Type of Media
Category
Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’, 2019
By: Rotraud Hansberger
Title Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 138–157
Categories Avicenna, Natural Philosophy, Psychology
Author(s) Rotraud Hansberger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An exploration of Averroes' theory of the internal senses as this emerges from his commentary on the Parva Naturalia. He seeks to resist Avicenna's innovations in psychology on this topic, and return to what he sees as a more authentically Aristotelian position, a task complicated by the fact that he is using a version of the Parva Naturalia that was markedly different from the original Greek text.

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Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy, 2018
By: Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Title Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Islamic Philosophy from the 12th to the 14th Century
Pages 211–230
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Psychology, Aristotle, Transmission
Author(s) Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès sauvé par Ockham? Unicité de l’intellect et théologie trinitaire, 2017
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès sauvé par Ockham? Unicité de l’intellect et théologie trinitaire
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2017
Published in Miroir de l'amitié: mélanges offerts à Joel Biard à l'occasion des ses 65 ans
Pages 193–212
Categories Ockham, Theology, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Phantasms of Reason and Shadows of Matter: Averroes’s Notion of the Imagination and Its Renaissance Interpreters, 2013
By: Guido Giglioni
Title Phantasms of Reason and Shadows of Matter: Averroes’s Notion of the Imagination and Its Renaissance Interpreters
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 173–196
Categories Averroism, Renaissance, Psychology
Author(s) Guido Giglioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In Averroes’s view of the cosmos, living beings discern, animals imagine, individual human beings cogitate, humankind as a whole thinks, and intellects intuit and understand themselves. In other words, natural operations in living organisms are capable of discriminating between the useful and the harmful, animal nature processes images (intentions is Averroes’s term) from matter, individual men cogitate those images and the human intellect thinks insofar as it is considered a species, i.e., the human species. In this sense, the intellect of the human species thinks the sublunary world as one collective representation of the universe to be further abstracted and processed by higher levels of intellectual activity. A number of Renaissance philosophers, depending on how they interpreted the special relationship between intellects, the material intellect and bodily imaginations, elaborated a series of fascinating solutions in response to Averroes’s challenging view. This chapter focuses on the notion of the imagination – and dream imagination in particular – and intends to demonstrate the important role played by this faculty in unravelling some of the most notorious puzzles of Averroes’s philosophy. As will become clear over the course of this chapter, this role needs to be explored in all its various dimensions (metaphysical, epistemological, cosmological, medical and theologico-political).

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Paul of Venice on the Nature of the Possible Intellect, 2012
By: Fabrizio Amerini

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Some Notes on Averroes’ Appraisal of non-Islamic Religions, with a Focus on Christianity and Judaism, 2012
By: Catarina Belo

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Un’altra critica alla noetica averroista. Francesco della Marca e l’unicità dell’intelletto, 2012
By: Tiziana Suarez-Nani

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Thirteenth Century Hebrew Psychological Discussion: The Role of Latin Sources in the Formation of Hebrew Aristotelianism, 2012
By: Yossef Schwartz
Title Thirteenth Century Hebrew Psychological Discussion: The Role of Latin Sources in the Formation of Hebrew Aristotelianism
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2012
Published in The Letter before the Spirit. The Importance of Text Editions for the Study of the Reception of Aristotle
Pages 173–194
Categories Aristotle, Psychology, Transmission
Author(s) Yossef Schwartz
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hafīd (Averroes), 2011
By: Taneli Kukkonen
Title Ibn Rushd, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hafīd (Averroes)
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Philosophy between 500 and 1500
Pages 494–501
Categories Biography, Surveys, Logic, Psychology, Cosmology, Metaphysics
Author(s) Taneli Kukkonen
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes (1126–1198 CE) was the most famous and prolific commentator on Aristotle in all of medieval philosophy: 38 works are extant, at all levels of instruction. This concentration on Aristotle was not happenstance, instead, it reflects Averroes’ maturing philosophical outlook. For Averroes, Aristotle’s teaching came to represent the pinnacle of philosophical wisdom, and answers to all the most pressing problems in philosophy were to be found in a thorough and careful exploration of what that teaching truly implied. In the course of Averroes’ deepening investigations into Aristotelian lore, alternative interpretations were advanced and different traditions of thinking carefully laid side by side, producing a field guide to the Peripatetic tradition, as it was known to an Arabic scholar of the classical period. The resulting body of texts represents a high watermark in Aristotelian synthesis and systematization, even if Averroes failed in the end to resolve satisfactorily all the problems that had accumulated over the centuries. In addition to his Aristotelian Commentaries, Explications, and Compendia (which, besides Aristotle, encompassed works by Plato, Galen, Ptolemy, and al-Ġazālī), Averroes wrote smaller, independent essays and questions that explored contested issues in Aristotelian teaching; polemical works that argued the religious innocence and intellectual respectability of Peripatetic philosophy, correctly understood; and medical and legal treatises of solid but unspectacular standing. Averroes’ reputation was made in Latin Scholasticism and in Jewish circles of learning, while in the Arabic world his works fell mostly by the wayside. Today, his name is evoked in the Arabic world as a rallying-point for a rationalist Islam – a fitting legacy, if not always especially well grounded (modern-day Averroists displaying at best a cursory knowledge of the Commentator’s philosophy).

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La noétique de Jean de Jandun et son rapport à celle d'Averroès, 2011
By: Joël Biard

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'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote, 2006
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title 'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2006
Published in Écriture et réécriture des textes philosophiques médiévaux. Volume d'hommage offert à Colette Sirat
Pages 137–184
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Alberts Seelen- und Intellektlehre, 1981
By: Ingrid Craemer-Ruegenberg
Title Alberts Seelen- und Intellektlehre
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 1981
Published in Albert der Große. Seine Zeit, sein Werk, seine Wirkung
Pages 104–115
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Ingrid Craemer-Ruegenberg
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aquinas's Critique of Averroes' Doctrine of the Unity of the Intellect, 1994
By: Edward P. Mahoney
Title Aquinas's Critique of Averroes' Doctrine of the Unity of the Intellect
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1994
Published in Thomas Aquinas and His Legacy
Pages 83–106
Categories Psychology, Aquinas
Author(s) Edward P. Mahoney
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle's Theory of the Intellect and its Interpretation by Averroes, 1981
By: Arthur Hyman
Title Aristotle's Theory of the Intellect and its Interpretation by Averroes
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 1981
Published in Studies in Aristotle
Pages 161–191
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Arthur Hyman
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avempace - ratio de quiditate. Thomas Aquinas's Critique of an Argument for the Natural Knowability of Separate Substances, 2006
By: David Wirmer
Title Avempace - ratio de quiditate. Thomas Aquinas's Critique of an Argument for the Natural Knowability of Separate Substances
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2006
Published in Wissen über Grenzen. Arabisches Wissen und lateinisches Mittelalter
Pages 569–590
Categories Psychology, Ibn Bāǧǧa, Aquinas
Author(s) David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’, 2019
By: Rotraud Hansberger
Title Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 138–157
Categories Avicenna, Natural Philosophy, Psychology
Author(s) Rotraud Hansberger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An exploration of Averroes' theory of the internal senses as this emerges from his commentary on the Parva Naturalia. He seeks to resist Avicenna's innovations in psychology on this topic, and return to what he sees as a more authentically Aristotelian position, a task complicated by the fact that he is using a version of the Parva Naturalia that was markedly different from the original Greek text.

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Averroes on the Spirituality and Intentionality of Sensation, 2011
By: Deborah Louise Black
Title Averroes on the Spirituality and Intentionality of Sensation
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in In the Age of Averroes. Arabic Philosophy in the Sixth/Twelfth Century
Pages 159–174
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Deborah Louise Black
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes y Santo Tomás leen a Aristóteles (De Anima), 1999
By: Mariano Brasa Díez
Title Averroes y Santo Tomás leen a Aristóteles (De Anima)
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1999
Published in Averroes y los averroísmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosofía medieval
Pages 183–191
Categories Psychology, Aquinas, De anima
Author(s) Mariano Brasa Díez
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes y el concepto de ser espiritual en las teorías del conocimiento del siglo XIII, 1999
By: Jorge A. Tellkamp
Title Averroes y el concepto de ser espiritual en las teorías del conocimiento del siglo XIII
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 1999
Published in Averroes y los averroísmos. Actas del III Congreso nacional de filosofía medieval
Pages 231–239
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Jorge A. Tellkamp
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Changing Mind on the Role of the Active Intellect in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2011
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title Averroes' Changing Mind on the Role of the Active Intellect in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 319–328
Categories Natural Philosophy, Psychology
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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