Splitting the Process and the Result: Philosophy from a Legal Perspective in Averroes’ Decisive Treatise, 2019
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Splitting the Process and the Result: Philosophy from a Legal Perspective in Averroes’ Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World
Pages 129–144
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd and Natural Law: Mediating Human and Divine Law, 2017
By: Karen Taliaferro
Title Ibn Rushd and Natural Law: Mediating Human and Divine Law
Type Article
Language English
Date 2017
Journal Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies
Volume 28
Issue 1
Pages 1–27
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Theology, Rhetoric
Author(s) Karen Taliaferro
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article traces a Muslim tradition of natural law in the thought of Ibn Rushd. I argue that this notion of natural law enriches the concept of law and can mediate conflicts of human law and divine law in Islam. I discuss the ontology, then epistemology, of Ibn Rushd’s natural law, then situate the resultant conception of law within Islamic legal and theological contexts.

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The Decisive Treatise: The Connection Between Islamic Religious Law and Philosophy, 2017
By: Averroes, Massimo Campanini (Ed.)
Title The Decisive Treatise: The Connection Between Islamic Religious Law and Philosophy
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place Piscataway, NJ
Publisher Gorgias Press
Series Gorgias Islamic Studies
Volume 7
Categories Law, Theology, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Averroes , Massimo Campanini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Massimo Campanini
The Decisive Treatise is perhaps the most controversial work of Averroes (Ibn Rushd, 1126-1198) and belongs to a trilogy which boldly represent the philosophical contribution to Islamic theology of this famous Andalusian commentator on Aristotle. The Decisive Treatise is a fatwa (a legal opinion) that the judge, Averroes, promulgated for his fellow Malikite jurists in order to demonstrate that the study of philosophy is not only licit from the point of view of religious law, but even mandatory for the skilled people. However, many subjects are dealt with in this comparatively short book: An epistemology aimed to show that philosophical truth and religious truth are not in contradiction; a sociology of knowledge pointing out that humans are classified in three classes (philosophers, theologians, common folk); a Qur’anic hermeneutics suggesting how to approach philosophically the Holy Book in agreement with religious requirements and linguistic rules.

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Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise, 2016
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2016
Published in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
Pages 278–295
Categories Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Theology, Politics, Law
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his Decisive Treatise, Andalusian philosopher Averroes (1126–1198) analyzes the relation between philosophy and religion from an Islamic legal perspective. He emphasizes the obligation upon some Muslims to study philosophy and how philosophy can be considered one of the Islamic sciences. He mentions the significance of a nonliteral reading of the Qur’ān and defends the compatibility between Aristotelian philosophy and Islamic religion.

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The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy, 2016
By: Khaled El-Rouayheb (Ed.), Sabine Schmidtke (Ed.)
Title The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2016
Publication Place New York, NY
Publisher Oxford University Press
Series Oxford handbooks
Categories Theology, Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Metaphysics, Law, Logic
Author(s) Khaled El-Rouayheb , Sabine Schmidtke
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The study of Islamic philosophy has recently entered a new and exciting phase. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the grand narrative of the course of Islamic philosophy are in the process of being radically questioned and revised. The bulk of twentieth-century Western scholarship on Arabic or Islamic philosophy focused on the period from the ninth century to the twelfth. It is a measure of the transformation that is currently underway in the field that the present Handbook gives roughly equal weight to every century from the ninth to the twentieth. The Handbook differs from previous overviews in another significant way: It is work-centered rather than person- or theme-centered. This format is intended to give readers a better sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like, and of the issues, concepts, and arguments that are at play in works belonging to various periods and subfields within Islamic philosophy.

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El filósofo como heredero de los profetas: el racionalismo islámico de Averroes, 2015
By: Diego R. Sarrió
Title El filósofo como heredero de los profetas: el racionalismo islámico de Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2015
Journal Al-Qantara
Volume 36
Issue 1
Pages 45–68
Categories Law, Theology, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Diego R. Sarrió
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El presente artículo argumenta que por debajo del marco jurídico del Faṣl al-maqāl subyace el deseo de conciliar los requerimientos de la razón con las exigencias de la fe. Averroes basa tal conciliación en la aceptación de una teoría hermenéutica según la cual, la Palabra Divina se dirige a cada ser humano según su capacidad intelectual. Por consiguiente, Averroes no excluye a los sabios del deber religioso de asentir a la verdad revelada. Contrariamente a interpretaciones exageradamente secularizadoras de su racionalismo, el artículo sugiere que Averroes concibió la filosofía en términos cuasi religiosos, como la obra más noble que se puede llevar a cabo en presencia de Dios, cuyo ejercicio convierte a sus practicantes en los legítimos «herederos de los profetas».

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El tratado decisive y otros textos sobre filosofía y religion, 2015
By: Averroes,
Title El tratado decisive y otros textos sobre filosofía y religion
Type Monograph
Language Spanish
Date 2015
Publication Place Buenos Aires
Publisher Ediciones Winograd
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Rafael Ramón Guerrero

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Die entscheidende Abhandlung und die Urteilsfällung über das Verhältnis von Gesetz und Philosophie. Arabisch-deutsch. Mit einer Einleitung und kommentierdenden Anmerkungen, 2009
By: Averroes,
Title Die entscheidende Abhandlung und die Urteilsfällung über das Verhältnis von Gesetz und Philosophie. Arabisch-deutsch. Mit einer Einleitung und kommentierdenden Anmerkungen
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2009
Publication Place Hamburg
Publisher Meiner
Series Philosophische Bibliothek
Volume 600
Categories Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Law, Theology
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Franz Schupp

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Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise, 2016
By: Catarina Belo
Title Averroes (d. 1198), The Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2016
Published in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
Pages 278–295
Categories Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Theology, Politics, Law
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In his Decisive Treatise, Andalusian philosopher Averroes (1126–1198) analyzes the relation between philosophy and religion from an Islamic legal perspective. He emphasizes the obligation upon some Muslims to study philosophy and how philosophy can be considered one of the Islamic sciences. He mentions the significance of a nonliteral reading of the Qur’ān and defends the compatibility between Aristotelian philosophy and Islamic religion.

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Die entscheidende Abhandlung und die Urteilsfällung über das Verhältnis von Gesetz und Philosophie. Arabisch-deutsch. Mit einer Einleitung und kommentierdenden Anmerkungen, 2009
By: Averroes,
Title Die entscheidende Abhandlung und die Urteilsfällung über das Verhältnis von Gesetz und Philosophie. Arabisch-deutsch. Mit einer Einleitung und kommentierdenden Anmerkungen
Type Monograph
Language undefined
Date 2009
Publication Place Hamburg
Publisher Meiner
Series Philosophische Bibliothek
Volume 600
Categories Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Law, Theology
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Franz Schupp

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El filósofo como heredero de los profetas: el racionalismo islámico de Averroes, 2015
By: Diego R. Sarrió
Title El filósofo como heredero de los profetas: el racionalismo islámico de Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2015
Journal Al-Qantara
Volume 36
Issue 1
Pages 45–68
Categories Law, Theology, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Diego R. Sarrió
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
El presente artículo argumenta que por debajo del marco jurídico del Faṣl al-maqāl subyace el deseo de conciliar los requerimientos de la razón con las exigencias de la fe. Averroes basa tal conciliación en la aceptación de una teoría hermenéutica según la cual, la Palabra Divina se dirige a cada ser humano según su capacidad intelectual. Por consiguiente, Averroes no excluye a los sabios del deber religioso de asentir a la verdad revelada. Contrariamente a interpretaciones exageradamente secularizadoras de su racionalismo, el artículo sugiere que Averroes concibió la filosofía en términos cuasi religiosos, como la obra más noble que se puede llevar a cabo en presencia de Dios, cuyo ejercicio convierte a sus practicantes en los legítimos «herederos de los profetas».

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El tratado decisive y otros textos sobre filosofía y religion, 2015
By: Averroes,
Title El tratado decisive y otros textos sobre filosofía y religion
Type Monograph
Language Spanish
Date 2015
Publication Place Buenos Aires
Publisher Ediciones Winograd
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Averroes ,
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Rafael Ramón Guerrero

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Ibn Rushd and Natural Law: Mediating Human and Divine Law, 2017
By: Karen Taliaferro
Title Ibn Rushd and Natural Law: Mediating Human and Divine Law
Type Article
Language English
Date 2017
Journal Journal of Islamic and Muslim Studies
Volume 28
Issue 1
Pages 1–27
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Theology, Rhetoric
Author(s) Karen Taliaferro
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article traces a Muslim tradition of natural law in the thought of Ibn Rushd. I argue that this notion of natural law enriches the concept of law and can mediate conflicts of human law and divine law in Islam. I discuss the ontology, then epistemology, of Ibn Rushd’s natural law, then situate the resultant conception of law within Islamic legal and theological contexts.

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Splitting the Process and the Result: Philosophy from a Legal Perspective in Averroes’ Decisive Treatise, 2019
By: Ziad Bou Akl
Title Splitting the Process and the Result: Philosophy from a Legal Perspective in Averroes’ Decisive Treatise
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2019
Published in Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World
Pages 129–144
Categories Law, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Ziad Bou Akl
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Decisive Treatise: The Connection Between Islamic Religious Law and Philosophy, 2017
By: Averroes, Massimo Campanini (Ed.)
Title The Decisive Treatise: The Connection Between Islamic Religious Law and Philosophy
Type Monograph
Language English
Date 2017
Publication Place Piscataway, NJ
Publisher Gorgias Press
Series Gorgias Islamic Studies
Volume 7
Categories Law, Theology, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Averroes , Massimo Campanini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s) Massimo Campanini
The Decisive Treatise is perhaps the most controversial work of Averroes (Ibn Rushd, 1126-1198) and belongs to a trilogy which boldly represent the philosophical contribution to Islamic theology of this famous Andalusian commentator on Aristotle. The Decisive Treatise is a fatwa (a legal opinion) that the judge, Averroes, promulgated for his fellow Malikite jurists in order to demonstrate that the study of philosophy is not only licit from the point of view of religious law, but even mandatory for the skilled people. However, many subjects are dealt with in this comparatively short book: An epistemology aimed to show that philosophical truth and religious truth are not in contradiction; a sociology of knowledge pointing out that humans are classified in three classes (philosophers, theologians, common folk); a Qur’anic hermeneutics suggesting how to approach philosophically the Holy Book in agreement with religious requirements and linguistic rules.

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The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy, 2016
By: Khaled El-Rouayheb (Ed.), Sabine Schmidtke (Ed.)
Title The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
Type Edited Book
Language English
Date 2016
Publication Place New York, NY
Publisher Oxford University Press
Series Oxford handbooks
Categories Theology, Relation between Philosophy and Theology, Metaphysics, Law, Logic
Author(s) Khaled El-Rouayheb , Sabine Schmidtke
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The study of Islamic philosophy has recently entered a new and exciting phase. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the grand narrative of the course of Islamic philosophy are in the process of being radically questioned and revised. The bulk of twentieth-century Western scholarship on Arabic or Islamic philosophy focused on the period from the ninth century to the twelfth. It is a measure of the transformation that is currently underway in the field that the present Handbook gives roughly equal weight to every century from the ninth to the twentieth. The Handbook differs from previous overviews in another significant way: It is work-centered rather than person- or theme-centered. This format is intended to give readers a better sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like, and of the issues, concepts, and arguments that are at play in works belonging to various periods and subfields within Islamic philosophy.

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