Ibn Miskawayh, Ibn Rushd, and Al-Fārābī, 2023
By: G. Hussein Rassool, Mugheera M. Luqman
Title Ibn Miskawayh, Ibn Rushd, and Al-Fārābī
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2023
Published in Foundations of Islāmic Psychology. From Classical Scholars to Contemporary Thinkers
Pages 48-55
Categories al-Fārābī, Psychology
Author(s) G. Hussein Rassool , Mugheera M. Luqman
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this particular chapter, three physicians Ibn Miskawayh, Ibn Rushd, and Al-Fārābī, who made some contributions, directly and indirectly, to the development of psychology, are presented. Ibn Miskawayh can be regarded as one of the earliest positive, educational, cognitive psychologists for his treatise on Tahdhīb al-Akhlāq. In positive psychology, he showed how to reach supreme happiness and its virtues. To reach such state, psychological conditions and environmental factors can shape the supreme happiness of human being. The development of a theory of psychotherapy has also been attributed to Ibn Miskawayh and introduced what is now known as "self-reinforcement" and response cost. Ibn Rushd's views on psychology are most fully discussed in his Talkhis Kitab al-Nafs as it "surpasses other sciences, except for divine science." Ibn Rushd described three-fold hierarchy of learning. Ibn Rushd argued that we experience health and illness, and that religious texts contain important information as to how we should behave. What is remarkable with Ibn Rushd is that he examined critically diverse views and argued that all these views are acceptable from different perspectives. Al Fārābī in his Ārāʾ Ahl al-Madīnah al-Fāḍilah describes several principles of social psychology using invented exemplars. Al-Fārābī suggested that the perfect human being has both theoretical virtue and practical moral virtues. At the heart of Al-Farabi's political philosophy is the concept of happiness in which people cooperate to gain contentment. Al-Fārābī used observable realities and experimentation based on clear evidence even though relied on scriptural sources for his intellectual discourse. Al-Fārābī wrote on dreams and explained the distinction between dream Interpretation and the nature and trigger of dreams. His writings on the therapeutic effect of music on the soul later influenced modern mental health and treatment.

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Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’, 2019
By: Rotraud Hansberger
Title Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 138–157
Categories Avicenna, Natural Philosophy, Psychology
Author(s) Rotraud Hansberger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An exploration of Averroes' theory of the internal senses as this emerges from his commentary on the Parva Naturalia. He seeks to resist Avicenna's innovations in psychology on this topic, and return to what he sees as a more authentically Aristotelian position, a task complicated by the fact that he is using a version of the Parva Naturalia that was markedly different from the original Greek text.

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Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy, 2018
By: Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Title Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Islamic Philosophy from the 12th to the 14th Century
Pages 211–230
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Psychology, Aristotle, Transmission
Author(s) Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès sauvé par Ockham? Unicité de l’intellect et théologie trinitaire, 2017
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Averroès sauvé par Ockham? Unicité de l’intellect et théologie trinitaire
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2017
Published in Miroir de l'amitié: mélanges offerts à Joel Biard à l'occasion des ses 65 ans
Pages 193–212
Categories Ockham, Theology, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Active Intellect of Averroes, 2015
By: John Shannon Hendrix
Title The Active Intellect of Averroes
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Unconscious thought in philosophy and psychoanalysis
Pages 105-125
Categories Intellect, Psychology, Aristotle
Author(s) John Shannon Hendrix
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Phantasms of Reason and Shadows of Matter: Averroes’s Notion of the Imagination and Its Renaissance Interpreters, 2013
By: Guido Giglioni
Title Phantasms of Reason and Shadows of Matter: Averroes’s Notion of the Imagination and Its Renaissance Interpreters
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 173–196
Categories Averroism, Renaissance, Psychology
Author(s) Guido Giglioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In Averroes’s view of the cosmos, living beings discern, animals imagine, individual human beings cogitate, humankind as a whole thinks, and intellects intuit and understand themselves. In other words, natural operations in living organisms are capable of discriminating between the useful and the harmful, animal nature processes images (intentions is Averroes’s term) from matter, individual men cogitate those images and the human intellect thinks insofar as it is considered a species, i.e., the human species. In this sense, the intellect of the human species thinks the sublunary world as one collective representation of the universe to be further abstracted and processed by higher levels of intellectual activity. A number of Renaissance philosophers, depending on how they interpreted the special relationship between intellects, the material intellect and bodily imaginations, elaborated a series of fascinating solutions in response to Averroes’s challenging view. This chapter focuses on the notion of the imagination – and dream imagination in particular – and intends to demonstrate the important role played by this faculty in unravelling some of the most notorious puzzles of Averroes’s philosophy. As will become clear over the course of this chapter, this role needs to be explored in all its various dimensions (metaphysical, epistemological, cosmological, medical and theologico-political).

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Paul of Venice on the Nature of the Possible Intellect, 2012
By: Fabrizio Amerini

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Some Notes on Averroes’ Appraisal of non-Islamic Religions, with a Focus on Christianity and Judaism, 2012
By: Catarina Belo

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Un’altra critica alla noetica averroista. Francesco della Marca e l’unicità dell’intelletto, 2012
By: Tiziana Suarez-Nani

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Thirteenth Century Hebrew Psychological Discussion: The Role of Latin Sources in the Formation of Hebrew Aristotelianism, 2012
By: Yossef Schwartz
Title Thirteenth Century Hebrew Psychological Discussion: The Role of Latin Sources in the Formation of Hebrew Aristotelianism
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2012
Published in The Letter before the Spirit. The Importance of Text Editions for the Study of the Reception of Aristotle
Pages 173–194
Categories Aristotle, Psychology, Transmission
Author(s) Yossef Schwartz
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote, 2006
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title 'Passio', 'transmutatio', 'receptio'. 'Averroès sur l'analogie de l'intellect et du sens dans le(s) commentaire(s) au De anima d'Aristote
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2006
Published in Écriture et réécriture des textes philosophiques médiévaux. Volume d'hommage offert à Colette Sirat
Pages 137–184
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avempace - ratio de quiditate. Thomas Aquinas's Critique of an Argument for the Natural Knowability of Separate Substances, 2006
By: David Wirmer
Title Avempace - ratio de quiditate. Thomas Aquinas's Critique of an Argument for the Natural Knowability of Separate Substances
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2006
Published in Wissen über Grenzen. Arabisches Wissen und lateinisches Mittelalter
Pages 569–590
Categories Psychology, Ibn Bāǧǧa, Aquinas
Author(s) David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’, 2019
By: Rotraud Hansberger
Title Averroes and the ‘Internal Senses’
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 138–157
Categories Avicenna, Natural Philosophy, Psychology
Author(s) Rotraud Hansberger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An exploration of Averroes' theory of the internal senses as this emerges from his commentary on the Parva Naturalia. He seeks to resist Avicenna's innovations in psychology on this topic, and return to what he sees as a more authentically Aristotelian position, a task complicated by the fact that he is using a version of the Parva Naturalia that was markedly different from the original Greek text.

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Averroes on the Spirituality and Intentionality of Sensation, 2011
By: Deborah Louise Black
Title Averroes on the Spirituality and Intentionality of Sensation
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in In the Age of Averroes. Arabic Philosophy in the Sixth/Twelfth Century
Pages 159–174
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Deborah Louise Black
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Changing Mind on the Role of the Active Intellect in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2011
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title Averroes' Changing Mind on the Role of the Active Intellect in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 319–328
Categories Natural Philosophy, Psychology
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Philosophical Conception of Separate Intellect and God, 2011
By: Richard C. Taylor

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Averroes' Treatises on the Intellect, 2011
By: Alfred L. Ivry

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Averroes's Long Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima and Direct Knowledge of Separate Beings, 2011
By: Thérèse-Anne Druart
Title Averroes's Long Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima and Direct Knowledge of Separate Beings
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2011
Published in La lumière de l'intellect. La pensée scientifique et philosophique d'Averroès dans son temps. Actes du IVe colloque international de la SIHSPAI (Société internationale d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie arabes et islamiques). Cordoue, 9–12 décembre 1998
Pages 371–379
Categories Commentary, Psychology
Author(s) Thérèse-Anne Druart
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes, lector del Peri psykhês aristotélico, 2004
By: Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title Averroes, lector del Peri psykhês aristotélico
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 2004
Published in Averroes and the Aristotelian Heritage
Pages 137–148
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes, sobre las pasiones, 2009
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Averroes, sobre las pasiones
Type Book Section
Language Spanish
Date 2009
Published in De las Pasiones en la Filosofía Medieval. Actas del X Congreso Latinoamericano de Filosofía Medieval
Pages 209–221
Categories Psychology
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5375","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5375,"authors_free":[{"id":6227,"entry_id":5375,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":343,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Josep Puig Montada","free_first_name":"Josep","free_last_name":"Puig Montada","norm_person":{"id":343,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/188325034","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/61625512","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Josep Puig Montada"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes, sobre las pasiones","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes, sobre las pasiones"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2009","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"}],"authors":[{"id":343,"full_name":"Josep Puig Montada","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5375,"section_of":5374,"pages":"209\u2013221","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5374,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"De las Pasiones en la Filosof\u00eda Medieval. Actas del X Congreso Latinoamericano de Filosof\u00eda Medieval","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2009","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"La presente edici\u00f3n recoge una serie de trabajos de investigadores contempor\u00e1neos sobre el tema de la filosof\u00eda de las pasiones tal como se encuentran en diversos pensadores medievales, tanto de paganos y cristianos, como de jud\u00edos y \u00e1rabes.\r\n\r\nEs de notar, en el conjunto de estos escritos, el car\u00e1cter pluridimensional de esta central experiencia humana, ya que cualesquiera sea el estilo literario de fondo y la motivaci\u00f3n psicol\u00f3gica de los diversos g\u00e9neros y escuelas, en todo per\u00edodo hist\u00f3rico ha existido una preocupaci\u00f3n permanente por la cuesti\u00f3n de las pasiones. Esta preocupaci\u00f3n revela esencialmente la constituci\u00f3n del ser humano (officina omnium) y su ineludible circunstancia hist\u00f3rica, que es ante todo expresi\u00f3n \u00e9tica, como tambi\u00e9n pol\u00edtica y social.\r\n\r\nNo obstante, lo propio en esta investigaci\u00f3n (istori\u00e9, en sentido original), es que nos invita a una lectura renovada y cautivadora, pues su tem\u00e1tica refleja naturalmente la experiencia vital propia del medioevo occidental, cuyo hondo cuestionamiento en torno a la cuesti\u00f3n de las pasiones no es sino un esencial preguntarse por nuestra relaci\u00f3n con nosotros mismos y con todas las formas de alteridad.\r\n\r\nPor \u00faltimo, este volumen, con formato de art\u00edculos monogr\u00e1ficos en distintas lenguas modernas, est\u00e1 orientado tanto para lectores especialistas como para todo p\u00fablico culto en general que se interese por el mundo De Las Pasiones en la Filosof\u00eda Medieval.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5374,"pubplace":"Santiago de Chile","publisher":"Pontifica Universidad Cat\u00f3lica de Chile, Instituto de Filosof\u00eda & Soci\u00e9t\u00e9 Internationale pour l\u2019\u00c9tude de la Philosophie M\u00e9di\u00e9vale","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null},"persons":[{"id":6226,"entry_id":5374,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":2,"role_name":"editor"},"free_name":"Giannina Burlando B. ","free_first_name":"Giannina ","free_last_name":"Burlando B.","norm_person":null}]}},"article":null},"sort":["Averroes, sobre las pasiones"]}

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