Le Kitāb al-kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla d'Averroès: Les Phases de la rédaction dans les discours sur l'existence de dieu et sur la direction, d'après l'original arabe et la traduction hébraïque, 2015
By: Silvia Di Donato
Title Le Kitāb al-kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla d'Averroès: Les Phases de la rédaction dans les discours sur l'existence de dieu et sur la direction, d'après l'original arabe et la traduction hébraïque
Type Article
Language French
Date 2015
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosopy
Volume 25
Pages 105-133
Categories Theology
Author(s) Silvia Di Donato
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Haec igitur est nostra lex. Teologia e filosofia nel commento di Agostino Nifo alla Destructio destructionum di Averroè, 2013
By: Guido Giglioni
Title Haec igitur est nostra lex. Teologia e filosofia nel commento di Agostino Nifo alla Destructio destructionum di Averroè
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2013
Journal L'averrismo in età moderna (1400–1700)
Pages 125–144
Categories Theology
Author(s) Guido Giglioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas on the Possibility of Talking about God, 2013
By: Mehmet Ata Az
Title Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas on the Possibility of Talking about God
Type Article
Language English
Date 2013
Journal Ilahiyat Studies
Volume 4
Issue 2
Pages 149-181
Categories Thomas, Theology
Author(s) Mehmet Ata Az
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La pensée libre d'Averroès, 2013
By: Angèle Kremer Marietti
Title La pensée libre d'Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Analecta Husserliana
Volume 114
Pages 371-382
Categories Law, Theology
Author(s) Angèle Kremer Marietti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
With “La pensée libre d’Averroès”, I wished to join the important themes of Philosophy and Religion as they are joined in Averroès’ thought, against the most conservative elements within Muslim societies, which disliked what appeared to be non-Muslim influences. Ibn Rushd (Averroès) wanted to encourage the study of philosophy, because he was sensitive to the increasing tensions that led to his banishment. Though written before his exile his DECISIVE TREATISE provides a defence for philosophers charged with unbelief. Therefore I took an interest in four approaches to Ibn Rusch’s free thought. The first one was the distinction and relation between revelation and philosophy. Ibn Rushd’s Decisive Treatise begins with the contention that Law commands the study of philosophy. Ibn Rushd based on some Quranic verses, such as “Reflect, you have a vision” (59.2) and “they give thought to the creation of heaven and earth” (3:191), that command human intellectual reflection upon God and his creation. Such obligation exists in religion, then a person who has the capacity of “natural intelligence” and “religious integrity” must begin to study philosophy. Averroès thought that philosophy could enlighten revelation, when this last might be difficult to be understood for human minds. The second point I treat is Averroès’s thought that written Law (scripture, in e. Qur’an) and spoken law could be complementary each other. The Law speaks of three ways for humans to discover truth and interpret scripture: the demonstrative, the dialectical and the rhetorical. Therefore there are philosophers, theologians and the common masses. Ibn Rushd thought that demonstrative truth cannot conflict with scripture, because God gave various meanings and interpretations. Besides, the early Muslim community affirmed that scripture had both an apparent meaning and an inner meaning. Also, if it occurs that there is no consensus about a particular passage, its meaning is free for interpretation. My third point concerns the precise analysis of what is letter and what is spirit or “sense” -as the contemporary philosophers ans phenomenologues think now- on the real meaning of this letter: the sense or the way that the letter must be understood. Finally may be joined the way of right thinking, or what could be the special form of procedure with its results. In the fourth point, I refer to another treatise, on the doctrine of God known as the EXPOSITION OF THE METHODS OF PROOF CONCERNING THE BELIEFS OF THE COMMUNITY. Ibn Rushd then wanted to examine the religious doctrines that are held by the public and to determine if any of the many doctrines expounded by the different sects were the intention of the “lawgiver”. Meanwhile, he identified sects that have distorted the scriptures and developed innovative doctrines not compatible with Islam. Some arguments are examined: the first is the argument of Providence, in which one can observe that everything in the universe serves the purpose of humanity. The second is the argument of invention of plants and animals. Then he tried to explain the nature and attributes of God.

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Cienza y religión en Averroes, 2011
By: I. Maiza Ozcodi
Title Cienza y religión en Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2011
Journal La Ciudad de Dios
Volume 224
Issue 2
Pages 373–397
Categories Theology
Author(s) I. Maiza Ozcodi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd/Averroes and "Islamic" Rationalism, 2009
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Ibn Rushd/Averroes and "Islamic" Rationalism
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Medieval EncountersAl-Andalus, Sepharad and Medievela Iberia. Cultural Contact and Diffusion
Volume 15
Issue 2
Pages 225–235
Categories Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The classical rationalist philosophical tradition in Arabic reached its culmination in the writings of the twelfth-century Andalusian Averroes whose translated commentaries on Aristotle conveyed to the Latin West a rationalist approach which significantly challenged and affected theological and philosophical thinking in that Christian context. That methodology is shown at work in his Fasl al-Maqāl or Book of the Distinction of Discourse and the Establishment of the Relation of Religious Law and Philosophy (c. 1280), although the deeply philosophical character of his subtle arguments has gone largely unappreciated. Here the philosophical foundations for his reasoning are exposed to reveal key elements of his rationalism. That approach is confirmed in his assertion in his later Long Commentary on the Metaphysics (c. 1290) that the highest worship of God is to be found first and foremost in the philosophical science of metaphysics rather than in the rituals of religion.

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Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society, 2009
By: Catarina Belo
Title Some Considerations on Averroes' Views Regarding Women and their Role in Society
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Journal of Islamic Studies
Volume 20
Pages 1–20
Categories Theology
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Traditional view on women have been the subject of much debate with some studies offering a comprehensive overview of the problem. The present study contributes to the discussion by focusing on a Muslim philosopher, Averroes (Ibn Rushd, d. 1198) known in medieval Europe as an Aristotelian commentator. Modern research shows him as a philosopher in his own right. The originality of his veiws on women would place him in that category. This study examines Averroes' view on women against the background of his society and faith. It also contextualizes them within his philosophy background, not just Ancient, such a Plato and Aristotle, but also contemporary, in particular his forerunners Alfarabi and Avicenna.To that end, this study focuses on two main works, the Commentary on Plato's Republic, where Averroes expounds Plato's model of the ideal society, and women's role in it, and his book on Islamic law, the Bidāyat al-mujtahid (A Jurist's Primer) In both cases Averroes, while following the tradition, philosophical or religious, displays an undeniable preference for women's emancipation.Averroes' considerations on women offer a remarkably original insight. He considers women essentially identical with men, possessing the same intellectual abilities. He advocates their active participation in society and performance of all tasks, including those that had been the prerogative of men. He urges socitey, in particular his Muslim contemporaries, to allow women a greater role in public affairs for the benefit of the entire state. His references to women break new ground, and prefigure important debates that would flourish in modern Europe. Averrores does not see a contradiction between this and Islamic religion.

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Ten Arguments in Search of a Philosopher. Averroes and Aquinas in Ficino's Platonic Theology, 2009
By: Brian Copenhaver
Title Ten Arguments in Search of a Philosopher. Averroes and Aquinas in Ficino's Platonic Theology
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Vivarium
Volume 47
Pages 444–479
Categories Thomas, Theology
Author(s) Brian Copenhaver
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Límites legales del concubinato. Normas y tabúes en la esclavitud sexual según la Bidāya de Ibn Rušd, 2007
By: Cristina de la Puente
Title Límites legales del concubinato. Normas y tabúes en la esclavitud sexual según la Bidāya de Ibn Rušd
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2007
Journal Al-Qanṭara
Volume 28
Issue 2
Pages 409–433
Categories Theology
Author(s) Cristina de la Puente
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

{"_index":"bib","_type":"_doc","_id":"1408","_score":null,"_source":{"id":1408,"authors_free":[{"id":1600,"entry_id":1408,"agent_type":"person","is_normalised":1,"person_id":810,"institution_id":null,"role":{"id":1,"role_name":"author"},"free_name":"Cristina de la Puente","free_first_name":"Cristina","free_last_name":"de la Puente","norm_person":{"id":810,"first_name":"Cristina","last_name":"de la Puente","full_name":"Cristina de la Puente","short_ident":"","is_classical_name":0,"dnb_url":"http:\/\/d-nb.info\/gnd\/1056772700","viaf_url":"https:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/66702464","db_url":"","from_claudius":1,"link":"bib?authors[]=Cristina de la Puente"}}],"entry_title":"L\u00edmites legales del concubinato. Normas y tab\u00faes en la esclavitud sexual seg\u00fan la Bid\u0101ya de Ibn Ru\u0161d","title_transcript":null,"title_translation":null,"main_title":{"title":"L\u00edmites legales del concubinato. Normas y tab\u00faes en la esclavitud sexual seg\u00fan la Bid\u0101ya de Ibn Ru\u0161d"},"abstract":null,"btype":3,"date":"2007","language":"Spanish","online_url":null,"doi_url":null,"ti_url":null,"categories":[{"id":39,"category_name":"Theology","link":"bib?categories[]=Theology"}],"authors":[{"id":810,"full_name":"Cristina de la Puente","role":1}],"works":[],"republication_of":null,"translation_of":null,"new_edition_of":null,"book":null,"booksection":null,"article":{"id":1408,"journal_id":null,"journal_name":"Al-Qan\u1e6dara","volume":"28","issue":"2","pages":"409\u2013433"}},"sort":[2007]}

Al-Farabi and Ibn Rushd on the Correlation between Philosophy and Religion, 2007
By: Ainur D. Kurmanalieva
Title Al-Farabi and Ibn Rushd on the Correlation between Philosophy and Religion
Type Article
Language English
Date 2007
Journal Comparative Islamic Studies
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 247–253
Categories al-Fārābī, Theology
Author(s) Ainur D. Kurmanalieva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Al-Farabi and Ibn Rushd on the Correlation between Philosophy and Religion, 2007
By: Ainur D. Kurmanalieva
Title Al-Farabi and Ibn Rushd on the Correlation between Philosophy and Religion
Type Article
Language English
Date 2007
Journal Comparative Islamic Studies
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 247–253
Categories al-Fārābī, Theology
Author(s) Ainur D. Kurmanalieva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas on the Possibility of Talking about God, 2013
By: Mehmet Ata Az
Title Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas on the Possibility of Talking about God
Type Article
Language English
Date 2013
Journal Ilahiyat Studies
Volume 4
Issue 2
Pages 149-181
Categories Thomas, Theology
Author(s) Mehmet Ata Az
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Cienza y religión en Averroes, 2011
By: I. Maiza Ozcodi
Title Cienza y religión en Averroes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2011
Journal La Ciudad de Dios
Volume 224
Issue 2
Pages 373–397
Categories Theology
Author(s) I. Maiza Ozcodi
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Haec igitur est nostra lex. Teologia e filosofia nel commento di Agostino Nifo alla Destructio destructionum di Averroè, 2013
By: Guido Giglioni
Title Haec igitur est nostra lex. Teologia e filosofia nel commento di Agostino Nifo alla Destructio destructionum di Averroè
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2013
Journal L'averrismo in età moderna (1400–1700)
Pages 125–144
Categories Theology
Author(s) Guido Giglioni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Ibn Rushd/Averroes and "Islamic" Rationalism, 2009
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Ibn Rushd/Averroes and "Islamic" Rationalism
Type Article
Language English
Date 2009
Journal Medieval EncountersAl-Andalus, Sepharad and Medievela Iberia. Cultural Contact and Diffusion
Volume 15
Issue 2
Pages 225–235
Categories Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The classical rationalist philosophical tradition in Arabic reached its culmination in the writings of the twelfth-century Andalusian Averroes whose translated commentaries on Aristotle conveyed to the Latin West a rationalist approach which significantly challenged and affected theological and philosophical thinking in that Christian context. That methodology is shown at work in his Fasl al-Maqāl or Book of the Distinction of Discourse and the Establishment of the Relation of Religious Law and Philosophy (c. 1280), although the deeply philosophical character of his subtle arguments has gone largely unappreciated. Here the philosophical foundations for his reasoning are exposed to reveal key elements of his rationalism. That approach is confirmed in his assertion in his later Long Commentary on the Metaphysics (c. 1290) that the highest worship of God is to be found first and foremost in the philosophical science of metaphysics rather than in the rituals of religion.

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Ibn Rušd et la théologie almohadiste. Une version inconnue du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla dans deux manuscrits d'Istanbul, 2001
By: Marc Geoffroy
Title Ibn Rušd et la théologie almohadiste. Une version inconnue du Kitāb al-Kašf ʿan manāhiǧ al-adilla dans deux manuscrits d'Istanbul
Type Article
Language French
Date 2001
Journal Medioevo. Rivista di storia della filosofia medievale
Volume 26
Pages 327–351
Categories Theology
Author(s) Marc Geoffroy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Il Dio artefice, Sāni'. E il primo motore di metafisica nella dottrina teologica d'Averroè, 2007
Title Il Dio artefice, Sāni'. E il primo motore di metafisica nella dottrina teologica d'Averroè
Type Article
Language undefined
Date 2007
Journal Medioevo
Volume 32
Pages 119–138
Categories Metaphysics, Theology
Author(s) no authors
Publisher(s) no authors
Translator(s) no authors

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Il Kašf ʿan manāhiğ di Averroè. Confronto fra la versione di Abraham De Balmes e le citazioni di Calo Calonimo nel De mundi creatione, 2004
By: Silvia Di Donato
Title Il Kašf ʿan manāhiğ di Averroè. Confronto fra la versione di Abraham De Balmes e le citazioni di Calo Calonimo nel De mundi creatione
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2004
Journal Materia Giudaica
Volume 9
Issue 1–2
Pages 241–248
Categories Law, Theology
Author(s) Silvia Di Donato
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La crítica de Averroes contra el determinismo de los asharíes, 2005
By: Luis Xavier López Farjeat
Title La crítica de Averroes contra el determinismo de los asharíes
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2005
Journal Diánoia (Mexico)
Volume LIV
Issue 63
Pages 115–132
Categories Theology, Ethics
Author(s) Luis Xavier López Farjeat
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La pensée libre d'Averroès, 2013
By: Angèle Kremer Marietti
Title La pensée libre d'Averroès
Type Article
Language French
Date 2013
Journal Analecta Husserliana
Volume 114
Pages 371-382
Categories Law, Theology
Author(s) Angèle Kremer Marietti
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
With “La pensée libre d’Averroès”, I wished to join the important themes of Philosophy and Religion as they are joined in Averroès’ thought, against the most conservative elements within Muslim societies, which disliked what appeared to be non-Muslim influences. Ibn Rushd (Averroès) wanted to encourage the study of philosophy, because he was sensitive to the increasing tensions that led to his banishment. Though written before his exile his DECISIVE TREATISE provides a defence for philosophers charged with unbelief. Therefore I took an interest in four approaches to Ibn Rusch’s free thought. The first one was the distinction and relation between revelation and philosophy. Ibn Rushd’s Decisive Treatise begins with the contention that Law commands the study of philosophy. Ibn Rushd based on some Quranic verses, such as “Reflect, you have a vision” (59.2) and “they give thought to the creation of heaven and earth” (3:191), that command human intellectual reflection upon God and his creation. Such obligation exists in religion, then a person who has the capacity of “natural intelligence” and “religious integrity” must begin to study philosophy. Averroès thought that philosophy could enlighten revelation, when this last might be difficult to be understood for human minds. The second point I treat is Averroès’s thought that written Law (scripture, in e. Qur’an) and spoken law could be complementary each other. The Law speaks of three ways for humans to discover truth and interpret scripture: the demonstrative, the dialectical and the rhetorical. Therefore there are philosophers, theologians and the common masses. Ibn Rushd thought that demonstrative truth cannot conflict with scripture, because God gave various meanings and interpretations. Besides, the early Muslim community affirmed that scripture had both an apparent meaning and an inner meaning. Also, if it occurs that there is no consensus about a particular passage, its meaning is free for interpretation. My third point concerns the precise analysis of what is letter and what is spirit or “sense” -as the contemporary philosophers ans phenomenologues think now- on the real meaning of this letter: the sense or the way that the letter must be understood. Finally may be joined the way of right thinking, or what could be the special form of procedure with its results. In the fourth point, I refer to another treatise, on the doctrine of God known as the EXPOSITION OF THE METHODS OF PROOF CONCERNING THE BELIEFS OF THE COMMUNITY. Ibn Rushd then wanted to examine the religious doctrines that are held by the public and to determine if any of the many doctrines expounded by the different sects were the intention of the “lawgiver”. Meanwhile, he identified sects that have distorted the scriptures and developed innovative doctrines not compatible with Islam. Some arguments are examined: the first is the argument of Providence, in which one can observe that everything in the universe serves the purpose of humanity. The second is the argument of invention of plants and animals. Then he tried to explain the nature and attributes of God.

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