La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua, 2011
By: Francisco Bertelloni
Title La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2011
Journal Educão e Filosofia Uberlândia
Volume 25
Issue 50
Pages 475–500
Categories Averroism, Politics
Author(s) Francisco Bertelloni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Bruno Nardi fue el primero que tipificó el pensamiento de Marsilio de Padua como “averroismo político”. Sin embargo la edad media no tuvo acceso a la filosofía política de Averroes. Por ello es improbable que Nardi haya fundamentado la utilización de esa categoría teniendo en cuenta las ideas políticas de Averroes y de Marsilio. El artículo muestra que, en todo caso, Marsilio podría ser llamado “averroista político” teniendo en cuenta, no su pensamiento político, sino sus ideas filosóficas y, en especial, las actitudes metodológicas referidas a la relación Fe-Razón que manifiesta en su Defensor Pacis. A partir de Nardi el “averroismo político” se transformó en una categoría controvertida que condujo a una polémica acerca de la existencia o no de una corriente similar en el pensamiento político medieval. De hecho, en numerosos pasajes del Defensor pacis aparece la distinción Fe-razón utilizada en favor de un predominio de una actitud metodológica racionalista. Con todo, el racionalismo de Marsilio es fluctuante. Por ejemplo, cuando explica el nacimiento de la civitas, en lugar de demostrarlo a partir del concepto filosófico de natura, atribuye ese nacimiento al pecado original. Ese uso de la historia de la salvación y de la teología parece poner en duda el racionalismo extremo de Marsilio. El artículo propone responder tres preguntas: a) si Marsilio pone límites a la revelación en el Defensor Pacis; b) cuál es el alcance de ese límite; c) si ese límite que Marsilio pone a la Revelación puede ser considerado como una influencia averroista sobre el paduano.

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Platão, Al-Fārābī e Averróis: as qualidades essenciais ao governante, 2011
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Title Platão, Al-Fārābī e Averróis: as qualidades essenciais ao governante
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2011
Journal Trans/Form/Ação. Revista de Filosofia da UNESP
Volume 34
Issue 1
Pages 1–20
Categories al-Fārābī, Plato, Politics
Author(s) Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The political philosophy that developed in the Islamic world between the 9th and 12th centuries assumed ideas from Greek philosophy, mainly from Plato and Aristotle. Plato's Republic and Laws, and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics were the texts that laid the foundation for the political conceptions of the Arab philosophers, from the virtues to be sought after individually, to the idea of the best political regime. Based on the Greek texts translated into Arabic, these philosophers outlined the aims of political life, and the manner in which the political regime should be structured to achieve these aims. The ideal Platonic city is the paradigm to be realized. The topic of the ruler's essential qualities is part of a long tradition which remounts to the "mirrors of the princes" of Persian origin; it also appears in the Religious tradition and in the Islamic law. Two great exponents of the Arab-islamic philosophy, Al-Fârâbî and Averroes, retrieved the topic of the ruler's essential qualities of the king-philosopher uttered in the Republic, and adapted it to their historical universe.

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Alfonso X „the Wise“: the last Almohad caliph?, 2009
By: Maribel Fierro
Title Alfonso X „the Wise“: the last Almohad caliph?
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Medieval Encounters
Volume 15
Issue 2-4
Pages 175-198
Categories Politics, Science
Author(s) Maribel Fierro
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averróis e a República de Platão, 2007
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira, Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Title Averróis e a República de Platão
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2007
Journal VeritasA Filosofia árabe e judaica e o ocidente medieval
Volume 52
Issue 3
Pages 104–116
Categories Plato, Politics
Author(s) Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira , Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Does Averroes Have a Philosophy of History?, 2004
By: Maroun Aouad
Title Does Averroes Have a Philosophy of History?
Type Article
Language English
Date 2004
Journal Mélanges de l'Université Saint-JosephThe Greek Strand in Islamic Political Thought. Proceedings of the Conference held at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 16–27 June 2003
Volume 57
Pages 411–441
Categories Politics, Plato
Author(s) Maroun Aouad
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The paper tries to determine whether Averroes has a theory of political change. It discusses his reasons for deviating from Plato's sequence of political regimes.

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Zwischen nomos und scharīʿa. Staatsverständnis und Staatsvision bei Averroes anhand seines Kommentars zu Platons Staat, 2002
By: Michael Jainzik
Title Zwischen nomos und scharīʿa. Staatsverständnis und Staatsvision bei Averroes anhand seines Kommentars zu Platons Staat
Type Article
Language German
Date 2002
Journal Concilium medii aevi. Zeitschrift für Geschichte, Kunst und Kultur des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit
Volume 5
Pages 143–186
Categories Politics, Law
Author(s) Michael Jainzik
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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A Comparison Between Khumainī's Government of the Jurist and The Commentary on Plato's Republic of Ibn Rushd, 1996
By: Vanessa Martin
Title A Comparison Between Khumainī's Government of the Jurist and The Commentary on Plato's Republic of Ibn Rushd
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies
Volume 7
Issue 1
Pages 16–31
Categories Politics
Author(s) Vanessa Martin
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and the Emancipation of Women, 1996
By: Friedrich Niewöhner
Title Averroes and the Emancipation of Women
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Revue tunisienne des études philosophiques
Volume 15
Categories Politics
Author(s) Friedrich Niewöhner
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le chiose alla traduzione latina di Elia del Medigo della Parafrasi della Repubblica di Platone di Averroè, 1994
By: P. E. Fornaciari
Title Le chiose alla traduzione latina di Elia del Medigo della Parafrasi della Repubblica di Platone di Averroè
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 1994
Journal Bulletin de philosophie médiévale
Volume 36
Pages 56–62
Categories Politics, Latin Averroism
Author(s) P. E. Fornaciari
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Eliyah del Medigo ve-ha-maṣoret ha-medinit ha-ʾaplaṭonit bi-tqufat ha-Renaissance. ʿIm pirṣum ha-mahadurah ha-maddaʿit šel tirgumo ha-laṭini šel del Medigo la-nuṣaḥ ha-ʿibri šel peruš Ibn Rušd la-'Medinah' le-ʾaplaṭon, 1994
By: Abraham Melamed
Title Eliyah del Medigo ve-ha-maṣoret ha-medinit ha-ʾaplaṭonit bi-tqufat ha-Renaissance. ʿIm pirṣum ha-mahadurah ha-maddaʿit šel tirgumo ha-laṭini šel del Medigo la-nuṣaḥ ha-ʿibri šel peruš Ibn Rušd la-'Medinah' le-ʾaplaṭon
Translation Eliah del Medigo and the Platonic political tradition in the Renaissance. Includes publication of the scientific edition of del Medigo's Latin translation of the Hebrew version of Averroes's commentary on Plato's 'Republic'
Type Article
Language Hebrew
Date 1994
Journal Italia
Volume 11
Pages 57–76
Categories Politics, Renaissance, Latin Averroism, Plato
Author(s) Abraham Melamed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averróis e a República de Platão, 2007
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira, Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Title Averróis e a República de Platão
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2007
Journal VeritasA Filosofia árabe e judaica e o ocidente medieval
Volume 52
Issue 3
Pages 104–116
Categories Plato, Politics
Author(s) Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira , Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Critica de Averroes a la política islámica medieval, 1986
By: Miguel Cruz Hernández
Title Critica de Averroes a la política islámica medieval
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 1986
Journal Revista del Instituto Egipcio de Estudios Islámicos en Madrid
Volume 23
Pages 15–47
Categories Politics
Author(s) Miguel Cruz Hernández
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale, 2018
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2018
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 3
Pages 19–34
Categories Averroism, Politics, Aristotle, Modern Readings
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
From the early twentieth century onwards, the concept of ‘political Averroism’ has become widespread, especially with reference to Dante Alighieri and to Marsilius of Padua. It is our intention here to establish and delineate the remotest origin of this concept, which can be fundamentally traced back to two elements: the central role accorded to political reflection as a consequence of the French Revolution, and the adoption of Averroes as a symbol and figure anticipating modern rationalism.

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Does Averroes Have a Philosophy of History?, 2004
By: Maroun Aouad
Title Does Averroes Have a Philosophy of History?
Type Article
Language English
Date 2004
Journal Mélanges de l'Université Saint-JosephThe Greek Strand in Islamic Political Thought. Proceedings of the Conference held at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 16–27 June 2003
Volume 57
Pages 411–441
Categories Politics, Plato
Author(s) Maroun Aouad
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The paper tries to determine whether Averroes has a theory of political change. It discusses his reasons for deviating from Plato's sequence of political regimes.

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Eliyah del Medigo ve-ha-maṣoret ha-medinit ha-ʾaplaṭonit bi-tqufat ha-Renaissance. ʿIm pirṣum ha-mahadurah ha-maddaʿit šel tirgumo ha-laṭini šel del Medigo la-nuṣaḥ ha-ʿibri šel peruš Ibn Rušd la-'Medinah' le-ʾaplaṭon, 1994
By: Abraham Melamed
Title Eliyah del Medigo ve-ha-maṣoret ha-medinit ha-ʾaplaṭonit bi-tqufat ha-Renaissance. ʿIm pirṣum ha-mahadurah ha-maddaʿit šel tirgumo ha-laṭini šel del Medigo la-nuṣaḥ ha-ʿibri šel peruš Ibn Rušd la-'Medinah' le-ʾaplaṭon
Translation Eliah del Medigo and the Platonic political tradition in the Renaissance. Includes publication of the scientific edition of del Medigo's Latin translation of the Hebrew version of Averroes's commentary on Plato's 'Republic'
Type Article
Language Hebrew
Date 1994
Journal Italia
Volume 11
Pages 57–76
Categories Politics, Renaissance, Latin Averroism, Plato
Author(s) Abraham Melamed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Etica e política na filosofía de Averróis, 1961
By: Miguel Cruz Hernández
Title Etica e política na filosofía de Averróis
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 1961
Journal Revista portuguesa de Filosofía
Volume 17
Pages 127–150
Categories Ethics, Politics
Author(s) Miguel Cruz Hernández
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd’s Political Philosophy in Contemporary Arab Scholarship: A Transient Revival
By: Malik Mufti
Title Ibn Rushd’s Political Philosophy in Contemporary Arab Scholarship: A Transient Revival
Type Article
Language English
Journal Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 17–35
Categories Politics, Influence, Modern Readings
Author(s) Malik Mufti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
What is it about Ibn Rushd that has made him such a lodestar for two different generations of Arab intellectuals–one which emerged in the early 1900s, the other in the late 1970s? Focusing on the second group, which arose in the milieu of young intellectuals who had been shaped by the secular pan-Arab nationalist and socialist ideologies of the 1950s and 1960s, but who now confronted the bankruptcy of those ideologies in the face of an insurgent populist Islamism, the following review identifies two currents in contemporary Arabic Rushdian scholarship: cultural nationalism and modernizing universalism. After analyzing how each sought inspiration in Ibn Rushd for its vision of Arab renewal, and then showing how deepening exposure to Ibn Rushd's texts revealed the incommensurability of his political philosophy with their nationalist, secularist or egalitarian agendas, I suggest that this "Second Wave" of Rushdian enthusiasm is already beginning to ebb. As pressure for democratization intensifies, the consolidation of democratic norms is narrowing the options for Arab intellectuals to a choice between a comprehensive liberalism and a religious populism neither of which seems to have any use for Ibn Rushd's political philosophy. While some individuals are opting for the latter choice, it appears that the majority of both currents are converging around a comprehensively liberal consensus. In such a context, can Ibn Rushd with his insistence on differentiating between high and low still provide, if not an alternative, at least a corrective to the prevailing spirit of the age?

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L'éducation aristotélicienne des philosophes-rois de Platon dans le Commentaire sur la République d'Averroès, 1991
By: Charles E. Butterworth
Title L'éducation aristotélicienne des philosophes-rois de Platon dans le Commentaire sur la République d'Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 1991
Journal Internationale de l'Imaginaire
Volume 17–18
Pages 147–152
Categories Politics
Author(s) Charles E. Butterworth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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L'éducation politique selon Ibn Roshd (Averroes), 1980
By: Louis Lazar, Louis Lazar
Title L'éducation politique selon Ibn Roshd (Averroes)
Type Article
Language French
Date 1980
Journal Studia islamica
Volume 52
Pages 135–166
Categories Politics
Author(s) Louis Lazar , Louis Lazar
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua, 2011
By: Francisco Bertelloni
Title La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2011
Journal Educão e Filosofia Uberlândia
Volume 25
Issue 50
Pages 475–500
Categories Averroism, Politics
Author(s) Francisco Bertelloni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Bruno Nardi fue el primero que tipificó el pensamiento de Marsilio de Padua como “averroismo político”. Sin embargo la edad media no tuvo acceso a la filosofía política de Averroes. Por ello es improbable que Nardi haya fundamentado la utilización de esa categoría teniendo en cuenta las ideas políticas de Averroes y de Marsilio. El artículo muestra que, en todo caso, Marsilio podría ser llamado “averroista político” teniendo en cuenta, no su pensamiento político, sino sus ideas filosóficas y, en especial, las actitudes metodológicas referidas a la relación Fe-Razón que manifiesta en su Defensor Pacis. A partir de Nardi el “averroismo político” se transformó en una categoría controvertida que condujo a una polémica acerca de la existencia o no de una corriente similar en el pensamiento político medieval. De hecho, en numerosos pasajes del Defensor pacis aparece la distinción Fe-razón utilizada en favor de un predominio de una actitud metodológica racionalista. Con todo, el racionalismo de Marsilio es fluctuante. Por ejemplo, cuando explica el nacimiento de la civitas, en lugar de demostrarlo a partir del concepto filosófico de natura, atribuye ese nacimiento al pecado original. Ese uso de la historia de la salvación y de la teología parece poner en duda el racionalismo extremo de Marsilio. El artículo propone responder tres preguntas: a) si Marsilio pone límites a la revelación en el Defensor Pacis; b) cuál es el alcance de ese límite; c) si ese límite que Marsilio pone a la Revelación puede ser considerado como una influencia averroista sobre el paduano.

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