Averroes’s Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, 2019
By: Frédérique Woerther
Title Averroes’s Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Phantasia in Aristotle’s Ethics: Reception in the Arabic, Greek, Hebrew and Latin Traditions
Pages 37–64
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Nicomachean ethics, Transmission
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy, 2018
By: Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Title Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Islamic Philosophy from the 12th to the 14th Century
Pages 211–230
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Psychology, Aristotle, Transmission
Author(s) Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Les translittérations dans la version latine du Commentaire moyen à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Averroès, 2014
By: Frédérique Woerther
Title Les translittérations dans la version latine du Commentaire moyen à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2014
Journal Bulletin de Philosophie médiévale
Volume 56
Pages 61–89
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, Transmission
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present discussion derives from a larger research project that concerns the medieval Latin translation of Averroes’ Middle Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics. The translation was carried out by Hermann the German in Toledo in 1240. I am concerned here specifically with nine passages that are distributed over three chapters of the Commentary (II.7; IV.1-3) in which the Latin translation is sprinkled with transliterations based on Greek and Arabic terms. These transliterations, which are not glosses, can be understood on several levels, and these, in turn, raise questions about the boundary between transliteration proper and translation that borrows from the source language a term which is then integrated into the Latin lexicon in the form of a calque or ‘loan translation’. Examining these transliterations makes it possible, first, to show that the translator does not follow a uniform method throughout the text, which could imply the existence of several translators or several collaborators with distinct and exclusive areas of expertise, and second, to advance the hypothesis that a Greek copy of the Nicomachean Ethics was available at the time the translation was being executed in 1240. Finally, the discussion of transliterations makes it possible to confirm certain emendations proposed by Ullman in the Arabic edition of the Nicomachean Ethics published by Akasoy and Fidora, as well as to suggest a primary classification of the surviving manuscripts of the Latin version of the Middle Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics.

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Revisiting the 1552–1550 and 1562 Aristotle-Averroes Edition, 2013
By: Charles Burnett
Title Revisiting the 1552–1550 and 1562 Aristotle-Averroes Edition
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 55–64
Categories Aristotle, Transmission
Author(s) Charles Burnett
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article analyses the changes that were made between the well-known edition of all the works of Aristotle with the commentaries of Averroes published by Giunta brothers in Venice in 1550 (with a prefatory volume dated 1552), and an edition of 1562 from the same publishing house. It shows how the differences reflect the changes of interest in the time, especially in the University of Padua.

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Boèce, Averroès et Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī. Témoins des écrits de Thémistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote, 2007
By: Ahmad Hasnawi
Title Boèce, Averroès et Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī. Témoins des écrits de Thémistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 2007
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 203–265
Categories Transmission, Commentary, Themistius, Logic, Aristotle
Author(s) Ahmad Hasnawi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Aristotle's Topics, and especially, as far as the subject of this study is concerned, their central books (II-VII), played a role of central importance both in the medieval Latin and in the Arabic logical tradition. This did not occur without transformations, which affected the nature and the function of the loci of which these books set forth the theory. One of the most visible signposts of this tradition of re-elaboration of the Topics is represented by Themistius (ob. c. 388), to whom both Boethius and Averroes refer. Yet no work by Themistius on the Topics has come down to us in Greek. With a view to reconstructing the work(s) of this author, we have here collected and translated the passages that are attributed to him explicitly (with the exception of one of them) in Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Topics, comparing them, where necessary, to the testimonies collected by Boethius in his De topicis differentiis. In addition - and this is a new element added to the file - we show that the Themistian classification of loci was taken up by Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī (ob. after 1164), author of a philosophical summa entitled al-Kitāb al-muʿtabar (The meditated book). These three testimonies are all the more precious in that they are independent of one another. The study of the chapter in the logical part of al-Kitāb al-muʿtabar, containing the Themistian classification of loci, of which a corrected text with translation is offered, shows that one finds in it some of the most singular aspects of this classification, as it appears in Boethius. Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī thus reveals himself to be closer than Averroes to the testimony of Boethius. This suggests the idea of a double redaction by Themistius of the classification of loci: one, more concentrated, comes from an introduction to the paraphrase of the central books of the Topics, which may have inspired Averroes; the other, more extensive, which will have been part of an original work, and inspired the classifications of Boethius and of Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1533","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1533,"authors_free":[{"id":1760,"entry_id":1533,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":788,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","free_first_name":"Ahmad","free_last_name":"Hasnawi","norm_person":{"id":788,"first_name":"Ahmad","last_name":"Hasnawi","full_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1011618869","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/29672431","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Ahmad Hasnawi"}}],"entry_title":"Bo\u00e8ce, Averro\u00e8s et Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b. T\u00e9moins des \u00e9crits de Th\u00e9mistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Bo\u00e8ce, Averro\u00e8s et Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b. T\u00e9moins des \u00e9crits de Th\u00e9mistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote"},"abstract":"Aristotle's Topics, and especially, as far as the subject of this study is concerned, their central books (II-VII), played a role of central importance both in the medieval Latin and in the Arabic logical tradition. This did not occur without transformations, which affected the nature and the function of the loci of which these books set forth the theory. One of the most visible signposts of this tradition of re-elaboration of the Topics is represented by Themistius (ob. c. 388), to whom both Boethius and Averroes refer. Yet no work by Themistius on the Topics has come down to us in Greek. With a view to reconstructing the work(s) of this author, we have here collected and translated the passages that are attributed to him explicitly (with the exception of one of them) in Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Topics, comparing them, where necessary, to the testimonies collected by Boethius in his De topicis differentiis. In addition - and this is a new element added to the file - we show that the Themistian classification of loci was taken up by Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b (ob. after 1164), author of a philosophical summa entitled al-Kit\u0101b al-mu\u02bftabar (The meditated book). These three testimonies are all the more precious in that they are independent of one another. The study of the chapter in the logical part of al-Kit\u0101b al-mu\u02bftabar, containing the Themistian classification of loci, of which a corrected text with translation is offered, shows that one finds in it some of the most singular aspects of this classification, as it appears in Boethius. Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b thus reveals himself to be closer than Averroes to the testimony of Boethius. This suggests the idea of a double redaction by Themistius of the classification of loci: one, more concentrated, comes from an introduction to the paraphrase of the central books of the Topics, which may have inspired Averroes; the other, more extensive, which will have been part of an original work, and inspired the classifications of Boethius and of Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b.","btype":3,"date":"2007","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":40,"category_name":"Transmission","link":"bib?categories[]=Transmission"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":16,"category_name":"Themistius","link":"bib?categories[]=Themistius"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":788,"full_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1533,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy","volume":"17","issue":"2","pages":"203\u2013265"}},"sort":[2007]}

Averroes’s Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, 2019
By: Frédérique Woerther
Title Averroes’s Middle Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Phantasia in Aristotle’s Ethics: Reception in the Arabic, Greek, Hebrew and Latin Traditions
Pages 37–64
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, Nicomachean ethics, Transmission
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Boèce, Averroès et Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī. Témoins des écrits de Thémistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote, 2007
By: Ahmad Hasnawi
Title Boèce, Averroès et Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī. Témoins des écrits de Thémistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote
Type Article
Language French
Date 2007
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 203–265
Categories Transmission, Commentary, Themistius, Logic, Aristotle
Author(s) Ahmad Hasnawi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Aristotle's Topics, and especially, as far as the subject of this study is concerned, their central books (II-VII), played a role of central importance both in the medieval Latin and in the Arabic logical tradition. This did not occur without transformations, which affected the nature and the function of the loci of which these books set forth the theory. One of the most visible signposts of this tradition of re-elaboration of the Topics is represented by Themistius (ob. c. 388), to whom both Boethius and Averroes refer. Yet no work by Themistius on the Topics has come down to us in Greek. With a view to reconstructing the work(s) of this author, we have here collected and translated the passages that are attributed to him explicitly (with the exception of one of them) in Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Topics, comparing them, where necessary, to the testimonies collected by Boethius in his De topicis differentiis. In addition - and this is a new element added to the file - we show that the Themistian classification of loci was taken up by Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī (ob. after 1164), author of a philosophical summa entitled al-Kitāb al-muʿtabar (The meditated book). These three testimonies are all the more precious in that they are independent of one another. The study of the chapter in the logical part of al-Kitāb al-muʿtabar, containing the Themistian classification of loci, of which a corrected text with translation is offered, shows that one finds in it some of the most singular aspects of this classification, as it appears in Boethius. Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī thus reveals himself to be closer than Averroes to the testimony of Boethius. This suggests the idea of a double redaction by Themistius of the classification of loci: one, more concentrated, comes from an introduction to the paraphrase of the central books of the Topics, which may have inspired Averroes; the other, more extensive, which will have been part of an original work, and inspired the classifications of Boethius and of Abū al-Barakāt al-Baġdādī.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1533","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1533,"authors_free":[{"id":1760,"entry_id":1533,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":788,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","free_first_name":"Ahmad","free_last_name":"Hasnawi","norm_person":{"id":788,"first_name":"Ahmad","last_name":"Hasnawi","full_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1011618869","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/29672431","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Ahmad Hasnawi"}}],"entry_title":"Bo\u00e8ce, Averro\u00e8s et Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b. T\u00e9moins des \u00e9crits de Th\u00e9mistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Bo\u00e8ce, Averro\u00e8s et Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b. T\u00e9moins des \u00e9crits de Th\u00e9mistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote"},"abstract":"Aristotle's Topics, and especially, as far as the subject of this study is concerned, their central books (II-VII), played a role of central importance both in the medieval Latin and in the Arabic logical tradition. This did not occur without transformations, which affected the nature and the function of the loci of which these books set forth the theory. One of the most visible signposts of this tradition of re-elaboration of the Topics is represented by Themistius (ob. c. 388), to whom both Boethius and Averroes refer. Yet no work by Themistius on the Topics has come down to us in Greek. With a view to reconstructing the work(s) of this author, we have here collected and translated the passages that are attributed to him explicitly (with the exception of one of them) in Averroes' Middle Commentary on the Topics, comparing them, where necessary, to the testimonies collected by Boethius in his De topicis differentiis. In addition - and this is a new element added to the file - we show that the Themistian classification of loci was taken up by Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b (ob. after 1164), author of a philosophical summa entitled al-Kit\u0101b al-mu\u02bftabar (The meditated book). These three testimonies are all the more precious in that they are independent of one another. The study of the chapter in the logical part of al-Kit\u0101b al-mu\u02bftabar, containing the Themistian classification of loci, of which a corrected text with translation is offered, shows that one finds in it some of the most singular aspects of this classification, as it appears in Boethius. Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b thus reveals himself to be closer than Averroes to the testimony of Boethius. This suggests the idea of a double redaction by Themistius of the classification of loci: one, more concentrated, comes from an introduction to the paraphrase of the central books of the Topics, which may have inspired Averroes; the other, more extensive, which will have been part of an original work, and inspired the classifications of Boethius and of Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b.","btype":3,"date":"2007","language":"French","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":40,"category_name":"Transmission","link":"bib?categories[]=Transmission"},{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":16,"category_name":"Themistius","link":"bib?categories[]=Themistius"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"}],"authors":[{"id":788,"full_name":"Ahmad Hasnawi","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1533,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Arabic Sciences and Philosophy","volume":"17","issue":"2","pages":"203\u2013265"}},"sort":["Bo\u00e8ce, Averro\u00e8s et Ab\u016b al-Barak\u0101t al-Ba\u0121d\u0101d\u012b. T\u00e9moins des \u00e9crits de Th\u00e9mistius sur les Topiques d'Aristote"]}

Les translittérations dans la version latine du Commentaire moyen à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Averroès, 2014
By: Frédérique Woerther
Title Les translittérations dans la version latine du Commentaire moyen à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2014
Journal Bulletin de Philosophie médiévale
Volume 56
Pages 61–89
Categories Commentary, Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, Transmission
Author(s) Frédérique Woerther
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present discussion derives from a larger research project that concerns the medieval Latin translation of Averroes’ Middle Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics. The translation was carried out by Hermann the German in Toledo in 1240. I am concerned here specifically with nine passages that are distributed over three chapters of the Commentary (II.7; IV.1-3) in which the Latin translation is sprinkled with transliterations based on Greek and Arabic terms. These transliterations, which are not glosses, can be understood on several levels, and these, in turn, raise questions about the boundary between transliteration proper and translation that borrows from the source language a term which is then integrated into the Latin lexicon in the form of a calque or ‘loan translation’. Examining these transliterations makes it possible, first, to show that the translator does not follow a uniform method throughout the text, which could imply the existence of several translators or several collaborators with distinct and exclusive areas of expertise, and second, to advance the hypothesis that a Greek copy of the Nicomachean Ethics was available at the time the translation was being executed in 1240. Finally, the discussion of transliterations makes it possible to confirm certain emendations proposed by Ullman in the Arabic edition of the Nicomachean Ethics published by Akasoy and Fidora, as well as to suggest a primary classification of the surviving manuscripts of the Latin version of the Middle Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics.

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Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy, 2018
By: Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Title Post Avicennian Philosophy in the Muslim West: Ibn Bâjja, Ibn Rushd and Ibn Khaldûn on Veridical Dreams and Prophecy
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Islamic Philosophy from the 12th to the 14th Century
Pages 211–230
Categories Ibn Bāǧǧa, Psychology, Aristotle, Transmission
Author(s) Luis Xavier López-Farjeat
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Revisiting the 1552–1550 and 1562 Aristotle-Averroes Edition, 2013
By: Charles Burnett
Title Revisiting the 1552–1550 and 1562 Aristotle-Averroes Edition
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2013
Published in Renaissance Averroism and Its Aftermath: Arabic Philosophy in Early Modern Europe
Pages 55–64
Categories Aristotle, Transmission
Author(s) Charles Burnett
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article analyses the changes that were made between the well-known edition of all the works of Aristotle with the commentaries of Averroes published by Giunta brothers in Venice in 1550 (with a prefatory volume dated 1552), and an edition of 1562 from the same publishing house. It shows how the differences reflect the changes of interest in the time, especially in the University of Padua.

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