Descartes's Revised Averroism, 2014
By: Timothy Sean Quinn, Timothy Sean Quinn
Title Descartes's Revised Averroism
Type Article
Language English
Date 2014
Journal The Review of Metaphysics
Volume 67
Issue 4
Pages 769-789
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Timothy Sean Quinn , Timothy Sean Quinn
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La tradizione testuale del Commento medio di Averroè alla Metafisica di Aristotele tra Quattrocento e Cinquecento, 2013
By: Mauro Zonta
Title La tradizione testuale del Commento medio di Averroè alla Metafisica di Aristotele tra Quattrocento e Cinquecento
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2013
Journal L'averrismo in età moderna (1400–1700)
Pages 15–23
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Mauro Zonta
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Revision and Standardization of Hebrew Philosophical Terminology in the Fourteenth Century. The Example of Averroes's Long Commentary on Aristotle's , 2013
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Revision and Standardization of Hebrew Philosophical Terminology in the Fourteenth Century. The Example of Averroes's Long Commentary on Aristotle's
Type Article
Language English
Date 2013
Journal Aleph
Volume 13
Issue 1
Pages 95-137
Categories Aristotle, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentators on Per Se Accidents of Being qua Being and the Place of Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book Iota, 2011
By: Laura Maria Castelli
Title Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentators on Per Se Accidents of Being qua Being and the Place of Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book Iota
Type Article
Language English
Date 2011
Journal Documenti e Studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 22
Pages 153–208
Categories Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Laura Maria Castelli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La sustancia corazón de la metafísica en Averroes, 2011
By: Idoia Maiza Ozcoidi
Title La sustancia corazón de la metafísica en Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2011
Journal Éndoxa
Volume 27
Pages 13-36
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Idoia Maiza Ozcoidi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Revisions of Qalonymos ben Qalonymos's Medieval Hebrew Version of Averroes's Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics, 2010
By: Mauro Zonta
Title The Revisions of Qalonymos ben Qalonymos's Medieval Hebrew Version of Averroes's Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 457–473
Categories Metaphysics, Transmission
Author(s) Mauro Zonta
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Qalonymos ben Qalonymos of Arles (b. 1286 - d. after 1329) translated from Arabic into hebrew, among the others, Averroes's Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics. As tentatively suggested here, this translation, made in 1317, full of lacunas and yet unpublished, was apparently revised thrice: 1. around 1330, possibly by a relative of Qalonymos ben Qalonymos, Qalonymos ben David Todrosi; 2. after 1330 c. and before 1346, maybe by Qalonymos ben Qalonymos himself; 3. after 1330 c. and before 1438, by a still anonymous, possibly Italian, Jewish author.

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Yaḥyá ibn ʿAdī and Averroes on Metaphysics Alpha Elatton, 2010
By: Peter Adamson
Title Yaḥyá ibn ʿAdī and Averroes on Metaphysics Alpha Elatton
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 343–374
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary
Author(s) Peter Adamson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper examines and compares two commentaries on Aristotle Metaphyics, Alpha Elatton. In the Arabic tradition this was considered to be the first book of the Metaphysics, and it accordingly acquired more importance than it is usually given today. After giving a brief resume of Elatton and its transmission into Arabic, the paper discusses the commentaries of Yaḥyá ibn ʿAdī, a Christian commentator of the Baghdad School, and by Averroes. it is argued that these two commentaries show rather different conceptions of Elatton as a text, and metaphysics as a science. In the final section Averroes' commentary on Elatton is shown to resonate strongly with Averroes' famous Decisive Treatise. Concluding remarks consider the question of how Averroes' project as a commentator related to that of the Baghdad School.

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Ibn Rušd on the Structure of Aristotle's Metaphysics, 2010
By: Rüdiger Arnzen
Title Ibn Rušd on the Structure of Aristotle's Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 375–410
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias
Author(s) Rüdiger Arnzen
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The structure of Aristotle's Metaphysics was a matter of dispute among ancient and Medieval Greek, Arabic, and Latin-writing commentators. The present article investigates the question in which way the Arab philosopher Averroes dealt with this problem in his so-called Epitome and his literal commentary on the Metaphysics. It tries to show that in the Epitome Averroes restructured the contents of the Metaphysics according to his own conception of this discipline, and that this conception was partly indebted to his own main sources, al-Fārābī and Ibn Sīnā, partly independent from these. Furthemore, the article examines whether and, if so, in which whay Averroes changed his mind about metaphysics as such and/or the structure of Aristotle's Metaphysics in his late literal commentary. It is argued that Averroes discarded there some of his earlier Avicennian positions in favour of a certain rapprochement to positions held by Alexander of Aphrodisias, but never gave up in general his overall conception of the Metaphysics as displayed in the Epitome.

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ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's Reception of Book Beta of Aristotle's Metaphysics against the Background of the Competing Readings by Avicenna and Averroes, 2010
By: Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
Title ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's Reception of Book Beta of Aristotle's Metaphysics against the Background of the Competing Readings by Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 21
Pages 411–431
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Avicenna
Author(s) Cecilia Martini Bonadeo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This study is devoted to the Arabic reception of Metaphysics Beta in the Book on the Science of Metaphysics by ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī (1162–1231). After a brief overview of Aristotle's scope in Beta, of its Arabic direct tradition and of the competing readings devoted to it by Avicenna and Averroes, I present ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's paraphrase. I focus on the concept of metaphysics as a science that stands out from it: metaphysics owes its leading role to the fact that it studies beings qua beings, it demonstrates the principles of particular sciences and inquiries into the first principle: it is ontology, universal science, first philosophy and theology. ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī gathers all the results of the science of metaphysics produced befoe him and transmitted through the schools' milieu. Al-Kindī and al-Fārābī cooperate to this end without any perception on ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's part that a problem might arise: in ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī's view, the 'theologizing' interpretation of greek metaphysics and al-Fārābī's distinction bewteen theology and ontology coexist.

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Ibn Rushd/Averroes and "Islamic" Rationalism, 2009
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Ibn Rushd/Averroes and "Islamic" Rationalism
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Medieval EncountersAl-Andalus, Sepharad and Medievela Iberia. Cultural Contact and Diffusion
Volume 15
Issue 2
Pages 225–235
Categories Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The classical rationalist philosophical tradition in Arabic reached its culmination in the writings of the twelfth-century Andalusian Averroes whose translated commentaries on Aristotle conveyed to the Latin West a rationalist approach which significantly challenged and affected theological and philosophical thinking in that Christian context. That methodology is shown at work in his Fasl al-Maqāl or Book of the Distinction of Discourse and the Establishment of the Relation of Religious Law and Philosophy (c. 1280), although the deeply philosophical character of his subtle arguments has gone largely unappreciated. Here the philosophical foundations for his reasoning are exposed to reveal key elements of his rationalism. That approach is confirmed in his assertion in his later Long Commentary on the Metaphysics (c. 1290) that the highest worship of God is to be found first and foremost in the philosophical science of metaphysics rather than in the rituals of religion.

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Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence, 2003
By: Fabrizio Amerini
Title Aristotle, Averroes and Thomas Aquinas on the Nature of Essence
Type Article
Language English
Date 2003
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 14
Pages 79–122
Categories Metaphysics, Aristotle, Aquinas
Author(s) Fabrizio Amerini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and Aquinas on Aristotle's Criterion of Substantiality, 2009
By: Gabriele Galluzzo
Title Averroes and Aquinas on Aristotle's Criterion of Substantiality
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 19
Issue 2
Pages 157–187
Categories Metaphysics, Thomas
Author(s) Gabriele Galluzzo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The paper analyses Averroes's and Aquinas's different reconstructions of Aristotle's ontology in the central books of the Metaphysics. The main claim the paper argues for is that Averroes endorses an explanatory criterion of substantiality, while Aquinas favours an independent existence criterion. The result of these different choices is that the Arabic commentator believes that the forms of sensible objects are more substances than the objects of which they are the forms, while the Dominican Master sticks to the traditional picture that sensible objects hold some kind of priority over their ontological constituents in general and over form in particular. For Averroes, therefore, the central books of the Metaphysics mark a major departure from the Categories ontology, where particular sensible objects are regarded as fundamental entities and so primary substances. On Aquinas's reconstruction, by contrast, sensible objects are still thought of in the Metaphysics as primary substances in spite of their being analysable into matter and form.

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Averroes and the Teleological Argument, 2002
By: Taneli Kukkonen
Title Averroes and the Teleological Argument
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Religious Studies
Volume 38
Pages 405–428
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Taneli Kukkonen
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes on God's Knowledge of Particulars, 2006
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes on God's Knowledge of Particulars
Type Article
Language English
Date 2006
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 177–199
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article discusses a central issue in the debate between philosophy and theology in the Islamic Middle Ages. In his attempt to show that Greek philosophy was contrary to Islam, theologian al-Ghazzālī charged Muslim philosophers with unbelief (kufr) on three counts: the eternity of the world, bodily resurrection and God's knowledge of particulars. The latter was particularly significant within an Islamic context. If God does not know particulars, how can He know for instance individual prophets or pass judgement on Doomsday? The main target of al-Ghazālī's criticism was Avicenna and his contention that God knows particulars in a universal way. In the Aristotelian epistemological model followed by Avicenna the subject and object of knowledge become one in the epistemological process. Since God is immutable He cannot know particulars in time, therefore He must know individuals insofar as they are universal.In his response to al-Ghazzālī, Averroes' main contribution is his rejection of Avicenna's formulation that God knows particulars in a universal way. Averroes criticizes this view because it does away with the distinction between divine and human knowledge. While in humans the process of knowing entails abstraction of universals from individual substances, God's knowledge cannot be characterized as universal or particular. It is neither particular—because it does not involve sense experience—nor universal—because it is not abstracted from individuals.Consequently, Averroes presents the essence of God's knowledge as at bottom unknowable to the human mind. This position may resemble al-Ghazzālī's overall negative stance concerning our understanding of this issue but in actuality it is radically different. By way of stating what it is not, and by clearly showing the differences between divine and human knowledge, Averroes provides a clearer grasp of what divine knowledge must be like.

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Averroes on the Doctrine of Genus as Matter, 2004
By: Matteo Di Giovanni
Title Averroes on the Doctrine of Genus as Matter
Type Article
Language English
Date 2004
Journal Documenti e Studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 15
Pages 255–285
Categories Metaphysics, Logic
Author(s) Matteo Di Giovanni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avicenna and Averroes on the Proof of God's Existence and the Subject-Matter of Metaphysics, 2007
By: Amos Bertolacci
Title Avicenna and Averroes on the Proof of God's Existence and the Subject-Matter of Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2007
Journal Medioevo. Rivista di storia della filosofia medievale
Volume 32
Pages 61–79
Categories Avicenna, Metaphysics
Author(s) Amos Bertolacci
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Demonstration and First Philosophy. Averroes on Met. Zeta as a Demonstrative Examination (al-fahs al-burhānī), 2009
By: Matteo Di Giovanni
Title Demonstration and First Philosophy. Averroes on Met. Zeta as a Demonstrative Examination (al-fahs al-burhānī)
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 20
Pages 95–126
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Matteo Di Giovanni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Descartes's Revised Averroism, 2014
By: Timothy Sean Quinn, Timothy Sean Quinn
Title Descartes's Revised Averroism
Type Article
Language English
Date 2014
Journal The Review of Metaphysics
Volume 67
Issue 4
Pages 769-789
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Timothy Sean Quinn , Timothy Sean Quinn
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Esencia y existencia en Avicenna y Averroes, 2009
By: Catarina Belo
Title Esencia y existencia en Avicenna y Averroes
Translation Essence and Existence in Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2009
Journal Al-Qanṭara
Volume 30
Issue 2
Pages 403–426
Categories Metaphysics
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article explores the views on existence of medieval Muslim philosophers Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198), whose works followed closely the philosophy of Aristotle. In addition to the Aristotelian influence, which permeated all medieval Islamic philosophy, Avicenna and Averroes were also inspired by Islamic theology, known in Arabic as kalām. The distinction between essence and existence is one of the most central and controversial aspects of Avicenna's philosophy, together with his claim that existence is an accident. Averroes in turn has a radically different conception of existence, identifying it with existing beings rather than considering it as something in itself. With the Latin translation of Avicenna's metaphysical works in the 12th century, the Avicennian distinction went on to shape much of the debate on existence in medieval Scholastic philosophy and beyond. This article assesses the meaning of the distinction in Avicenna as well as Averroes' criticism. In explicating their radically different views on existence, it also touches on later discussions concerning existence, for example the issue whether existence is a predicate, in the Modern Age.

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Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentators on Per Se Accidents of Being qua Being and the Place of Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book Iota, 2011
By: Laura Maria Castelli
Title Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentators on Per Se Accidents of Being qua Being and the Place of Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book Iota
Type Article
Language English
Date 2011
Journal Documenti e Studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 22
Pages 153–208
Categories Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Laura Maria Castelli
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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