Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī, 2010
By: Mehmet Fatih Birgül, Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Title Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Ilahiyat Studies. A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
Volume 1
Issue 2
Pages 241–258
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Mehmet Fatih Birgül , Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this short analysis, we will compare Ibn Rushd's justification of the causality principle to the suspicions and objections of al-Ghazālī. Nevertheless, our analysis of the issue will center on al-Ghazālī's and Ibn Rushd's conceptions of nature. Therefore, our article aims at illuminating two points: first, there is a fundamental difference between the conceptions of nature and generation of the two philosophers; second, this structural difference constitutes the real cause of disagreement over the causality principle.

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Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach, 2006
By: David Bloch
Title Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach
Type Article
Language English
Date 2006
Journal Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin (Université de Copenhague)
Volume 77
Pages 127–146
Categories Psychology, Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) David Bloch
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2002
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 12
Pages 111–37
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.

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Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach, 2006
By: David Bloch
Title Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach
Type Article
Language English
Date 2006
Journal Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin (Université de Copenhague)
Volume 77
Pages 127–146
Categories Psychology, Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) David Bloch
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī, 2010
By: Mehmet Fatih Birgül, Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Title Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Ilahiyat Studies. A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
Volume 1
Issue 2
Pages 241–258
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Mehmet Fatih Birgül , Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this short analysis, we will compare Ibn Rushd's justification of the causality principle to the suspicions and objections of al-Ghazālī. Nevertheless, our analysis of the issue will center on al-Ghazālī's and Ibn Rushd's conceptions of nature. Therefore, our article aims at illuminating two points: first, there is a fundamental difference between the conceptions of nature and generation of the two philosophers; second, this structural difference constitutes the real cause of disagreement over the causality principle.

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The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2002
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 12
Pages 111–37
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.

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