī, Averroès. Conversation et demonstration
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2007
Published in Averroes et les Averroïsmes juif et latin. Actes du Colloque International. Paris, 16–18 juin 2005
Pages 151–160
Categories Influence
Author(s) Ali Benmakhlouf
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1313","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1313,"authors_free":[{"id":1500,"entry_id":1313,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":774,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ali Benmakhlouf","free_first_name":"Ali","free_last_name":"Benmakhlouf","norm_person":{"id":774,"first_name":"Ali","last_name":"Benmakhlouf","full_name":"Ali Benmakhlouf","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/120589850","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/24737587","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Ali Benmakhlouf"}}],"entry_title":"Al F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Averro\u00e8s. Conversation et demonstration","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Al F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Averro\u00e8s. Conversation et demonstration"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2007","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":774,"full_name":"Ali Benmakhlouf","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1313,"section_of":159,"pages":"151\u2013160","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":159,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroes et les Averro\u00efsmes juif et latin. Actes du Colloque International. Paris, 16\u201318 juin 2005","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2007","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2007","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":159,"pubplace":"Louvain-la-Neuve","publisher":"Brepols","series":"Textes et \u00e9tudes du moyen \u00e2ge","volume":"40","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Al F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b, Averro\u00e8s. Conversation et demonstration"]}

Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation, 2015
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Al-Ghazâlî, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghazâlî. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1
Pages 275–287
Categories al-Ġazālī, Commentary, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5287","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5287,"authors_free":[{"id":6106,"entry_id":5287,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":653,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":" Alfred L. Ivry","free_first_name":" Alfred L. ","free_last_name":"Ivry","norm_person":{"id":653,"first_name":"Alfred L.","last_name":"Ivry","full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/172513073","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/117886983","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd172513073.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alfred L. Ivry"}}],"entry_title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952_014","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":14,"category_name":"al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":653,"full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5287,"section_of":5286,"pages":"275\u2013287","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5286,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Islam and Rationality: The Impact of al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee. Papers Collected on His 900th Anniversary Vol. 1","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"This volume offers an account of Ab\u016b \u1e24\u0101mid al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b (d. 505\/1111) as a rational theologian who created a symbiosis of philosophy and theology and infused rationality into Sufism. The majority of the papers herein deal with important topics of al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s work, which demonstrate his rational treatment of the Qur\u02be\u0101n and major subjects of Islamic theology and everyday life of Muslims. Some other contributions address al-Ghaz\u0101l\u012b\u2019s sources and how his intellectual endeavors were later received by scholars who had the same concern of reconciling religion and rationality within Islam, Christianity and Judaism.\r\n\r\nWith contributions by Binyamin Abrahamov, Hans Daiber, Ken Garden, Avner Giladi, Scott Girdner, Frank Griffel, Steven Harvey, Alfred Ivry, Jules Janssens, Taneli Kukkonen, Luis Xavier L\u00f3pez-Farjeat, Wilferd Madelung, Yahya M. Michot, Yasien Mohamed, Eric Ormsby, M. Sait \u00d6zervarl\u0131, and Hidemi Takahashi.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/9789004290952 ","book":{"id":5286,"pubplace":"Leiden, Boston","publisher":"Brill","series":"Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies","volume":"94","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, Averroes and Moshe Narboni: Conflict and Conflation"]}

Averroes als Vermittler der Gedanken des Alexander von Aphrodisias, 1994
By: Olaf Pluta
Title Averroes als Vermittler der Gedanken des Alexander von Aphrodisias
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 1994
Published in Averroismus im Mittelalter und in der Renaissance
Pages 201–221
Categories Influence, Renaissance, Alexander of Aphrodisias
Author(s) Olaf Pluta
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"456","_score":null,"_source":{"id":456,"authors_free":[{"id":599,"entry_id":456,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":666,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Olaf Pluta","free_first_name":"Olaf","free_last_name":"Pluta","norm_person":{"id":666,"first_name":"Olaf","last_name":"Pluta","full_name":"Olaf Pluta","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/110951786","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/73874170","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd110951786.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Olaf Pluta"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes als Vermittler der Gedanken des Alexander von Aphrodisias","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes als Vermittler der Gedanken des Alexander von Aphrodisias"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"1994","language":"German","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":5,"category_name":"Renaissance","link":"bib?categories[]=Renaissance"},{"id":15,"category_name":"Alexander of Aphrodisias","link":"bib?categories[]=Alexander of Aphrodisias"}],"authors":[{"id":666,"full_name":"Olaf Pluta","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":456,"section_of":4,"pages":"201\u2013221","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":4,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroismus im Mittelalter und in der Renaissance","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"1994","edition_no":null,"free_date":"1994","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":4,"pubplace":"Z\u00fcrich","publisher":"Spur Verlag","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes als Vermittler der Gedanken des Alexander von Aphrodisias"]}

Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors, 2014
By: José Meirinhos
Title Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2014
Published in Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Pages 231–251
Categories Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Influence
Author(s) José Meirinhos
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5153","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5153,"authors_free":[{"id":5934,"entry_id":5153,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jos\u00e9 Meirinhos","free_first_name":"Jos\u00e9","free_last_name":"Meirinhos","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2014","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5153,"section_of":5152,"pages":"231\u2013251","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5152,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Mapping knowledge: cross-pollination in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2014","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5152,"pubplace":" Cordoba and London","publisher":"CNERU and The Warburg Institute","series":"Arabica veritas","volume":"1","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes and Averroisms in Portuguese. Medieval and Early Modern Scholastic Authors"]}

Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration, 2015
By: Edith Dudley Sylla
Title Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 141–192
Categories Physics, Influence, Tradition and Reception, Commentary
Author(s) Edith Dudley Sylla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5236","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5236,"authors_free":[{"id":6045,"entry_id":5236,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":695,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","free_first_name":"Edith Dudley","free_last_name":"Sylla","norm_person":{"id":695,"first_name":"Edith Dudley","last_name":"Sylla","full_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/115586679","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/45036137","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd115586679.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Edith Dudley Sylla"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":695,"full_name":"Edith Dudley Sylla","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5236,"section_of":5224,"pages":"141\u2013192","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5224,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Averroes\u2019 Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2015","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5224,"pubplace":"Leuven","publisher":"Leuven University Press","series":"Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, De Wulf-Mansion Centre, Series 1","volume":"50","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes and Fourteenth-Century Theories of Alteration"]}

Averroes e Ibn Jaldún. Referencias e influencias, 1999
By: Luis Ignacio Vivanco Saavedra
Title Averroes e Ibn Jaldún. Referencias e influencias
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1999
Published in Averroes y los averroísmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosofía medieval
Pages 397–405
Categories Influence
Author(s) Luis Ignacio Vivanco Saavedra
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1202","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1202,"authors_free":[{"id":1386,"entry_id":1202,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1184,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Luis Ignacio Vivanco Saavedra","free_first_name":"Luis Ignacio","free_last_name":"Vivanco Saavedra","norm_person":{"id":1184,"first_name":"Luis Ignacio","last_name":"Vivanco Saavedra","full_name":"Luis Ignacio Vivanco Saavedra","short_ident":"LuiViv","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Luis Ignacio Vivanco Saavedra"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes e Ibn Jald\u00fan. Referencias e influencias","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes e Ibn Jald\u00fan. Referencias e influencias"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"1999","language":"Spanish","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1184,"full_name":"Luis Ignacio Vivanco Saavedra","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1202,"section_of":122,"pages":"397\u2013405","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":122,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroes y los averro\u00edsmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosof\u00eda medieval","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"1999","edition_no":null,"free_date":"1999","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":122,"pubplace":"Saragossa","publisher":"Sociedad de Filosof\u00eda Medieval","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes e Ibn Jald\u00fan. Referencias e influencias"]}

Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics, 2004
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2004
Published in Western Interpretations of Greek Philosophy
Pages 125–136
Categories Influence, Aristotle
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"454","_score":null,"_source":{"id":454,"authors_free":[{"id":597,"entry_id":454,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":653,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","free_first_name":"Alfred L.","free_last_name":"Ivry","norm_person":{"id":653,"first_name":"Alfred L.","last_name":"Ivry","full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/172513073","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/117886983","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd172513073.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Alfred L. Ivry"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2004","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":653,"full_name":"Alfred L. Ivry","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":454,"section_of":42,"pages":"125\u2013136","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":42,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Western Interpretations of Greek Philosophy","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2004","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2004","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":42,"pubplace":"Aldershot","publisher":"Ashgate Publishing","series":null,"volume":null,"edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes on Aristotle. Uses and Abuses of the Classics"]}

Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”, 2022
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato’s “Republic”
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 113–132
Categories Law, al-Fārābī, Influence
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's “Republic.” I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property. Averroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes’ positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bidāyat al-Mujtahid wa-Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣid, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law. It seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle’s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's “Republic” there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5351","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5351,"authors_free":[{"id":6201,"entry_id":5351,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1254,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Catarina Belo","free_first_name":"Catarina","free_last_name":"Belo","norm_person":{"id":1254,"first_name":"Catarina","last_name":"Belo","full_name":"Catarina Belo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/132895374","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Catarina Belo"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"},"abstract":"In this chapter, I will focus on Averroes's position on family and property in his Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic.\u201d I will lay out his views on the role of parents in the education of children, and the place of women and children within the family and in society. I will examine Averroes's stance on private and collective property, as well as his questions pertaining to the transmission of property.\r\n\r\nAverroes's primary goal in this commentary is arguably to elucidate Plato's analysis of the structure of the ideal political state, given that, by his own admission, he could not find an Arabic translation of Aristotle's Politics. A distinction can in principle be made between Plato's views as expounded by Averroes, and the latter's own views on a given subject. Averroes\u2019 positions can be discerned in the way he introduces personal comments and references to contemporary al-Andalus. In order to discern Averroes's positions and to discover whether he concurs with Plato on issues such as the question of education and the status of women and property, comparisons will be drawn with his main legal work, Bid\u0101yat al-Mujtahid wa-Nih\u0101yat al-Muqta\u1e63id, so as to uncover his position on such legal matters as family law and property law.\r\n\r\nIt seems that Averroes would have preferred to write a commentary on Aristotle's Politics, since Aristotle's views are closer to his own. In spite of the fact that he is writing on a philosopher with whom he has fewer affinities, he succeeds in presenting many of his own views in this commentary on Plato. This is perhaps owing to the fact that Averroes often quotes Alfarabi, who greatly admired Plato's philosophy and held it to be in harmony with Aristotle\u2019s. Thus Alfarabi, who is a great source of inspiration for Averroes, constitutes in this instance a strong link between Averroes and Plato. Averroes draws on Plato and appears to agree with him in many respects. Writing on Plato's work also allows him to expound some of his own views on issues such as virtue, education, the political state, and religion. In the Commentary on Plato's \u201cRepublic\u201d there are echoes of works by Alfarabi, in particular The Attainment of Happiness.","btype":2,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983.006","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":1254,"full_name":"Catarina Belo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5351,"section_of":5346,"pages":"113\u2013132","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5346,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"en","title":"Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2022","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/9781800104983","book":{"id":5346,"pubplace":"","publisher":" Boydell & Brewer","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6196,"entry_id":5346,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":" Alexander Orwin","free_first_name":" Alexander","free_last_name":" Orwin","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes on Family and Property in the Commentary on Plato\u2019s \u201cRepublic\u201d"]}

Averroes on Theophrastus, through Themistius, 1999
By: Dimitri Gutas
Title Averroes on Theophrastus, through Themistius
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1999
Published in Averroes and the Aristotelian Tradition. Sources, Constitution and Reception of the Philosophy of Ibn Rushd (1126–1198). Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Averroicum (Cologne, 1996)
Pages 125–144
Categories Influence, Themistius
Author(s) Dimitri Gutas
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"451","_score":null,"_source":{"id":451,"authors_free":[{"id":594,"entry_id":451,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":757,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Dimitri Gutas","free_first_name":"Dimitri","free_last_name":"Gutas","norm_person":{"id":757,"first_name":"Dimitri","last_name":"Gutas","full_name":"Dimitri Gutas","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/122946243","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/9972759","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd122946243.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Dimitri Gutas"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes on Theophrastus, through Themistius","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes on Theophrastus, through Themistius"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"1999","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"},{"id":16,"category_name":"Themistius","link":"bib?categories[]=Themistius"}],"authors":[{"id":757,"full_name":"Dimitri Gutas","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":451,"section_of":32,"pages":"125\u2013144","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":32,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Averroes and the Aristotelian Tradition. Sources, Constitution and Reception of the Philosophy of Ibn Rushd (1126\u20131198). Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium Averroicum (Cologne, 1996)","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"1999","edition_no":null,"free_date":"1999","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":32,"pubplace":"Leiden","publisher":"Brill","series":"Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science","volume":"31","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes on Theophrastus, through Themistius"]}

Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret, 2002
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2002
Published in Il comento filosofico nell'Occidente latino (secoli XIII-XV)
Pages 327–358
Categories Influence
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1201","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1201,"authors_free":[{"id":1385,"entry_id":1201,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":343,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Josep Puig Montada","free_first_name":"Josep","free_last_name":"Puig Montada","norm_person":{"id":343,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/188325034","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/61625512","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Josep Puig Montada"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret"},"abstract":null,"btype":2,"date":"2002","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":24,"category_name":"Influence","link":"bib?categories[]=Influence"}],"authors":[{"id":343,"full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":1201,"section_of":145,"pages":"327\u2013358","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":145,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"reference","type":4,"language":null,"title":"Il comento filosofico nell'Occidente latino (secoli XIII-XV)","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"short_title":null,"has_no_author":0,"volume":null,"date":"2002","edition_no":null,"free_date":"2002","abstract":null,"republication_of":null,"online_url":null,"online_resources":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":null,"doi_url":null,"book":{"id":145,"pubplace":"Turnhout","publisher":"Brepols","series":"Rencontres de philosophie m\u00e9di\u00e9vale","volume":"10","edition_no":null,"valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes' Commentaries on Aristotle. To Explain and to Interpret"]}

  • PAGE 1 OF 3