Metaphysics Last: Agostino on Averroes, Avicenna, and the Order of the Theoretical Sciences, 2021
By: Anna-Katharina Strohschneider
Title Metaphysics Last: Agostino on Averroes, Avicenna, and the Order of the Theoretical Sciences
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in Averroism between the 15th and 17th Century
Pages 151–187
Categories Metaphysics, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Anna-Katharina Strohschneider
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avicenne et Averroès contre Galien: Quelques lectures universitaires de leurs critiques (XIVe-XVe S.), 2020
By: Danielle Jacquart
Title Avicenne et Averroès contre Galien: Quelques lectures universitaires de leurs critiques (XIVe-XVe S.)
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2020
Published in Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne
Pages 199–214
Categories Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Danielle Jacquart
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5050","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5050,"authors_free":[{"id":5800,"entry_id":5050,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":137,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Danielle Jacquart","free_first_name":"Danielle","free_last_name":"Jacquart","norm_person":{"id":137,"first_name":"","last_name":"","full_name":"Danielle Jacquart","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/129655377","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/88036254","db_url":"https:\/\/www.deutsche-biographie.de\/pnd129655376.html","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Danielle Jacquart"}}],"entry_title":"Avicenne et Averro\u00e8s contre Galien: Quelques lectures universitaires de leurs critiques (XIVe-XVe S.)","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Avicenne et Averro\u00e8s contre Galien: Quelques lectures universitaires de leurs critiques (XIVe-XVe S.)"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2020","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":137,"full_name":"Danielle Jacquart","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5050,"section_of":5039,"pages":"199\u2013214","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5039,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Contre Galien. Critiques d\u2019une autorit\u00e9 m\u00e9dicale de l\u2019Antiquit\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e2ge moderne","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2020","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Galien de Pergame (129-ca 216) a syst\u00e9matis\u00e9 l'ensemble du savoir m\u00e9dical ancien et sa doctrine s'est maintenue jusqu'\u00e0 l'\u00e9poque moderne. Son oeuvre tentaculaire a aussi innerv\u00e9 la pens\u00e9e philosophique, logique et th\u00e9ologique. Toutefois, Galien a fait l'objet de critiques de la part de ses contemporains, puis de ses successeurs. Apr\u00e8s le triomphe du gal\u00e9nisme \u00e0 la fin de l'Antiquit\u00e9, les penseurs islamiques ont introduit les premi\u00e8res br\u00e8ches dans ce syst\u00e8me. Ces attaques, relay\u00e9es en Occident latin et \u00e0 Byzance, ont connu une ampleur nouvelle \u00e0 la Renaissance avec la remise en cause et la d\u00e9construction de l'autorit\u00e9 gal\u00e9nique. Dans ce livre est propos\u00e9e une histoire dynamique de la r\u00e9ception de Galien \u00e0 travers diff\u00e9rents cas d'anti-gal\u00e9nismes. Les \u00e9tudes qui y sont r\u00e9unies portent sur des textes peu connus, voire in\u00e9dits. Elles recensent les critiques contre Galien, tout en explorant diff\u00e9rentes facettes de sa pens\u00e9e m\u00e9dicale et philosophique. Ce parcours permet ainsi de suivre les changements de paradigmes \u00e9pist\u00e9mologiques qui s'op\u00e8rent au fil des si\u00e8cles, mais aussi de mieux cerner, par la n\u00e9gative, ce que fut le gal\u00e9nisme durant sa longue tradition.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5039,"pubplace":" Paris","publisher":"Honor\u00e9 Champion","series":"Sciences techniques ","volume":"21","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2020]}

Ibn Rushd’s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (khāssa) in Medicine, 2020
By: Yu Hoki
Title Ibn Rushd’s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (khāssa) in Medicine
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Bulletin of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan
Volume 57
Issue 1
Pages 33–48
Categories Medicine, Galen, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Yu Hoki
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In Medieval Arabic medical texts, a specific property (khāṣṣa) is thought to be one of the effects of a medicine, and effective in a specific humor or organ. This property is mainly mentioned to explain two phenomena, purgative medicines' attraction of a certain humor and theriacas strengthening of human innate heat. Galen had advocated the theory that the faculty of attracting a specific material inheres in a medical substance as its nature (referred to as the theory of inherence). The same view can be seen in the texts of Islamic philosopher-physicians such as Ibn Sīnā (d. 1037). On the other hand, Ibn Rushd (d. 1198) perceived the defects of this theory and criticised it. This article examines his criticism of the theory of inherence in his discussions about purgative medicines and theriacas. Ibn Rushd says that using the theory of inheritance, we cannot explain the phenomenon that when someone takes more than one dose of purgative medicine, it attracts not only the specific humor, but all of the humors. He then proposes the alternative theory that the specific property originates in the proportions of the qualities in the attracting and the attracted materials. From this perspective, he insists that the object of attraction varies according to the amount of the heat in the medicine. As for theriaca, Ibn Rushd criticises the theory of inherence as seen in the writings of Ibn Sīnā Ibn Sīnā claims that theriaca's specific property is generated from its substance, i.e. the combination of form with matter, not the mixture of the four qualities. But according to Ibn Rushd, with this explanation, it is impossible to explain the body's various responses to theriaca. Therefore he maintains that one must explain its specific property in terms of the four qualities. To conclude, Ibn Rushd considers his theory to be more capable of explaining various phenomena than the theory of inherence is.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5049","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5049,"authors_free":[{"id":5799,"entry_id":5049,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Yu Hoki","free_first_name":"Yu","free_last_name":"Hoki","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Ibn Rushd\u2019s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (kh\u0101ssa) in Medicine","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Ibn Rushd\u2019s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (kh\u0101ssa) in Medicine"},"abstract":"In Medieval Arabic medical texts, a specific property (kh\u0101\u1e63\u1e63a) is thought to be one of the effects of a medicine, and effective in a specific humor or organ. This property is mainly mentioned to explain two phenomena, purgative medicines' attraction of a certain humor and theriacas strengthening of human innate heat. Galen had advocated the theory that the faculty of attracting a specific material inheres in a medical substance as its nature (referred to as the theory of inherence). The same view can be seen in the texts of Islamic philosopher-physicians such as Ibn S\u012bn\u0101 (d. 1037). On the other hand, Ibn Rushd (d. 1198) perceived the defects of this theory and criticised it. This article examines his criticism of the theory of inherence in his discussions about purgative medicines and theriacas.\r\nIbn Rushd says that using the theory of inheritance, we cannot explain the phenomenon that when someone takes more than one dose of purgative medicine, it attracts not only the specific humor, but all of the humors. He then proposes the alternative theory that the specific property originates in the proportions of the qualities in the attracting and the attracted materials. From this perspective, he insists that the object of attraction varies according to the amount of the heat in the medicine.\r\nAs for theriaca, Ibn Rushd criticises the theory of inherence as seen in the writings of Ibn S\u012bn\u0101 Ibn S\u012bn\u0101 claims that theriaca's specific property is generated from its substance, i.e. the combination of form with matter, not the mixture of the four qualities. But according to Ibn Rushd, with this explanation, it is impossible to explain the body's various responses to theriaca. Therefore he maintains that one must explain its specific property in terms of the four qualities.\r\nTo conclude, Ibn Rushd considers his theory to be more capable of explaining various phenomena than the theory of inherence is. ","btype":3,"date":"2020","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.5356\/jorient.57.1_33","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":29,"category_name":"Medicine","link":"bib?categories[]=Medicine"},{"id":30,"category_name":"Galen","link":"bib?categories[]=Galen"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5049,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Bulletin of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan","volume":"57","issue":"1","pages":"33\u201348"}},"sort":[2020]}

La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiación aristotélico-averroísta, 2019
By: Fernanda Ocampo
Title La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiación aristotélico-averroísta
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2019
Journal Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía
Volume 36
Issue 3
Pages 659–681
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Latin Averroism, Thomas
Author(s) Fernanda Ocampo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Aristotelian text Metaphysics IV, 2, and the interpretations carried out by the Muslim philosophers, i.e., Avicenna and Averroes, constitute the theoretical framework in which several Latin authors of the second half of the 13th century from the University of Paris, who have taken a stance around the question of the ‘real distinction’ between esse and essentia, elaborated their doctrines about transcendentals. According to this, our work seeks to trace the dependence of Dietrich’s general doctrine of the transcendentals, with respect to the theses established by Aristotle in the mentioned text, and in particular, with regard to the Averroist reading – critical of that of Avicenna’s –, which “has made school” in the Parisian environment, especially among the teachers and students of the Faculty of Arts, but also, first, in Thomas Aquinas. Thus, in light of this scenario of readings and interpretations, we will seek to delimit the central features of the Theodorian conception of the communia, pointing out the possible differences or coincidences with respect to the doctrines of these preceding authors.

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5060","_score":null,"_source":{"id":5060,"authors_free":[{"id":5813,"entry_id":5060,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fernanda Ocampo","free_first_name":"Fernanda ","free_last_name":"Ocampo","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiaci\u00f3n aristot\u00e9lico-averro\u00edsta","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiaci\u00f3n aristot\u00e9lico-averro\u00edsta"},"abstract":"The Aristotelian text Metaphysics IV, 2, and the interpretations carried out by the Muslim philosophers, i.e., Avicenna and Averroes, constitute the theoretical framework in which several Latin authors of the second half of the 13th century from the University of Paris, who have taken a stance around the question of the \u2018real distinction\u2019 between esse and essentia, elaborated their doctrines about transcendentals. According to this, our work seeks to trace the dependence of Dietrich\u2019s general doctrine of the transcendentals, with respect to the theses established by Aristotle in the mentioned text, and in particular, with regard to the Averroist reading \u2013 critical of that of Avicenna\u2019s \u2013, which \u201chas made school\u201d in the Parisian environment, especially among the teachers and students of the Faculty of Arts, but also, first, in Thomas Aquinas. Thus, in light of this scenario of readings and interpretations, we will seek to delimit the central features of the Theodorian conception of the communia, pointing out the possible differences or coincidences with respect to the doctrines of these preceding authors.","btype":3,"date":"2019","language":"Spanish","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/dx.doi.org\/10.5209\/ashf.63089","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":21,"category_name":"Aristotle","link":"bib?categories[]=Aristotle"},{"id":31,"category_name":"Metaphysics","link":"bib?categories[]=Metaphysics"},{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"},{"id":7,"category_name":"Latin Averroism","link":"bib?categories[]=Latin Averroism"},{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":5060,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosof\u00eda","volume":"36","issue":"3","pages":"659\u2013681"}},"sort":[2019]}

L’influsso di Avicenna ed Averroè nella metafisica di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2018
By: Rafael Pascual
Title L’influsso di Avicenna ed Averroè nella metafisica di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2018
Published in Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale
Pages 157–175
Categories Avicenna, Thomas, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Rafael Pascual
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5023","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5023,"authors_free":[{"id":5760,"entry_id":5023,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1686,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Rafael Pascual","free_first_name":"Rafael","free_last_name":"Pascual","norm_person":{"id":1686,"first_name":"Rafael ","last_name":"Pascual","full_name":"Rafael Pascual","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Rafael Pascual"}}],"entry_title":"L\u2019influsso di Avicenna ed Averro\u00e8 nella metafisica di Tommaso d\u2019Aquino","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"L\u2019influsso di Avicenna ed Averro\u00e8 nella metafisica di Tommaso d\u2019Aquino"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2018","language":"Italian","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":10,"category_name":"Avicenna","link":"bib?categories[]=Avicenna"},{"id":51,"category_name":"Thomas","link":"bib?categories[]=Thomas"},{"id":43,"category_name":"Tradition and Reception","link":"bib?categories[]=Tradition and Reception"}],"authors":[{"id":1686,"full_name":"Rafael Pascual","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5023,"section_of":5022,"pages":"157\u2013175","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5022,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2018","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Il volume raccoglie gli Atti del convegno tenutosi a Gerusalemme, presso il Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center, nei giorni 6 e 7 dicembre 2010, a cura della Facolt\u00e0 di Filosofia dell\u2019Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum di Roma. Il convegno riguardava i rapporti tra fede e ragione nella Scolastica medievale ebraica, cristiana ed islamica. Sia quel convegno sia la presente raccolta degli Atti relativi si incastona all\u2019interno della Cattedra Marco Arosio di Alti Studi Medievali, la cui collaborazione al convegno poteva essere considerata il suo evento di partenza e di lancio. Ringraziamo vivamente tutti coloro che hanno contribuito alla realizzazione del convegno e del volume, particolarmente i Signori Franco ed Olimpia Arosio, genitori del compianto Marco, giovane e valente medievista, richiamato dal Padre a S\u00e9 nel 2009. In onore del Professore Marco Arosio questo volume ospita anche una sua relazione, da lui tenuta in un convegno medievista riunitosi in Assisi nel novembre del 1997. Il libro, curato da Carmelo Pandolfi e Rafael Pascual, presenta i contributi dei professori Carmelo Pandolfi, Guido Traversa, Renata Salvarani, Joan-Andreu Rocha Scarpetta, Graziano Perillo, Giovanni Boer, Rafael Pascual, Costantino Sigismondi e Marco Arosio (postumo).","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5022,"pubplace":"Rome","publisher":"Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum","series":"Ricerche di Storia della Filosofia e Teologia Medioevali ","volume":"10","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2018]}

The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology, 2018
By: Dag Nikolaus Hasse (Ed.), Amos Bertolacci (Ed.)
Title The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Physics and Cosmology
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2018
Publication Place Boston; Berlin
Publisher De Gruyter
Series Scientia Graeco-Arabica
Volume 23
Categories Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Cosmology, Physics
Author(s) Dag Nikolaus Hasse , Amos Bertolacci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) greatly influenced later medieval thinking about the earth and the cosmos, not only in his own civilization, but also in Hebrew and Latin cultures. The studies presented in this volume discuss the reception of prominent theories by Avicenna from the early 11th century onwards by thinkers like Averroes, Fahraddin ar-Razi, Samuel ibn Tibbon or Albertus Magnus. Among the topics which receive particular attention are the definition and existence of motion and time. Other important topics are covered too, such as Avicenna’s theories of vacuum, causality, elements, substantial change, minerals, floods and mountains. It emerges, among other things, that Avicenna inherited to the discussion an acute sense for the epistemological status of natural science and for the mental and concrete existence of its objects. The volume also addresses the philological and historical circumstances of the textual tradition and sheds light on the translators Dominicus Gundisalvi, Avendauth and Alfred of Sareshel in particular. The articles of this volume are presented by scholars who convened in 2013 to discuss their research on the influence of Avicenna’s physics and cosmology in the Villa Vigoni, Italy.

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Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam, 2017
By: Peter Adamson (Ed.), Peter E. Pormann (Ed.)
Title Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place London
Publisher The Warburg Institute
Series Warburg Institute Colloquia
Volume 31
Categories Medicine, Galen, Tradition and Reception, al-Fārābī, Avicenna
Author(s) Peter Adamson , Peter E. Pormann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Many of the leading philosophers in the Islamic world were doctors, yielding extensive links between philosophy and medicine. The twelve papers in this volume explore these links, focusing on the classical or formative period (up to the eleventh century AD). One central theme is the Arabic reception of the two outstanding figures of Greek medicine, Hippocrates and Galen ? we learn how Hippocrates was made into a mouthpiece for ethical wisdom, and how Galen influenced ideas in ethics and the nature of plant life. Aristotle is also considered, with a study of the reception of his ideas on longevity. Several of the luminaries of philosophy in the early Islamic world are also studied, including Abu Bakr al-Razi, al-Farabi, and Avicenna: all of them deploy medical ideas in their philosophical writings, whether to treat emotional distress as a kind of illness, to explain the function of eyesight, to compare the well-functioning state to the healthy human body, or to draw on anatomical ideas in works on psychology. Conversely, the volume also includes research on the use of philosophical ideas in medical texts, including medical compendia and the works of 'Ali ibn Ridwan. Attention is also given to the connections between medicine and Islamic theology (kalam). As a whole, the book provides both a survey of the kinds of work being done in this relatively unexplored area, and a springboard for further research.

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Meister Eckhart - interreligiös, 2016
By: Christine Büchner (Ed.), Markus Enders (Ed.), Dietmar Mieth (Ed.)
Title Meister Eckhart - interreligiös
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2016
Publication Place Stuttgart
Publisher Verlag W. Kohlhammer
Series Meister-Eckhart-Jahrbuch
Volume 10
Categories Theology, Avicenna, Maimonides, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Christine Büchner , Markus Enders , Dietmar Mieth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Is Celestial Motion a Natural Motion?, 2015
By: Silvia Donati
Title Is Celestial Motion a Natural Motion?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 89–126
Categories Aristotle, De caelo, Physics, Avicenna, Albert, Thomas, Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Silvia Donati
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Between Avicenna and Averroes: Considerations on the Early Aquinas’ Aristotle, 2015
By: Marta Borgo
Title Between Avicenna and Averroes: Considerations on the Early Aquinas’ Aristotle
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 26
Pages 211–240
Categories Avicenna, Aristotle, Thomas, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Marta Borgo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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'Volo magis stare cum Avicenna'. Der Zufall zwischen Averroisten und Avicennisten, 2006
By: Sven K. Knebel
Title 'Volo magis stare cum Avicenna'. Der Zufall zwischen Averroisten und Avicennisten
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 2006
Published in Wissen über Grenzen. Arabisches Wissen und lateinisches Mittelalter
Pages 662–676
Categories Tradition and Reception, Avicenna
Author(s) Sven K. Knebel
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avicenne et Averroès contre Galien: Quelques lectures universitaires de leurs critiques (XIVe-XVe S.), 2020
By: Danielle Jacquart
Title Avicenne et Averroès contre Galien: Quelques lectures universitaires de leurs critiques (XIVe-XVe S.)
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2020
Published in Contre Galien. Critiques d’une autorité médicale de l’Antiquité à l’âge moderne
Pages 199–214
Categories Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Danielle Jacquart
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Between Avicenna and Averroes: Considerations on the Early Aquinas’ Aristotle, 2015
By: Marta Borgo
Title Between Avicenna and Averroes: Considerations on the Early Aquinas’ Aristotle
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 26
Pages 211–240
Categories Avicenna, Aristotle, Thomas, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Marta Borgo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd’s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (khāssa) in Medicine, 2020
By: Yu Hoki
Title Ibn Rushd’s Criticism of the Theory of the Inherence of the Specific Property (khāssa) in Medicine
Type Article
Language English
Date 2020
Journal Bulletin of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan
Volume 57
Issue 1
Pages 33–48
Categories Medicine, Galen, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Yu Hoki
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In Medieval Arabic medical texts, a specific property (khāṣṣa) is thought to be one of the effects of a medicine, and effective in a specific humor or organ. This property is mainly mentioned to explain two phenomena, purgative medicines' attraction of a certain humor and theriacas strengthening of human innate heat. Galen had advocated the theory that the faculty of attracting a specific material inheres in a medical substance as its nature (referred to as the theory of inherence). The same view can be seen in the texts of Islamic philosopher-physicians such as Ibn Sīnā (d. 1037). On the other hand, Ibn Rushd (d. 1198) perceived the defects of this theory and criticised it. This article examines his criticism of the theory of inherence in his discussions about purgative medicines and theriacas. Ibn Rushd says that using the theory of inheritance, we cannot explain the phenomenon that when someone takes more than one dose of purgative medicine, it attracts not only the specific humor, but all of the humors. He then proposes the alternative theory that the specific property originates in the proportions of the qualities in the attracting and the attracted materials. From this perspective, he insists that the object of attraction varies according to the amount of the heat in the medicine. As for theriaca, Ibn Rushd criticises the theory of inherence as seen in the writings of Ibn Sīnā Ibn Sīnā claims that theriaca's specific property is generated from its substance, i.e. the combination of form with matter, not the mixture of the four qualities. But according to Ibn Rushd, with this explanation, it is impossible to explain the body's various responses to theriaca. Therefore he maintains that one must explain its specific property in terms of the four qualities. To conclude, Ibn Rushd considers his theory to be more capable of explaining various phenomena than the theory of inherence is.

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Is Celestial Motion a Natural Motion?, 2015
By: Silvia Donati
Title Is Celestial Motion a Natural Motion?
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2015
Published in Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
Pages 89–126
Categories Aristotle, De caelo, Physics, Avicenna, Albert, Thomas, Commentary, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Silvia Donati
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiación aristotélico-averroísta, 2019
By: Fernanda Ocampo
Title La doctrina general de los trascendentales en Dietrich von Freiberg, y su filiación aristotélico-averroísta
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2019
Journal Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía
Volume 36
Issue 3
Pages 659–681
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception, Latin Averroism, Thomas
Author(s) Fernanda Ocampo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The Aristotelian text Metaphysics IV, 2, and the interpretations carried out by the Muslim philosophers, i.e., Avicenna and Averroes, constitute the theoretical framework in which several Latin authors of the second half of the 13th century from the University of Paris, who have taken a stance around the question of the ‘real distinction’ between esse and essentia, elaborated their doctrines about transcendentals. According to this, our work seeks to trace the dependence of Dietrich’s general doctrine of the transcendentals, with respect to the theses established by Aristotle in the mentioned text, and in particular, with regard to the Averroist reading – critical of that of Avicenna’s –, which “has made school” in the Parisian environment, especially among the teachers and students of the Faculty of Arts, but also, first, in Thomas Aquinas. Thus, in light of this scenario of readings and interpretations, we will seek to delimit the central features of the Theodorian conception of the communia, pointing out the possible differences or coincidences with respect to the doctrines of these preceding authors.

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L’influsso di Avicenna ed Averroè nella metafisica di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2018
By: Rafael Pascual
Title L’influsso di Avicenna ed Averroè nella metafisica di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Book Section
Language Italian
Date 2018
Published in Il rapporto fede-ragione nel pensiero ebraico-cristiano-islamico medievale
Pages 157–175
Categories Avicenna, Thomas, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Rafael Pascual
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Meister Eckhart - interreligiös, 2016
By: Christine Büchner (Ed.), Markus Enders (Ed.), Dietmar Mieth (Ed.)
Title Meister Eckhart - interreligiös
Type Edited Book
Language undefined
Date 2016
Publication Place Stuttgart
Publisher Verlag W. Kohlhammer
Series Meister-Eckhart-Jahrbuch
Volume 10
Categories Theology, Avicenna, Maimonides, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Christine Büchner , Markus Enders , Dietmar Mieth
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Metaphysics Last: Agostino on Averroes, Avicenna, and the Order of the Theoretical Sciences, 2021
By: Anna-Katharina Strohschneider
Title Metaphysics Last: Agostino on Averroes, Avicenna, and the Order of the Theoretical Sciences
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in Averroism between the 15th and 17th Century
Pages 151–187
Categories Metaphysics, Avicenna, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Anna-Katharina Strohschneider
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam, 2017
By: Peter Adamson (Ed.), Peter E. Pormann (Ed.)
Title Philosophy and Medicine in the Formative Period of Islam
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place London
Publisher The Warburg Institute
Series Warburg Institute Colloquia
Volume 31
Categories Medicine, Galen, Tradition and Reception, al-Fārābī, Avicenna
Author(s) Peter Adamson , Peter E. Pormann
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Many of the leading philosophers in the Islamic world were doctors, yielding extensive links between philosophy and medicine. The twelve papers in this volume explore these links, focusing on the classical or formative period (up to the eleventh century AD). One central theme is the Arabic reception of the two outstanding figures of Greek medicine, Hippocrates and Galen ? we learn how Hippocrates was made into a mouthpiece for ethical wisdom, and how Galen influenced ideas in ethics and the nature of plant life. Aristotle is also considered, with a study of the reception of his ideas on longevity. Several of the luminaries of philosophy in the early Islamic world are also studied, including Abu Bakr al-Razi, al-Farabi, and Avicenna: all of them deploy medical ideas in their philosophical writings, whether to treat emotional distress as a kind of illness, to explain the function of eyesight, to compare the well-functioning state to the healthy human body, or to draw on anatomical ideas in works on psychology. Conversely, the volume also includes research on the use of philosophical ideas in medical texts, including medical compendia and the works of 'Ali ibn Ridwan. Attention is also given to the connections between medicine and Islamic theology (kalam). As a whole, the book provides both a survey of the kinds of work being done in this relatively unexplored area, and a springboard for further research.

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