Der Physikkommentar von Averroes in der Editio Iuntina. Die mittelalterlichen Quellen für Buch 6, Text 87, 2001
By: Horst Schmieja
Title Der Physikkommentar von Averroes in der Editio Iuntina. Die mittelalterlichen Quellen für Buch 6, Text 87
Type Article
Language German
Date 2001
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 43
Pages 75–93
Categories Physics, Commentary, Transmission
Author(s) Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Urbanus Averroista und die mittelalterlichen Handschriften des Physikkommentars von Averroes, 2000
By: Horst Schmieja
Title Urbanus Averroista und die mittelalterlichen Handschriften des Physikkommentars von Averroes
Type Article
Language German
Date 2000
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 42
Pages 133–153
Categories Physics, Commentary
Author(s) Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Response, 1997
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Response
Type Article
Language German
Date 1997
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 7
Issue 1
Pages 153–155
Categories Psychology, Commentary, Transmission
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Herbert Davidson's critique of my thesis regarding the relation between Averroes' Middle and Long commentaries on De anima contrasts my reading and translation of Middle Commentary passages with his own. I leave it to the informed reader to judge whether one translation is more "neutral" than the other, excluding the specific denotation which I give to šarḥ, which is the point at issue.

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Philosophical Commentaries and Popular Culture in Islam, 1995
By: Alfred L. Ivry
Title Philosophical Commentaries and Popular Culture in Islam
Type Article
Language English
Date 1995
Pages 37–49
Categories Influence, Commentary
Author(s) Alfred L. Ivry
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale, 1995
By: Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Title Ibn Rušd et les Premiers Analytiques d'Aristote. Aperçu sur un problème de syllogistique modale
Type Article
Language French
Date 1995
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 5
Pages 51–74
Categories Logic, Alexander of Aphrodisias, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Commentary
Author(s) Abdelali Elamrani-Jamal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Ibn Rušd devoted a certain number of works to Aristotle's Prior Analytics. In a series of opuscules written over a period of twenty years and following upon his Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, he faced a problem particular to the modal syllogism - that of the mood of the conclusion in mixed syllogisms. The problem can be stated as follows: At the beginning of the Prior Analytics, Aristotle established a formal deductive principle - that of universal attribution (Pr. An. I.1.24b26–30). Applied to the modal syllogism, this principle is inadequate as stated. It is too general to be applied in a univocal manner in all modal syllogisms. To preserve a sense of coherence in Aristotle's declarations, the commentators had to interpret it. Presenting the interpretations of the commentators, primarily al-Fārābī and Alexander, on the basis of al-Fārābī's Large Commentary on Aristotle's Prior Analytics, Averroes criticizes them. Applied according to Alexander's interpretation, the principle of universal attribution is valid only for modal syllogisms one of whose premises is necessary and the other assertoric; according to al-Fārābī's interpretation, it is verified only when the minor premise is possible. Averroes proposes two preliminary solutions. Either this formal deductive principle must be applied differently according to the modal differences of the minor premises in mixed syllogisms (first solution) or would be used in two ways, generally or in keeping with each mood (second solution). These solutions are not satisfactory, for they call into question the unity and universality of the principle of universal attribution as established by Aristotle. What is the utility, Averroes asks, of a principle which does not hold for all modalities or does not apply to all the premises when the Prior Analytics ought to furnish formal and universal principles of deduction? And why did Aristotle define the principle of universal attribution without distinguishing its application according to each of the three modal premises? Returning at the end of his career to a literal exegesis of Aristotle's propositions and without harkening back to the earlier solutions, he proposes a theory of making the terms modal (fourth solution) in order to save Aristotle's declarations with respect to the principle of universal attribution and the mood of the conclusion of mixed syllogisms (Prior Analytics I. 9.30al5–20). Though formally inadequate, this solution, which had a continued history, proposes a new way of looking at the classification of modal propositions.

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Mittlerer Kommentar von Averroes zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles, 1992
By: Jerzy B. Korolec
Title Mittlerer Kommentar von Averroes zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles
Type Article
Language German
Date 1992
Journal Mediaevalia philosophica Polonorum
Volume 31
Pages 61–118
Categories Ethics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Jerzy B. Korolec
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Hebrew Translation of Averroes' Prooemium to his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Physics, 1985
By: Steven Harvey
Title The Hebrew Translation of Averroes' Prooemium to his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Physics
Type Article
Language English
Date 1985
Journal Proceedings of the American Academy of Jewish Research
Volume 52
Pages 55–84
Categories Physics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A 14th Century Kabbalist's Excerpt from the Lost Arabic Original of Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Physics, 1985
By: Steven Harvey
Title A 14th Century Kabbalist's Excerpt from the Lost Arabic Original of Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Physics
Type Article
Language English
Date 1985
Journal Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam
Volume 6
Pages 219–227
Categories Physics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Towards Understanding Aquinas' Com. in De Anima. A Comparative Study of Aquinas and Averroes on the Definition of Soul (De Anima B, 1-2), 1974
By: James Conroy Doig
Title Towards Understanding Aquinas' Com. in De Anima. A Comparative Study of Aquinas and Averroes on the Definition of Soul (De Anima B, 1-2)
Type Article
Language English
Date 1974
Journal Rivista di Filosofia neo-scolastica
Volume 66
Pages 436–474
Categories Commentary
Author(s) James Conroy Doig
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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L’éternité du mouvement chez Ibn Bâjja (Avempace) : de la définition générique à la définition numérique. Le commentaire aux chapitres 1 et 2 du livre VIII de la Physique
By: Farah Cherif Zahar
Title L’éternité du mouvement chez Ibn Bâjja (Avempace) : de la définition générique à la définition numérique. Le commentaire aux chapitres 1 et 2 du livre VIII de la Physique
Type Article
Language French
Journal Les Études Philosophiques
Volume 117
Issue 2
Pages 161–216
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Commentary, Physics, al-Fārābī
Author(s) Farah Cherif Zahar
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article examines Ibn Bāǧǧa’s (Avempace) interpretation of the first two chapters of the eighth book of Aristotle’s Physics and what he has in mind when he describes Aristotle’s proof as a demonstration of the eternity of motion “in genus.” His approach in the second appendix to book eight differs from the one he develops in the main commentary. In the former text, Ibn Bāǧǧa works on the distinction between essential and accidental successions, which leads him to realize that the accidental and thus possible successions— horizontal approach—are not sufficient to guarantee the eternity of movement and then to adopt a vertical approach that goes back to the numerical identity of the circular continuous motion. We show to what extent Ibn Bāǧǧa’s interpretation is indebted to Al-Fārābī’s lost treatise On Changing Beings and also aim to highlight the role of this reading in the evolution of Averroes’ interpretation.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5238","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5238,"authors_free":[{"id":6047,"entry_id":5238,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Farah Cherif Zahar","free_first_name":"Farah","free_last_name":"Cherif Zahar","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"L\u2019\u00e9ternit\u00e9 du mouvement chez Ibn B\u00e2jja (Avempace) : de la d\u00e9finition g\u00e9n\u00e9rique \u00e0 la d\u00e9finition num\u00e9rique. Le commentaire aux chapitres 1 et 2 du livre VIII de la Physique","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"L\u2019\u00e9ternit\u00e9 du mouvement chez Ibn B\u00e2jja (Avempace) : de la d\u00e9finition g\u00e9n\u00e9rique \u00e0 la d\u00e9finition num\u00e9rique. Le commentaire aux chapitres 1 et 2 du livre VIII de la Physique"},"abstract":"This article examines Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a\u2019s (Avempace) interpretation of the first two chapters of the eighth book of Aristotle\u2019s Physics and what he has in mind when he describes Aristotle\u2019s proof as a demonstration of the eternity of motion \u201cin genus.\u201d His approach in the second appendix to book eight differs from the one he develops in the main commentary. In the former text, Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a works on the distinction between essential and accidental successions, which leads him to realize that the accidental and thus possible successions\u2014 horizontal approach\u2014are not sufficient to guarantee the eternity of movement and then to adopt a vertical approach that goes back to the numerical identity of the circular continuous motion. We show to what extent Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a\u2019s interpretation is indebted to Al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b\u2019s lost treatise On Changing Beings and also aim to highlight the role of this reading in the evolution of Averroes\u2019 interpretation. ","btype":3,"date":"","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.3917\/leph.162.0161 ","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":17,"category_name":"Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a","link":"bib?categories[]=Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5238,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Les \u00c9tudes Philosophiques","volume":"117","issue":"2","pages":"161\u2013216"}},"sort":[-9223372036854775808]}

The Contention between Secular and Revealed Law: Analyzing Ibn Rushd’s Solution to the Problem of the “Virtuous Society”, 2019
By: Jaan S. Islam
Title The Contention between Secular and Revealed Law: Analyzing Ibn Rushd’s Solution to the Problem of the “Virtuous Society”
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies
Volume 4
Issue 1
Pages 43–65
Categories Politics, Law, Commentary, Plato
Author(s) Jaan S. Islam
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article is an analysis of the political thought of Ibn Rushd and its significance for the current conflict in Islamic political thought between liberal, secular and conservative Islamist thinkers over the meaning of the “virtuous society” and how it can be implemented. It is argued that the thought of Ibn Rushd offers a concept of the virtuous society that reconciles secular law and religious Sharī‘a law. The article analyzes Ibn Rushd’s Commentary on Plato’s Republic, and assesses it as potentially being able to reconcile the philosophical conflict between logically discerned law and revealed law. It is contended that the separation between “religious” and “political” (i.e., philosophical) domains often attributed to Ibn Rushd does not fully consider the entirety of Ibn Rushd’s writings and interprets his works without regard for their historical and religious contextual significance.

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The Hebrew Translation of Averroes' Prooemium to his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Physics, 1985
By: Steven Harvey
Title The Hebrew Translation of Averroes' Prooemium to his Long Commentary on Aristotle's Physics
Type Article
Language English
Date 1985
Journal Proceedings of the American Academy of Jewish Research
Volume 52
Pages 55–84
Categories Physics, Commentary, Aristotle
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Thomas d'Aquin lecteur critique du Grand Commentaire d'Averroès à Phys. I, 1, 2009
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Thomas d'Aquin lecteur critique du Grand Commentaire d'Averroès à Phys. I, 1
Type Article
Language French
Date 2009
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 19
Issue 2
Pages 189–223
Categories Thomas, Commentary, Physics, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present article aims to provide a reconstruction of the interpretation offered by Thomas Aquinas of the cognitive process described at the beginning of Aristotle's Physics and of his criticism of Averroes' interpretation. It expounds to this end the exegesis of ancient Greek commentators who opened the debate on this question; then, it puts forward a reconstruction of Aquinas' doctrine by means of other texts of his corpus, as well as an explanation of his criticism of Averroes' exegesis; it finally reconstructs Averroes' interpretation worked out in his Great Commentary to Phys. I, 1, in order to show that Aquinas' disapproval is partly due to an incorrect interpretation of Averroes' divisio textus of Phys. I, 1. It suggests as well that, concerning some fundamental points, Aquinas' exegesis doesn't diverge from the interpretation proposed by Averroes.

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Towards Understanding Aquinas' Com. in De Anima. A Comparative Study of Aquinas and Averroes on the Definition of Soul (De Anima B, 1-2), 1974
By: James Conroy Doig
Title Towards Understanding Aquinas' Com. in De Anima. A Comparative Study of Aquinas and Averroes on the Definition of Soul (De Anima B, 1-2)
Type Article
Language English
Date 1974
Journal Rivista di Filosofia neo-scolastica
Volume 66
Pages 436–474
Categories Commentary
Author(s) James Conroy Doig
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Twenty-Nine Hebrew Glosses on Averroes‘ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 2017
By: Mauro Zonta
Title Twenty-Nine Hebrew Glosses on Averroes‘ Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2017
Journal Aleph
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 335–353
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Mauro Zonta
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Jewish engagement with Aristotle's Metaphysics in Hebrew began in the thirteenth century when the text was presented in Hebrew encyclopedias; it continued with a number of translations in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries. The study of Hebrew philosophical texts often resulted in supercommentaries on them. In this study I present a hitherto unnoticed work, preserved in a unique Oxford manuscript, that bears witness to the study of the Metaphysics. Consisting of twenty-nine short comments or glosses on key passages of Averroes' Middle Commentary on books Alpha minor and Beta, as well as two passages from the Middle Commentary on book Theta, it can be described as a kind of supercommentary on Averroes. The glosses as preserved in the manuscript were apparently collected by an unknown redactor from works of two or more authors, whom I try to identify. One of them may be R. Gershon, the father of Levi ben Gershon (1288–1344). An edition of the 29 glosses and, for comparison, several glosses on logic by R. Gershon, are also presented.

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Urbanus Averroista und die mittelalterlichen Handschriften des Physikkommentars von Averroes, 2000
By: Horst Schmieja
Title Urbanus Averroista und die mittelalterlichen Handschriften des Physikkommentars von Averroes
Type Article
Language German
Date 2000
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 42
Pages 133–153
Categories Physics, Commentary
Author(s) Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Veritas filia temporis en Averroes. Comentario a Metafísica II, 1, 2005
By: Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Title Veritas filia temporis en Averroes. Comentario a Metafísica II, 1
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2005
Journal Tópicos. Revista de Filosofía
Volume 29
Pages 13–28
Categories Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes, stoutly influenced by Aristotle, affirmed the necessity of experience to increase all knowledge. Truth, thing's last nature, is obtained as time elapses and is only reached by accepting the predecessors's participation. Progress implies tradition and betterment: the former by impelling the development of both culture and intellect, and the latter as a result of a critical screening of diverse opinions, since it facilitates the knowledge of truth and the recognition of error. This scientific progress is reached as a consequence of effort and collaboration. Averroes sustained these ideas in his Commentary to Metaphysics II, 1, distinguishing four parts: a) Man's natural desire of truth and intellect's difficulty for reaching the most intelligible things; b) The predecessors's contribution, by their commentaries and clarifications, and the historical-progressive character of human reason; c) Philosophy, science of truth, as an investigation of complete reality; d) Truth as knowledge of cause, that is to say, the consideration of things as prove of their Author. Averroes also stated that both the Law, through Revelation, and philosophy, through reason, have the same objective, therefore it being compulsory to recur to previous contributions.

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Wisdom and Power in Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic, 2015
By: Christopher Colmo
Title Wisdom and Power in Averroes’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal The Maghreb Review
Volume 40
Issue 3
Pages 308–318
Categories Commentary, Plato, Politics
Author(s) Christopher Colmo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Yaḥyá ibn ʿAdī and Averroes on Metaphysics Alpha Elatton, 2010
By: Peter Adamson
Title Yaḥyá ibn ʿAdī and Averroes on Metaphysics Alpha Elatton
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 343–374
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Peter Adamson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper examines and compares two commentaries on Aristotle Metaphyics, Alpha Elatton. In the Arabic tradition this was considered to be the first book of the Metaphysics, and it accordingly acquired more importance than it is usually given today. After giving a brief resume of Elatton and its transmission into Arabic, the paper discusses the commentaries of Yaḥyá ibn ʿAdī, a Christian commentator of the Baghdad School, and by Averroes. it is argued that these two commentaries show rather different conceptions of Elatton as a text, and metaphysics as a science. In the final section Averroes' commentary on Elatton is shown to resonate strongly with Averroes' famous Decisive Treatise. Concluding remarks consider the question of how Averroes' project as a commentator related to that of the Baghdad School.

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ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's Reception of Book Beta of Aristotle's Metaphysics against the Background of the Competing Readings by Avicenna and Averroes, 2010
By: Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
Title ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's Reception of Book Beta of Aristotle's Metaphysics against the Background of the Competing Readings by Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 411–431
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Avicenna
Author(s) Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This study is devoted to the Arabic reception of Metaphysics Beta in the Book on the Science of Metaphysics by ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī (1162–1231). After a brief overview of Aristotle's scope in Beta, of its Arabic direct tradition and of the competing readings devoted to it by Avicenna and Averroes, I present ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's paraphrase. I focus on the concept of metaphysics as a science that stands out from it: metaphysics owes its leading role to the fact that it studies beings qua beings, it demonstrates the principles of particular sciences and inquiries into the first principle: it is ontology, universal science, first philosophy and theology. ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī gathers all the results of the science of metaphysics produced befoe him and transmitted through the schools' milieu. Al-Kindī and al-Fārābī cooperate to this end without any perception on ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's part that a problem might arise: in ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's view, the 'theologizing' interpretation of greek metaphysics and al-Fārābī's distinction bewteen theology and ontology coexist.

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