Revisiting Averroes’ Influence on Western Philosophy, 2022
By: Anthony Raphael Etuk
Title Revisiting Averroes’ Influence on Western Philosophy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2022
Journal LWATI: A Journal of Contemporary Research
Volume 19
Issue 1
Pages 174-194
Categories Aristotle, Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Anthony Raphael Etuk
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Better known as Averroes, Ibn Rushd remains one of the greatest Islamic philosophical geniuses of all times. The unparalleled inventiveness of his mind and the ―audacity‖ of his methods are evident in many of his innovative philosophical activities, which tremendous stirred the minds of his contemporaries in the Middle Ages. Perhaps only a few would deny the far-reaching impacts of his profound philosophical activities and ideas on Western philosophy. Prominent among these are his unique status as a paramount guide to Aristotle, based on his influential and massive commentaries on Aristotle, and his strong arguments for the compatibility of philosophy with religion. These and more, have since established the depth of his ideas and his lasting relevance in Western philosophy history. This paper undertakes an exposition of his philosophical activities, to identify the impacts of his enduring legacies on Western philosophy. The expository and hermeneutical methods of analysis are adopted.

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Sul «materialismo» di Averroè. Un bilancio da Renan a oggi, 2022
By: Antonio Lombardi
Title Sul «materialismo» di Averroè. Un bilancio da Renan a oggi
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2022
Journal Intersezioni
Volume 42
Issue 2
Pages 231-247
Categories Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Modern Readings
Author(s) Antonio Lombardi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The historiographical rediscovery of Averroes’ thought in the 19th century coincided with its reading in a materialistic sense. From Renan to Bloch, via Lange and Gentile, this interpretation has been widespread, making the Arab thinker a precursor of modern rationalism and immanentism. Although in the 20th century more philologically accurate research has challenged this long-standing image of Averroes, it continues to persist in current debates, at the risk of some misrepresentation. This article attempts a critical assessment of such interpretations in light of the more recent tendency to focus on «historical» Averroes, assuming that this may contribute to the debate on the meaning of Averroism in the history of Western ideas.

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Pico e Averroè: Alcune note a margine, 2021
By: Pietro Secchi
Title Pico e Averroè: Alcune note a margine
Type Article
Language Icelandic
Date 2021
Journal La Cultura, Rivista di Filosofia e Filologia
Volume 59
Issue 2
Pages 313-331
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Pietro Secchi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The diffusion and the significance of Averroism in the Renaissance European culture has been long investigated so far. Even recently, the issue has been faced by scholars like Loris Sturlese, Sergio Landucci, Guido Giglioni. The very presence of this cultural orientation within Pico della Mirandola's thought has been the goal of the studies of Giovanni Licata, who focused his attention on the pivotal role of Elia Del Medigo. The aim of this paper, even through the new researches of Ovanes Akopyan and Giovanna Murano, is to propose a direct relationship between Pico and Averroes, due to the reading of 'The Incoherence of Incoherence'. Two aspects are decisive: (1) the use of Averroes as a device to reach the Concord and to 'move' Aristotle towards Plato, and (2) his strong influence on the philosophical anthropology, which is based on the autopoietic nature of man. (edited)

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Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited, 2021
By: Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Title Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 6
Pages 131–155
Categories Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Boethius, Thomas
Author(s) Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The reception of Aristotelian philosophy with Averroes’s commentaries in the thirteenth-century Latin world promoted a new way of understanding natural philosophy and its method. A very special case among the readers of such commentaries, mostly found at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris, are the so-called averroistae. What these averroistae actually were is still a matter of discussion in current scholarship, whereas there is kind of consensus regarding the main exponents of this philosophical movement, namely Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia. The aim of this paper is to shed light on this topic by providing a re-definition of Averroism in the 13th century. To do this, I will analyse some of the most important works of the aforementioned authors in an attempt to clarify the specificity of their philosophical program.

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Dignity and the Foundation of Human Rights: Toward an Averroist Genealogy, 2020
By: Miguel Vatter
Title Dignity and the Foundation of Human Rights: Toward an Averroist Genealogy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Politics and Religion
Volume 13
Issue 2
Pages 304–332
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Miguel Vatter
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The aim of this article is to give a new reconstruction of the conception of human dignity as a pre-associative yet legal status. Such a legal conception of human dignity carries a universal legal obligation to respect the “innate” right to independence and enables us to move beyond the impasse between moral and political views of human rights. The argument has a normative and a genealogical component. The normative component shows why a legal conception of human rights is grounded on the Kantian idea of an innate legal right to independence, as well as showing that Kant adopted a legal status concept of human dignity. The genealogical component shows that the conception of human dignity as legal status undergoes a transvaluation from its ancient aristocratic to its modern democratic meaning in Dante's political thought, which is itself rooted in the western reception of Arabic philosophy, in particular political Averroism. By contrast to the Christian elaboration of dignity, the Averroist genealogy of dignity better describes the modern pursuit of an ideal of worldly happiness essentially linked with the collective attainment of public happiness through the unrestricted public use of reason facilitated by republican constitutions crowned by human rights.

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Métaphysique et politique “en intention seconde”: Jean de Jandun héritier d’Averroès et d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Métaphysique et politique “en intention seconde”: Jean de Jandun héritier d’Averroès et d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age
Volume 85
Pages 108–127
Categories Alexander of Aphrodisias, Averroism, Metaphysics, Politics
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The aim of the paper is twofold. First, to present the position of the Master of Arts John of Jandun (d. 1328) on the relationship between the metaphysical and the political; and second, to show how his solution, based on the idea of an agency “in second intention,” makes him a follower of Averroes and, more remotely, of Alexander of Aphrodisias’s doctrine on providence. Although the philosopher must play a key role in the city-state as the prince’s teacher on divine truths, this role does not make him a subordinate in any way, because he is turned towards others only in secunda intentione. How does John of Jandun flesh this out? And what does he owe to the metaphysical providence defended by his Greek and Arabic predecessors? These are the issues the paper deals with.

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Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale, 2018
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2018
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 3
Pages 19–34
Categories Averroism, Politics, Aristotle, Modern Readings
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
From the early twentieth century onwards, the concept of ‘political Averroism’ has become widespread, especially with reference to Dante Alighieri and to Marsilius of Padua. It is our intention here to establish and delineate the remotest origin of this concept, which can be fundamentally traced back to two elements: the central role accorded to political reflection as a consequence of the French Revolution, and the adoption of Averroes as a symbol and figure anticipating modern rationalism.

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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La cuestión De aeternitate mundi en Averroes y los averroístas, 2017
By: Pilar Herraiz Oliva
Title La cuestión De aeternitate mundi en Averroes y los averroístas
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2017
Journal Humanidades: Revista De La Universidad De Montevideo
Volume 1
Pages 51-71.
Categories Metaphysics, Cosmology, Averroism
Author(s) Pilar Herraiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
En el siglo XIII, en la Facultad de Artes de la Universidad de París, surge el averroísmo como movimiento filosófico que defiende la autonomía de la filosofía y de la razón. Una de las polémicas más relevantes en este período es la que tiene que ver con el origen del mundo, cuestión que ya tratara Averroes y que tiene de fondo la propia concepción de la realidad. En este artículo desarrollaremos las distintas posiciones de los autores más relevantes de este movimiento con respecto a la tesis sobre la eternidad del mundo y cuestionaremos la existencia de una posición unánime en torno a la misma que pueda ser considerada averroísta como tal.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5587","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5587,"authors_free":[{"id":6484,"entry_id":5587,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1679,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Pilar Herraiz Oliva","free_first_name":"Pilar","free_last_name":"Herraiz Oliva","norm_person":{"id":1679,"first_name":"Pilar","last_name":"Herr\u00e1iz Oliva","full_name":"Pilar Herr\u00e1iz Oliva","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"https:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1269042130","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Pilar Herr\u00e1iz Oliva"}}],"entry_title":"La cuesti\u00f3n De aeternitate mundi en Averroes y los averro\u00edstas","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"La cuesti\u00f3n De aeternitate mundi en Averroes y los averro\u00edstas"},"abstract":"En el siglo XIII, en la Facultad de Artes de la Universidad de Par\u00eds, surge el averro\u00edsmo como movimiento filos\u00f3fico que defiende la autonom\u00eda de la filosof\u00eda y de la raz\u00f3n. Una de las pol\u00e9micas m\u00e1s relevantes en este per\u00edodo es la que tiene que ver con el origen del mundo, cuesti\u00f3n que ya tratara Averroes y que tiene de fondo la propia concepci\u00f3n de la realidad. En este art\u00edculo desarrollaremos las distintas posiciones de los autores m\u00e1s relevantes de este movimiento con respecto a la tesis sobre la eternidad del mundo y cuestionaremos la existencia de una posici\u00f3n un\u00e1nime en torno a la misma que pueda ser considerada averro\u00edsta como tal.","btype":3,"date":"2017","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.25185\/1.4","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":19,"category_name":"Cosmology","link":"bib?categories[]=Cosmology"},{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"}],"authors":[{"id":1679,"full_name":"Pilar Herr\u00e1iz Oliva","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5587,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Humanidades: Revista De La Universidad De Montevideo","volume":"1","issue":"","pages":"51-71."}},"sort":[2017]}

Ontology of intellect. The happiness of thinking in Averroës and Giordano Bruno, 2016
By: Massimo Campanini
Title Ontology of intellect. The happiness of thinking in Averroës and Giordano Bruno
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Synthesis Philosophica
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 335–344
Categories Renaissance, Averroism
Author(s) Massimo Campanini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this paper the author reflects comparatively on a specific issue dealt with by Giordano Bruno and Ibn Rushd: mental happiness. Mental happiness is intended here either as felicity through thinking or as felicity of thinking. The philosophical link between Averroës and Giordano Bruno is by now soundly established and the paper is rather a theoretical than an historical analysis regarding Bruno’s “Averroism”.

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A Comparative study of the theory of dual reality from the perspective of Averroes, followers of Averroes and the church of the thirteenth century, 2015
By: Ali Ghorbani, Fath ali Akbari
Title A Comparative study of the theory of dual reality from the perspective of Averroes, followers of Averroes and the church of the thirteenth century
Type Article
Language Persian
Date 2015
Journal Comparative Theology
Volume 5
Issue 12
Pages 69-84
Categories Epistemology, Averroism, Theology, Metaphysics
Author(s) Ali Ghorbani , Fath ali Akbari
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In the thirteenth century, along with the return of the European thinkers and philosophers to Aristotelian philosophy and the emergence of the contradiction between Aristotle's philosophy and Christian teachings and religious beliefs, the church put forward a theory known as dual reality. According to this theory everything that is true in theology, its opposite can also be true in philosophy. With this theory, the church accused the philosophers of heresy, while the followers of Averroes considered themselves free of this charge. In his book Faṣl al-maqāl, Averroes appeared to be in favor of the above mentioned theory in a different form. By a precise analysis of the theory through reviewing the now available sources and considering the events followed by attributing this view to the philosophers, one can infer different implications from the theory from the perspective of each of the three sides involved (i.e. Averroes, followers of Averroes and church) and the following division can be sketched: 1- ontological implications: that is to believe in the existence of two types of realities in the universe which can be described in two ways: A) two contradictory scopes in the universe B) two distinct scopes in the universe. 2- Epistemological implications of the dual reality: A) Two ways to reach one reality. B) Two dictions to narrate one reality. C) Duality of the reality in practice. D) Two levels of one single reality. By analyzing each of these implications of the dual reality, one can be led to some consequences according to which based on different works of Averroes he cannot be accused of believing in a kind of duality which makes him deserve heresy.

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Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist, 2015
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 309–318
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The 15th century Jewish Aragonian thinker, Abraham Bibago treats conjunction in his two main works, Derekh Emunah (“The Way of Faith”) and Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics. In the former, which explicitly interprets Biblical and Talmudic stories along philosophical lines, Bibago promotes a neo-Platonic intellectual emanation schema and boldly asserts that human happiness is attained through conjunction with higher intellects. In the Commentary, which primarily treats Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Averroes’ commentaries on it, Bibago gives an account of conjunction that does not necessarily fit with the intellectual conjunction of Derekh Emunah. Indeed, his remarks in the Commentary are much less decisive about human happiness, suggesting that Bibago qua philosopher is more open minded about the summum bonum than he is qua religious thinker.

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Averroes in Henry Bate's Metaphysics, 2001
By: Guy Guldentops
Title Averroes in Henry Bate's Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2001
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 12
Pages 523–547
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Guy Guldentops
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus, 2015
By: Franz Schupp
Title Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus
Type Article
Language German
Date 2015
Journal Studia Leibnitiana
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 220–232
Categories Averroism, Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Franz Schupp
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Averroès le commentateur philosophe, 2014
By: Gérard Jéhamy
Title Averroès le commentateur philosophe
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 2014
Journal al-Machriq
Volume 88
Issue 1
Pages 253-263
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Gérard Jéhamy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Defensa del averroismo en Mohamed Abed Yabri, 2002
By: Martin Ruiz Calvente, Martin Ruiz Calvente
Title Defensa del averroismo en Mohamed Abed Yabri
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2002
Journal Paideia
Volume 23
Pages 511–530
Categories Modern Readings, Averroism
Author(s) Martin Ruiz Calvente , Martin Ruiz Calvente
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale, 2018
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2018
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 3
Pages 19–34
Categories Averroism, Politics, Aristotle, Modern Readings
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
From the early twentieth century onwards, the concept of ‘political Averroism’ has become widespread, especially with reference to Dante Alighieri and to Marsilius of Padua. It is our intention here to establish and delineate the remotest origin of this concept, which can be fundamentally traced back to two elements: the central role accorded to political reflection as a consequence of the French Revolution, and the adoption of Averroes as a symbol and figure anticipating modern rationalism.

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Dignity and the Foundation of Human Rights: Toward an Averroist Genealogy, 2020
By: Miguel Vatter
Title Dignity and the Foundation of Human Rights: Toward an Averroist Genealogy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Politics and Religion
Volume 13
Issue 2
Pages 304–332
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Miguel Vatter
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The aim of this article is to give a new reconstruction of the conception of human dignity as a pre-associative yet legal status. Such a legal conception of human dignity carries a universal legal obligation to respect the “innate” right to independence and enables us to move beyond the impasse between moral and political views of human rights. The argument has a normative and a genealogical component. The normative component shows why a legal conception of human rights is grounded on the Kantian idea of an innate legal right to independence, as well as showing that Kant adopted a legal status concept of human dignity. The genealogical component shows that the conception of human dignity as legal status undergoes a transvaluation from its ancient aristocratic to its modern democratic meaning in Dante's political thought, which is itself rooted in the western reception of Arabic philosophy, in particular political Averroism. By contrast to the Christian elaboration of dignity, the Averroist genealogy of dignity better describes the modern pursuit of an ideal of worldly happiness essentially linked with the collective attainment of public happiness through the unrestricted public use of reason facilitated by republican constitutions crowned by human rights.

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Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton, 2015
By: Charles Ehret
Title Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 389–406
Categories Review, Averroism
Author(s) Charles Ehret
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Review article of "Les possibilités de jonction: Averroès - Thomas Wylton" (2013) by Jean-Baptiste Brenet

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