Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II), 2021
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 135–232
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Cette contribution constitue la deuxième partie de la publication, avec quelques mises à jour et aménagements, d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue sous le même intitulé à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, en décembre 2009 et dont la première partie a été publiée dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L’auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, déterminer les sources sur lesquelles s’est appuyé, entre les années cinquante et soixante du xiie siècle (première période de son travail philosophique), Averroès (Ibn Rušd, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa théorie de l’âme et de l’intellect, en référence aux sources péripatéticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir accès de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le « Commentateur » d’Aristote par excellence, il peut paraître étonnant qu’Averroès n’ait eu d’emblée accès qu’à des sources indirectes relatives à la théorie de l’âme du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l’auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Averroès est essentiellement structurée par l’enseignement d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise et par son De anima. L’aristotélisme d’Averroès apparaît de ce point de vue comme un aristotélisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de manière décisive sur l’exégèse d’Averroès une fois qu’il se serait emparé de l’écrit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l’intellect en puissance et l’intellect agent).

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’Active Intellect’ in Avempace and Averroës: An Interpretative Issue, 2016
By: Daniel Bučan
Title ’Active Intellect’ in Avempace and Averroës: An Interpretative Issue
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Synthesis Philosophica
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 345–358
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Daniel Bučan
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This essay is about the understanding of the notion of active intellect in Ibn Bāǧǧa (Avempace) and Ibn Rushd (Averroës). The traditional interpretation of both Avempace’s and Averroës’ concept of active intellect is that they both understand it as the lowest celestial intelligence which is dator formarum, and that man thinks and cognizes intelligibles only by “connecting” with it in a quasi-mystic way; cognition being the active intellect’s granting ideas (formae or concepts) to man’s intellect. The author believes that both in Avempace’s and Averroës’ theory of cognition the notion of active intellect is only the highest function of human intellect, not a celestial entity. Based on such a presumption, as well as on the analysis of his theory, Avempace’s notion of iṭṭiṣāl bi-’aql fa’āl is interpreted not as a kind of mystic “conjunction” or “union” with a separate celestial entity, but as reaching the highest level of man’s intellect function in the continuity of the process of thinking. The same goes for Averroës’ theory, which is quite clearly presented in his Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunction with the Active Intellect, where one can find practically direct confirmation for such an interpretation, because Averroës says that “conjunction with it seems to resemble more the conjunction of form in matter than it does the conjunction of agent with effect. The well-known difference between agent and effect is that the agent is external, but here there is no external agent”, or that active intellect “conjoins with us from the outset by conjunction of in-existence”. The author concludes that the issue of the active intellect in Islamic philosophy is not disambiguous – for different thinkers it was a different concept – only the function of the active intellect is always one and the same: producing ideas.

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On a Possible Argument for Averroes’s Single Separate Intellect, 2016
By: Stephen R. Ogden
Title On a Possible Argument for Averroes’s Single Separate Intellect
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy
Volume 4
Pages 27–63
Categories De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Stephen R. Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi, 2015
By: Davoud Zandi
Title A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 39-41
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Davoud Zandi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The relationship between the material intellect and the active intellect is an important issue in the realm of epistemology in Islamic philosophy. The aim of the present study is to compare the views of Averroes and Al-Farabi in this regard. Reviewing their theories, this study shows that both the mentioned philosophers agree upon the fact that the Active Intellect exists apart from human soul and acts as a creator of forms, but as for the relationship between the Material Intellect and the Active Intellect, there is disagreement between Averroes and Al-Farabi. Averroes believes that in some aspects both of them are the same yet they are different in some other aspects, namely regarding their acts they are different because the active intellect acts as creator of forms while the material intellect is just receiver of the forms. Nevertheless, they are the same, since the material intellect achieves perfection through the active intellect, whereas in Al-Farabi’s opinion, ontologically speaking; the material intellect and the active intellect are different in their existence. The material intellect in al-Farabi’s perspective is one of the stages of human intellect that is inherent in human soul, whereas the active intellect is an immaterial substance that exists apart from human soul.

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Sources et origines de la théroie de l’intellect d’Averroès (I), 2014
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théroie de l’intellect d’Averroès (I)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2014
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 66
Issue 2014-2015
Pages 181–302
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Pierre Bayle et la critique d’Averroès à Coimbra. Deux épisodes de la réception d’Averroès, 2013
By: Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Title Pierre Bayle et la critique d’Averroès à Coimbra. Deux épisodes de la réception d’Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Revista Filosófica de Coimbra
Volume 22
Issue 44
Pages 417–432
Categories De anima, Commentary, Psychology
Author(s) Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes, sobre las facultades locomotriz y desiderativa en al Taljîs del De Anima, 2008
By: Carmen Makki, Carmen Makki, Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title Averroes, sobre las facultades locomotriz y desiderativa en al Taljîs del De Anima
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2008
Journal La Ciudad de Dios
Volume 221
Issue 1
Pages 201–221
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Carmen Makki , Carmen Makki , Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le Grand Commentaire d'Averroès au De anima et ses lecteurs juifs, 2007
By: David Wirmer
Title Le Grand Commentaire d'Averroès au De anima et ses lecteurs juifs
Type Article
Language French
Date 2007
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 17
Pages 135–158
Categories Psychology, Review, De anima
Author(s) David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi, 2015
By: Davoud Zandi
Title A Comparative Study of the Relationship between the Material and the Active Intellect from the Perspective of Averroes and Al-Farabi
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 39-41
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Davoud Zandi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The relationship between the material intellect and the active intellect is an important issue in the realm of epistemology in Islamic philosophy. The aim of the present study is to compare the views of Averroes and Al-Farabi in this regard. Reviewing their theories, this study shows that both the mentioned philosophers agree upon the fact that the Active Intellect exists apart from human soul and acts as a creator of forms, but as for the relationship between the Material Intellect and the Active Intellect, there is disagreement between Averroes and Al-Farabi. Averroes believes that in some aspects both of them are the same yet they are different in some other aspects, namely regarding their acts they are different because the active intellect acts as creator of forms while the material intellect is just receiver of the forms. Nevertheless, they are the same, since the material intellect achieves perfection through the active intellect, whereas in Al-Farabi’s opinion, ontologically speaking; the material intellect and the active intellect are different in their existence. The material intellect in al-Farabi’s perspective is one of the stages of human intellect that is inherent in human soul, whereas the active intellect is an immaterial substance that exists apart from human soul.

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Averroes, sobre las facultades locomotriz y desiderativa en al Taljîs del De Anima, 2008
By: Carmen Makki, Carmen Makki, Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title Averroes, sobre las facultades locomotriz y desiderativa en al Taljîs del De Anima
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2008
Journal La Ciudad de Dios
Volume 221
Issue 1
Pages 201–221
Categories Psychology, De anima
Author(s) Carmen Makki , Carmen Makki , Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le Grand Commentaire d'Averroès au De anima et ses lecteurs juifs, 2007
By: David Wirmer
Title Le Grand Commentaire d'Averroès au De anima et ses lecteurs juifs
Type Article
Language French
Date 2007
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 17
Pages 135–158
Categories Psychology, Review, De anima
Author(s) David Wirmer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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On a Possible Argument for Averroes’s Single Separate Intellect, 2016
By: Stephen R. Ogden
Title On a Possible Argument for Averroes’s Single Separate Intellect
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy
Volume 4
Pages 27–63
Categories De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Stephen R. Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Pierre Bayle et la critique d’Averroès à Coimbra. Deux épisodes de la réception d’Averroès, 2013
By: Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Title Pierre Bayle et la critique d’Averroès à Coimbra. Deux épisodes de la réception d’Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Revista Filosófica de Coimbra
Volume 22
Issue 44
Pages 417–432
Categories De anima, Commentary, Psychology
Author(s) Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II), 2021
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théorie de l’intellect d’Averroès (II)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 135–232
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Cette contribution constitue la deuxième partie de la publication, avec quelques mises à jour et aménagements, d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue sous le même intitulé à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, en décembre 2009 et dont la première partie a été publiée dans les MUSJ 66 (2015-2016). L’auteur entend, selon une perspective strictement historique, déterminer les sources sur lesquelles s’est appuyé, entre les années cinquante et soixante du xiie siècle (première période de son travail philosophique), Averroès (Ibn Rušd, m. 1198) pour concevoir sa théorie de l’âme et de l’intellect, en référence aux sources péripatéticiennes auxquelles il pouvait avoir accès de son temps. Pour celui qui vaut dans la tradition philosophique comme le « Commentateur » d’Aristote par excellence, il peut paraître étonnant qu’Averroès n’ait eu d’emblée accès qu’à des sources indirectes relatives à la théorie de l’âme du Stagirite, mais ce fut pourtant le cas, comme l’auteur le montre ici. On voit en effet que la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Averroès est essentiellement structurée par l’enseignement d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise et par son De anima. L’aristotélisme d’Averroès apparaît de ce point de vue comme un aristotélisme sans Aristote, et ceci allait refluer de manière décisive sur l’exégèse d’Averroès une fois qu’il se serait emparé de l’écrit du Stagirite, notamment et surtout pour expliquer les chapitres 4 et 5 du livre III du De anima (sur l’intellect en puissance et l’intellect agent).

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Sources et origines de la théroie de l’intellect d’Averroès (I), 2014
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Sources et origines de la théroie de l’intellect d’Averroès (I)
Type Article
Language French
Date 2014
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 66
Issue 2014-2015
Pages 181–302
Categories Psychology, Tradition and Reception, Influence, De anima
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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’Active Intellect’ in Avempace and Averroës: An Interpretative Issue, 2016
By: Daniel Bučan
Title ’Active Intellect’ in Avempace and Averroës: An Interpretative Issue
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Synthesis Philosophica
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 345–358
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Daniel Bučan
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This essay is about the understanding of the notion of active intellect in Ibn Bāǧǧa (Avempace) and Ibn Rushd (Averroës). The traditional interpretation of both Avempace’s and Averroës’ concept of active intellect is that they both understand it as the lowest celestial intelligence which is dator formarum, and that man thinks and cognizes intelligibles only by “connecting” with it in a quasi-mystic way; cognition being the active intellect’s granting ideas (formae or concepts) to man’s intellect. The author believes that both in Avempace’s and Averroës’ theory of cognition the notion of active intellect is only the highest function of human intellect, not a celestial entity. Based on such a presumption, as well as on the analysis of his theory, Avempace’s notion of iṭṭiṣāl bi-’aql fa’āl is interpreted not as a kind of mystic “conjunction” or “union” with a separate celestial entity, but as reaching the highest level of man’s intellect function in the continuity of the process of thinking. The same goes for Averroës’ theory, which is quite clearly presented in his Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunction with the Active Intellect, where one can find practically direct confirmation for such an interpretation, because Averroës says that “conjunction with it seems to resemble more the conjunction of form in matter than it does the conjunction of agent with effect. The well-known difference between agent and effect is that the agent is external, but here there is no external agent”, or that active intellect “conjoins with us from the outset by conjunction of in-existence”. The author concludes that the issue of the active intellect in Islamic philosophy is not disambiguous – for different thinkers it was a different concept – only the function of the active intellect is always one and the same: producing ideas.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5140","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5140,"authors_free":[{"id":5919,"entry_id":5140,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":625,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Daniel Bu\u010dan","free_first_name":"Daniel ","free_last_name":"Bu\u010dan","norm_person":{"id":625,"first_name":"Daniel","last_name":"Bu\u010dan","full_name":"Daniel Bu\u010dan","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/73420981","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Daniel Bu\u010dan"}}],"entry_title":"\u2019Active Intellect\u2019 in Avempace and Averro\u00ebs: An Interpretative Issue","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"\u2019Active Intellect\u2019 in Avempace and Averro\u00ebs: An Interpretative Issue"},"abstract":"This essay is about the understanding of the notion of active intellect in Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a (Avempace) and Ibn Rushd (Averro\u00ebs). The traditional interpretation of both Avempace\u2019s and Averro\u00ebs\u2019 concept of active intellect is that they both understand it as the lowest celestial intelligence which is dator formarum, and that man thinks and cognizes intelligibles only by \u201cconnecting\u201d with it in a quasi-mystic way; cognition being the active intellect\u2019s granting ideas (formae or concepts) to man\u2019s intellect. The author believes that both in Avempace\u2019s and Averro\u00ebs\u2019 theory of cognition the notion of active intellect is only the highest function of human intellect, not a celestial entity. Based on such a presumption, as well as on the analysis of his theory, Avempace\u2019s notion of i\u1e6d\u1e6di\u1e63\u0101l bi-\u2019aql fa\u2019\u0101l is interpreted not as a kind of mystic \u201cconjunction\u201d or \u201cunion\u201d with a separate celestial entity, but as reaching the highest level of man\u2019s intellect function in the continuity of the process of thinking. The same goes for Averro\u00ebs\u2019 theory, which is quite clearly presented in his Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunction with the Active Intellect, where one can find practically direct confirmation for such an interpretation, because Averro\u00ebs says that \u201cconjunction with it seems to resemble more the conjunction of form in matter than it does the conjunction of agent with effect. The well-known difference between agent and effect is that the agent is external, but here there is no external agent\u201d, or that active intellect \u201cconjoins with us from the outset by conjunction of in-existence\u201d. The author concludes that the issue of the active intellect in Islamic philosophy is not disambiguous \u2013 for different thinkers it was a different concept \u2013 only the function of the active intellect is always one and the same: producing ideas.","btype":3,"date":"2016","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.21464\/sp31208","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":17,"category_name":"Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a","link":"bib?categories[]=Ibn B\u0101\u01e7\u01e7a"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"}],"authors":[{"id":625,"full_name":"Daniel Bu\u010dan","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5140,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Synthesis Philosophica","volume":"62","issue":"2","pages":"345\u2013358"}},"sort":["\u2019Active Intellect\u2019 in Avempace and Averro\u00ebs: An Interpretative Issue"]}

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