Author 395
Type of Media
Epistemic Paternalism, Open Group Inquiry, and Religious Knowledge, 2021
By: Kirk Lougheed
Title Epistemic Paternalism, Open Group Inquiry, and Religious Knowledge
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Res philosophica
Volume 98
Issue 2
Pages 261–281
Categories no categories
Author(s) Kirk Lougheed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Epistemic paternalism occurs when a decision is made for an agent which helps them arrive at the truth, though they didn’t consent to that decision (and sometimes weren’t even aware of it). Common defenses of epistemic paternalism claim that it can help promote positive veritistic results. In other words, epistemic paternalism is often good for inquiry. I argue that there is often a better alternative available to epistemic paternalism in the form of what I call Open Group Inquiry. I then examine how Open Group Inquiry can be applied to cases of religious inquiry, while noting that epistemic paternalism is impermissible in cases of general religious inquiry. I argue that in the case of religious inquiry, there are serious questions about what constitutes evidence along with how to evaluate it. Rather than posing a particular worry for Open Group Inquiry, I suggest these questions pose a problem for religious inquiry in general. I conclude that while it very much matters how concepts like religious knowledge, religious faith, scepticism, etc., are defined, these considerations may well pave the way for a novel argument for religious scepticism.

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Porphyry’s First Definition of Difference in the Hebrew Logical Tradition, 2021
By: Charles Manekin
Title Porphyry’s First Definition of Difference in the Hebrew Logical Tradition
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Studia graeco-arabica
Volume 11
Issue 2
Pages 107–124
Categories Tradition and Reception, Boethius
Author(s) Charles Manekin
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Although most students during the Middle Ages began their study of the Organon with Porphyry’s summary of the predicables in the Isagoge, Jewish students in Christian lands studied it mostly via Averroes’ paraphrase or “Middle Commentary”, since Porphyry’s text was not translated into Hebrew. The popularity of Averroes’ paraphrase was impressive; it is extant in over 80 Hebrew manuscripts, upon which there are thirteen extant Hebrew commentaries. This article introduces and illustrates those commentaries by taking one short passage from Averroes and seeing how it was subsequently interpreted. It argues that there was a Hebrew commentarial tradition in which later commentaries built upon earlier ones, which migrated with itinerant scholars. It also shows the influence of the Latin translation of Porphyry, chiefly that of Boethius, which differs from the paraphrase. And finally, it distinguishes the commentary of Judah Messer Leon (15th c. Italy) from its predecessors in its whole-scale adaption of Christian commentarial practices.

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Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes’ Commentaries on Aristotle?, 2021
By: Steven Harvey
Title Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes’ Commentaries on Aristotle?
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Jewish Studies Quarterly
Volume 28
Issue 2
Pages 159–190
Categories Maimonides, Commentary
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An article published in 2016 by Doron Forte claimed that the universally cited version of the concluding bibliographical section of Maimonides' letter to the translator of the Guide of the Perplexed, Samuel Ibn Tibbon, is both late and corrupt (Jewish Studies Quarterly 23). This claim entails that Maimonides did not recommend Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle in the letter. The current paper argues against this claim. It comprises seven considerations: two philological (based on testimonia Forte chose to ignore), two terminological and three just common sense. I present these considerations as complementary, one supporting the other, that together make clear that the most-often cited version of the letter is very old, the most reliable and likely the most authentic version. In fact, current evidence now points to Ibn Tibbon as the translator of this version, which shows that Maimonides indeed recommended Averroes' commentaries in this letter.

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Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited, 2021
By: Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Title Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 6
Pages 131–155
Categories Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Boethius, Thomas
Author(s) Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The reception of Aristotelian philosophy with Averroes’s commentaries in the thirteenth-century Latin world promoted a new way of understanding natural philosophy and its method. A very special case among the readers of such commentaries, mostly found at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris, are the so-called averroistae. What these averroistae actually were is still a matter of discussion in current scholarship, whereas there is kind of consensus regarding the main exponents of this philosophical movement, namely Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia. The aim of this paper is to shed light on this topic by providing a re-definition of Averroism in the 13th century. To do this, I will analyse some of the most important works of the aforementioned authors in an attempt to clarify the specificity of their philosophical program.

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Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II), 2021
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 135–232
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Cette contribution constitue la deuxième partie de la publication, avec quelques mises à jour et aménagements, d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue sous le même intitulé à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, en décembre 2009 et dont la première partie a été publiée dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L’auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, déterminer les sources sur lesquelles s’est appuyé, entre les années cinquante et soixante du xiie siècle (première période de son travail philosophique), Averroès (Ibn Rušd, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa théorie de l’âme et de l’intellect, en référence aux sources péripatéticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir accès de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le « Commentateur » d’Aristote par excellence, il peut paraître étonnant qu’Averroès n’ait eu d’emblée accès qu’à des sources indirectes relatives à la théorie de l’âme du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l’auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Averroès est essentiellement structurée par l’enseignement d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise et par son De anima. L’aristotélisme d’Averroès apparaît de ce point de vue comme un aristotélisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de manière décisive sur l’exégèse d’Averroès une fois qu’il se serait emparé de l’écrit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l’intellect en puissance et l’intellect agent).

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Vérité et validité d’Averroès à l’aristotélisme renaissant, 2021
By: Ali Benmakhlouf
Title Vérité et validité d’Averroès à l’aristotélisme renaissant
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 83–92
Categories Aristotle, Tradition and Reception, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Ali Benmakhlouf
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
La théorie de la « double-vérité » fut un immense contresens apposé par Thomas d’Aquin sur l’oeuvre d’Averroès dans laquelle elle ne se trouve pas. Le présent article déplace les enjeux vers la notion de validité en explorant la double stratégie qui se met en place chez Averroès : 1) montrer que la sagesse (ḥikma) dont parle le Coran est la philosophie la plus haute, celle qui fait usage de la démonstration ; 2) promouvoir la démonstration comme outil de validité du savoir. L’auteur rappelle le moment inaugural d’al-Kindī, qui met en place la démarche scientifique et s’intéresse donc à la validité et à la forme des arguments, avant de se concentrer sur Averroès et la mise en cohérence du vrai et du valide qui s’opère dans le Discours Décisif. L’article s’achève sur les prolongements de la question de la validité à la Renaissance.

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Pietro Pomponazzi, Averroes, and the Accusation of Imposture, 2021
By: Craig Martin
Title Pietro Pomponazzi, Averroes, and the Accusation of Imposture
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 93–103
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Psychology, Ethics
Author(s) Craig Martin
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Les spécialistes ont longtemps accusé Pietro Pomponazzi d’utiliser la duperie comme une technique pour échapper à la censure de l’Église au sujet de ses thèses sur la mortalité de l’âme et le fondement matériel de la religion. Un examen conjoint du De immortalitate animae et du De incantationibus témoigne non pas d’une promotion de la duperie mais plutôt d’une cohérence entre sa compréhension de l’utilisation politique des fables et des mythes et sa compréhension de l’entendement humain, de l’âme et de la nature de la moralité. Ces thèses dépendent en partie de sa lecture d’Averroès. En particulier, il était d’avis que l’écriture n’était porteuse ni de vérité ni de fausseté au sens strict. Cependant, Pomponazzi s’écarta d’Averroès parce que son rejet de la psychologie était mêlé d’une conception pessimiste de la nature humaine qu’il considérait comme étant éloignée de l’intellection et incapable d’obtenir la vérité.

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La position de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès dans son Commentaire sur le De anima, 2021
By: Jules Janssens
Title La position de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès dans son Commentaire sur le De anima
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 105–135
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jules Janssens
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Dans son commentaire sur le De anima d’Aristote Zabarella fait un usage non négligeable du Grand Commentaire sur le même ouvrage d’Averroès, le grand penseur andalou. On a pris l’habitude de considérer que Zabarella n’a pas pu finaliser son commentaire, étant donné qu’il fut publié à titre posthume. Il s’agirait donc d’un ouvrage incomplet. Toutefois, si on tient compte du fait que Zabarella s’intéresse avant tout, voire presque exclusivement, à l’étude de l’âme humaine, tout indique qu’il a consciemment choisi de ne pas commenter certains chapitres de l’ouvrage du Stagirite. Quant à l’impact d’Averroès sur la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Zabarella, elle a été diversement évaluée dans la recherche contemporaine, mais dans l’ensemble on y perçoit une attitude fortement critique du dernier envers le premier. Il est nécessaire de nuancer ce jugement. En effet, sur la base de trois fragments, répartis sur les trois livres, la présente recherche met en lumière qu’Averroès est considéré par Zabarella comme une vraie autorité, « auctoritas » ; que Zabarella souscrit parfois pleinement à l’interprétation du maître arabe ; et, enfin, que Zabarella explique certaines explications « erronées » de ce dernier comme l’effet inévitable de la traduction fautive du texte aristotélicien dont Averroès disposait. En somme, l’attitude de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès s’avère complexe, évitant aussi bien l’excès d’un rejet total que celui d’une acceptation aveugle.

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حل ابن رشد لإشكالية القوة اللامتناهية في الجسم السماوي, 2021
By: Ashraf Mansour
Title حل ابن رشد لإشكالية القوة اللامتناهية في الجسم السماوي
Transcription ḥal Ibn Rušd l-iškāliya al-quwq al-la-mutanāhiya fi-l-ǧism as-samāwy
Translation Averroes’ Solution of the Problem of Infinite Force in The Celestial Body
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 2021
Categories Science, Cosmology
Author(s) Ashraf Mansour
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Puissance et acte chez Averroès: entre ontologie et théologie, 2020
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Puissance et acte chez Averroès: entre ontologie et théologie
Type Article
Language French
Date 2020
Journal Chora
Volume 18–19
Pages 407–430
Categories Ontology, Theology
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present paper aims at presenting Averroes’ doctrine of act and potency in the framework of his general conception of metaphysics as a science. By tracing the origins of his doctrine back to Alexander of Aphrodisias, it shows that Averroes conceives act and potency as concomitant attributes of being qua being and as terms πρὸς ἕν and ἀφ’ ἑνός. According to this reading, the study of these two notions, considered as such, constitutes an essential step in Averroes’ metaphysical project, whose ultimate goal is to account for the essence of the first of all forms: God.

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Ibn Rušd al-Ḥafīd (Averroes) y su exilio a Lucena: orígenes judíos, genealogía y conversión forzosa, 2017
By: Maribel Fierro
Title Ibn Rušd al-Ḥafīd (Averroes) y su exilio a Lucena: orígenes judíos, genealogía y conversión forzosa
Type Article
Language English
Date 2017
Journal Al-Qantara
Volume 38
Issue 2
Pages 131–152
Categories no categories
Author(s) Maribel Fierro
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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"... set hominem anima". Thomas d'Aquin et la pensée humaine comme acte du composé , 2006
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title "... set hominem anima". Thomas d'Aquin et la pensée humaine comme acte du composé
Type Article
Language French
Date 2006
Journal Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 59
Pages 69–96
Categories Psychology, Thomas
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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"Averroes. Leben, Werke und Lehre", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus", 1980
By: Georges C. Anawati
Title "Averroes. Leben, Werke und Lehre", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus"
Type Article
Language German
Date 1980
Pages 1291–92
Categories Surveys
Author(s) Georges C. Anawati
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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"Averroismus im Judentum", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus", 1980
By: Hermann Greive
Title "Averroismus im Judentum", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus"
Type Article
Language German
Date 1980
Pages 1295
Categories Jewish Averroism
Author(s) Hermann Greive
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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"If God will grant me life". Averroes the philosopher. Studies on the history of his development, 2004
By: Gerhard Endress
Title "If God will grant me life". Averroes the philosopher. Studies on the history of his development
Type Article
Language English
Date 2004
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 15
Pages 227–254
Categories Biography
Author(s) Gerhard Endress
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"399","_score":null,"_source":{"id":399,"authors_free":[{"id":541,"entry_id":399,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":203,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Gerhard Endress","free_first_name":"Gerhard","free_last_name":"Endress","norm_person":{"id":203,"first_name":"Gerhard","last_name":"Endress","full_name":"Gerhard Endress","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/115696954","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/82748395","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd115696954.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Gerhard Endress"}}],"entry_title":"\"If God will grant me life\". Averroes the philosopher. Studies on the history of his development","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"\"If God will grant me life\". Averroes the philosopher. Studies on the history of his development"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"2004","language":"English","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":13,"category_name":"Biography","link":"bib?categories[]=Biography"}],"authors":[{"id":203,"full_name":"Gerhard Endress","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":399,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale","volume":"15","issue":null,"pages":"227\u2013254"}},"sort":["\"If God will grant me life\". Averroes the philosopher. Studies on the history of his development"]}

"Lateinischer Averroismus", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus", 1980
By: Ludwig Hödl
Title "Lateinischer Averroismus", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus"
Type Article
Language German
Date 1980
Pages 1292–1294
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Ludwig Hödl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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"Medizin", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus", 1980
By: H. H. Lauer
Title "Medizin", s.v. "Averroes, Averroismus"
Type Article
Language German
Date 1980
Pages 1295–1296
Categories Medicine
Author(s) H. H. Lauer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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'L'Averroès' d'Ernest Renan. Étude suivie des lettres inédites de Renan à R. Dozy et d'autres lettres également inédites à l'abbé Valentinelli, Emilio Tera, A. Favaro, 1950
By: Jules Chaix-Ruy
Title 'L'Averroès' d'Ernest Renan. Étude suivie des lettres inédites de Renan à R. Dozy et d'autres lettres également inédites à l'abbé Valentinelli, Emilio Tera, A. Favaro
Type Article
Language French
Date 1950
Journal Annales de l'institut d'Études Orientales
Volume 8
Pages 5–60
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Jules Chaix-Ruy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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'Truth Does not Contradict Truth'. Averroes and the Unity of Truth, 2000
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title 'Truth Does not Contradict Truth'. Averroes and the Unity of Truth
Type Article
Language English
Date 2000
Journal Topoi
Volume 19
Pages 3–16
Categories Theology
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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(Re)traduction et restitution du texte d’Ibn Rushd dans sa langue d’origine: Commentaire de la République de Platon, 2013
By: Abdennour Benantar
Title (Re)traduction et restitution du texte d’Ibn Rushd dans sa langue d’origine: Commentaire de la République de Platon
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Noesis
Volume 21
Pages 163–186
Categories Politics, Transmission
Author(s) Abdennour Benantar
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article analyses the problematics of retranslation and restitution of Ibn Rushd’s Commentary of Plato’s Republic, in its original language, Arabic. Being at the confluents of politics and philosophy, this book is a real political treatise. The manuscript, probably lost during the time of Ibn Rushd’s disgrace, has reached us through its Hebrew translation by Samuel Ben Juda. Ahmed Chahlane and Mohamed A. al-Jabri have tried hard to return the manuscript from Hebrew into its original language. After determining the context in which Ibn Rushd’s book was written and its consequences for the author, the article analyses the problematics of (re)translation in the absence of the original (manuscript) and particularly the task of restitution conducted by Chahlane and al-Jabri. The focus is on their methodology of restitution and on the annotations made by Chahlane to the Hebrew and English translations from Hebrew by Rosenthal and Lerner, in which mistakes and approximations are numerous. The article shows how Chahlane and al-Jabri have considered the text in its original perspective and given back its frame using the work of Ibn Rushd himself and the Arab-Islamic philosophical corpus.

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