Splitting the Process and the Result: Philosophy from a Legal Perspective in Averroes’ Decisive Treatise, 2019
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Splitting the Process and the Result: Philosophy from a Legal Perspective in Averroes’ Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World
Pages 129–144
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes on Juridical Reasoning, 2019
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Averroes on Juridical Reasoning
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 45–63
Categories Law, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Rhetoric
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An investigation of Averroes' theory of reasoning in law, showing that his legal epistemology is deeply indebted to the Aristotelian tradition and, in particular, to al-Fārābī’s understanding of analogical reasoning which was in turn based on the idea of an exemplum (mithāl), taken from Aristotle’s logical works and especially the Rhetoric.

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Averroes’ Corrective Philosophy of Law, 2019
By: Feriel Bouhafa
Title Averroes’ Corrective Philosophy of Law
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 64–80
Categories Law, Rhetoric
Author(s) Feriel Bouhafa
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A study of “philosophy of law” in Averroes, showing that he assimilates the methods and epistemic status of juridical reasoning to those of rhetoric, so that legal proofs are akin to cases of rhetorical persuasion. Since legal conviction is thus always merely probable, Averroes is able to develop a notion of law as evolving and needing constant correction, as befits a system of norms that applies to changing human circumstance.

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Averroes (1179): Massgebliche Abhandlung, 2018
By: Mario C. Wintersteiger
Title Averroes (1179): Massgebliche Abhandlung
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 2018
Published in Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch
Pages 95–102
Categories Politics, Theology, Law
Author(s) Mario C. Wintersteiger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5025","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5025,"authors_free":[{"id":5763,"entry_id":5025,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1687,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Mario C. Wintersteiger","free_first_name":"Mario C.","free_last_name":"Wintersteiger","norm_person":{"id":1687,"first_name":"Mario C. ","last_name":"Wintersteiger ","full_name":"Mario C. Wintersteiger ","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":null,"dnb_url":"https:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1059300621","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":null,"link":"bib?authors[]=Mario C. Wintersteiger "}}],"entry_title":"Averroes (1179): Massgebliche Abhandlung","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Averroes (1179): Massgebliche Abhandlung"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2018","language":"German","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":4,"category_name":"Politics","link":"bib?categories[]=Politics"},{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"},{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"}],"authors":[{"id":1687,"full_name":"Mario C. Wintersteiger ","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5025,"section_of":5024,"pages":"95\u2013102","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5024,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"de","title":"Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2018","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Die Wiederkehr der Religion ist in aller Munde. Darin artikuliert sich auch ein Unbehagen an den Entwicklungen einer Moderne, in der die wissenschaftlich-technische Vernunft an ihre Grenzen zu sto\u00dfen scheint. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist es das Ziel des Handbuchs, die gegenw\u00e4rtig viel diskutierten Chancen, aber auch die Gefahren, die mit einer R\u00fcckkehr der Religion verbunden sind, aus der Perspektive der Religionsphilosophie zu reflektieren. Vorgestellt werden 80 Werke aus fast 2500 Jahren westlicher Geistesgeschichte von Platon bis Charles Taylor, die von ausgewiesenen Experten in ihren historischen Kontext gestellt und in ihrer Wirkungsgeschichte analysiert werden. Ein Handbuch f\u00fcr alle, die an Religionsgeschichte, Religionswissenschaft, Theologie und Philosophie interessiert sind.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"","book":{"id":5024,"pubplace":"Berlin","publisher":"Suhrkamp","series":"","volume":"","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2018]}

Rhetoric in the Court: Averroes on Testimonial Witnessing and Oaths, 2018
By: Feriel Bouhafa
Title Rhetoric in the Court: Averroes on Testimonial Witnessing and Oaths
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Commenting on Aristotle’s Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Present / Commenter la Rhétorique d’Aristote, de l’Antiquité à la période contemporaine
Pages 64–88
Categories Commentary, Law
Author(s) Feriel Bouhafa
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Looking at the reception of Aristotle’s Rhetoric in the Arabic tradition, particularly Averroes’ Middle commentary on Aristotle’s Rhetoric (Talḫīṣ al-ḫaṭāba), I discern the impact of the Islamic legal context on the commentator’s reading of Aristotle’s theory of rhetoric. Placing Averroes’ interpretive enterprise within the context of Islamic governance has already been highlighted, particularly the role of Islamic law in his conception of the political role of rhetoric. Such attention to Islamic law, however, has often been conceived in a theoretical fashion, without attesting to the concrete and epistemological basis of legal practices of the courts. Focusing on Averroes’ discussion of the role of rhetoric in the judicial discourse, I address the impact of Islamic legal procedures known as the rules of evidence: witnesses and oaths and their modus operandi in the court, in shaping Averroes’ conception of the political role of rhetoric. Accounting for Islamic rules of evidence, I argue that Averroes ascribes a practical role to rhetoric in the court in order to establish a consensus in the implementation of justice. In so doing, Averroes oversteps his role as commentator and rather draws from his own practical concerns over the implementation of justice in the court as a legal practitioner: the Qāḍī of Cordova.

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When the judge is a philosopher, 2017
By: Aicha Lahdhiri
Title When the judge is a philosopher
Type Book Section
Language Arabic
Date 2017
Published in Les cadis en Occident musulman medieval entre l’exercice de la judicature et la diversité des fonctions. Actes du deuxième colloque international, les 28-29 octobre 2015
Pages 254–268
Categories Law
Author(s) Aicha Lahdhiri
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise, 2016
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2016
Published in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
Pages 278–295
Categories Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Theology, Politics, Law
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his Decisive Treatise, Andalusian philosopher Averroes (1126–1198) analyzes the relation between philosophy and religion from an Islamic legal perspective. He emphasizes the obligation upon some Muslims to study philosophy and how philosophy can be considered one of the Islamic sciences. He mentions the significance of a nonliteral reading of the Qur’ān and defends the compatibility between Aristotelian philosophy and Islamic religion.

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Three Masters and One Disciple: Ibn Tumlûs’s Critical Incorporation of al-Fârâbî, al-Ghazâlî, and Ibn Rushd, 2016
By: Fouad Ben Ahmed
Title Three Masters and One Disciple: Ibn Tumlûs’s Critical Incorporation of al-Fârâbî, al-Ghazâlî, and Ibn Rushd
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Schüler und Meister
Pages 537–556
Categories al-Fārābī, al-Ġazālī, Transmission, Logic, Law, Medicine
Author(s) Fouad Ben Ahmed
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5215","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5215,"authors_free":[{"id":6017,"entry_id":5215,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":1440,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","free_first_name":"Fouad","free_last_name":"Ben Ahmed","norm_person":{"id":1440,"first_name":"Fouad","last_name":"Ben Ahmed","full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","short_ident":"FouBen","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"","viaf_url":"","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Fouad Ben Ahmed"}}],"entry_title":"Three Masters and One Disciple: Ibn Tuml\u00fbs\u2019s Critical Incorporation of al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee, al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, and Ibn Rushd","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Three Masters and One Disciple: Ibn Tuml\u00fbs\u2019s Critical Incorporation of al-F\u00e2r\u00e2b\u00ee, al-Ghaz\u00e2l\u00ee, and Ibn Rushd"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2016","language":"English","online_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1515\/9783110461770-027","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":28,"category_name":"al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-F\u0101r\u0101b\u012b"},{"id":14,"category_name":"al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b","link":"bib?categories[]=al-\u0120az\u0101l\u012b"},{"id":40,"category_name":"Transmission","link":"bib?categories[]=Transmission"},{"id":27,"category_name":"Logic","link":"bib?categories[]=Logic"},{"id":26,"category_name":"Law","link":"bib?categories[]=Law"},{"id":29,"category_name":"Medicine","link":"bib?categories[]=Medicine"}],"authors":[{"id":1440,"full_name":"Fouad Ben Ahmed","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5215,"section_of":5214,"pages":"537\u2013556","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5214,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Sch\u00fcler und Meister","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2016","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Practices and techniques of imparting competency and knowledge are always essential for any mediation- or transfer process. Based on the distinctive master-disciple relationship, this volume examines individual ways of life, social contexts and institutional requirements as well as discursive practices and epistemological implications of this key relationship bequeathing culturally conveyed proficiencies and culturally encoded knowledge.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.1515\/9783110461770","book":{"id":5214,"pubplace":"Berlin, Boston","publisher":"De Gruyter","series":"Miscellanea Mediaevalia","volume":"39","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":[2016]}

Raison et foi ou raison et Loi. Le philosophe et la cité selon Averroès, d'après al-Fârâbî et Ibn Bajja (Avempace), 2012
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Raison et foi ou raison et Loi. Le philosophe et la cité selon Averroès, d'après al-Fârâbî et Ibn Bajja (Avempace)
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2012
Published in The Medieval Paradigm. Religious Thought and Philosophy
Pages 381–416
Categories Law, Ibn Bāǧǧa, al-Fārābī
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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L’universalità della Šarī‘a e le leggi particolari (nómoi) nel pensiero politico di Averroè, 2012
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira, Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira

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"For Truth Does Not Oppose Truth". The Agreement of Divine Law and Philosophy in Averroës' The Book of the Decisive Treatise (Kitab Fasl al-Maqal), 2010
By: Terence J. Kleven
Title "For Truth Does Not Oppose Truth". The Agreement of Divine Law and Philosophy in Averroës' The Book of the Decisive Treatise (Kitab Fasl al-Maqal)
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2010
Published in Political Islam from Muhammad to Ahmadinejad. Defenders, Detractors, and Definitions
Pages 225–236
Categories Theology, Law
Author(s) Terence J. Kleven
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes (1179): Massgebliche Abhandlung, 2018
By: Mario C. Wintersteiger
Title Averroes (1179): Massgebliche Abhandlung
Type Book Section
Language German
Date 2018
Published in Religionsphilosophie und Religionskritik. Ein Handbuch
Pages 95–102
Categories Politics, Theology, Law
Author(s) Mario C. Wintersteiger
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise, 2016
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2016
Published in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
Pages 278–295
Categories Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Theology, Politics, Law
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his Decisive Treatise, Andalusian philosopher Averroes (1126–1198) analyzes the relation between philosophy and religion from an Islamic legal perspective. He emphasizes the obligation upon some Muslims to study philosophy and how philosophy can be considered one of the Islamic sciences. He mentions the significance of a nonliteral reading of the Qur’ān and defends the compatibility between Aristotelian philosophy and Islamic religion.

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Averroes como muftí, 2011
By: Juan Martos Quesada

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Averroes on Juridical Reasoning, 2019
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Averroes on Juridical Reasoning
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 45–63
Categories Law, al-Fārābī, Aristotle, Rhetoric
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
An investigation of Averroes' theory of reasoning in law, showing that his legal epistemology is deeply indebted to the Aristotelian tradition and, in particular, to al-Fārābī’s understanding of analogical reasoning which was in turn based on the idea of an exemplum (mithāl), taken from Aristotle’s logical works and especially the Rhetoric.

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Averroes’ Corrective Philosophy of Law, 2019
By: Feriel Bouhafa
Title Averroes’ Corrective Philosophy of Law
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Interpreting Averroes. Critical Essays
Pages 64–80
Categories Law, Rhetoric
Author(s) Feriel Bouhafa
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A study of “philosophy of law” in Averroes, showing that he assimilates the methods and epistemic status of juridical reasoning to those of rhetoric, so that legal proofs are akin to cases of rhetorical persuasion. Since legal conviction is thus always merely probable, Averroes is able to develop a notion of law as evolving and needing constant correction, as befits a system of norms that applies to changing human circumstance.

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Ibn Rushd et le ẓāhirisme pratique, 2011
By: Mokdad Arfa Mensia

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La Bidāya ou contribution de la pensée d'Ibn Rushd à l'évolution de la logique juridique et du droit comparé, 2001
By: Othman Ben Fadhl
Title La Bidāya ou contribution de la pensée d'Ibn Rushd à l'évolution de la logique juridique et du droit comparé
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2001
Published in Actualité d'Averroès. Colloque du huitième centenaire. Carthage, 16–21 février 1998
Pages 169–173
Categories Law
Author(s) Othman Ben Fadhl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Le cercle continu d'Ibn Rushd. De la jurisprudence de l'élite à la logique des Lumières, 2001
By: Ahmad Dahbour
Title Le cercle continu d'Ibn Rushd. De la jurisprudence de l'élite à la logique des Lumières
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2001
Published in Actualité d'Averroès. Colloque du huitième centenaire. Carthage, 16–21 février 1998
Pages 233–237
Categories Law
Author(s) Ahmad Dahbour
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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L’universalità della Šarī‘a e le leggi particolari (nómoi) nel pensiero politico di Averroè, 2012
By: Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira, Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira

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