Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy, 2018
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2018
Journal Studia graeco-arabica
Volume 8
Pages 287–304
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Prophecy is conspicuous by its complete absence from all three of the commentaries on De Anima by Averroes. However, prophecy and philosophical metaphysics are discussed by him in his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia, a work written before his methodological work on philosophy and religion, the Faṣl al-maqāl, generally held to have been written ca. 1179-1180. The analyses and remarks of Averroes presented in that Commentary have been characterized by Herbert Davidson as “extremely radical” to the extent that “The term prophet would, on this reading, mean nothing more than the human author of Scripture; and the term revelation would mean a high level of philosophical knowledge”. In the present article I discuss Averroes on method in matters of religion and philosophy as well as prophecy in philosophically argumentative works and in dialectical works, with particular consideration of the reasoning of his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia. I conclude that Averroes found in philosophy and its sciences the most complete and precise truth content and highest levels of knowledge and understanding and from them constructed his worldview, while he found prophecy and religion to be like an Aristotelian practical science in that they concern good and right conduct in the achievement of an end attained in action, not truths to be known for their own sake.

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Le plaisir des femmes selon Aristote. Averroès contre Galien sur Natura nihil facit frustra, 2016
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Le plaisir des femmes selon Aristote. Averroès contre Galien sur Natura nihil facit frustra
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Philosophie Antique
Volume 16
Pages 63–102
Categories Aristotle, Natural Philosophy, Galen
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article is devoted to the biological phenomenon of female sexual pleasure and aims at determining its causal role in Aristotle’s biological doctrine. In considering several passages of the De Generatione Animalium, the author suggests that female sexual pleasure is one of the phenomena that Aristotle defines as “for what is better”. The study of this phenomenon provides the opportunity to rethink the place of the final cause in Aristotle’s causal system and the nature of the so-called “derivative” teleology. In the second part of the study, the author provides an overview of the Greco-Arabic reception of Aristotle’s doctrine. The study of the debate prompted by Averroes against Galen in the xiith century AD shows the importance of the issue of female sexual pleasure in the Greco-Arabic peripatetism and clarifies in turn the doctrine of the Stagyrite.

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Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī, 2010
By: Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Title Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Ilahiyat Studies. A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
Volume 1
Issue 2
Pages 241–258
Categories Natural Philosophy, al-Ġazālī, Metaphysics
Author(s) Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this short analysis, we will compare Ibn Rushd's justification of the causality principle to the suspicions and objections of al-Ghazālī. Nevertheless, our analysis of the issue will center on al-Ghazālī's and Ibn Rushd's conceptions of nature. Therefore, our article aims at illuminating two points: first, there is a fundamental difference between the conceptions of nature and generation of the two philosophers; second, this structural difference constitutes the real cause of disagreement over the causality principle.

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Averroes: Explicación aristotélica del Universo, 2008
By: Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Title Averroes: Explicación aristotélica del Universo
Translation Averroes: Aristotelian explanation on the Universe
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2008
Journal Filosofia Unisionos
Volume 9
Issue 1
Pages 25–42
Categories Natural Philosophy, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper aims at studying the original way Averroes explains the universe and answering the new problematic on reveled truth and reason. Averroes formulation must not be considered as “the” Islamic philosophy of nature, but as one among many different philosophies of nature formulated by Muslims philosophers.

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Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach, 2006
By: David Bloch
Title Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach
Type Article
Language English
Date 2006
Journal Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin (Université de Copenhague)
Volume 77
Pages 127–146
Categories Psychology, Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) David Bloch
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2002
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 12
Pages 111–37
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.

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The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby, 1999
By: Graham J. McAleer
Title The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby
Type Article
Language English
Date 1999
Journal Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie
Volume 81
Pages 33–54
Categories Natural Philosophy, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Graham J. McAleer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away, 1996
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Oriens
Volume 35
Pages 1–34
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes' Lost Treatise on the Prime Mover, 1951
By: Harry A. Wolfson
Title Averroes' Lost Treatise on the Prime Mover
Type Article
Language English
Date 1951
Journal Hebrew Union College Annual
Volume 23
Issue 1
Pages 683–710
Categories Cosmology, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Harry A. Wolfson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
By: Catarina Belo
Title The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language undefined
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 56
Issue 131 (Jan.-June 2015)
Pages 45–56
Categories Aristotle, Physics, Avicenna, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This study is concerned with 'nature' specifically as the subject-matter of physics, or natural science, as described by Aristotle in his "Physics". It also discusses the definitions of nature, and more specifically physical nature, provided by Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198) in their commentaries on Aristotle's "Physics". Avicenna and Averroes share Aristotle's conception of nature as a principle of motion and rest. While according to Aristotle the subject matter of physics appears to be nature, or what exists by nature, Avicenna believes that it is the natural body, and Averroes holds that the subject matter of physics or natural science consists in the natural things, in what constitutes a slight shift in focus.

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Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away, 1996
By: Josep Puig Montada
Title Aristotle and Averroes on Coming-to-be and Passing-away
Type Article
Language English
Date 1996
Journal Oriens
Volume 35
Pages 1–34
Categories Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) Josep Puig Montada
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach, 2006
By: David Bloch
Title Averroes Latinus on Memory. An Aristotelian Approach
Type Article
Language English
Date 2006
Journal Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen-Âge grec et latin (Université de Copenhague)
Volume 77
Pages 127–146
Categories Psychology, Natural Philosophy, Aristotle
Author(s) David Bloch
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy, 2018
By: Richard C. Taylor
Title Averroes and the Philosophical Account of Prophecy
Type Article
Language English
Date 2018
Journal Studia graeco-arabica
Volume 8
Pages 287–304
Categories Metaphysics, Commentary, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Richard C. Taylor
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
Prophecy is conspicuous by its complete absence from all three of the commentaries on De Anima by Averroes. However, prophecy and philosophical metaphysics are discussed by him in his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia, a work written before his methodological work on philosophy and religion, the Faṣl al-maqāl, generally held to have been written ca. 1179-1180. The analyses and remarks of Averroes presented in that Commentary have been characterized by Herbert Davidson as “extremely radical” to the extent that “The term prophet would, on this reading, mean nothing more than the human author of Scripture; and the term revelation would mean a high level of philosophical knowledge”. In the present article I discuss Averroes on method in matters of religion and philosophy as well as prophecy in philosophically argumentative works and in dialectical works, with particular consideration of the reasoning of his Commentary on the Parva Naturalia. I conclude that Averroes found in philosophy and its sciences the most complete and precise truth content and highest levels of knowledge and understanding and from them constructed his worldview, while he found prophecy and religion to be like an Aristotelian practical science in that they concern good and right conduct in the achievement of an end attained in action, not truths to be known for their own sake.

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Averroes' Lost Treatise on the Prime Mover, 1951
By: Harry A. Wolfson
Title Averroes' Lost Treatise on the Prime Mover
Type Article
Language English
Date 1951
Journal Hebrew Union College Annual
Volume 23
Issue 1
Pages 683–710
Categories Cosmology, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Harry A. Wolfson
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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Averroes: Explicación aristotélica del Universo, 2008
By: Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Title Averroes: Explicación aristotélica del Universo
Translation Averroes: Aristotelian explanation on the Universe
Type Article
Language Spanish
Date 2008
Journal Filosofia Unisionos
Volume 9
Issue 1
Pages 25–42
Categories Natural Philosophy, Relation between Philosophy and Theology
Author(s) Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This paper aims at studying the original way Averroes explains the universe and answering the new problematic on reveled truth and reason. Averroes formulation must not be considered as “the” Islamic philosophy of nature, but as one among many different philosophies of nature formulated by Muslims philosophers.

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Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī, 2010
By: Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Title Discussion of Causality Based on the Conceptions of Nature of Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazalī
Type Article
Language English
Date 2010
Journal Ilahiyat Studies. A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
Volume 1
Issue 2
Pages 241–258
Categories Natural Philosophy, al-Ġazālī, Metaphysics
Author(s) Mehmet Fatih Birgül
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
In this short analysis, we will compare Ibn Rushd's justification of the causality principle to the suspicions and objections of al-Ghazālī. Nevertheless, our analysis of the issue will center on al-Ghazālī's and Ibn Rushd's conceptions of nature. Therefore, our article aims at illuminating two points: first, there is a fundamental difference between the conceptions of nature and generation of the two philosophers; second, this structural difference constitutes the real cause of disagreement over the causality principle.

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Le plaisir des femmes selon Aristote. Averroès contre Galien sur Natura nihil facit frustra, 2016
By: Cristina Cerami
Title Le plaisir des femmes selon Aristote. Averroès contre Galien sur Natura nihil facit frustra
Type Article
Language French
Date 2016
Journal Philosophie Antique
Volume 16
Pages 63–102
Categories Aristotle, Natural Philosophy, Galen
Author(s) Cristina Cerami
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This article is devoted to the biological phenomenon of female sexual pleasure and aims at determining its causal role in Aristotle’s biological doctrine. In considering several passages of the De Generatione Animalium, the author suggests that female sexual pleasure is one of the phenomena that Aristotle defines as “for what is better”. The study of this phenomenon provides the opportunity to rethink the place of the final cause in Aristotle’s causal system and the nature of the so-called “derivative” teleology. In the second part of the study, the author provides an overview of the Greco-Arabic reception of Aristotle’s doctrine. The study of the debate prompted by Averroes against Galen in the xiith century AD shows the importance of the issue of female sexual pleasure in the Greco-Arabic peripatetism and clarifies in turn the doctrine of the Stagyrite.

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The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings, 2002
By: Gad Freudenthal
Title The Medieval Astrologization of Aristotle's Biology. Averroes on the Role of the Celestial Bodies in the Generation of Animate Beings
Type Article
Language English
Date 2002
Journal Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Volume 12
Pages 111–37
Categories Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Gad Freudenthal
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
How do the variegated forms of sublunar substances (the elements, homoeomerous substances, plants, animals) arise in prime matter? Averroes throughout his life believed that “a principle from without” was involved, but changed his mind over its identity. While in an early period of his life he maintained that all forms emanate from the active intellect, he later discarded that metaphysical notion and sought to develop a more naturalistic, astrologically inspired account, which identified the heavenly bodies as the source of sublunar forms. Comparing different versions of Averroean texts, this paper seeks to spell out how, in Averroes' view, the heavenly bodies generate forms in matter. Averroes claims that this is brought about by means of their “heats,” an answer that is however problematic seeing that in the Aristotelian cosmology the celestial realm is quality-less. The paper examines Averroes' ideas on the relationship between light and heat, concluding that the Commentator was unable to integrate the postulate that the heavenly bodies inform matter within his Aristotelian theory of matter.

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The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby, 1999
By: Graham J. McAleer
Title The Presence of Averroes in the Natural Philosophy of Robert Kilwardby
Type Article
Language English
Date 1999
Journal Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie
Volume 81
Pages 33–54
Categories Natural Philosophy, Latin Averroism
Author(s) Graham J. McAleer
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)

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The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
By: Catarina Belo
Title The concept of ‘nature’ in Aristotle, Avicenna and Averroes
Type Article
Language undefined
Journal Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia
Volume 56
Issue 131 (Jan.-June 2015)
Pages 45–56
Categories Aristotle, Physics, Avicenna, Natural Philosophy
Author(s) Catarina Belo
Publisher(s)
Translator(s)
This study is concerned with 'nature' specifically as the subject-matter of physics, or natural science, as described by Aristotle in his "Physics". It also discusses the definitions of nature, and more specifically physical nature, provided by Avicenna (d. 1037) and Averroes (d. 1198) in their commentaries on Aristotle's "Physics". Avicenna and Averroes share Aristotle's conception of nature as a principle of motion and rest. While according to Aristotle the subject matter of physics appears to be nature, or what exists by nature, Avicenna believes that it is the natural body, and Averroes holds that the subject matter of physics or natural science consists in the natural things, in what constitutes a slight shift in focus.

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