Averroes between Jihad and McWorld, 2022
By: Michael S. Kochin
Title Averroes between Jihad and McWorld
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 203–211
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Michael S. Kochin
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Those with memories long enough will remember the terms “Jihad” and “McWorld” as used in a 1992 Atlantic magazine article and 1995 book by Benjamin Barber. Back in 1992, “Jihad” was used by Barber as shorthand for tribalism: Jihad, wrote Barber in 1992, “is a retribalization of large swaths of humankind by war and bloodshed: a threatened Lebanonization of national states in which culture is pitted against culture, people against people, tribe against tribe—a Jihad in the name of a hundred narrowly conceived faiths against every kind of interdependence, every kind of artificial social cooperation and civic mutuality.” Barber's account fails to take seriously the universal claims put forward by actual jihadis: part of the very expensive education we have all acquired since 1992 is that we all know now that jihad for a universal religion is as much opposed to tribalism as is McWorld. In fact, global jihad seems in many respects to be the effective truth of McWorld. Islamic State in its own way stands for “think globally, act locally” as much as does Greenpeace, Barber's preferred example. McDonalds isn't what it was in 1992, so perhaps we should update Barber's lingo and write MacWorld for McWorld. Apple may have made a sensible business decision when they refused to cooperate with the FBI to open the phones of the 2015 San Bernardino terrorists, one of whom had come from Pakistan to America on a spousal visa in order to wage war against the infidels; Apple's calculation seems to have been that there are many more hard and soft Islamists among Apple's customers throughout the world than patriotic Americans. Could it be that the best practical alternative to endless jihad isn't the closed tribal society, or even the closed commercial state idealized by Fichte, but a global commercial society in which every McDonalds is Halal, regardless of the language in which the menu appears on the ordering screens? Both universalist religion and universalist reason challenge the goodness and justice of the particular political community. In his Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” Averroes expounds Plato's purported justification the closed and bounded political community on the basis of universally valid principles to which all rational people ought to agree.

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Getting Averroes wrong: why Salman Rushide misunderstood the role of images and the imagination in Medieval philosophy, 2021
By: Carlos Fraenkel
Title Getting Averroes wrong: why Salman Rushide misunderstood the role of images and the imagination in Medieval philosophy
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in Enthüllen und Verbergen in der Vormoderne
Pages 247–260
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Carlos Fraenkel
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes’ Rationalism and the European Enlightenment, 2021
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes’ Rationalism and the European Enlightenment
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in falsafa
Pages 13–31
Categories Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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مدخل إلى فلسفة ابن رشد: آفاق الدراسات الرشدية العربية المعاصرة , 2020
By: Yusuf Ibn 'dī
Title مدخل إلى فلسفة ابن رشد: آفاق الدراسات الرشدية العربية المعاصرة
Transcription Makhdal ila falsafaih Ibn Rush: Afāq al-dirāsāt al-Rushdiyyah al-arabiyyah al-mu'āṣirah
Type Monograph
Language Arabic
Date 2020
Publication Place Oran und Beirut
Publisher Ibn an-Nadīm und dār Rawafed al-thaqāfiyyah
Categories Surveys, Modern Readings, Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Yusuf Ibn 'dī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès et la censure de l'histoire, 2016
By: Francesca Forte
Title Averroès et la censure de l'histoire
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Doctor Virtualis
Volume 13 (Filologia e filosofia)
Pages 135–152
Categories Tradition and Reception, Modern Readings, Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper aims to outline the historical debate about the Averroes’ heritage since its beginning, with the revival of Averroes by French Orientalism (Renan) coming up to contemporary Arab-Muslim intellectuals, who made this author an Enlightenment’s representative before its time. The aim of the contribution is therefore to recall briefly the history of this debate to highlight the political and ideological utilization of a medieval author and, ultimately, to emphasize that every history of philosophy implies a view oriented and never neutral on its tradition.

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In welchem Sinn könnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?, 2011
By: Mohamed Mesbahi
Title In welchem Sinn könnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?
Type Article
Language German
Date 2011
Journal Concordia
Volume 59
Pages 57–69
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Mohamed Mesbahi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Author of the Palimpsest Texts or "Scraping Again" the Texts of Borges (1899–1986) Today – Through the Case of Averroes, 2010
By: Recep Alpyagil
Title The Author of the Palimpsest Texts or "Scraping Again" the Texts of Borges (1899–1986) Today – Through the Case of Averroes
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Ilahiyat Studies. A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
Volume 1
Issue 1
Pages 91–106
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations, Modern Readings
Author(s) Recep Alpyagil
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this paper, we try to understand Jorge Luis Borges' references to the East, especially Islamic thought, by analyzing his short stories, including Averroes' Search and The Enigma of Edward FitzGerald. This paper also attempts to conceptualize Borges' philosophical gesture. It seems that we could reconstruct his deep epistemological insights through the metaphor of palimpsest writing. In this way, it is supposed to answer the question of orientalism in Borges' work and clarify the difference between to be an orientalist and re-appropriating the orient. Finally, this paper critiques the "native orientalism" of Muslim thinkers in the Islamic philosophical context through the case of Borges.

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Über den Zusammenhang der griechischen und arabischen Philosophie, 2004
By: Friedrich Dieterici
Title Über den Zusammenhang der griechischen und arabischen Philosophie
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2004
Publication Place München
Publisher Edition Avicenna
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Friedrich Dieterici
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès, 2000
By: Ali Benmakhlouf
Title Averroès
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2000
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Les Belles Lettres
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Ali Benmakhlouf
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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شرح ابن رشد الكبير لكتاب النفس لأرسطوهل هو كتاب ناقص؟, 1998
By: Fatḥī al- Lawātī
Title شرح ابن رشد الكبير لكتاب النفس لأرسطوهل هو كتاب ناقص؟
Transcription Šarḥ Ibn Rušd al-kabīr li-kitāb al-nafs li-ʾArisṭū. Hal huwa kitāb nāqiṣ?
Translation Ibn Rushd's Great Commentary on De Anima. Is this Book Incomplete?
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 1998
Journal Maǧalla ṣādiqīya. La Revue sadikienne
Volume 10
Pages 70–73
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations, De anima
Author(s) Fatḥī al- Lawātī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes between Jihad and McWorld, 2022
By: Michael S. Kochin
Title Averroes between Jihad and McWorld
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2022
Published in Plato's Republic in the Islamic Context. New Perspectives on Averroes's Commentary
Pages 203–211
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Michael S. Kochin
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Those with memories long enough will remember the terms “Jihad” and “McWorld” as used in a 1992 Atlantic magazine article and 1995 book by Benjamin Barber. Back in 1992, “Jihad” was used by Barber as shorthand for tribalism: Jihad, wrote Barber in 1992, “is a retribalization of large swaths of humankind by war and bloodshed: a threatened Lebanonization of national states in which culture is pitted against culture, people against people, tribe against tribe—a Jihad in the name of a hundred narrowly conceived faiths against every kind of interdependence, every kind of artificial social cooperation and civic mutuality.” Barber's account fails to take seriously the universal claims put forward by actual jihadis: part of the very expensive education we have all acquired since 1992 is that we all know now that jihad for a universal religion is as much opposed to tribalism as is McWorld. In fact, global jihad seems in many respects to be the effective truth of McWorld. Islamic State in its own way stands for “think globally, act locally” as much as does Greenpeace, Barber's preferred example. McDonalds isn't what it was in 1992, so perhaps we should update Barber's lingo and write MacWorld for McWorld. Apple may have made a sensible business decision when they refused to cooperate with the FBI to open the phones of the 2015 San Bernardino terrorists, one of whom had come from Pakistan to America on a spousal visa in order to wage war against the infidels; Apple's calculation seems to have been that there are many more hard and soft Islamists among Apple's customers throughout the world than patriotic Americans. Could it be that the best practical alternative to endless jihad isn't the closed tribal society, or even the closed commercial state idealized by Fichte, but a global commercial society in which every McDonalds is Halal, regardless of the language in which the menu appears on the ordering screens? Both universalist religion and universalist reason challenge the goodness and justice of the particular political community. In his Commentary on Plato's “Republic,” Averroes expounds Plato's purported justification the closed and bounded political community on the basis of universally valid principles to which all rational people ought to agree.

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Averroes’ Rationalism and the European Enlightenment, 2021
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes’ Rationalism and the European Enlightenment
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in falsafa
Pages 13–31
Categories Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception, Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès, 2000
By: Ali Benmakhlouf
Title Averroès
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2000
Publication Place Paris
Publisher Les Belles Lettres
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Ali Benmakhlouf
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroès et la censure de l'histoire, 2016
By: Francesca Forte
Title Averroès et la censure de l'histoire
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Doctor Virtualis
Volume 13 (Filologia e filosofia)
Pages 135–152
Categories Tradition and Reception, Modern Readings, Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Francesca Forte
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper aims to outline the historical debate about the Averroes’ heritage since its beginning, with the revival of Averroes by French Orientalism (Renan) coming up to contemporary Arab-Muslim intellectuals, who made this author an Enlightenment’s representative before its time. The aim of the contribution is therefore to recall briefly the history of this debate to highlight the political and ideological utilization of a medieval author and, ultimately, to emphasize that every history of philosophy implies a view oriented and never neutral on its tradition.

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Getting Averroes wrong: why Salman Rushide misunderstood the role of images and the imagination in Medieval philosophy, 2021
By: Carlos Fraenkel
Title Getting Averroes wrong: why Salman Rushide misunderstood the role of images and the imagination in Medieval philosophy
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2021
Published in Enthüllen und Verbergen in der Vormoderne
Pages 247–260
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Carlos Fraenkel
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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In welchem Sinn könnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?, 2011
By: Mohamed Mesbahi
Title In welchem Sinn könnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?
Type Article
Language German
Date 2011
Journal Concordia
Volume 59
Pages 57–69
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Mohamed Mesbahi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"2016","_score":null,"_source":{"id":2016,"authors_free":[{"id":2456,"entry_id":2016,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":836,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Mohamed Mesbahi","free_first_name":"Mohamed","free_last_name":"Mesbahi","norm_person":{"id":836,"first_name":"Mu\u1e25ammad al-","last_name":"Mi\u1e63b\u0101\u1e25\u012b","full_name":"Mu\u1e25ammad al- Mi\u1e63b\u0101\u1e25\u012b","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/130370649","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/42087861","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Mu\u1e25ammad al- Mi\u1e63b\u0101\u1e25\u012b"}}],"entry_title":"In welchem Sinn k\u00f6nnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"In welchem Sinn k\u00f6nnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"2011","language":"German","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":52,"category_name":"Modern Interpretations and Adaptations","link":"bib?categories[]=Modern Interpretations and Adaptations"}],"authors":[{"id":836,"full_name":"Mu\u1e25ammad al- Mi\u1e63b\u0101\u1e25\u012b","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":2016,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Concordia","volume":"59","issue":null,"pages":"57\u201369"}},"sort":["In welchem Sinn k\u00f6nnte Ibn Rushd einen Zugang zum Dialog der Kulturen bieten?"]}

The Author of the Palimpsest Texts or "Scraping Again" the Texts of Borges (1899–1986) Today – Through the Case of Averroes, 2010
By: Recep Alpyagil
Title The Author of the Palimpsest Texts or "Scraping Again" the Texts of Borges (1899–1986) Today – Through the Case of Averroes
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Ilahiyat Studies. A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
Volume 1
Issue 1
Pages 91–106
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations, Modern Readings
Author(s) Recep Alpyagil
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this paper, we try to understand Jorge Luis Borges' references to the East, especially Islamic thought, by analyzing his short stories, including Averroes' Search and The Enigma of Edward FitzGerald. This paper also attempts to conceptualize Borges' philosophical gesture. It seems that we could reconstruct his deep epistemological insights through the metaphor of palimpsest writing. In this way, it is supposed to answer the question of orientalism in Borges' work and clarify the difference between to be an orientalist and re-appropriating the orient. Finally, this paper critiques the "native orientalism" of Muslim thinkers in the Islamic philosophical context through the case of Borges.

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Über den Zusammenhang der griechischen und arabischen Philosophie, 2004
By: Friedrich Dieterici
Title Über den Zusammenhang der griechischen und arabischen Philosophie
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2004
Publication Place München
Publisher Edition Avicenna
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Friedrich Dieterici
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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شرح ابن رشد الكبير لكتاب النفس لأرسطوهل هو كتاب ناقص؟, 1998
By: Fatḥī al- Lawātī
Title شرح ابن رشد الكبير لكتاب النفس لأرسطوهل هو كتاب ناقص؟
Transcription Šarḥ Ibn Rušd al-kabīr li-kitāb al-nafs li-ʾArisṭū. Hal huwa kitāb nāqiṣ?
Translation Ibn Rushd's Great Commentary on De Anima. Is this Book Incomplete?
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 1998
Journal Maǧalla ṣādiqīya. La Revue sadikienne
Volume 10
Pages 70–73
Categories Modern Interpretations and Adaptations, De anima
Author(s) Fatḥī al- Lawātī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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مدخل إلى فلسفة ابن رشد: آفاق الدراسات الرشدية العربية المعاصرة , 2020
By: Yusuf Ibn 'dī
Title مدخل إلى فلسفة ابن رشد: آفاق الدراسات الرشدية العربية المعاصرة
Transcription Makhdal ila falsafaih Ibn Rush: Afāq al-dirāsāt al-Rushdiyyah al-arabiyyah al-mu'āṣirah
Type Monograph
Language Arabic
Date 2020
Publication Place Oran und Beirut
Publisher Ibn an-Nadīm und dār Rawafed al-thaqāfiyyah
Categories Surveys, Modern Readings, Modern Interpretations and Adaptations
Author(s) Yusuf Ibn 'dī
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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