Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited, 2021
By: Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Title Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 6
Pages 131–155
Categories Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Boethius, Thomas
Author(s) Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The reception of Aristotelian philosophy with Averroes’s commentaries in the thirteenth-century Latin world promoted a new way of understanding natural philosophy and its method. A very special case among the readers of such commentaries, mostly found at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris, are the so-called averroistae. What these averroistae actually were is still a matter of discussion in current scholarship, whereas there is kind of consensus regarding the main exponents of this philosophical movement, namely Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia. The aim of this paper is to shed light on this topic by providing a re-definition of Averroism in the 13th century. To do this, I will analyse some of the most important works of the aforementioned authors in an attempt to clarify the specificity of their philosophical program.

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Averroismi al plurale, II. La ricezione del Commento grande al De anima di Ibn Rushd nelle Quaestiones in tertium de anima di Sigieri di Brabante, 2019
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale, II. La ricezione del Commento grande al De anima di Ibn Rushd nelle Quaestiones in tertium de anima di Sigieri di Brabante
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2019
Journal Dianoia
Volume 28
Pages 81–94
Categories Siger of Brabant, De anima
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Siger of Brabant sketches in his Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1269) a noetic theory defending the unity of the intellect that is usually considered as a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the separateness of the material intellect as put forth in the Long Commentary on the De anima (ca. 1186). A closer look at key texts in both the Quaestiones and the Long Commentary will give us a quite different picture: while Siger works out his theory on the background of a dualistic anthropology that takes the union between the intellective soul (conceived as an hoc aliquid) and the human body to be only operational, Ibn Rušd (who develops his theory starting from strictly aristotelic epistemological premises) repeatedly stresses throughout the Long Commentary that, if man is an agent of thought, the union between the separate intellects and the thinking individual ought to be always hylomorphic. This paper aims at showing that, although Siger has often been identified as an averroist, his psychology is certainly not rushdian.

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Portraits d’Averroès et de ses (prétendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Comédie, 2019
By: Luca Fiorentini
Title Portraits d’Averroès et de ses (prétendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Comédie
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2019
Published in Dante et l’averroïsme
Pages 195–234
Categories Commentary, Siger of Brabant
Author(s) Luca Fiorentini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Nulla lex est vera, licet possit esse utilis. Averroes’ “Errors” and the Emergence of Subversive Ideas about Religion in the Latin West, 2018
By: Luca Bianchi
Title Nulla lex est vera, licet possit esse utilis. Averroes’ “Errors” and the Emergence of Subversive Ideas about Religion in the Latin West
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Irrtum - Error - Erreur
Pages 325–348
Categories Siger of Brabant, Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Luca Bianchi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Siger de Brabant et la notion d’operans intrinsecum: un coup de maître?, 2013
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Siger de Brabant et la notion d’operans intrinsecum: un coup de maître?
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Revue des Sciences philosophiques et théologiques
Volume 97
Issue 1
Pages 3–36
Categories Siger of Brabant, Latin Averroism, Aquinas
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present article pertains to the notion of operans intrinsecum that Siger of Brabant, in response to Thomas Aquinas, places at the heart of his De anima intellectiva in order to reconsider the intellect’s relationship to the body. Drawing upon the model of celestial auto-motricity, the author aims to show two things. First, Siger finds in the Aquinate the elements for his own solution (without simply transferring the thomasian position). Second, he does so pertinently by recovering in Thomas Aquinas one of the muted but decisive sources for his cosmology: Averroes. Far from being a miserable escape hence decried, or even a first step toward Thomas’ noetic, the “intrinsic operant” is the subtle and sound concept of a master capably enriching his contested exegesis of the De anima with averroist physics.

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Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noción de 'Intellectum Speculativum', 1979
By: Bernardo Carlos Bazán
Title Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noción de 'Intellectum Speculativum'
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 1979
Journal Actas del V Congreso Internacional de Filosofía Medieval
Volume 1
Pages 541–549
Categories Siger of Brabant
Author(s) Bernardo Carlos Bazán
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noción de 'Intellectum Speculativum', 1979
By: Bernardo Carlos Bazán
Title Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noción de 'Intellectum Speculativum'
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 1979
Journal Actas del V Congreso Internacional de Filosofía Medieval
Volume 1
Pages 541–549
Categories Siger of Brabant
Author(s) Bernardo Carlos Bazán
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1660","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1660,"authors_free":[{"id":1918,"entry_id":1660,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":103,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Bernardo Carlos Baz\u00e1n","free_first_name":"Bernardo Carlos","free_last_name":"Baz\u00e1n","norm_person":{"id":103,"first_name":"Bernardo Carlos","last_name":"Baz\u00e0n","full_name":"Bernardo Carlos Baz\u00e0n","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1036112098","viaf_url":"http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/312603747","db_url":"NULL","from_claudius":0,"link":"bib?authors[]=Bernardo Carlos Baz\u00e0n"}}],"entry_title":"Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noci\u00f3n de 'Intellectum Speculativum'","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noci\u00f3n de 'Intellectum Speculativum'"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"1979","language":"Spanish","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":57,"category_name":"Siger of Brabant","link":"bib?categories[]=Siger of Brabant"}],"authors":[{"id":103,"full_name":"Bernardo Carlos Baz\u00e0n","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1660,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Actas del V Congreso Internacional de Filosof\u00eda Medieval","volume":"1","issue":null,"pages":"541\u2013549"}},"sort":["Averroes y Sigerio de Brabante. La noci\u00f3n de 'Intellectum Speculativum'"]}

Averroismi al plurale, II. La ricezione del Commento grande al De anima di Ibn Rushd nelle Quaestiones in tertium de anima di Sigieri di Brabante, 2019
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale, II. La ricezione del Commento grande al De anima di Ibn Rushd nelle Quaestiones in tertium de anima di Sigieri di Brabante
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2019
Journal Dianoia
Volume 28
Pages 81–94
Categories Siger of Brabant, De anima
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Siger of Brabant sketches in his Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1269) a noetic theory defending the unity of the intellect that is usually considered as a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the separateness of the material intellect as put forth in the Long Commentary on the De anima (ca. 1186). A closer look at key texts in both the Quaestiones and the Long Commentary will give us a quite different picture: while Siger works out his theory on the background of a dualistic anthropology that takes the union between the intellective soul (conceived as an hoc aliquid) and the human body to be only operational, Ibn Rušd (who develops his theory starting from strictly aristotelic epistemological premises) repeatedly stresses throughout the Long Commentary that, if man is an agent of thought, the union between the separate intellects and the thinking individual ought to be always hylomorphic. This paper aims at showing that, although Siger has often been identified as an averroist, his psychology is certainly not rushdian.

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Nulla lex est vera, licet possit esse utilis. Averroes’ “Errors” and the Emergence of Subversive Ideas about Religion in the Latin West, 2018
By: Luca Bianchi
Title Nulla lex est vera, licet possit esse utilis. Averroes’ “Errors” and the Emergence of Subversive Ideas about Religion in the Latin West
Type Book Section
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Irrtum - Error - Erreur
Pages 325–348
Categories Siger of Brabant, Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Luca Bianchi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Portraits d’Averroès et de ses (prétendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Comédie, 2019
By: Luca Fiorentini
Title Portraits d’Averroès et de ses (prétendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Comédie
Type Book Section
Language French
Date 2019
Published in Dante et l’averroïsme
Pages 195–234
Categories Commentary, Siger of Brabant
Author(s) Luca Fiorentini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"5091","_score":null,"_ignored":["booksection.book.abstract.keyword"],"_source":{"id":5091,"authors_free":[{"id":5861,"entry_id":5091,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":null,"person_id":null,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Luca Fiorentini","free_first_name":"Luca","free_last_name":"Fiorentini","norm_person":null}],"entry_title":"Portraits d\u2019Averro\u00e8s et de ses (pr\u00e9tendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Com\u00e9die","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","main_title":{"title":"Portraits d\u2019Averro\u00e8s et de ses (pr\u00e9tendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Com\u00e9die"},"abstract":"","btype":2,"date":"2019","language":"French","online_url":"","doi_url":"","ti_url":"","categories":[{"id":23,"category_name":"Commentary","link":"bib?categories[]=Commentary"},{"id":57,"category_name":"Siger of Brabant","link":"bib?categories[]=Siger of Brabant"}],"authors":[],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":{"id":5091,"section_of":5080,"pages":"195\u2013234","is_catalog":null,"book":{"id":5080,"bilderberg_idno":null,"dare_idno":null,"catalog_idno":null,"entry_type":"bibliography","type":4,"language":"no language selected","title":"Dante et l\u2019averro\u00efsme","title_transcript":"","title_translation":"","short_title":"","has_no_author":null,"volume":null,"date":"2019","edition_no":null,"free_date":null,"abstract":"Dante averro\u00efste ? Le plus grand po\u00e8te du Moyen \u00c2ge fut-il le disciple du plus grand philosophe arabe ? La Divine Com\u00e9die place Averro\u00e8s, l\u2019auteur du \u00ab Grand commentaire \u00bb d\u2019Aristote, en Enfer, et en Paradis son disciple latin Siger de Brabant qui, dans l\u2019actuelle \u00ab rue du Fouarre \u00bb \u00e0 Paris, mettait en syllogismes \u00ab des v\u00e9rit\u00e9s importunes \u00bb. Jugement de Salomon ?\r\n\r\nCe volume collectif traite en d\u00e9tail l\u2019un des chapitres les plus controvers\u00e9s de l\u2019histoire comme de l\u2019historiographie de la philosophie et de la th\u00e9ologie m\u00e9di\u00e9vales. Revisitant les textes philosophiques et po\u00e9tiques de Dante, de la Vita nova au Convivio, au De vulgari eloquentia et \u00e0 la Monarchia, examinant les productions et les th\u00e8ses de ses contemporains, interlocuteurs, amis et adversaires, m\u00e9decins, philosophes et po\u00e8tes, rappelant et discutant les th\u00e8ses de ses lecteurs anciens et modernes, les meilleurs sp\u00e9cialistes des domaines concern\u00e9s, philosophes et italianistes, dressent le bilan de deux si\u00e8cles d\u2019\u00e9tudes sur Dante, mais aussi sur Cavalcanti et sur l\u2019averro\u00efsme latin.\r\n\r\nSuivant trois grands axes, le langage et la pens\u00e9e, les \u00e9motions, la politique, c\u2019est au coeur de l\u2019histoire et de la culture europ\u00e9ennes, \u00e0 Paris, \u00e0 Florence, sur les routes de l\u2019exil, que les contributions ici rassembl\u00e9es plongeront lectrices et lecteurs amoureux de Dante, de l\u2019Italie et de la litt\u00e9rature.","republication_of":0,"online_url":"","online_resources":null,"translation_of":"0","new_edition_of":"0","is_catalog":0,"in_bibliography":0,"is_inactive":0,"notes":null,"ti_url":"","doi_url":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.4000\/books.lesbelleslettres.372","book":{"id":5080,"pubplace":"Paris","publisher":"Les Belles Lettres & Coll\u00e8ge de France","series":"Docet omina ","volume":"5","edition_no":"","valid_from":null,"valid_until":null}}},"article":null},"sort":["Portraits d\u2019Averro\u00e8s et de ses (pr\u00e9tendus) adeptes dans les anciens commentaires sur la Com\u00e9die"]}

Siger de Brabant et la notion d’operans intrinsecum: un coup de maître?, 2013
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Siger de Brabant et la notion d’operans intrinsecum: un coup de maître?
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Revue des Sciences philosophiques et théologiques
Volume 97
Issue 1
Pages 3–36
Categories Siger of Brabant, Latin Averroism, Aquinas
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The present article pertains to the notion of operans intrinsecum that Siger of Brabant, in response to Thomas Aquinas, places at the heart of his De anima intellectiva in order to reconsider the intellect’s relationship to the body. Drawing upon the model of celestial auto-motricity, the author aims to show two things. First, Siger finds in the Aquinate the elements for his own solution (without simply transferring the thomasian position). Second, he does so pertinently by recovering in Thomas Aquinas one of the muted but decisive sources for his cosmology: Averroes. Far from being a miserable escape hence decried, or even a first step toward Thomas’ noetic, the “intrinsic operant” is the subtle and sound concept of a master capably enriching his contested exegesis of the De anima with averroist physics.

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Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited, 2021
By: Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Title Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 6
Pages 131–155
Categories Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Boethius, Thomas
Author(s) Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The reception of Aristotelian philosophy with Averroes’s commentaries in the thirteenth-century Latin world promoted a new way of understanding natural philosophy and its method. A very special case among the readers of such commentaries, mostly found at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris, are the so-called averroistae. What these averroistae actually were is still a matter of discussion in current scholarship, whereas there is kind of consensus regarding the main exponents of this philosophical movement, namely Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia. The aim of this paper is to shed light on this topic by providing a re-definition of Averroism in the 13th century. To do this, I will analyse some of the most important works of the aforementioned authors in an attempt to clarify the specificity of their philosophical program.

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