Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited, 2021
By: Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Title Towards a New Methodology for Natural Philosophy: Latin Averroism Revisited
Type Article
Language English
Date 2021
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 6
Pages 131–155
Categories Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Boethius, Thomas
Author(s) Pilar Herráiz Oliva
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The reception of Aristotelian philosophy with Averroes’s commentaries in the thirteenth-century Latin world promoted a new way of understanding natural philosophy and its method. A very special case among the readers of such commentaries, mostly found at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Paris, are the so-called averroistae. What these averroistae actually were is still a matter of discussion in current scholarship, whereas there is kind of consensus regarding the main exponents of this philosophical movement, namely Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia. The aim of this paper is to shed light on this topic by providing a re-definition of Averroism in the 13th century. To do this, I will analyse some of the most important works of the aforementioned authors in an attempt to clarify the specificity of their philosophical program.

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Métaphysique et politique “en intention seconde”: Jean de Jandun héritier d’Averroès et d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise, 2018
By: Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Title Métaphysique et politique “en intention seconde”: Jean de Jandun héritier d’Averroès et d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise
Type Article
Language French
Date 2018
Journal Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age
Volume 85
Pages 108–127
Categories Alexander of Aphrodisias, Averroism, Metaphysics, Politics
Author(s) Jean-Baptiste Brenet
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The aim of the paper is twofold. First, to present the position of the Master of Arts John of Jandun (d. 1328) on the relationship between the metaphysical and the political; and second, to show how his solution, based on the idea of an agency “in second intention,” makes him a follower of Averroes and, more remotely, of Alexander of Aphrodisias’s doctrine on providence. Although the philosopher must play a key role in the city-state as the prince’s teacher on divine truths, this role does not make him a subordinate in any way, because he is turned towards others only in secunda intentione. How does John of Jandun flesh this out? And what does he owe to the metaphysical providence defended by his Greek and Arabic predecessors? These are the issues the paper deals with.

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Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale, 2018
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2018
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 3
Pages 19–34
Categories Averroism, Politics, Aristotle, Modern Readings
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
From the early twentieth century onwards, the concept of ‘political Averroism’ has become widespread, especially with reference to Dante Alighieri and to Marsilius of Padua. It is our intention here to establish and delineate the remotest origin of this concept, which can be fundamentally traced back to two elements: the central role accorded to political reflection as a consequence of the French Revolution, and the adoption of Averroes as a symbol and figure anticipating modern rationalism.

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Ontology of intellect. The happiness of thinking in Averroës and Giordano Bruno, 2016
By: Massimo Campanini
Title Ontology of intellect. The happiness of thinking in Averroës and Giordano Bruno
Type Article
Language English
Date 2016
Journal Synthesis Philosophica
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 335–344
Categories Renaissance, Averroism
Author(s) Massimo Campanini
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this paper the author reflects comparatively on a specific issue dealt with by Giordano Bruno and Ibn Rushd: mental happiness. Mental happiness is intended here either as felicity through thinking or as felicity of thinking. The philosophical link between Averroës and Giordano Bruno is by now soundly established and the paper is rather a theoretical than an historical analysis regarding Bruno’s “Averroism”.

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Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus, 2015
By: Franz Schupp
Title Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus
Type Article
Language German
Date 2015
Journal Studia Leibnitiana
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 220–232
Categories Averroism, Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Franz Schupp
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton, 2015
By: Charles Ehret
Title Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 389–406
Categories Review, Averroism
Author(s) Charles Ehret
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Review article of "Les possibilités de jonction: Averroès - Thomas Wylton" (2013) by Jean-Baptiste Brenet

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Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist, 2015
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 309–318
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The 15th century Jewish Aragonian thinker, Abraham Bibago treats conjunction in his two main works, Derekh Emunah (“The Way of Faith”) and Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics. In the former, which explicitly interprets Biblical and Talmudic stories along philosophical lines, Bibago promotes a neo-Platonic intellectual emanation schema and boldly asserts that human happiness is attained through conjunction with higher intellects. In the Commentary, which primarily treats Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Averroes’ commentaries on it, Bibago gives an account of conjunction that does not necessarily fit with the intellectual conjunction of Derekh Emunah. Indeed, his remarks in the Commentary are much less decisive about human happiness, suggesting that Bibago qua philosopher is more open minded about the summum bonum than he is qua religious thinker.

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Averroès le commentateur philosophe, 2014
By: Gérard Jéhamy
Title Averroès le commentateur philosophe
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 2014
Journal al-Machriq
Volume 88
Issue 1
Pages 253-263
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Gérard Jéhamy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua, 2011
By: Francisco Bertelloni
Title La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2011
Journal Educão e Filosofia Uberlândia
Volume 25
Issue 50
Pages 475–500
Categories Averroism, Politics
Author(s) Francisco Bertelloni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Bruno Nardi fue el primero que tipificó el pensamiento de Marsilio de Padua como “averroismo político”. Sin embargo la edad media no tuvo acceso a la filosofía política de Averroes. Por ello es improbable que Nardi haya fundamentado la utilización de esa categoría teniendo en cuenta las ideas políticas de Averroes y de Marsilio. El artículo muestra que, en todo caso, Marsilio podría ser llamado “averroista político” teniendo en cuenta, no su pensamiento político, sino sus ideas filosóficas y, en especial, las actitudes metodológicas referidas a la relación Fe-Razón que manifiesta en su Defensor Pacis. A partir de Nardi el “averroismo político” se transformó en una categoría controvertida que condujo a una polémica acerca de la existencia o no de una corriente similar en el pensamiento político medieval. De hecho, en numerosos pasajes del Defensor pacis aparece la distinción Fe-razón utilizada en favor de un predominio de una actitud metodológica racionalista. Con todo, el racionalismo de Marsilio es fluctuante. Por ejemplo, cuando explica el nacimiento de la civitas, en lugar de demostrarlo a partir del concepto filosófico de natura, atribuye ese nacimiento al pecado original. Ese uso de la historia de la salvación y de la teología parece poner en duda el racionalismo extremo de Marsilio. El artículo propone responder tres preguntas: a) si Marsilio pone límites a la revelación en el Defensor Pacis; b) cuál es el alcance de ese límite; c) si ese límite que Marsilio pone a la Revelación puede ser considerado como una influencia averroista sobre el paduano.

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Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist, 2015
By: Yehuda Halper
Title Abraham Bibago on Intellectual Conjunction and Human Happiness, Faith and Metaphysics according to a 15th century Jewish Averroist
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Quaestio
Volume 15
Pages 309–318
Categories Averroism, Jewish Averroism, Commentary, Metaphysics
Author(s) Yehuda Halper
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
The 15th century Jewish Aragonian thinker, Abraham Bibago treats conjunction in his two main works, Derekh Emunah (“The Way of Faith”) and Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics. In the former, which explicitly interprets Biblical and Talmudic stories along philosophical lines, Bibago promotes a neo-Platonic intellectual emanation schema and boldly asserts that human happiness is attained through conjunction with higher intellects. In the Commentary, which primarily treats Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Averroes’ commentaries on it, Bibago gives an account of conjunction that does not necessarily fit with the intellectual conjunction of Derekh Emunah. Indeed, his remarks in the Commentary are much less decisive about human happiness, suggesting that Bibago qua philosopher is more open minded about the summum bonum than he is qua religious thinker.

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Averroes in Henry Bate's Metaphysics, 2001
By: Guy Guldentops
Title Averroes in Henry Bate's Metaphysics
Type Article
Language English
Date 2001
Journal Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale
Volume 12
Pages 523–547
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Guy Guldentops
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus, 2015
By: Franz Schupp
Title Averroes latinus / Averroes arabus
Type Article
Language German
Date 2015
Journal Studia Leibnitiana
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 220–232
Categories Averroism, Latin Averroism, Tradition and Reception
Author(s) Franz Schupp
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino, 2017
By: Federico Minzoni
Title Averroismi al plurale. La ricezione del Tafsîr kitâb al-nafs di Ibn Rushd nel Commento alle Sentenze di Tommaso d’Aquino
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2017
Journal Dianoia
Volume 24
Pages 15-32
Categories Aristotle, Commentary, De anima, Averroism, Siger of Brabant, Thomas
Author(s) Federico Minzoni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
A widespread historiographic commonplace, established by Thomas Aquinas himself in his Tractatus de unitate intellectus (1270), takes Siger of Brabant’s Quaestiones in tertium de anima (ca. 1265) to be a latin formulation of Ibn Rušd’s theory of the unity of the material intellect as exposed in the Tafsīr Kitāb al-Nafs (Long Commentary on the De anima, ca. 1186); according to the same view, Aquinas’ philosophy of mind would be the expression of a strongly antiaverroistic – and therefore more orthodox – kind of aristotelianism. Building on a thorough analysis of key texts in Aquinas’ Commentary on the Sentences (1255), I argue in this paper that those who hold Aquinas’ noetic to be anti-averroistic are greatly mistaken: while Siger’s always superficial rushdian inspiration is better understood against the background of a neoplatonic-tinged mind-body dualism clearly at odds with Ibn Rušd’s own strictly peripatetic ontology, Aquinas’ psychology, hylomorfic and not-dualist at its core, is aristotelian mainly inasmuch as it is rushdian.

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Averroès le commentateur philosophe, 2014
By: Gérard Jéhamy
Title Averroès le commentateur philosophe
Type Article
Language Arabic
Date 2014
Journal al-Machriq
Volume 88
Issue 1
Pages 253-263
Categories Averroism
Author(s) Gérard Jéhamy
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Defensa del averroismo en Mohamed Abed Yabri, 2002
By: Martin Ruiz Calvente, Martin Ruiz Calvente
Title Defensa del averroismo en Mohamed Abed Yabri
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2002
Journal Paideia
Volume 23
Pages 511–530
Categories Modern Readings, Averroism
Author(s) Martin Ruiz Calvente , Martin Ruiz Calvente
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale, 2018
By: Gregorio Piaia
Title Della Politica di Aristotele all’”averroismo politico”. Una vicenda paradossale
Type Article
Language Italian
Date 2018
Journal Mediterranea
Volume 3
Pages 19–34
Categories Averroism, Politics, Aristotle, Modern Readings
Author(s) Gregorio Piaia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
From the early twentieth century onwards, the concept of ‘political Averroism’ has become widespread, especially with reference to Dante Alighieri and to Marsilius of Padua. It is our intention here to establish and delineate the remotest origin of this concept, which can be fundamentally traced back to two elements: the central role accorded to political reflection as a consequence of the French Revolution, and the adoption of Averroes as a symbol and figure anticipating modern rationalism.

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Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton, 2015
By: Charles Ehret
Title Informing from Without: Intellect as Separate Form according to Averroes & Thomas Wylton
Type Article
Language English
Date 2015
Journal Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie
Volume 62
Issue 2
Pages 389–406
Categories Review, Averroism
Author(s) Charles Ehret
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Review article of "Les possibilités de jonction: Averroès - Thomas Wylton" (2013) by Jean-Baptiste Brenet

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Intellectus sive intelligentia. Alberto Magno, Averroè e la noetica degli arabi, 2006
By: Emanuele Coccia
Title Intellectus sive intelligentia. Alberto Magno, Averroè e la noetica degli arabi
Type Article
Language French
Date 2006
Journal Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie
Volume 53
Pages 133–187
Categories Averroism, Albert
Author(s) Emanuele Coccia
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua, 2011
By: Francisco Bertelloni
Title La filosofía explica la revelación sobre el “Averroismo politico” en el Defensor pacis de Marsilio de Padua
Type Article
Language Portuguese
Date 2011
Journal Educão e Filosofia Uberlândia
Volume 25
Issue 50
Pages 475–500
Categories Averroism, Politics
Author(s) Francisco Bertelloni
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Bruno Nardi fue el primero que tipificó el pensamiento de Marsilio de Padua como “averroismo político”. Sin embargo la edad media no tuvo acceso a la filosofía política de Averroes. Por ello es improbable que Nardi haya fundamentado la utilización de esa categoría teniendo en cuenta las ideas políticas de Averroes y de Marsilio. El artículo muestra que, en todo caso, Marsilio podría ser llamado “averroista político” teniendo en cuenta, no su pensamiento político, sino sus ideas filosóficas y, en especial, las actitudes metodológicas referidas a la relación Fe-Razón que manifiesta en su Defensor Pacis. A partir de Nardi el “averroismo político” se transformó en una categoría controvertida que condujo a una polémica acerca de la existencia o no de una corriente similar en el pensamiento político medieval. De hecho, en numerosos pasajes del Defensor pacis aparece la distinción Fe-razón utilizada en favor de un predominio de una actitud metodológica racionalista. Con todo, el racionalismo de Marsilio es fluctuante. Por ejemplo, cuando explica el nacimiento de la civitas, en lugar de demostrarlo a partir del concepto filosófico de natura, atribuye ese nacimiento al pecado original. Ese uso de la historia de la salvación y de la teología parece poner en duda el racionalismo extremo de Marsilio. El artículo propone responder tres preguntas: a) si Marsilio pone límites a la revelación en el Defensor Pacis; b) cuál es el alcance de ese límite; c) si ese límite que Marsilio pone a la Revelación puede ser considerado como una influencia averroista sobre el paduano.

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