Rereading Metaphysics Ε2-3: Aristotle's argument against determinism, and how Averroes twisted it in his Long Commentary, 2022
By: Dustin Klinger
Title Rereading Metaphysics Ε2-3: Aristotle's argument against determinism, and how Averroes twisted it in his Long Commentary
Type Article
Language English
Date 2022
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 32
Issue 1
Pages 109–135
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Providence
Author(s) Dustin Klinger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In the fresh reading proposed here of the still not satisfactorily interpreted passages in Metaphysics Ε2-3, Aristotle emerges as making a case against determinism based on a robust notion of the accident. Accidental beings are uncaused causes and have their rightful place in Aristotle's ontology. The resulting physical indeterminism is here used as a litmus test for the exegetical practice of the great Commentator, Averroes, whose self-proclaimed, and later proverbial, loyalty to Aristotle's text will be shown to give way to idiosyncratic interpretations at times. His explanations of Metaphysics Ε2-3 are sparse and no less obscure than Aristotle's text. It is only when read together with his commentaries on the Physics, to which he explicitly refers twice in his Long commentary on Metaphysics Ε2-3, that a surprising picture emerges. Averroes recycles the notion of the accident, now reconceptualised in cosmological terms, and – putting it to the opposite use of Aristotle's – weaves it into an original theory of motion that integrates both supra- and sublunar realms into a deterministic framework of uninterrupted causal chains, thus safeguarding the principle of Divine providence.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5362","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5362,"authors_free":[{"id":6213,"entry_id":5362,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Dustin Klinger","free_first_name":"Dustin ","free_last_name":"Klinger","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Rereading Metaphysics \u03952-3: Aristotle's argument against determinism, and how Averroes twisted it in his Long Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Rereading Metaphysics \u03952-3: Aristotle's argument against determinism, and how Averroes twisted it in his Long Commentary"},"abstract":"In the fresh reading proposed here of the still not satisfactorily interpreted passages in Metaphysics \u03952-3, Aristotle emerges as making a case against determinism based on a robust notion of the accident. Accidental beings are uncaused causes and have their rightful place in Aristotle's ontology. The resulting physical indeterminism is here used as a litmus test for the exegetical practice of the great Commentator, Averroes, whose self-proclaimed, and later proverbial, loyalty to Aristotle's text will be shown to give way to idiosyncratic interpretations at times. His explanations of Metaphysics \u03952-3 are sparse and no less obscure than Aristotle's text. It is only when read together with his commentaries on the Physics, to which he explicitly refers twice in his Long commentary on Metaphysics \u03952-3, that a surprising picture emerges. Averroes recycles the notion of the accident, now reconceptualised in cosmological terms, and \u2013 putting it to the opposite use of Aristotle's \u2013 weaves it into an original theory of motion that integrates both supra- and sublunar realms into a deterministic framework of uninterrupted causal chains, thus safeguarding the principle of Divine providence.","btype":3,"date":"2022","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1017\/S0957423921000138","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":68,"category_name":"Providence","link":"bib?categories[]=Providence"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5362,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy ","volume":"32 ","issue":"1","pages":"109\u2013135 "}},"sort":[2022]}

Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes, 2022
By: Desiderio Parrilla
Title Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes
Translation Approach to the topic of the vision of darkness in De Anima II 7 from the comments of Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2022
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 63
Issue 152
Pages 515 – 534
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Desiderio Parrilla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El problema de la “visión escotópica”, o visión bajo condiciones de oscuridad parcial o total, es uno de los tópicos más enigmáticos y menos estudiados de la psicología aristotélica. En el artículo exponemos la exégesis de Averroes acerca de este asunto. Señalamos una dificultad que surge en el Comentario mayor en torno a algunos términos utilizados para designar la oscuridad en el conjunto de la teoría. Proponemos como solución una interpretación moderada del asunto, acorde con el “principio de economía” y la exégesis tradicional de los comentaristas. The problem of “scotopic vision”, or vision under conditions of partial or total darkness, is one of the most enigmatic and least studied topics in Aristotelian psychology. In the article we present the exegesis of Averroes on this matter. We point out a dificulty that arises in the Great Commentary around some terms used to designate the obscurity in the whole of the theory. We propose as a solution a moderate interpretation of the matter, in accordance with the “principle of economy” and the traditional exegesis of the commentators.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5558","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5558,"authors_free":[{"id":6452,"entry_id":5558,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":1844,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Desiderio Parrilla","free_first_name":"Desiderio ","free_last_name":"Parrilla","norm_person":{"id":1844,"first_name":"Desiderio ","last_name":"Parrilla","full_name":"Desiderio Parrilla","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"https:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1197179534","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Desiderio Parrilla"}}],"entry_title":"Aproximaci\u00f3n al tema de la visi\u00f3n de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"Approach to the topic of the vision of darkness in De Anima II 7 from the comments of Averroes","main_title":{"title":"Aproximaci\u00f3n al tema de la visi\u00f3n de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes"},"abstract":"El problema de la \u201cvisi\u00f3n escot\u00f3pica\u201d, o visi\u00f3n bajo condiciones de oscuridad parcial o total, es uno de los t\u00f3picos m\u00e1s enigm\u00e1ticos y menos estudiados de la psicolog\u00eda aristot\u00e9lica. En el art\u00edculo exponemos la ex\u00e9gesis de Averroes acerca de este asunto. Se\u00f1alamos una dificultad que surge en el Comentario mayor en torno a algunos t\u00e9rminos utilizados para designar la oscuridad en el conjunto de la teor\u00eda. Proponemos como soluci\u00f3n una interpretaci\u00f3n moderada del asunto, acorde con el \u201cprincipio de econom\u00eda\u201d y la ex\u00e9gesis tradicional de los comentaristas.\r\n\r\nThe problem of \u201cscotopic vision\u201d, or vision under conditions of partial or total darkness, is one of the most enigmatic and least studied topics in Aristotelian psychology. In the article we present the exegesis of Averroes on this matter. We point out a dificulty that arises in the Great Commentary around some terms used to designate the obscurity in the whole of the theory. We propose as a solution a moderate interpretation of the matter, in accordance with the \u201cprinciple of economy\u201d and the traditional exegesis of the commentators.","btype":3,"date":"2022","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1590\/0100-512x2022n15212dp","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"}],"authors":[{"id":1844,"full_name":"Desiderio Parrilla","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5558,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia","volume":"63","issue":"152","pages":"515 \u2013 534"}},"sort":[2022]}

Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics, 2022
By: Esti Eisenmann
Title Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics
Type Article
Language French
Date 2022
Journal Revue des Études Juives
Volume 181
Issue 1-2
Pages 185–222
Categories Tradition and Reception, Gersonides, Commentary, Method
Author(s) Esti Eisenmann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The article analyzes Gersonides (1288-1344) as a commentator, through the lens of his supercommentary on Averroes’s Epitome of Aristotle’s Physics. In the first section of the article, we question the assumption that this work is indeed a supercommentary and explain why it may nevertheless be included in the genre. In the second section, the article provides examples of Gersonides’ exegetical procedure. Given that the supercommentary on the Epitome of the Physics was the first supercommentary Gersonides wrote, the analysis of Gersonides’ methods sheds light on his image as an exegete and can help us determine his objective in commenting on this text and the readership he envisaged. He seems to be adressing readers who were taking their first steps in Aristotle’s works on nature and to have endeavored to guide them in this field.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5386","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5386,"authors_free":[{"id":6238,"entry_id":5386,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Esti Eisenmann","free_first_name":"Esti","free_last_name":"Eisenmann","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Gersonides as Commentator in the Light of his Supercommentary on Averroes's Epitome of the Physics"},"abstract":"The article analyzes Gersonides (1288-1344) as a commentator, through the lens of his supercommentary on Averroes\u2019s Epitome of Aristotle\u2019s Physics. In the first section of the article, we question the assumption that this work is indeed a supercommentary and explain why it may nevertheless be included in the genre. In the second section, the article provides examples of Gersonides\u2019 exegetical procedure. Given that the supercommentary on the Epitome of the Physics was the first supercommentary Gersonides wrote, the analysis of Gersonides\u2019 methods sheds light on his image as an exegete and can help us determine his objective in commenting on this text and the readership he envisaged. He seems to be adressing readers who were taking their first steps in Aristotle\u2019s works on nature and to have endeavored to guide them in this field.","btype":3,"date":"2022","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"10.2143\/REJ.181.1.3290628","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":62,"category_name":"Gersonides","link":"bib?categories[]=Gersonides"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":72,"category_name":"Method","link":"bib?categories[]=Method"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5386,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Revue des \u00c9tudes Juives","volume":"181","issue":"1-2","pages":"185\u2013222"}},"sort":[2022]}

La recepción de la ética aristotélica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval, 2021
By: Andrés Martínez Lorca
Title La recepción de la ética aristotélica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval
Translation The reception of the Aristotelian Ethics in Averroes and its influence on trhe medieval latin world
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2021
Journal Endoxa
Volume 48
Pages 15-46
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Nicomachean ethics, Tradition and Reception, Plato, Albert, Aquinas
Author(s) Andrés Martínez Lorca
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El pensamiento ético de Averroes apenas ha sido estudiado y ello a pesar de que es el nico filósofo islámico medieval del que se conserva un Comentario a la principal obra ristotélica sobre el tema, la Ética nicomáquea. El eje del presente trabajo es precisamente un nuevo análisis de ese Comentario a través de los conceptos de eudaimonía o felicidad, philía o amistad y tò díkaion o justicia.Averroes subraya los aspectos sociales y políticos apuntados por Aristóteles llegando a considerar el gobierno de los estados uno de los objetivos de su discurso ético. Asimismo, señala la preocupación de los legisladores por buscar la concordia civil que es considerada el mayor bien en las comunidades. Hay, pues, una conexión entre ética y política. Tiene, sin embargo, la hegemonía la política.Finalmente se considera este aspecto desatendido hasta ahora en la historiografía medieval: fue gracias al pensador andalusí como se produjo en el Occidente latino la recepción de la Ética nicomáquea de Aristóteles, obra que penetró en los círculos filosóficos y también en la cultura bajomedieval. La favorable acogida de los dos rincipales teólogos cristianos de la Edad Media, Alberto Magno y Tomás de Aquino, al Comentario de Averroes, traducido al latín por un obispo, ayudó a su difusión en el mundo medieval y más tarde en el Renacimiento. The ethical thought of Averroes has hardly been studied, and this despite the fact that he is the only medieval islamic philosopher whose Commentary on the main Aristotelian work on the subject, the Nicomachean Ethics, is preserved. The axis of this paper is precisely a new analysis of this Commentary through the concepts of eudaimonía or happiness, philía or friendship and tò díkaion or justice.Averroes underlines the social and political aspects pointed out by Aristotle, considering the government of the states one of the purposes of his ethical discourse. Likewise, he asserts the concern of legislators to seek civil harmony, which is considered the highest good in the communities. There is, consequently, a connection between ethics and politics. However, politics has the hegemony.Finally, is considered this neglected aspect so far in medieval historiography: it was thanks to the Andalusian thinker that was produced in the Latin West the reception of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, a work that entered philosophical circles and also late medieval culture. The favorable reception of the two main Christian theologians of the Middle Ages, Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas, to the Commentary of Averroes, translated into Latin by a bishop, contributed to its spreading in the medieval world and later the Renaissance.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5565","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5565,"authors_free":[{"id":6459,"entry_id":5565,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":756,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez Lorca","free_first_name":"Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez ","free_last_name":"Lorca","norm_person":{"id":756,"first_name":"Andr\u00e9s","last_name":"Mart\u00ednez Lorca","full_name":"Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez Lorca","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1047955687","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/51730671","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez Lorca"}}],"entry_title":"La recepci\u00f3n de la \u00e9tica aristot\u00e9lica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"The reception of the Aristotelian Ethics in Averroes and its influence on trhe medieval latin world","main_title":{"title":"La recepci\u00f3n de la \u00e9tica aristot\u00e9lica en Averroes y su impacto en el mundo latino medieval"},"abstract":"El pensamiento \u00e9tico de Averroes apenas ha sido estudiado y ello a pesar de que es el nico fil\u00f3sofo isl\u00e1mico medieval del que se conserva un Comentario a la principal obra ristot\u00e9lica sobre el tema, la \u00c9tica nicom\u00e1quea. El eje del presente trabajo es precisamente un nuevo an\u00e1lisis de ese Comentario a trav\u00e9s de los conceptos de eudaimon\u00eda o felicidad, phil\u00eda o amistad y t\u00f2 d\u00edkaion o justicia.Averroes subraya los aspectos sociales y pol\u00edticos apuntados por Arist\u00f3teles llegando a considerar el gobierno de los estados uno de los objetivos de su discurso \u00e9tico. Asimismo, se\u00f1ala la preocupaci\u00f3n de los legisladores por buscar la concordia civil que es considerada el mayor bien en las comunidades. Hay, pues, una conexi\u00f3n entre \u00e9tica y pol\u00edtica. Tiene, sin embargo, la hegemon\u00eda la pol\u00edtica.Finalmente se considera este aspecto desatendido hasta ahora en la historiograf\u00eda medieval: fue gracias al pensador andalus\u00ed como se produjo en el Occidente latino la recepci\u00f3n de la \u00c9tica nicom\u00e1quea de Arist\u00f3teles, obra que penetr\u00f3 en los c\u00edrculos filos\u00f3ficos y tambi\u00e9n en la cultura bajomedieval. La favorable acogida de los dos rincipales te\u00f3logos cristianos de la Edad Media, Alberto Magno y Tom\u00e1s de Aquino, al Comentario de Averroes, traducido al lat\u00edn por un obispo, ayud\u00f3 a su difusi\u00f3n en el mundo medieval y m\u00e1s tarde en el Renacimiento.\r\n\r\nThe ethical thought of Averroes has hardly been studied, and this despite the fact that he is the only medieval islamic philosopher whose Commentary on the main Aristotelian work on the subject, the Nicomachean Ethics, is preserved. The axis of this paper is precisely a new analysis of this Commentary through the concepts of eudaimon\u00eda or happiness, phil\u00eda or friendship and t\u00f2 d\u00edkaion or justice.Averroes underlines the social and political aspects pointed out by Aristotle, considering the government of the states one of the purposes of his ethical discourse. Likewise, he asserts the concern of legislators to seek civil harmony, which is considered the highest good in the communities. There is, consequently, a connection between ethics and politics. However, politics has the hegemony.Finally, is considered this neglected aspect so far in medieval historiography: it was thanks to the Andalusian thinker that was produced in the Latin West the reception of Aristotle\u2019s Nicomachean Ethics, a work that entered philosophical circles and also late medieval culture. The favorable reception of the two main Christian theologians of the Middle Ages, Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas, to the Commentary of Averroes, translated into Latin by a bishop, contributed to its spreading in the medieval world and later the Renaissance.","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.5944\/endoxa.48.2021 (refers to the whole volume)","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":70,"category_name":"Nicomachean ethics","link":"bib?categories[]=Nicomachean ethics"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":20,"category_name":"Plato","link":"bib?categories[]=Plato"},{"id":6,"category_name":"Albert","link":"bib?categories[]=Albert"},{"id":2,"category_name":"Aquinas","link":"bib?categories[]=Aquinas"}],"authors":[{"id":756,"full_name":"Andr\u00e9s Mart\u00ednez Lorca","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5565,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Endoxa","volume":"48","issue":"","pages":"15-46"}},"sort":[2021]}

Two prologues of Averroe to physics and the ultimate human happiness, 2021
By: Fiorella Retucci
Title Two prologues of Averroe to physics and the ultimate human happiness
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2021
Journal Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana
Volume 17
Issue 3
Pages 457-474
Categories Physics, Commentary
Author(s) Fiorella Retucci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5568","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5568,"authors_free":[{"id":6462,"entry_id":5568,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":1847,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fiorella Retucci","free_first_name":"Fiorella","free_last_name":"Retucci","norm_person":{"id":1847,"first_name":"Fiorella","last_name":"Retucci","full_name":"Fiorella Retucci","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"https:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1035265265","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fiorella Retucci"}}],"entry_title":"Two prologues of Averroe to physics and the ultimate human happiness","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Two prologues of Averroe to physics and the ultimate human happiness"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"Italian","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":1847,"full_name":"Fiorella Retucci","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5568,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana","volume":"17","issue":"3","pages":"457-474"}},"sort":[2021]}

Averroes’ Doctrine of Material Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De Anima of Aristotle, 2021
By: Musa Duman
Title Averroes’ Doctrine of Material Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De Anima of Aristotle
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal mevzu
Volume 5
Pages 39-66
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Intellect
Author(s) Musa Duman
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes was fully aware of the fact that Aristotle’s account of intellect as propounded in De Anima was incomplete. This meant that the key facet of Aristotle’s thought was fraught with gaps. Averroes made repeated attempts in his commentaries on De Anima to fill the gaps. The problem for Averroes was this: “if human beings are enmattered entities, how will anything more than sense perception be possible?” Averroes believes that finally in his Long Commentary on De Anima he has achieved a full and coherent account of thinking and understanding that centers on a new notion of the material intellect, according to which, together with the active intellect, there is also a distinct material intellect, numerically one for all human beings. The present article explores in detail this idea of material intellect. It is shown that material intellect, for Averroes, functions as the transpersonal, non-particular and non empirical subject required for the production and containment of universal meanings. The idea seems to aim at connecting consistently the embodied, sensible forms of human cognitive experience with the noetic, conceptual element of knowledge within a basically ontological account.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5573","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5573,"authors_free":[{"id":6467,"entry_id":5573,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":903,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":" Musa Duman","free_first_name":" Musa ","free_last_name":" Duman","norm_person":{"id":903,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]="}}],"entry_title":"Averroes\u2019 Doctrine of Material Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De Anima of Aristotle","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes\u2019 Doctrine of Material Intellect in the Long Commentary on the De Anima of Aristotle"},"abstract":"Averroes was fully aware of the fact that Aristotle\u2019s account of intellect \r\nas propounded in De Anima was incomplete. This meant that the key facet of \r\nAristotle\u2019s thought was fraught with gaps. Averroes made repeated attempts \r\nin his commentaries on De Anima to fill the gaps. The problem for Averroes \r\nwas this: \u201cif human beings are enmattered entities, how will anything more \r\nthan sense perception be possible?\u201d Averroes believes that finally in his Long \r\nCommentary on De Anima he has achieved a full and coherent account of thinking and understanding that centers on a new notion of the material intellect, according to which, together with the active intellect, there is also a distinct material intellect, numerically one for all human beings. The present article explores in detail this idea of material intellect. It is shown that material intellect, for Averroes, functions as the transpersonal, non-particular and non empirical subject required for the production and containment of universal meanings. The idea seems to aim at connecting consistently the embodied, sensible forms of human cognitive experience with the noetic, conceptual element of knowledge within a basically ontological account.","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" 10.5281\/zenodo.4604660","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":75,"category_name":"Intellect","link":"bib?categories[]=Intellect"}],"authors":[{"id":903,"full_name":"","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5573,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"mevzu","volume":" 5","issue":"","pages":"39-66"}},"sort":[2021]}

Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes’ Commentaries on Aristotle?, 2021
By: Steven Harvey
Title Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes’ Commentaries on Aristotle?
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Jewish Studies Quarterly
Volume 28
Issue 2
Pages 159–190
Categories Maimonides, Commentary
Author(s) Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An article published in 2016 by Doron Forte claimed that the universally cited version of the concluding bibliographical section of Maimonides' letter to the translator of the Guide of the Perplexed, Samuel Ibn Tibbon, is both late and corrupt (Jewish Studies Quarterly 23). This claim entails that Maimonides did not recommend Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle in the letter. The current paper argues against this claim. It comprises seven considerations: two philological (based on testimonia Forte chose to ignore), two terminological and three just common sense. I present these considerations as complementary, one supporting the other, that together make clear that the most-often cited version of the letter is very old, the most reliable and likely the most authentic version. In fact, current evidence now points to Ibn Tibbon as the translator of this version, which shows that Maimonides indeed recommended Averroes' commentaries in this letter.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"4992","_score":null,"_source":{"id":4992,"authors_free":[{"id":5725,"entry_id":4992,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":642,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Steven Harvey","free_first_name":"Steven","free_last_name":"Harvey","norm_person":{"id":642,"first_name":"Steven","last_name":"Harvey","full_name":"Steven Harvey","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051482674","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97890242","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Steven Harvey"}}],"entry_title":"Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes\u2019 Commentaries on Aristotle?","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Did Maimonides Recommend Reading Averroes\u2019 Commentaries on Aristotle?"},"abstract":"An article published in 2016 by Doron Forte claimed that the universally cited version of the concluding bibliographical section of Maimonides' letter to the translator of the Guide of the Perplexed, Samuel Ibn Tibbon, is both late and corrupt (Jewish Studies Quarterly 23). This claim entails that Maimonides did not recommend Averroes' commentaries on Aristotle in the letter. The current paper argues against this claim. It comprises seven considerations: two philological (based on testimonia Forte chose to ignore), two terminological and three just common sense. I present these considerations as complementary, one supporting the other, that together make clear that the most-often cited version of the letter is very old, the most reliable and likely the most authentic version. In fact, current evidence now points to Ibn Tibbon as the translator of this version, which shows that Maimonides indeed recommended Averroes' commentaries in this letter. ","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1628\/jsq-2021-0009","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":9,"category_name":"Maimonides","link":"bib?categories[]=Maimonides"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":642,"full_name":"Steven Harvey","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":4992,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Jewish Studies Quarterly","volume":"28","issue":"2","pages":"159\u2013190"}},"sort":[2021]}

La position de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès dans son Commentaire sur le De anima, 2021
By: Jules Janssens
Title La position de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès dans son Commentaire sur le De anima
Type Article
Language French
Date 2021
Journal Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph
Volume 68
Pages 105–135
Categories Renaissance, Tradition and Reception, Commentary, De anima
Author(s) Jules Janssens
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Dans son commentaire sur le De anima d’Aristote Zabarella fait un usage non négligeable du Grand Commentaire sur le même ouvrage d’Averroès, le grand penseur andalou. On a pris l’habitude de considérer que Zabarella n’a pas pu finaliser son commentaire, étant donné qu’il fut publié à titre posthume. Il s’agirait donc d’un ouvrage incomplet. Toutefois, si on tient compte du fait que Zabarella s’intéresse avant tout, voire presque exclusivement, à l’étude de l’âme humaine, tout indique qu’il a consciemment choisi de ne pas commenter certains chapitres de l’ouvrage du Stagirite. Quant à l’impact d’Averroès sur la doctrine de l’âme exposée par Zabarella, elle a été diversement évaluée dans la recherche contemporaine, mais dans l’ensemble on y perçoit une attitude fortement critique du dernier envers le premier. Il est nécessaire de nuancer ce jugement. En effet, sur la base de trois fragments, répartis sur les trois livres, la présente recherche met en lumière qu’Averroès est considéré par Zabarella comme une vraie autorité, « auctoritas » ; que Zabarella souscrit parfois pleinement à l’interprétation du maître arabe ; et, enfin, que Zabarella explique certaines explications « erronées » de ce dernier comme l’effet inévitable de la traduction fautive du texte aristotélicien dont Averroès disposait. En somme, l’attitude de Zabarella vis-à-vis d’Averroès s’avère complexe, évitant aussi bien l’excès d’un rejet total que celui d’une acceptation aveugle.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5051","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5051,"authors_free":[{"id":5801,"entry_id":5051,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":655,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Jules Janssens","free_first_name":"Jules","free_last_name":"Janssens","norm_person":{"id":655,"first_name":"Jules","last_name":"Janssens","full_name":"Jules Janssens","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/139312471","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/81614","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd139312471.html","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Jules Janssens"}}],"entry_title":"La position de Zabarella vis-\u00e0-vis d\u2019Averro\u00e8s dans son Commentaire sur le De anima","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"La position de Zabarella vis-\u00e0-vis d\u2019Averro\u00e8s dans son Commentaire sur le De anima"},"abstract":"Dans son commentaire sur le De anima d\u2019Aristote Zabarella fait un usage non n\u00e9gligeable du Grand Commentaire sur le m\u00eame ouvrage d\u2019Averro\u00e8s, le grand penseur andalou. On a pris l\u2019habitude de consid\u00e9rer que Zabarella n\u2019a pas pu finaliser son commentaire, \u00e9tant donn\u00e9 qu\u2019il fut publi\u00e9 \u00e0 titre posthume. Il s\u2019agirait donc d\u2019un ouvrage incomplet. Toutefois, si on tient compte du fait que Zabarella s\u2019int\u00e9resse avant tout, voire presque exclusivement, \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9tude de l\u2019\u00e2me humaine, tout indique qu\u2019il a consciemment choisi de ne pas commenter certains chapitres de l\u2019ouvrage du Stagirite. Quant \u00e0 l\u2019impact d\u2019Averro\u00e8s sur la doctrine de l\u2019\u00e2me expos\u00e9e par Zabarella, elle a \u00e9t\u00e9 diversement \u00e9valu\u00e9e dans la recherche contemporaine, mais dans l\u2019ensemble on y per\u00e7oit une attitude fortement critique du dernier envers le premier. Il est n\u00e9cessaire de nuancer ce jugement. En effet, sur la base de trois fragments, r\u00e9partis sur les trois livres, la pr\u00e9sente recherche met en lumi\u00e8re qu\u2019Averro\u00e8s est consid\u00e9r\u00e9 par Zabarella comme une vraie autorit\u00e9, \u00ab auctoritas \u00bb ; que Zabarella souscrit parfois pleinement \u00e0 l\u2019interpr\u00e9tation du ma\u00eetre arabe ; et, enfin, que Zabarella explique certaines explications \u00ab erron\u00e9es \u00bb de ce dernier comme l\u2019effet in\u00e9vitable de la traduction fautive du texte aristot\u00e9licien dont Averro\u00e8s disposait. En somme, l\u2019attitude de Zabarella vis-\u00e0-vis d\u2019Averro\u00e8s s\u2019av\u00e8re complexe, \u00e9vitant aussi bien l\u2019exc\u00e8s d\u2019un rejet total que celui d\u2019une acceptation aveugle.","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"French","online_url":"https:\/\/journals.usj.edu.lb\/melanges\/article\/view\/545","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":5,"category_name":"Renaissance","link":"bib?categories[]=Renaissance"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"}],"authors":[{"id":655,"full_name":"Jules Janssens","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5051,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"M\u00e9langes de l\u2019Universit\u00e9 Saint-Joseph","volume":"68","issue":"","pages":"105\u2013135"}},"sort":[2021]}

Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering Ṭodros Ṭodrosi’s Method of Commenting on the Commentator, 2021
By: Steven Harvey, Oded Horezky
Title Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering Ṭodros Ṭodrosi’s Method of Commenting on the Commentator
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism
Volume 21
Issue 1
Pages 7-78
Categories Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Steven Harvey , Oded Horezky
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Our paper studies one of the most interesting manuscripts of medieval Jewish philosophy, a unicum that is housed in the British Library, Heb MS Add 27559. This fascinating manuscript, in part a version of a work compiled by Ṭodros Ṭodrosi, in Trinquetaille in the 1330s, is a Hebrew anthology of logical and scientific texts, written by Greek and Arabic philosophers, some of which are translated into Hebrew for the first time by Ṭodros. The paper sheds new light on this manuscript through an examination of the section on natural science that Ṭodros devoted to the study and explanation of Aristotle’s Physics and which comprises more than a third of the entire manuscript. We uncover Ṭodros’s aims and methodology in this section on physics (and, to some extent, in other sections as well), and sketch a clear picture of the ways in which Ṭodros intended to assist his contemporary readers in the study of natural science. The paper contributes to our knowledge of the fundamental status of Averroes’s middle commentaries on the Corpus Aristotelicum among medieval Jewish scholars, as well as to our growing awareness and appreciation of the achievements of a remarkable, young, fourteenth-century Provençal scholar, Ṭodros Ṭodrosi. It concludes with three appendices, two of which compare Ṭodros’s text with parallel passages in the Hebrew translations of Averroes’s commentaries, and a third which provides a detailed description of the British Library manuscript.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5576","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5576,"authors_free":[{"id":6470,"entry_id":5576,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":642,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Steven Harvey","free_first_name":"Steven ","free_last_name":"Harvey","norm_person":{"id":642,"first_name":"Steven","last_name":"Harvey","full_name":"Steven Harvey","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051482674","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97890242","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Steven Harvey"}},{"id":6471,"entry_id":5576,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":903,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Oded Horezky","free_first_name":"Oded ","free_last_name":"Horezky","norm_person":{"id":903,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]="}}],"entry_title":"Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi\u2019s Method of Commenting on the Commentator","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi\u2019s Method of Commenting on the Commentator"},"abstract":"Our paper studies one of the most interesting manuscripts of medieval Jewish philosophy, a unicum that is housed in the British Library, Heb MS Add 27559. This fascinating \r\nmanuscript, in part a version of a work compiled by \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi, in Trinquetaille in the 1330s, is a Hebrew anthology of logical and scientific texts, written by Greek and Arabic \r\nphilosophers, some of which are translated into Hebrew for the first time by \u1e6codros. The paper sheds new light on this manuscript through an examination of the section on natural science that \u1e6codros devoted to the study and explanation of Aristotle\u2019s Physics and which comprises more than a third of the entire manuscript. We uncover \u1e6codros\u2019s aims and methodology in this section on physics (and, to some extent, in other sections as well), and sketch a clear picture of the ways in which \u1e6codros intended to assist his contemporary readers in the study of natural science. The paper contributes to our knowledge of the fundamental status of Averroes\u2019s middle commentaries on the Corpus Aristotelicum\r\namong medieval Jewish scholars, as well as to our growing awareness and appreciation of the achievements of a remarkable, young, fourteenth-century Proven\u00e7al scholar, \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi. It concludes with three appendices, two of which compare \u1e6codros\u2019s \r\ntext with parallel passages in the Hebrew translations of Averroes\u2019s commentaries, and a third which provides a detailed description of the British Library manuscript.","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":642,"full_name":"Steven Harvey","role":1},{"id":903,"full_name":"","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5576,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism","volume":"21","issue":"1","pages":"7-78"}},"sort":[2021]}

İbn Rüşd'de Bilimsel Kanıtlama Yöntemi, 2020
By: Haci Kaya
Title İbn Rüşd'de Bilimsel Kanıtlama Yöntemi
Type Article
Language Turkish
Date 2020
Journal Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences
Volume 23
Pages 27-86
Categories Logic, Commentary
Author(s) Haci Kaya
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Averroes wrote small, medium, and magnum commentaries on the Posterior Analytics, which is translated and commented many times until the 12th century, and also originated in original studies. Averroes has established the demonstration once again with his medium and magnum commentaries that are named Talkhis al-Burhan and Sharh al-Burhan/Tafsir al-Burhan, which have been largely successful in reflecting the authenticity of the Posterior Analytics, by placing the demonstration at the center of both his philosophical system and Islamic philosophy. The demonstration, in five arts which are an art encompassing human knowledge types and a method of obtaining these types of knowledge, refers to a method of scientific demonstration that builds the theoretical framework of definitive scientific knowledge. This scientific demonstrative method, which Averroes put at the center of his philosophical system and Islamic philosophy, corresponds to a scientific method that can be called “the inductive-deductive method” based on induction.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5561","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5561,"authors_free":[{"id":6455,"entry_id":5561,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":903,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Haci Kaya","free_first_name":"Haci","free_last_name":"Kaya","norm_person":{"id":903,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]="}}],"entry_title":"\u0130bn R\u00fc\u015fd'de Bilimsel Kan\u0131tlama Y\u00f6ntemi","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"\u0130bn R\u00fc\u015fd'de Bilimsel Kan\u0131tlama Y\u00f6ntemi"},"abstract":"Averroes wrote small, medium, and magnum commentaries on the Posterior Analytics, which is translated and commented many times until the 12th century, and also originated in original studies. Averroes has established the demon\u0002stration once again with his medium and magnum commen\u0002taries that are named Talkhis al-Burhan and Sharh al-Burhan\/Tafsir al-Burhan, which have been largely successful in reflecting \r\nthe authenticity of the Posterior Analytics, by placing the demon\u0002stration at the center of both his philosophical system and Is\u0002lamic philosophy. The demonstration, in five arts which are an art encompassing human knowledge types and a method of ob\u0002taining these types of knowledge, refers to a method of scien\u0002tific demonstration that builds the theoretical framework of de\u0002finitive scientific knowledge. This scientific demonstrative \r\nmethod, which Averroes put at the center of his philosophical system and Islamic philosophy, corresponds to a scientific method that can be called \u201cthe inductive-deductive method\u201d based on induction. ","btype":3,"date":"2020","language":"Turkish","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":903,"full_name":"","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5561,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences","volume":"23","issue":"","pages":"27-86"}},"sort":[2020]}

A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes’ Recourse to Avicenna’s Madkhal of the Shifâ’ in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry’s Isagoge, 2018
By: Silvia Di Vincenzo
Title A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes’ Recourse to Avicenna’s Madkhal of the Shifâ’ in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry’s Isagoge
Type Article
Language English
Date 2018
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 29
Pages 125–136
Categories Avicenna, Commentary
Author(s) Silvia Di Vincenzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5144","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5144,"authors_free":[{"id":5923,"entry_id":5144,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Silvia Di Vincenzo","free_first_name":"Silvia","free_last_name":"Di Vincenzo","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes\u2019 Recourse to Avicenna\u2019s Madkhal of the Shif\u00e2\u2019 in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry\u2019s Isagoge","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes\u2019 Recourse to Avicenna\u2019s Madkhal of the Shif\u00e2\u2019 in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry\u2019s Isagoge"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2018","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5144,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale","volume":"29","issue":"","pages":"125\u2013136"}},"sort":["A Hidden Source? Considerations on Averroes\u2019 Recourse to Avicenna\u2019s Madkhal of the Shif\u00e2\u2019 in the Middle Commentary on Porphyry\u2019s Isagoge"]}

A reference to al-Fârâbî’s Kitâb al-hurûf in Averroes’ critique of Avicenna (Tahâfut al-Tahâfut, 371,5-372,12 Bouyges), 2014
By: Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
Title A reference to al-Fârâbî’s Kitâb al-hurûf in Averroes’ critique of Avicenna (Tahâfut al-Tahâfut, 371,5-372,12 Bouyges)
Type Article
Language English
Date 2014
Journal Studi Magrebini
Volume 12-13
Pages 433-452
Categories al-Fārābī, Avicenna, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Al-Fārābī’s Book of Letters (Kitāb al-ḥurūf) and the analyses devoted in this text to the terminology of “being” are authoritative references for Averroes from the epitomes of his youth to his mature treatises. Also the Farabian doctrine of the conventionality of the natural language plays a role in Averroes’ thought. This paper discusses the Tahāfut al-Tahāfut, (pp.371,5-372.12 Bouyges), where Averroes has recourse to the Book of Letters in criticizing Avicenna’s distinction between essence and existence. Averroes explicitly mentions the title of the work and recalls a passage from the fifteenth chapter. This passage had already inspired him in the Epitome on Metaphysics, where Averroes did not mention explicitly his source, but followed in al-Fārābī’s footsteps as for the analysis of the uses of “being”. Averroes uses tacitly the same passage also in his Commentary on Metaphysics Delta 7.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5196","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5196,"authors_free":[{"id":5987,"entry_id":5196,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":831,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Cecilia Martini Bonadeo","free_first_name":"Cecilia","free_last_name":"Martini Bonadeo","norm_person":{"id":831,"first_name":"Cecilia","last_name":"Martini Bonadeo","full_name":"Cecilia Martini Bonadeo","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1047649543","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/305196685","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Cecilia Martini Bonadeo"}}],"entry_title":"A reference to al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee\u2019s Kit\u00e2b al-hur\u00fbf in Averroes\u2019 critique of Avicenna (Tah\u00e2fut al-Tah\u00e2fut, 371,5-372,12 Bouyges)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"A reference to al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee\u2019s Kit\u00e2b al-hur\u00fbf in Averroes\u2019 critique of Avicenna (Tah\u00e2fut al-Tah\u00e2fut, 371,5-372,12 Bouyges)"},"abstract":"Al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b\u2019s Book of Letters (Kit\u0101b al-\u1e25ur\u016bf) and the analyses devoted in this text to the terminology of \u201cbeing\u201d are authoritative references for Averroes from the epitomes of his youth to his mature treatises. Also the Farabian doctrine of the conventionality of the natural language plays a role in Averroes\u2019 thought. This paper discusses the Tah\u0101fut al-Tah\u0101fut, (pp.371,5-372.12 Bouyges), where Averroes has recourse to the Book of Letters in criticizing Avicenna\u2019s distinction between essence and existence. Averroes explicitly mentions the title of the work and recalls a passage from the fifteenth chapter. This passage had already inspired him in the Epitome on Metaphysics, where Averroes did not mention explicitly his source, but followed in al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b\u2019s footsteps as for the analysis of the uses of \u201cbeing\u201d. Averroes uses tacitly the same passage also in his Commentary on Metaphysics Delta 7.","btype":3,"date":"2014","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":831,"full_name":"Cecilia Martini Bonadeo","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5196,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Studi Magrebini","volume":"12-13 ","issue":"","pages":"433-452"}},"sort":["A reference to al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee\u2019s Kit\u00e2b al-hur\u00fbf in Averroes\u2019 critique of Avicenna (Tah\u00e2fut al-Tah\u00e2fut, 371,5-372,12 Bouyges)"]}

Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist, 2015
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 309–318
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The 15th century Jewish Aragonian thinker, Abraham Bibago treats conjunction in his two main works, Derekh Emunah (“The Way of Faith”) and Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics. In the former, which explicitly interprets Biblical and Talmudic stories along philosophical lines, Bibago promotes a neo-Platonic intellectual emanation schema and boldly asserts that human happiness is attained through conjunction with higher intellects. In the Commentary, which primarily treats Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Averroes’ commentaries on it, Bibago gives an account of conjunction that does not necessarily fit with the intellectual conjunction of Derekh Emunah. Indeed, his remarks in the Commentary are much less decisive about human happiness, suggesting that Bibago qua philosopher is more open minded about the summum bonum than he is qua religious thinker.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5247","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5247,"authors_free":[{"id":6056,"entry_id":5247,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1500,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yehuda Halper","free_first_name":"Yehuda","free_last_name":"Halper","norm_person":{"id":1500,"first_name":"Yehuda","last_name":"Halper","full_name":"Yehuda Halper","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/142969923","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/177995327","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Yehuda Halper"}}],"entry_title":"Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist"},"abstract":"The 15th century Jewish Aragonian thinker, Abraham Bibago treats conjunction in his two main works, Derekh Emunah (\u201cThe Way of Faith\u201d) and Commentary on Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics. In the former, which explicitly interprets Biblical and Talmudic stories along philosophical lines, Bibago promotes a neo-Platonic intellectual emanation schema and boldly asserts that human happiness is attained through conjunction with higher intellects. In the Commentary, which primarily treats Aristotle\u2019s Metaphysics and Averroes\u2019 commentaries on it, Bibago gives an account of conjunction that does not necessarily fit with the intellectual conjunction of Derekh Emunah. Indeed, his remarks in the Commentary are much less decisive about human happiness, suggesting that Bibago qua philosopher is more open minded about the summum bonum than he is qua religious thinker.","btype":3,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/J.QUAESTIO.5.108606","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":1,"category_name":"Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Averroism"},{"id":8,"category_name":"Jewish Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Jewish Averroism"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"}],"authors":[{"id":1500,"full_name":"Yehuda Halper","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5247,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Quaestio","volume":"15","issue":"","pages":"309\u2013318"}},"sort":["Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist"]}

Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes, 2022
By: Desiderio Parrilla
Title Aproximación al tema de la visión de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes
Translation Approach to the topic of the vision of darkness in De Anima II 7 from the comments of Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2022
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 63
Issue 152
Pages 515 – 534
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, De anima, Psychology
Author(s) Desiderio Parrilla
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El problema de la “visión escotópica”, o visión bajo condiciones de oscuridad parcial o total, es uno de los tópicos más enigmáticos y menos estudiados de la psicología aristotélica. En el artículo exponemos la exégesis de Averroes acerca de este asunto. Señalamos una dificultad que surge en el Comentario mayor en torno a algunos términos utilizados para designar la oscuridad en el conjunto de la teoría. Proponemos como solución una interpretación moderada del asunto, acorde con el “principio de economía” y la exégesis tradicional de los comentaristas. The problem of “scotopic vision”, or vision under conditions of partial or total darkness, is one of the most enigmatic and least studied topics in Aristotelian psychology. In the article we present the exegesis of Averroes on this matter. We point out a dificulty that arises in the Great Commentary around some terms used to designate the obscurity in the whole of the theory. We propose as a solution a moderate interpretation of the matter, in accordance with the “principle of economy” and the traditional exegesis of the commentators.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5558","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5558,"authors_free":[{"id":6452,"entry_id":5558,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":1844,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Desiderio Parrilla","free_first_name":"Desiderio ","free_last_name":"Parrilla","norm_person":{"id":1844,"first_name":"Desiderio ","last_name":"Parrilla","full_name":"Desiderio Parrilla","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"https:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1197179534","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Desiderio Parrilla"}}],"entry_title":"Aproximaci\u00f3n al tema de la visi\u00f3n de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"Approach to the topic of the vision of darkness in De Anima II 7 from the comments of Averroes","main_title":{"title":"Aproximaci\u00f3n al tema de la visi\u00f3n de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes"},"abstract":"El problema de la \u201cvisi\u00f3n escot\u00f3pica\u201d, o visi\u00f3n bajo condiciones de oscuridad parcial o total, es uno de los t\u00f3picos m\u00e1s enigm\u00e1ticos y menos estudiados de la psicolog\u00eda aristot\u00e9lica. En el art\u00edculo exponemos la ex\u00e9gesis de Averroes acerca de este asunto. Se\u00f1alamos una dificultad que surge en el Comentario mayor en torno a algunos t\u00e9rminos utilizados para designar la oscuridad en el conjunto de la teor\u00eda. Proponemos como soluci\u00f3n una interpretaci\u00f3n moderada del asunto, acorde con el \u201cprincipio de econom\u00eda\u201d y la ex\u00e9gesis tradicional de los comentaristas.\r\n\r\nThe problem of \u201cscotopic vision\u201d, or vision under conditions of partial or total darkness, is one of the most enigmatic and least studied topics in Aristotelian psychology. In the article we present the exegesis of Averroes on this matter. We point out a dificulty that arises in the Great Commentary around some terms used to designate the obscurity in the whole of the theory. We propose as a solution a moderate interpretation of the matter, in accordance with the \u201cprinciple of economy\u201d and the traditional exegesis of the commentators.","btype":3,"date":"2022","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1590\/0100-512x2022n15212dp","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":46,"category_name":"De anima","link":"bib?categories[]=De anima"},{"id":12,"category_name":"Psychology","link":"bib?categories[]=Psychology"}],"authors":[{"id":1844,"full_name":"Desiderio Parrilla","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5558,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia","volume":"63","issue":"152","pages":"515 \u2013 534"}},"sort":["Aproximaci\u00f3n al tema de la visi\u00f3n de la oscuridad en De Anima II 7 desde los comentarios de Averroes"]}

Arabic-Latin Reception of Aristotle’s Physica and Averroes’ Commentarium magnum. Two Versions in a Manuscript from Toledo, 2012
By: Horst Schmieja
Title Arabic-Latin Reception of Aristotle’s Physica and Averroes’ Commentarium magnum. Two Versions in a Manuscript from Toledo
Type Article
Language English
Date 2012
Journal Oriens
Volume 40
Issue 1
Pages 149–167
Categories Physics, Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Horst Schmieja
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Sixty-two thirteenth and fourteenth-century Latin manuscripts of Averroes’ commentary of Aristotle’s Physics are currently known. Many of these manuscripts have a substantial gap in Book 8, stretching from about the middle of commentary 76 to the end of commentary 79. The Cathedral Library of Toledo holds a thirteenth-century manuscript which not only contains Book 8 in its entirety, but also two different Arabic-Latin translations of significant parts of textus and commentum 76. Analysis of these two versions allows important insights into the translator’s work.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1697","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1697,"authors_free":[{"id":1960,"entry_id":1697,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":917,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Horst Schmieja","free_first_name":"Horst","free_last_name":"Schmieja","norm_person":{"id":917,"first_name":"Horst","last_name":"Schmieja","full_name":"Horst Schmieja","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/109279034","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/71959432","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Horst Schmieja"}}],"entry_title":"Arabic-Latin Reception of Aristotle\u2019s Physica and Averroes\u2019 Commentarium magnum. Two Versions in a Manuscript from Toledo","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Arabic-Latin Reception of Aristotle\u2019s Physica and Averroes\u2019 Commentarium magnum. Two Versions in a Manuscript from Toledo"},"abstract":"Sixty-two thirteenth and fourteenth-century Latin manuscripts of Averroes\u2019 commentary of Aristotle\u2019s Physics are currently known. Many of these manuscripts have a substantial gap in Book 8, stretching from about the middle of commentary 76 to the end of commentary 79. The Cathedral Library of Toledo holds a thirteenth-century manuscript which not only contains Book 8 in its entirety, but also two different Arabic-Latin translations of significant parts of textus and commentum 76. Analysis of these two versions allows important insights into the translator\u2019s work.","btype":3,"date":"2012","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":" https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/187783712X634698","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":37,"category_name":"Physics","link":"bib?categories[]=Physics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":917,"full_name":"Horst Schmieja","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1697,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Oriens","volume":"40","issue":"1","pages":"149\u2013167"}},"sort":["Arabic-Latin Reception of Aristotle\u2019s Physica and Averroes\u2019 Commentarium magnum. Two Versions in a Manuscript from Toledo"]}

Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes Commentary, 2001
By: Salim Kemal
Title Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes Commentary
Type Article
Language English
Date 2001
Journal Journal of Value Inquiry
Volume 35
Issue 3
Pages 391-412
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Poetics, Logic
Author(s) Salim Kemal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5589","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5589,"authors_free":[{"id":6486,"entry_id":5589,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":927,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Salim Kemal","free_first_name":"Salim","free_last_name":"Kemal","norm_person":{"id":927,"first_name":"Salim","last_name":"Kemal","full_name":"Salim Kemal","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/113359926","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/71419307","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Salim Kemal"}}],"entry_title":"Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes Commentary","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes Commentary"},"abstract":"","btype":3,"date":"2001","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1023\/A:1011825814920","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"}],"authors":[{"id":927,"full_name":"Salim Kemal","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5589,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Journal of Value Inquiry","volume":"35","issue":"3","pages":"391-412"}},"sort":["Aristotle's Poetics, the Poetic Syllogism, and Philosophical Truth in Averroes Commentary"]}

Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy, 2018
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2018
Journal Studia graeco-arabica
Volume 8
Pages 287–304
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Prophecy is conspicuous by its complete absence from all three of the commentaries on De Anima by Averroes. However, prophecy and philosophical metaphysics are discussed by him in his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia, a work written before his methodological work on philosophy and religion, the Faṣl al-maqāl, generally held to have been written ca. 1179-1180. The analyses and remarks of Averroes presented in that Commentary have been characterized by Herbert Davidson as “extremely radical” to the extent that “The term prophet would, on this reading, mean nothing more than the human author of Scripture; and the term revelation would mean a high level of philosophical knowledge”. In the present article I discuss Averroes on method in matters of religion and philosophy as well as prophecy in philosophically argumentative works and in dialectical works, with particular consideration of the reasoning of his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia. I conclude that Averroes found in philosophy and its sciences the most complete and precise truth content and highest levels of knowledge and understanding and from them constructed his worldview, while he found prophecy and religion to be like an Aristotelian practical science in that they concern good and right conduct in the achievement of an end attained in action, not truths to be known for their own sake.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5167","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5167,"authors_free":[{"id":5951,"entry_id":5167,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":966,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Richard C. Taylor","free_first_name":"Richard C.","free_last_name":"Taylor","norm_person":{"id":966,"first_name":"Richard C.","last_name":"Taylor","full_name":"Richard C. Taylor","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/139866353","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/49247370","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Richard C. Taylor"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy"},"abstract":"Prophecy is conspicuous by its complete absence from all three of the commentaries on De Anima by Averroes. However, prophecy and philosophical metaphysics are discussed by him in his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia, a work written before his methodological work on philosophy and religion, the Fa\u1e63l al-maq\u0101l, generally held to have been written ca. 1179-1180. The analyses and remarks of Averroes presented in that Commentary have been characterized by Herbert Davidson as \u201cextremely radical\u201d to the extent that \u201cThe term prophet would, on this reading, mean nothing more than the human author of Scripture; and the term revelation would mean a high level of philosophical knowledge\u201d. In the present article I discuss Averroes on method in matters of religion and philosophy as well as prophecy in philosophically argumentative works and in dialectical works, with particular consideration of the reasoning of his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia. I conclude that Averroes found in philosophy and its sciences the most complete and precise truth content and highest levels of knowledge and understanding and from them constructed his worldview, while he found prophecy and religion to be like an Aristotelian practical science in that they concern good and right conduct in the achievement of an end attained in action, not truths to be known for their own sake.","btype":3,"date":"2018","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":38,"category_name":"Natural Philosophy","link":"bib?categories[]=Natural Philosophy"}],"authors":[{"id":966,"full_name":"Richard C. Taylor","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5167,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Studia graeco-arabica","volume":"8","issue":"","pages":"287\u2013304"}},"sort":["Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy"]}

Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering Ṭodros Ṭodrosi’s Method of Commenting on the Commentator, 2021
By: Steven Harvey, Oded Horezky
Title Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering Ṭodros Ṭodrosi’s Method of Commenting on the Commentator
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism
Volume 21
Issue 1
Pages 7-78
Categories Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Steven Harvey , Oded Horezky
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Our paper studies one of the most interesting manuscripts of medieval Jewish philosophy, a unicum that is housed in the British Library, Heb MS Add 27559. This fascinating manuscript, in part a version of a work compiled by Ṭodros Ṭodrosi, in Trinquetaille in the 1330s, is a Hebrew anthology of logical and scientific texts, written by Greek and Arabic philosophers, some of which are translated into Hebrew for the first time by Ṭodros. The paper sheds new light on this manuscript through an examination of the section on natural science that Ṭodros devoted to the study and explanation of Aristotle’s Physics and which comprises more than a third of the entire manuscript. We uncover Ṭodros’s aims and methodology in this section on physics (and, to some extent, in other sections as well), and sketch a clear picture of the ways in which Ṭodros intended to assist his contemporary readers in the study of natural science. The paper contributes to our knowledge of the fundamental status of Averroes’s middle commentaries on the Corpus Aristotelicum among medieval Jewish scholars, as well as to our growing awareness and appreciation of the achievements of a remarkable, young, fourteenth-century Provençal scholar, Ṭodros Ṭodrosi. It concludes with three appendices, two of which compare Ṭodros’s text with parallel passages in the Hebrew translations of Averroes’s commentaries, and a third which provides a detailed description of the British Library manuscript.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5576","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5576,"authors_free":[{"id":6470,"entry_id":5576,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":642,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Steven Harvey","free_first_name":"Steven ","free_last_name":"Harvey","norm_person":{"id":642,"first_name":"Steven","last_name":"Harvey","full_name":"Steven Harvey","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051482674","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97890242","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Steven Harvey"}},{"id":6471,"entry_id":5576,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":903,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Oded Horezky","free_first_name":"Oded ","free_last_name":"Horezky","norm_person":{"id":903,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]="}}],"entry_title":"Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi\u2019s Method of Commenting on the Commentator","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi\u2019s Method of Commenting on the Commentator"},"abstract":"Our paper studies one of the most interesting manuscripts of medieval Jewish philosophy, a unicum that is housed in the British Library, Heb MS Add 27559. This fascinating \r\nmanuscript, in part a version of a work compiled by \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi, in Trinquetaille in the 1330s, is a Hebrew anthology of logical and scientific texts, written by Greek and Arabic \r\nphilosophers, some of which are translated into Hebrew for the first time by \u1e6codros. The paper sheds new light on this manuscript through an examination of the section on natural science that \u1e6codros devoted to the study and explanation of Aristotle\u2019s Physics and which comprises more than a third of the entire manuscript. We uncover \u1e6codros\u2019s aims and methodology in this section on physics (and, to some extent, in other sections as well), and sketch a clear picture of the ways in which \u1e6codros intended to assist his contemporary readers in the study of natural science. The paper contributes to our knowledge of the fundamental status of Averroes\u2019s middle commentaries on the Corpus Aristotelicum\r\namong medieval Jewish scholars, as well as to our growing awareness and appreciation of the achievements of a remarkable, young, fourteenth-century Proven\u00e7al scholar, \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi. It concludes with three appendices, two of which compare \u1e6codros\u2019s \r\ntext with parallel passages in the Hebrew translations of Averroes\u2019s commentaries, and a third which provides a detailed description of the British Library manuscript.","btype":3,"date":"2021","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":642,"full_name":"Steven Harvey","role":1},{"id":903,"full_name":"","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5576,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism","volume":"21","issue":"1","pages":"7-78"}},"sort":["Averroes ex Averroe: Uncovering \u1e6codros \u1e6codrosi\u2019s Method of Commenting on the Commentator"]}

Averroes' Middle Commentary on Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics, 2014
By: Steven Harvey, Frédérique Woerther
Title Averroes' Middle Commentary on Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2014
Journal Oriens
Volume 42
Issue 1-2
Pages 254-287
Categories Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, Commentary
Author(s) Steven Harvey , Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The conventional view of the previous century that Averroes’ middle commentaries (talāḫīṣ) on Aristotle are all of the same form and style is no longer tenable. A full and accurate account of the similarities and differences among Averroes’ talāḫīṣ on Aristotle must consider all of them. Perhaps the least studied and least known of these middle commentaries is the one on the Nicomachean Ethics, a text which is extant today only in a critically edited medieval Hebrew translation and an as yet unedited medieval Latin translation. The two authors of the present article have each studied chapters of this commentary independently of each other and have reached different conclusions concerning its value. In this article they present a careful examination of the first book of Averroes’ commentary via its Hebrew translation and Latin translation (primarily through the two oldest and most reliable manuscripts of it) in comparison with the medieval Arabic translation of the Nicomachean Ethics that was used by Averroes (and in light of Aristotle’s Greek text). This study shows an Averroean middle commentary that is not very original and not particularly helpful, especially, for example, when compared to the quite different middle commentaries on Aristotle’s books on natural science. Indeed, he often seems to do little more than copy—not even paraphrase—the Arabic translation. On the other hand, Averroes does not hesitate to insert words as he copies in order to make the text clearer and easier to understand. Where lengthier explanations are needed, they too are attempted, at times in response to problematic translations in the Arabic text before him.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"2048","_score":null,"_source":{"id":2048,"authors_free":[{"id":2492,"entry_id":2048,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":642,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Steven Harvey","free_first_name":"Steven","free_last_name":"Harvey","norm_person":{"id":642,"first_name":"Steven","last_name":"Harvey","full_name":"Steven Harvey","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1051482674","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/97890242","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Steven Harvey"}},{"id":2493,"entry_id":2048,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1286,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fr\u00e9d\u00e9rique Woerther","free_first_name":"Fr\u00e9d\u00e9rique","free_last_name":"Woerther","norm_person":{"id":1286,"first_name":"Fr\u00e9d\u00e9rique","last_name":"Woerther","full_name":"Fr\u00e9d\u00e9rique Woerther","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/13670932X","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fr\u00e9d\u00e9rique Woerther"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes' Middle Commentary on Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes' Middle Commentary on Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics"},"abstract":"The conventional view of the previous century that Averroes\u2019 middle commentaries (tal\u0101\u1e2b\u012b\u1e63) on Aristotle are all of the same form and style is no longer tenable. A full and accurate account of the similarities and differences among Averroes\u2019 tal\u0101\u1e2b\u012b\u1e63 on Aristotle must consider all of them. Perhaps the least studied and least known of these middle commentaries is the one on the Nicomachean Ethics, a text which is extant today only in a critically edited medieval Hebrew translation and an as yet unedited medieval Latin translation. The two authors of the present article have each studied chapters of this commentary independently of each other and have reached different conclusions concerning its value. In this article they present a careful examination of the first book of Averroes\u2019 commentary via its Hebrew translation and Latin translation (primarily through the two oldest and most reliable manuscripts of it) in comparison with the medieval Arabic translation of the Nicomachean Ethics that was used by Averroes (and in light of Aristotle\u2019s Greek text). This study shows an Averroean middle commentary that is not very original and not particularly helpful, especially, for example, when compared to the quite different middle commentaries on Aristotle\u2019s books on natural science. Indeed, he often seems to do little more than copy\u2014not even paraphrase\u2014the Arabic translation. On the other hand, Averroes does not hesitate to insert words as he copies in order to make the text clearer and easier to understand. Where lengthier explanations are needed, they too are attempted, at times in response to problematic translations in the Arabic text before him.","btype":3,"date":"2014","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1163\/18778372-04201009","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":70,"category_name":"Nicomachean ethics","link":"bib?categories[]=Nicomachean ethics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"}],"authors":[{"id":642,"full_name":"Steven Harvey","role":1},{"id":1286,"full_name":"Fr\u00e9d\u00e9rique Woerther","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":2048,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Oriens","volume":"42","issue":"1-2","pages":"254-287"}},"sort":["Averroes' Middle Commentary on Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics"]}

Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry, 2015
By: Francesca Forte
Title Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 287–296
Categories Aristotle, Poetics, Commentary, Logic, Politics
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes’ aesthetical reflection of Aristotle’s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon – and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric –, in the commentaries on Plato’s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5240","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5240,"authors_free":[{"id":6049,"entry_id":5240,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Francesca Forte","free_first_name":"Francesca","free_last_name":"Forte","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry"},"abstract":"The theme of the pleasure of knowledge is central in Averroes\u2019 aesthetical reflection of Aristotle\u2019s Poetics, regardless whether we side with the logical or with the moral interpretation. The first one stresses the continuity between Averroes and previous commentators in his attempt to reconstruct the Poetics as an integral part of the Logic itself, whereby poetic discourse is conceived as a form of reasoning based on syllogisms. According to the latter perspective, however, pleasure is central in that poetry is a tool towards the pursuit of happiness: in this perspective it is necessary to bear in mind some common themes present in other works by Averroes (particularly in the commentaries on the Aristotelian Organon \u2013 and especially the commentary on the Rhetoric \u2013, in the commentaries on Plato\u2019s Republic, and, last but not least, in the Decisive Treatise). The pleasure of contemplative knowledge must go hand in hand with the pursuit of communal happiness and therefore with the good and proper order of community and society. Poetry represents a central tool towards this aim in that it expresses moral truths which cannot not be communicated (to everybody) by means of logic and philosophy alone.","btype":3,"date":"2015","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1484\/J.QUAESTIO.5.108604","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":44,"category_name":"Poetics","link":"bib?categories[]=Poetics"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5240,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Quaestio","volume":"15","issue":"","pages":"287\u2013296"}},"sort":["Averroes's Aesthetics. The Pleasure of Philosophy and the Pleasure of Poetry"]}

  • PAGE 1 OF 7