The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought, 2020
By: Nadja Germann (Ed.), Steven Harvey (Ed.)
Title The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2020
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 20
Categories Logic, Theology, Metaphysics, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Avicenna, Maimonides
Author(s) Nadja Germann , Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The annual colloquium of the SIEPM in Freiburg, Germany, was groundbreaking in that it featured a more or less equal number of talks on all three medieval cultures that contributed to the formation of Western philosophical thought: the Islamic, Jewish, and Christian traditions. Indeed, the subject of the colloquium, ‘The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought’, lent itself to such a cross-cultural approach. In all these traditions, partially inspired by ancient Greek philosophy, partially by other sources, language and thought, semantics and logic occupied a central place. As a result, the chapters of the present volume effortlessly traverse philosophical, religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and thus in many respects open up new perspectives. It should not be surprising if readers delight in chapters of a philosophical tradition outside of their own as much as they do in those in their area of expertise. Among the topics discussed are the significance of language for logic; the origin of language: inspiration or convention; imposition or coinage; the existence of an original language; the correctness of language; divine discourse; animal language; the meaningfulness of animal sounds; music as communication; the scope of dialectical disputation; the relation between rhetoric and demonstration; the place of logic and rhetoric in theology; the limits of human knowledge; the meaning of categories; the problem of metaphysical entailment; the need to disentangle the metaphysical implications of language; the quantification of predicates; and the significance of linguistic custom for judging logical propositions.

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Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?, 2019
By: David Twetten
Title Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in La philosophie arabe à l’étude. Sens, limites et défis d’une discipline moderne. Studying Arabic Philosophy: Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline
Pages 345–390
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Cosmology, Theology, Modern Readings
Author(s) David Twetten
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God’s Causal Omniscience, 2019
By: Stephen Ogden
Title Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God’s Causal Omniscience
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal The Muslim World
Volume 109
Issue 4
Pages 595–614
Categories Thomas, Metaphysics, Aristotle, Commentary, Theology
Author(s) Stephen Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch, 2018
By: Michael Kühnlein (Ed.)
Title Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch
Type Edited Book
Language German
Date 2018
Publication Place Berlin
Publisher Suhrkamp
Categories Theology, Plato, Aristotle, Plotin, Augustine, al-Ġazālī, Maimonides, Thomas, Renaissance, Spinoza
Author(s) Michael Kühnlein
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Die Wiederkehr der Religion ist in aller Munde. Darin artikuliert sich auch ein Unbehagen an den Entwicklungen einer Moderne, in der die wissenschaftlich-technische Vernunft an ihre Grenzen zu stoßen scheint. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist es das Ziel des Handbuchs, die gegenwärtig viel diskutierten Chancen, aber auch die Gefahren, die mit einer Rückkehr der Religion verbunden sind, aus der Perspektive der Religionsphilosophie zu reflektieren. Vorgestellt werden 80 Werke aus fast 2500 Jahren westlicher Geistesgeschichte von Platon bis Charles Taylor, die von ausgewiesenen Experten in ihren historischen Kontext gestellt und in ihrer Wirkungsgeschichte analysiert werden. Ein Handbuch für alle, die an Religionsgeschichte, Religionswissenschaft, Theologie und Philosophie interessiert sind.

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Peter Aureoli’s Various Uses of Averroes to Illustrate the Sapiential Character of Declarative Theology, 2018
By: Stephen F. Brown
Title Peter Aureoli’s Various Uses of Averroes to Illustrate the Sapiential Character of Declarative Theology
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Contemplation and Philosophy: Scholastic and Mystical Modes of Medieval Philosophical Thought: A Tribute to Kent Emery, jr
Pages 427–440
Categories Theology, Aristotle, Metaphysics
Author(s) Stephen F. Brown
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell’Epitome di Aevrroè (1126-1198), 2017
By: Carmela Baffioni
Title Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell’Epitome di Aevrroè (1126-1198)
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 59
Pages 33–56
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Theology, Commentary
Author(s) Carmela Baffioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article deals with Averroes’s interpretation of Metaph. Ε 1, where Aristotle discusses the nature and object of metaphysics, as well as its place in the hierarchy of sciences. Among Averroes’s predecessors, al-Kindī seems to see a coincidence between metaphysics and theology, since God can be described as the “first cause of everything”. However, al-Fārābī and Avicenna discovered that “first philosophy” could be conceived as an ontology distinct from theology; moreover, they considered theology to be only a part of metaphysics, not even the most important one. In the Great Commentary on Metaphysics - where the Arabic translation of the work by the Jacobite monk Usṭāth is quoted, Averroes often just paraphrases the original passages. One may infer that theology in the strict sense is merely mentioned by way of example. In the Epitome of Metaphysics, the objects of metaphysics are “general” ones; metaphysics studies the “absolute being” and cannot be identified with theology as “pertaining to God”.

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Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3, 2016
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Rursus
Volume 9
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ashʿarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle’s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.

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Conceiving Religion: Al-Fârâbî and Averroes on the Concepts of “Millah” and “Sharîah”, 2016
By: Mustafa Yildiz
Title Conceiving Religion: Al-Fârâbî and Averroes on the Concepts of “Millah” and “Sharîah”
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Journal of Islamic Philosophy
Volume 10
Pages 62–103
Categories al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Theology
Author(s) Mustafa Yildiz
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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L’incoerenza dell’incoerenza dei filosofi, 2015
By: Averroes,
Title L’incoerenza dell’incoerenza dei filosofi
Type Monograph
Language Italian
Date 2015
Publication Place Novara
Publisher UTET
Series Classici del pensiero
Categories al-Ġazālī, Theology, Aristotle
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Massimo Campanini
Averroè (1126 – 1198), filosofo, medico, matematico e giurisperito arabo, rappresenta una figura complessa e assai importante per lo sviluppo del pensiero. In quest'opera lo vediamo difendere la filosofia aristotelica dalle critiche mosse da al-Ghazali nel suo L'incoerenza della filosofia, dimostrando come le accuse di al-Ghazali fossero infondate e come l'interpretazione di Avicenna avesse distorto le basi del pensiero aristotelico. Oggi l'opera di Averroè viene pubblicata da Utet in edizione digitale, con valido compendio esegetico consultabile in forma di ipertesto.

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Conceiving Religion: Al-Fârâbî and Averroes on the Concepts of “Millah” and “Sharîah”, 2016
By: Mustafa Yildiz
Title Conceiving Religion: Al-Fârâbî and Averroes on the Concepts of “Millah” and “Sharîah”
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Journal of Islamic Philosophy
Volume 10
Pages 62–103
Categories al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Theology
Author(s) Mustafa Yildiz
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3, 2016
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Des Mégariques aux Ashʿarites : le commentaire d’Averroès à Métaph. Θ 3
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Rursus
Volume 9
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his commentary on Metaphysics IX 3, Averroes draws an analogy between the Megarian conception of dunamis, presented and refuted by Aristotle, and that of the Ashʿarites theologians. The study of the Arabic translation of lemmatas of Aristotle’s text (1047a26-28) and of the reformulation by Averroes of the third argument against the Megarians shows a shift commanded by theological issues: since the omnipotence of God can now bypass natural powers, the question of who possess the power should be added to that of its sole possession.

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Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God’s Causal Omniscience, 2019
By: Stephen Ogden
Title Ibn Rushd and Aquinas on God’s Causal Omniscience
Type Article
Language English
Date 2019
Journal The Muslim World
Volume 109
Issue 4
Pages 595–614
Categories Thomas, Metaphysics, Aristotle, Commentary, Theology
Author(s) Stephen Ogden
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell’Epitome di Aevrroè (1126-1198), 2017
By: Carmela Baffioni
Title Il libro Epsilon della Metafisica di Aristotele nell’Epitome di Aevrroè (1126-1198)
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 59
Pages 33–56
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Theology, Commentary
Author(s) Carmela Baffioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article deals with Averroes’s interpretation of Metaph. Ε 1, where Aristotle discusses the nature and object of metaphysics, as well as its place in the hierarchy of sciences. Among Averroes’s predecessors, al-Kindī seems to see a coincidence between metaphysics and theology, since God can be described as the “first cause of everything”. However, al-Fārābī and Avicenna discovered that “first philosophy” could be conceived as an ontology distinct from theology; moreover, they considered theology to be only a part of metaphysics, not even the most important one. In the Great Commentary on Metaphysics - where the Arabic translation of the work by the Jacobite monk Usṭāth is quoted, Averroes often just paraphrases the original passages. One may infer that theology in the strict sense is merely mentioned by way of example. In the Epitome of Metaphysics, the objects of metaphysics are “general” ones; metaphysics studies the “absolute being” and cannot be identified with theology as “pertaining to God”.

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L’incoerenza dell’incoerenza dei filosofi, 2015
By: Averroes,
Title L’incoerenza dell’incoerenza dei filosofi
Type Monograph
Language Italian
Date 2015
Publication Place Novara
Publisher UTET
Series Classici del pensiero
Categories al-Ġazālī, Theology, Aristotle
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Massimo Campanini
Averroè (1126 – 1198), filosofo, medico, matematico e giurisperito arabo, rappresenta una figura complessa e assai importante per lo sviluppo del pensiero. In quest'opera lo vediamo difendere la filosofia aristotelica dalle critiche mosse da al-Ghazali nel suo L'incoerenza della filosofia, dimostrando come le accuse di al-Ghazali fossero infondate e come l'interpretazione di Avicenna avesse distorto le basi del pensiero aristotelico. Oggi l'opera di Averroè viene pubblicata da Utet in edizione digitale, con valido compendio esegetico consultabile in forma di ipertesto.

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Peter Aureoli’s Various Uses of Averroes to Illustrate the Sapiential Character of Declarative Theology, 2018
By: Stephen F. Brown
Title Peter Aureoli’s Various Uses of Averroes to Illustrate the Sapiential Character of Declarative Theology
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Contemplation and Philosophy: Scholastic and Mystical Modes of Medieval Philosophical Thought: A Tribute to Kent Emery, jr
Pages 427–440
Categories Theology, Aristotle, Metaphysics
Author(s) Stephen F. Brown
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch, 2018
By: Michael Kühnlein (Ed.)
Title Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch
Type Edited Book
Language German
Date 2018
Publication Place Berlin
Publisher Suhrkamp
Categories Theology, Plato, Aristotle, Plotin, Augustine, al-Ġazālī, Maimonides, Thomas, Renaissance, Spinoza
Author(s) Michael Kühnlein
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Die Wiederkehr der Religion ist in aller Munde. Darin artikuliert sich auch ein Unbehagen an den Entwicklungen einer Moderne, in der die wissenschaftlich-technische Vernunft an ihre Grenzen zu stoßen scheint. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist es das Ziel des Handbuchs, die gegenwärtig viel diskutierten Chancen, aber auch die Gefahren, die mit einer Rückkehr der Religion verbunden sind, aus der Perspektive der Religionsphilosophie zu reflektieren. Vorgestellt werden 80 Werke aus fast 2500 Jahren westlicher Geistesgeschichte von Platon bis Charles Taylor, die von ausgewiesenen Experten in ihren historischen Kontext gestellt und in ihrer Wirkungsgeschichte analysiert werden. Ein Handbuch für alle, die an Religionsgeschichte, Religionswissenschaft, Theologie und Philosophie interessiert sind.

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The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought, 2020
By: Nadja Germann (Ed.), Steven Harvey (Ed.)
Title The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic: Perspectives in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2020
Publication Place Turnhout
Publisher Brepols
Series Rencontres de Philosophie Médiévale
Volume 20
Categories Logic, Theology, Metaphysics, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Avicenna, Maimonides
Author(s) Nadja Germann , Steven Harvey
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The annual colloquium of the SIEPM in Freiburg, Germany, was groundbreaking in that it featured a more or less equal number of talks on all three medieval cultures that contributed to the formation of Western philosophical thought: the Islamic, Jewish, and Christian traditions. Indeed, the subject of the colloquium, ‘The Origin and Nature of Language and Logic in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought’, lent itself to such a cross-cultural approach. In all these traditions, partially inspired by ancient Greek philosophy, partially by other sources, language and thought, semantics and logic occupied a central place. As a result, the chapters of the present volume effortlessly traverse philosophical, religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries and thus in many respects open up new perspectives. It should not be surprising if readers delight in chapters of a philosophical tradition outside of their own as much as they do in those in their area of expertise. Among the topics discussed are the significance of language for logic; the origin of language: inspiration or convention; imposition or coinage; the existence of an original language; the correctness of language; divine discourse; animal language; the meaningfulness of animal sounds; music as communication; the scope of dialectical disputation; the relation between rhetoric and demonstration; the place of logic and rhetoric in theology; the limits of human knowledge; the meaning of categories; the problem of metaphysical entailment; the need to disentangle the metaphysical implications of language; the quantification of predicates; and the significance of linguistic custom for judging logical propositions.

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Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?, 2019
By: David Twetten
Title Whose Prime Mover is More (un)Aristotelian, Broadie’s, Berti’s or Averroes’?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in La philosophie arabe à l’étude. Sens, limites et défis d’une discipline moderne. Studying Arabic Philosophy: Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline
Pages 345–390
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Cosmology, Theology, Modern Readings
Author(s) David Twetten
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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